Subhan Zein

Subhan Zein
Australian National University | ANU

PhD

About

67
Publications
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471
Citations

Publications

Publications (67)
Thesis
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This study examines the needs of teachers of English at primary level in terms of knowledge and skills; the delivery of teacher education at pre- and in-service levels and the design of learning-teaching options; and the interplay of these aspects for the creation of policy recommendations on teacher education for primary school English teachers. D...
Article
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This paper examines the suggestion to postpone instruction on early foreign language learning, from both second language acquisition (SLA) and language planning and policy (LPP) perspectives. Contrary to the widely held belief that SLA research on age effects can inform policymakers as to when to start instruction, this paper demonstrates that such...
Article
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This study investigates the professional development (PD) needs of primary English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers whose professional field has received significant interest at the global level in the past two decades. The study takes a different stance from previous research that exclusively generated data from teachers because it sought the...
Article
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Indonesia is the second most linguistically diverse nation in the world. It has established its reputation as one of the largest markets of English language education. This paper examines the context of multilingualism in Indonesia in relation to the increasingly dominant role of English from my viewpoint as a researcher. I begin the paper by outli...
Book
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“English as a Subject in Basic Education (ESBE) in ASEAN: A Comparative Study” is regional-based research report funded by the British Council. It is a key element of our ‘English Language Teaching in Education’ programme in East Asia, which aims to bring transformational change in English language policy and practice. The overall purpose and impac...
Book
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This monograph is a collection of country profiles focusing on English as a subject in basic education (ESBE) in eight member states of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), namely Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The monograph takes a holistic, individual analysis of ESBE in the ei...
Chapter
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A portion of the data has been reported in English as a subject in basic education (ESBE) in ASEAN: A comparative study (Zein, 2022). Unlike Zein (2022), which takes a comparative approach to the teaching of ESBE in ten ASEAN nations, this present monograph takes a holistic, individual analysis of ESBE in eight ASEAN nations only. It leaves out two...
Chapter
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This chapter examines English as a subject in basic education (ESBE) in Indonesia.
Chapter
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This chapter examines English as a subject in basic education (ESBE) in Cambodia.
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This chapter examines English as a subject in basic education (ESBE) in Laos.
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This chapter examines English as a subject in basic education (ESBE) in Vietnam.
Chapter
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This chapter examines English as a subject in basic education (ESBE) in Myanmar.
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This chapter examines English as a subject in basic education (ESBE) in the Philippines.
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This chapter examines English as a subject in basic education in Malaysia.
Chapter
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This chapter examines English as a subject in basic education (ESBE) in Thailand.
Chapter
This chapter sets the scene for early language learning policy in the twenty-first century. It underscores the ideological contestation underpinning early language learning policy. It shows how early language learning policies are so inherently embedded within educational systems around the world that any theoretical assertions against them will be...
Article
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Japan, one of the strongest economies in the world and home to nearly 130 million people, has been heavily investing in English. However, decades of public investment and continuing obsession with English and Western culture, usually dubbed ‘Anglomania’, do not translate to success in English language education. Yoko Kobayashi, an associate profess...
Book
This volume analyses the policymaking, expectations, implementation, progress, and outcomes of early language learning in various education policy contexts worldwide. The contributors to the volume are international researchers specialising in language policy and early language learning and their contributions aim to advance scholarship on early la...
Article
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This article reviews the significant and diverse range of research on English language education in Indonesia in the eight-year period 2011–2019. It brings together a body of research consisting of 108 sources, ranging from journal articles, book chapters, conference proceedings and doctorate dissertations, to inform the international research and...
Book
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Language teacher education is widely identified as one of the most important areas that needs addressing in order to improve early language instruction, yet research into teacher education for early language teachers remains relatively sparse. This volume responds to this gap by compiling studies with diverse methodological tenets from a wide range...
Chapter
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This chapter reviews relevant literature to extend the debate on early English instruction in Indonesia from second language acquisition (SLA) and language planning and policy (LPP) perspectives. In doing so, the chapter examines the validity of SLA-related arguments that support and oppose early English instruction in the country. The discussion i...
Book
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Bringing together a comprehensive range of extended research-based chapters, English Language Teacher Preparation in Asia provides comprehensive insight into policy, research, and practical aspects of teacher preparation for English teachers at pre-service level across multiple contexts in Asia. Written by local and international scholars speciali...
Article
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This paper investigates an effective way to develop academic writing skills of 4th year students of at a university in Myanmar in using peer reviewing and a guided peer-feedback process. A comparison was made to determine the effectiveness between the instructor feedback and peer feedback implementation based on the students' revision work. Twenty...
Article
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Despite the increasing attention to teacher education, there is little, if any, literature on English language teaching quality of teacher educators. This occurs even more so in terms of policy where the focus on teachers is still overwhelmingly dominant. This study investigated ways of improving the quality of teacher educators working in an Engli...
Article
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EYL (English for Young Learners) is a global phenomenon, and yet research is laden with reports suggesting teachers’ difficulty in developing appropriate EYL pedagogy (e.g. Butler, 2015; Copland, Garton & Burns 2014; Emery, 2012; Garton, Copland & Burns, 2011; Le & Do, 2012; Zein, 2015, 2016a, 2016b). This paper reports on a study that investigated...
Article
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With English becoming increasingly important for achieving success in twenty-first-century global competition, policies to introduce the language to primary school children have proliferated in Asia, including the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Plus Three member states. Although there have been attempts to evaluate English language...
Article
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This paper examines language-in-education policy on teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in primary schools in Indonesia that has undergone massive changes in recent years. The paper provides an overview of primary EFL education focusing on policy development, instructional aspects and primary EFL teachers. The paper employs Baldauf & Kapla...
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With a current figure reaching more than 26 million (Kementrian, 2015), Indonesia is second after China in terms of the number of children learning English as a foreign language in elementary schools. This paper examines the development of elementary English education in Indonesia, and shows that it has been undergoing a great transformation in rec...
Article
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Although English is only an extra-curricular subject at primary level in Indonesia, expectations over the improved quality of the teachers are exceptionally high . This is the case in the past few years in which the low proficiency of primary English teachers and their lack of teaching competencies have repeatedly been pointed out as major constrai...
Article
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This study was conducted to identify suggestions to improve PD programmes held by government-based training agencies to help enhance Indonesian EYL teachers’ instructional practice. For the purpose of the study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 51 participants. The findings suggest the theorisation of a PD model that involves complex...
Article
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The teaching of English for Young Learners has become a global phenomenon, but many countries are facing dilemma in terms of teacher preparation (Nunan, 2003; Kaplan, Baldauf, & Kamwangamalu, 2011). Indonesia is of no exception. Its pre-service system has not been adequate to sufficiently prepare elementary English teachers with knowledge and skill...
Article
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The poor classroom practices of English teachers at elementary level in Indonesia have been attributed to the inadequacy of pre-service education. Yet, whether in-service professional development (PD) also plays a role is unknown. This study investigated the perspectives of 23 teachers, 14 teacher educators and 3 school principals regarding the eff...
Article
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In Indonesia the considerable investment on primary English instruction is confronted with acute shortage of qualified teaching professionals, necessitating the training of a large pool of primary school English teachers (Chodidjah, 2008b; Zein, 2009). This paper examines the educational and socio-political contexts in which English education at pr...
Conference Paper
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The emergence of English as a global language has been posited to have considerable impact on practices and language policies (Nunan 2003). In Indonesia the considerable investment on early instruction of English is however confronted with acute shortage of qualified, proficient, and competent teaching force. This background necessitates the conduc...

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