Stuart Andrew McIntosh

Stuart Andrew McIntosh
Queen's University Belfast | QUB · Patrick G Johnston Centre for Cancer Research

MB, ChB, PhD, FRCS (Gen Surg)

About

132
Publications
13,356
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1,846
Citations
Citations since 2017
90 Research Items
1059 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Introduction
Additional affiliations
October 2015 - June 2018
Queen's University Belfast
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (132)
Article
Genomic instability is a hallmark of tumourigenesis, influencing tumour development and progression. In particular, defects in the DNA damage response (DDR) have been extensively investigated and are known to shape therapeutic response. Since immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy has been approved for treatment of tumours with defective mismatch...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Epidemiological studies have indicated a higher prevalence of hypothyroidism in breast cancer patients, possibly related to shared risk factors and breast cancer treatments. However, few studies have evaluated how hypothyroidism impacts survival outcomes in breast cancer patients. We aimed to determine the association between hypothyroidism...
Article
Aims Self Directed Aftercare (SDA) was introduced in the Belfast Trust in August 2012. It offered breast cancer patients treated with curative intent an opportunity to self-manage their 5 year follow up, including their annual mammograms. We reviewed the enrolment and outcomes for the first cohort reaching 5 years (diagnosed 2013). Methods The pro...
Article
TPS614 Background: Mammographic screening programmes reduce breast cancer mortality but detect many small tumours with favourable biology which may not progress. These are treated with surgery and adjuvant therapies, but associated morbidities mean there is a need to reduce overtreatment. Minimally invasive treatments such as vacuum-assisted excisi...
Article
Introduction Evidence based guidelines for the optimal management of breast cancer locoregional recurrence (LRR) are limited, with potential for variation in clinical practice. This national practice questionnaire (NPQ) was designed to establish the current practice of UK breast multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) regarding LRR management. Methods UK b...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Evidence based guidelines for the optimal management of breast cancer locoregional recurrence (LRR) are limited, with potential for variation in clinical practice. This national practice questionnaire (NPQ) was designed to establish the current practice of UK breast multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) regarding LRR management. Methods UK b...
Article
Background:. Mammographic screening programmes have been shown to reduce breast cancer mortality. However, they detect many small tumours with favourable biological features which may not progress during a woman’s lifetime. These are treated with standard surgery and adjuvant therapies, which have associated morbidities. Thus, there is a need to re...
Article
Background The presence or absence of residual disease following neoadjuvant systemic anti-cancer therapy (neoSACT) for HER2-positive early breast cancer (HER2+ EBC) provides powerful prognostic information that may guide subsequent adjuvant treatment for the individual patient. Pathological complete response (pCR) following neoSACT identifies a po...
Article
Background: EPHOS-B is a multi-centre randomized trial designed to investigate whether anti-HER2 therapy given 11 days pre-surgery inhibited proliferation and/or increased apoptosis in HER2-positive early breast cancer. Significant differences in Ki67 response (≥30% change between baseline and surgery) were observed between treatment groups and con...
Article
Full-text available
Background: EPHOS-B aimed to determine whether perioperative anti-HER2 therapy inhibited proliferation and/or increased apoptosis in HER2-positive breast cancer. Patients and methods: This randomized phase II, two-part, multicenter trial included newly diagnosed women with HER2-positive invasive breast cancer due to undergo surgery. Patients wer...
Article
Breast cancer is an increasing global health, gender, socioeconomic, and equity challenge. In 2020, 2·3 million women were diagnosed with breast cancer and there were 685 000 deaths worldwide.1 Not only is breast cancer the highest incident cancer globally, but it is also the most prevalent, causing more disability-adjusted life-years lost than any...
Article
Full-text available
Background The DNA-damage immune-response (DDIR) signature is an immune-driven gene expression signature retrospectively validated as predicting response to anthracycline-based therapy. This feasibility study prospectively evaluates the use of this assay to predict neoadjuvant chemotherapy response in early breast cancer. Methods This feasibility...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review The introduction of mammographic screening programmes has resulted increasing numbers of women with small breast cancers with biologically favourable characteristics. Many of these cancers may represent overdiagnosis, with a resulting treatment burden for women and healthcare costs for providers. Here, current surgical approaches...
Article
Full-text available
Background A proportion of women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer choose to undergo breast reconstruction. Evidence suggests that women’s preparedness for this surgery is low and that this may contribute to feelings of unmatched expectations and anxiety. There is substantial interest in decision-aids to remedy this. This study explores the i...
Article
Background Future innovations in science and technology with an impact on multimodal breast cancer management from a surgical perspective are discussed in this narrative review. The work was undertaken in response to the Commission on the Future of Surgery project initiated by the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Methods Expert opinion was so...
Article
TPS599 Background: Multi-parameter tumor gene expression assays (MPAs) are validated tools to assist adjuvant chemotherapy decisions for post-menopausal women with luminal-type node-negative breast cancer. Currently there is less certainty for women with 1-3 involved axillary lymph nodes and no information on MPA use for patients with higher level...
Article
Full-text available
RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) is a relatively new technology that lacks standardisation. RNA-seq can be used for Differential Gene Expression (DGE) analysis, however, no consensus exists as to which methodology ensures robust and reproducible results. Indeed, it is broadly acknowledged that DGE methods provide disparate results. Despite obstacles, RNA-s...
Article
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Background The B-MaP-C study aimed to determine alterations to breast cancer (BC) management during the peak transmission period of the UK COVID-19 pandemic and the potential impact of these treatment decisions. Methods This was a national cohort study of patients with early BC undergoing multidisciplinary team (MDT)-guided treatment recommendatio...
Article
Full-text available
p>BACKGROUND: The B-MaP-C study aimed to determine alterations to breast cancer (BC) management during the peak transmission period of the UK COVID-19 pandemic and the potential impact of these treatment decisions. METHODS: This was a national cohort study of patients with early BC undergoing multidisciplinary team (MDT)-guided treatment recommend...
Article
Background Breast angiosarcomas are rare tumours of vascular origin. Secondary angiosarcoma occurs following radiotherapy for breast cancer. Angiosarcomas have high recurrence and poor survival rates. This is concerning owing to the increasing use of adjuvant radiotherapy for the treatment of invasive breast cancer and ductal cancer in situ (DCIS),...
Article
Full-text available
Background Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) is increasingly used in the treatment of breast cancer, yet it is clear that there is significant geographical variation in its use in the UK. This study aimed to examine stated practice across UK breast units, in terms of indications for use, radiological monitoring, pathological reporting of treatment...
Article
Objective Full-field digital mammography (FFDM) has limited sensitivity for cancer in younger women with denser breasts. Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) can reduce the risk of cancer being obscured by overlying tissue. The primary study aim was to compare the sensitivity of FFDM, DBT and FFDM-plus-DBT in women under 60 years old with clinical su...
Article
An underlying cause of breast cancers has been largely attributed to defects in the DNA damage response (DDR) pathway. In particular, the homologous recombination (HR) pathway repairs double-stranded breaks (DSBs) in DNA, ultimately protecting the cell from genomic instability and thus preventing the accumulation of transforming mutations. In line...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Many antipsychotics elevate prolactin, a hormone implicated in breast cancer aetiology however no studies have investigated antipsychotic use in patients with breast cancer. This study investigated if antipsychotic use is associated with an increased risk of cancer-specific mortality among breast cancer patients. Methods: A cohort of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) is increasingly used in the treatment of breast cancer, yet it is clear that there is significant geographical variation in its use in the UK. This study aimed to examine stated practice across UK breast units, in terms of indications for use, radiological monitoring, pathological reporting of treatmen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) is increasingly used in the treatment of breast cancer, yet it is clear that there is significant geographical variation in its use in the UK. This study aimed to examine stated practice across UK breast units, in terms of indications for use, radiological monitoring, pathological reporting of treatmen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) is increasingly used in the treatment of breast cancer, yet it is clear that there is significant geographical variation in its use in the UK. This study aimed to examine stated practice across UK breast units, in terms of indications for use, radiological monitoring, pathological reporting of treatmen...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Approximately 55000 women in the United Kingdom are diagnosed with new breast cancer annually. Since emerging in December 2019, SARS-CoV-2 (coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19) has become a global pandemic, affecting healthcare delivery worldwide. In response to the pandemic, multiple guidelines were issued to assist with rationalising...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Potential advantages of neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) include downstaging disease to minimise surgery, and in vivo assessment of tumour sensitivity to therapeutic drugs. Considerable variation in NST use remains, however, and it is unclear whether pathological response rates reflect those reported in trials, or whether downstagin...
Conference Paper
Introduction: We previously identified an immune-driven gene expression signature recognizing loss of the Fanconi Anemia/BRCA DNA repair pathway - the DNA damage immune response (DDIR) assay. This 44-gene expression-based assay predicted response to DNA damaging chemotherapy in breast cancer, with a 5-year relapse-free survival hazard ratio of 0.37...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Multi-parameter tumour gene expression assays (MPAs) are widely used to estimate individual patient risk and to guide chemotherapy use in hormone-sensitive, HER2-negative early breast cancer. The TAILORx trial supports MPA use in a node-negative population. Evidence in node-positive breast cancer is limited. OPTIMA (Optimal Personalised...
Article
Full-text available
Multifocal/multicentric breast cancer is generally considered to be where two or more breast tumours are present within the same breast, and is seen in ~10% of breast cancer cases. This study investigates the prevalence of multifocality/multicentricity in a cohort of BRCA1/2 mutation carriers with breast cancer from Northern Ireland via cross-secti...
Article
Background: Therapeutic mammaplasty (TM) may be an alternative to mastectomy, but few well designed studies have evaluated the success of this approach or compared the short-term outcomes of TM with mastectomy with or without immediate breast reconstruction (IBR). Data from the national iBRA-2 and TeaM studies were combined to compare the safety a...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) has several potential advantages in the treatment of breast cancer. However, there is currently considerable variation in NST use across the UK. The NeST study is a national, prospective, multicentre cohort study that will investigate current patterns of care with respect to NST in the UK. Methods...
Preprint
Full-text available
Multifocal breast cancer is generally considered to be where two or more breast tumours are present within the same breast, but are clearly separated with no intervening in situ or invasive disease. It is seen in ~10% of breast cancer cases. This study investigates multifocality prevalence in BRCA1/2 mutant patients via cross-sectional analysis. Da...
Preprint
Full-text available
Tumours with genomic instability demonstrate enhanced immunogenicity and potential for response to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB). We previously demonstrated activation of the cGAS-STING pathway following loss of DNA repair, resulting in cytokine induction, lymphocytic infiltration and immune checkpoint activation. Here we explore the role of che...
Article
Full-text available
Background Optimising breast cancer treatment remains a challenge. Resistance to therapy is a major problem in both ER- and ER+ breast cancer. Tumour recurrence after chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy leads to more aggressive tumours with enhanced metastatic ability. Self-renewing cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been implicated in treatment resist...
Article
Background: Immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) is routinely offered to improve quality-of-life for women requiring mastectomy, but there are concerns that more complex surgery may delay adjuvant oncological treatments and compromise long-term outcomes. High-quality evidence is lacking. The iBRA-2 study aimed to investigate the impact of IBR on...
Article
Background: The DDRD assay was developed to prospectively identify a molecular subtype of cancers defined by DNA damage activated immune signalling. This 44-gene assay has been validated to predict response to anthracycline-cyclophosphamide chemotherapy in both the adjuvant and neoadjuvant settings in breast cancer. The biomarker phase Neo-DDRD tri...
Article
Background: Published preclinical findings provided new insights into the functional 'cross-talk' between the oestrogen receptor (ER) and the progesterone receptor (PR) in breast cancer (BC) (Mohammed et al., Nature, 2015). Addition of a PR agonist to anti-oestrogens directly modifies ERa chromatin binding and the transcriptional response in breast...
Article
Contralateral breast cancer (CBC) incidence is reported as 0.4-0.7% per year, equating to an approximate 10-15% 20 year risk after primary cancer diagnosis. Young age at primary diagnosis and a strong family history are consistently cited as significant risk factors for CBC development. Requests for contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) are r...
Article
Background: CDK4/6 inhibitors, such as palbociclib, are used to treat ER+ metastatic breast cancer in combination with endocrine therapy with trials ongoing in patients with primary disease. No biomarkers exist to identify those who do/do not benefit from added CDK4/6 inhibition. PALLET is an investigator-initiated/led phase II randomized trial col...
Article
Full-text available
Background Use of biological or synthetic mesh might improve outcomes of immediate implant-based breast reconstruction—breast reconstruction with implants or expanders at the time of mastectomy—but there is a lack of high-quality evidence to support the safety or effectiveness of the technique. We aimed to establish the short-term safety of immedia...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: CDK4/6 inhibitors are used to treat estrogen receptor (ER)-positive metastatic breast cancer (BC) in combination with endocrine therapy. PALLET is a phase II randomized trial that evaluated the effects of combination palbociclib plus letrozole as neoadjuvant therapy. Patients and methods: Postmenopausal women with ER-positive primary BC...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction BRCA1 mutation carriers have a significant lifetime risk of breast cancer, with their primary risk-reduction option being bilateral mastectomy. Preclinical work from our laboratory demonstrated that in BRCA1-deficient breast cells, oestrogen and its metabolites are capable of driving DNA damage and subsequent genomic instability, which...
Article
Available treatments for glioma have limited effectiveness rendering this a disease of poor clinical outcome. Gene expression profiling can uncover the biological mechanisms underlying disease, information that is crucial for drug development or repurposing. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) is routinely used to assess gene expression but costs remain high....
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Breast Cancer Campaign Gap analysis (2013) established breast cancer research priorities without specific focus on surgical research nor the role of surgeons. The majority of breast cancer patients encounter a surgeon at diagnosis or during treatment, thus surgical involvement in design and delivery of high-quality research to impro...
Article
Background Gene expression profiling can uncover biological mechanisms underlying disease and is important in drug development. RNA-seq is routinely used to assess gene expression but costs remain high. Sample multiplexing reduces RNA-seq costs, however, multiplexed samples have lower cDNA sequencing depth, which can hinder accurate differential ge...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Gene expression profiling can uncover biologic mechanisms underlying disease and is important in drug development. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) is routinely used to assess gene expression, but costs remain high. Sample multiplexing reduces RNAseq costs; however, multiplexed samples have lower cDNA sequencing depth, which can hinder accurate d...
Article
Full-text available
Current evidence suggests that patients who have latissimus dorsi (LD) breast reconstruction following mastectomy for breast cancer can experience long-term shoulder dysfunction. However, as there is no standardised assessment or follow-up period within the literature, findings are conflicting. This research aimed to investigate the impact on daily...
Article
Introduction Currently, risk management options for BRCA1 mutation carriers include risk-reducing mastectomies (RRM), and selective oestrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). However, the majority of BRCA1-associated tumours are oestrogen receptor negative (ER-ve). SERMs do not reduce the incidence of ER-ve tumours, therefore are unlikely to be effecti...