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## Publications

Publications (230)

In this paper, we find new scalarized black holes by coupling a scalar field with the Gauss-Bonnet invariant in Teleparallel gravity. The Teleparallel formulation of this theory uses torsion instead of curvature to describe the gravitational interaction and it turns out that, in this language, the usual Gauss-Bonnet term in four dimensions, decays...

In the present paper we derive strong constrains on scalarization in scalar-Gauss-Bonnet (SGB) gravity using observations of pulsars in close binary systems. Since scalarized neutron stars carry a nonzero scalar change, they emit scalar dipole radiation while inspiraling which speeds up the orbital decay. The observations support the conjecture tha...

As it became well known in the past years, Einstein-scalar-Gauss-Bonnet (EsGB) theories evade no-hair theorems and allow for scalarized compact objects including black holes (BHs). The coupling function that defines the theory is the main character in the process and nature of scalarization. With the right choice, the theory becomes an extension of...

Scalarization is a mechanism that endows strongly self-gravitating bodies, such as neutron stars and black holes, with a scalar field configuration. It resembles a phase transition in that the scalar configuration only appears when a certain quantity that characterizes the compact object, e.g., its compactness or spin, is beyond a threshold. We pro...

Black holes in scalar-Gauss-Bonnet gravity are prone to scalarization, that is a spontaneous development of scalar hair for strong enough spacetime curvature. Since large spacetime curvature is associated with smaller black hole masses, the merging of black holes can lead to dynamical descalarization. This is a spontaneous release of the scalar hai...

Many classes of extended scalar-tensor theories predict that dynamical instabilities can take place at high energies, leading to the formation of scalarized neutron stars. Depending on the theory parameters, stars in a scalarized state can form a solution-space branch that shares a lot of similarities with the so-called mass twins in general relati...

As it became well known in the past years, Einstein-scalar-Gauss-Bonnet (EsGB) theories evade no-hair theorems and allow for scalarized compact objects including black holes (BH). The coupling function that defines the theory is the main character in the process and nature of scalarization. With the right choice, the theory becomes an extension of...

Spontaneous scalarization of black holes in scalar-Gauss-Bonnet gravity is a very interesting phenomenon allowing black holes to circumvent the no-hair theorem and acquire scalar hair while leaving the weak field regime of the theory practically unaltered. It was recently shown that if we allow for a different form of the coupling between the scala...

Black holes in scalar-Gauss-Bonnet gravity are prone to scalarization, that is a spontaneous development of scalar hair for strong enough spacetime curvature while the weak field regime of the theory coincides with general relativity. Since large spacetime curvature is associated with smaller black hole masses, the merging of black holes can lead t...

We investigate the potential appearance of qualitatively new observational features of accretion disk images around compact objects. More specifcally we focus on a particular class of traversable wormholes, possessing a photon sphere. We discover that for certain solution parameters the shape of the images produced possesses distinct features that...

Many classes of extended scalar-tensor theories predict that dynamical instabilities can take place at high energies, leading to the formation of scalarized neutron stars. Depending on the theory parameters, stars in a scalarized state can form a solution-space branch that shares a lot of similarities with the so-called mass twins in general relati...

Spontaneous scalarization of black holes in scalar-Gauss-Bonnet (sGB) gravity is a very interesting phenomenon allowing black holes to circumvent the no-hair theorem and acquire scalar hair while leaving the weak field regime of the theory practically unaltered. It was recently shown that if we allow for a different form of the coupling between the...

In the present paper, we show the existence of a fully nonlinear mechanism for the formation of scalarized black holes, which is different from the spontaneous scalarization, and demonstrate its dynamical development. We consider a class of scalar-Gauss-Bonnet gravity theories within which no tachyonic instability can occur. Although the Schwarzsch...

We study the axial quasinormal modes of hairy black holes in Gauss-Bonnet gravity with a massive self-interacting scalar field. Two coupling functions of the scalar field to the Gauss-Bonnet invariant are adopted with one of them leading to black hole scalarization. The axial perturbations are studied via time evolution of the perturbation equation...

In this work, we analyze some judiciously chosen solutions of Kerr black holes with scalar hair (KBHsSH) of special interest for gravitational wave events originated from extreme mass ratio inspirals (EMRIs). Because of the off-center distribution of energy density, these spacetimes are warped in such a way that not all metric functions behave mono...

In this work we aim to investigate thick tori configurations around Kerr black holes with scalar hair (KBHsSH). For that goal, we provide a first approach using constant specific angular momentum non-self-gravitating Polish doughnuts. Through a series of examples, we show the feasibility of new topologies, such as double-centered tori with two cusp...

In the present paper we derive strong constrains on scalarization in scalar-Gauss-Bonnet (sGB) gravity using observations of pulsars in close binary systems. Since scalarized neutron stars carry a nonzero scalar change, they emit scalar dipole radiation while inspiraling which speeds up the orbital decay. The observations support the conjecture tha...

It was recently shown, that in a class of tensor-multiscalar theories of gravity with a nontrivial target space metric, there exist scalarized neutron star solutions. An important property of these compact objects is that the scalar charge is zero and therefore, the binary pulsar experiments can not impose constraints based on the absence of scalar...

We study the axial quasinormal modes of hairy black holes in Gauss-Bonnet gravity with massive self-interacting scalar field. Two coupling functions of the scalar field to the Gauss-Bonnet invariant are adopted with one of them leading to black hole scalarization. The axial perturbations are studied via time evolution of the perturbation equation,...

In a certain class of scalar-Gauss-Bonnet gravity, the black holes and the neutron stars can undergo spontaneous scalarization—a strong gravity phase transition triggered by a tachyonic instability due to the nonminimal coupling between the scalar field and the spacetime curvature. Studies of this phenomenon have, so far, been restricted mainly to...

The aim of this paper is to study the stability of solitonlike static solutions via nonlinear simulations in the context of a special class of massive tensor-multiscalar theories of gravity whose target space metric admits Killing field(s) with a periodic flow. We focused on the case with two scalar fields and maximally symmetric target space metri...

In this work we analyze some judiciously chosen solutions of Kerr Black Holes with Scalar Hair (KBHsSH) of special interest for Gravitational Wave (GW) events originated from Extreme Mass Ratio Inspirals (EMRIs). Because of the off-center distribution of energy density, these spacetimes are warped in such a way that not all metric functions behave...

In the present paper we show the existence of a fully nonlinear dynamical mechanism for the formation of scalarized black holes which is different from the spontaneous scalarization. We consider a class of scalar-Gauss-Bonnet gravity theories within which no tachyonic instability can occur. Although the Schwarzschild black holes are linearly stable...

It was recently shown, that in a class of tensor-multi-scalar theories of gravity with a nontrivial target space metric, there exist scalarized neutron star solutions. An important property of these compact objects is that the scalar charge is zero and therefore, the binary pulsar experiments can not impose constraints based on the absence of scala...

In the present paper we investigate the structure of relativistic stars in 4D Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity. The mass-radius relations are obtained for realistic hadronic and for strange quark star equations of state, and for a wide range of the Gauss-Bonnet coupling parameter α. Even though the deviations from general relativity for nonzero values...

In the present paper, we construct spontaneously scalarized rotating black hole solutions in dynamical Chern-Simons (dCS) gravity by following the scalar field evolution in the decoupling limit. For the range of parameters where the Kerr black hole becomes unstable within dCS gravity, the scalar field grows exponentially until it reaches an equilib...

In a certain class of scalar-Gauss-Bonnet gravity, the black holes and the neutron stars can undergo spontaneous scalarization - a strong gravity phase transition triggered by a tachyonic instability due to the non-minimal coupling between the scalar field and the spacetime curvature. Studies of this phenomenon have so far been restricted mainly to...

Even though black hole scalarization has been extensively studied recently, little has been done in the direction of understanding the dynamics of this process, especially in the rapidly rotating regime. In the present paper, we focus exactly on this problem by considering the nonlinear dynamics of the scalar field while neglecting the backreaction...

In this paper, we first investigate the equatorial circular orbit structure of Kerr black holes with scalar hair (KBHsSH) and highlight their most prominent features, which are quite distinct from the exterior region of ordinary bald Kerr black holes, i.e., peculiarities that arise from the combined bound system of a hole with an off-center, self-g...

In the present paper, we construct spontaneously scalarized rotating black hole solutions in dynamical Chern-Simons (dCS) gravity by following the scalar field evolution in the decoupling limit. For the range of parameters where the Kerr black hole becomes unstable within dCS gravity the scalar field grows exponentially until it reaches an equilibr...

In this paper we first investigate the equatorial circular orbit structure of Kerr black holes with scalar hair (KBHsSH) and highlight their most prominent features which are quite distinct from the exterior region of ordinary bald Kerr black holes, i.e. peculiarities that arise from the combined bound system of a hole with an off-center, self-grav...

Even though black hole scalarization is extensively studied recently, little has been done in the direction of understanding the dynamics of this process, especially in the rapidly rotating regime. In the present paper, we focus exactly on this problem by considering the nonlinear dynamics of the scalar field while neglecting the backreaction on th...

The aim of this paper is to study the stability of soliton-like static solutions via non-linear simulations in the context of a special class of massive tensor-multi-scalar-theories of gravity whose target space metric admits Killing field(s) with a periodic flow. We focused on the case with two scalar fields and maximally symmetric target space me...

In the present paper we study the onset of the spin-induced scalarization of a Kerr black hole in scalar-Gauss–Bonnet gravity with a massive scalar field. Our approach is based on a $$(2+1)$$ ( 2 + 1 ) time evolution of the relevant linearized scalar field perturbation equation. We examine the region where the Kerr black hole becomes unstable givin...

Scalarization is a very interesting phenomenon allowing a compact object to be endowed with scalar hair while leaving all the predictions in the weak field limit unaltered. In Gauss-Bonnet gravity, the source of the scalar field can be the curvature of the spacetime. It was recently shown that for a particular type of coupling function between the...

We prove under certain assumptions no-hair theorems for noncanonical self-gravitating static multiple scalar fields in spherically symmetric spacetimes. It is shown that the only static, spherically symmetric and asymptotically flat black hole solutions consist of the Schwarzschild metric and a constant multiscalar map. We also prove that there are...

In the present paper, we consider the multiscalar extension of Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity. We focus on multiscalar Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet models whose target space is a three-dimensional maximally symmetric space, namely, either S3, H3, or R3, and in the case in which the map spacetime→target space is nontrivial. We prove numerically the existenc...

In the present paper we study the onset of the spin-induced scalarization of a Kerr black hole in scalar-Gauss-Bonnet gravity with a massive scalar field. Our approach is based on a (2+1) time evolution of the relevant linearized scalar field perturbation equation. We examine the region where the Kerr black hole becomes unstable giving rise to new...

In the modern era of abundant X-ray detections and the increasing momentum of gravitational waves astronomy, tests of general relativity in strong field regime become increasingly feasible and their importance for probing gravity cannot be understated. To this end, we study the characteristics of slowly rotating topological neutron stars in the ten...

Tensor-multiscalar theories (TMST) are among the most natural generalizations of Einstein’s theory; they are mathematically self-consistent and free from pathologies. They pass through all the known observations but contrary to standard scalar-tensor theories, TMST offer extremely rich spectrum of solutions and allow for large deviations from gener...

The scalarization is a very interesting phenomena allowing to endow a compact object with scalar hair while leaving all the predictions in the weak field limit unaltered. In Gauss-Bonnet gravity the source of the scalar field can be the curvature of the space-time. It was recently shown that for a particular type of coupling function between the sc...

We study the polar quasinormal modes of spontaneously scalarized black holes in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet theory. In previous works we showed that a set of nodeless solutions of the fundamental branch of the model studied in [D. D. Doneva and S. S. Yazadjiev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 131103 (2018)] are stable under both radial [J. L. Blazquez-Salcedo et a...

We construct hairy black hole solutions in a particular set of tensor-multi-scalar theories of gravity for which the target-space admits a Killing vector field with periodic flow that is furthermore the generator of a one-parameter family of point transformations which leave the whole theory invariant. As for black holes with scalar hair in general...

In the modern era of abundant X-ray detections and the increasing momentum of gravitational waves astronomy, tests of General Relativity in strong field regime become increasingly feasible and their importance for probing gravity cannot be understated. To this end, we study the characteristics of slowly rotating topological neutron stars in the ten...

In the present paper we consider multi-scalar extension of Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity. We focus on multi-scalar Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet models whose target space is a three-dimensional maximally symmetric space, namely either $\mathbb{S}^3$, $\mathbb{H}^3$ or $\mathbb{R}^3$, and in the case when the map $\text{\it spacetime} \to \text{\it target s...

We study the polar quasinormal modes of spontaneously scalarized black holes in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet theory. In previous works we showed that a set of nodeless solutions of the fundamental branch of the model studied in [1] are stable under both radial [2] and axial perturbations [3]. Here we calculate the polar quasinormal modes and show that thi...

Tensor-multi-scalar theories (TMST) are among the most natural generalizations of Einstein's theory, they are mathematically self-consistent and free from pathologies. They pass through all the known observations but contrary to standard scalar-tensor theories, TMST offer extremely rich spectrum of solutions and allow for large deviations from gene...

In the present paper we numerically construct new nontopological, spontaneously scalarized neutron stars in the tensor-multiscalar theories of gravity whose target space is a three-dimensional maximally symmetric space, namely either S3, H3 or R3, and in the case of a nontrivial map φ: spacetime→target space. The theories of gravity admitting scala...

We study the axial perturbations of spontaneously scalarized black holes in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet theories. We consider the nodeless solutions of the fundamental branch of the model studied by Doneva and Yazadjiev [Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 131103 (2018)], which possesses a region of radially stable configurations, as shown by Blazquez-Salcedo et al....

In the present paper, we numerically construct new non-topological, spontaneously scalarized neutron stars in the tensor-multi-scalar theories of gravity whose target space is a three-dimensional maximally symmetric space, namely either $\mathbb{S}^3$, $\mathbb{H}^3$ or $\mathbb{R}^3$, and in the case of a nontrivial map $\varphi : \text{\it spacet...

In the present paper we demonstrate that there exists a new type of neutron stars in the tensor-multi-scalar theories of gravity. We call this new type of neutron stars topological neutron stars. In addition to the standard characteristics of the usual neutron stars the topological neutron stars are also characterized by a topological charge. We nu...

In the present paper we investigate the structure of relativistic stars in 4D Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity. The mass-radius relations are obtained for realistic hadronic and for strange quark star equations of state, and for a wide range of the Gauss-Bonnet coupling parameter $\alpha$. Even though the deviations from general relativity for nonzero...

We study the axial perturbations of spontaneously scalarized black holes in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet (EGB) theories. We consider the nodeless solutions of the fundamental branch of the model studied in [1], which possesses a region of radially stable configurations, as shown in [2]. Here we show that almost all of the radially stable black holes are a...

In the context of a special class of tensor-multiscalar theories of gravity for which the target-space metric admits an isometry under which the theory is invariant, we present rotating vacuum solutions, namely, with no matter fields. These objects behave like nontopological solitons, whose primary stability is due to the conserved charge arising f...

In the present paper we consider a special classes of massive tensor-multiscalar theories of gravity whose target space metric admits Killing field(s) with a periodic flow. For such tensor-multiscalar theories we show that there exist mixed configurations of tensor-multiscalar solitons and neutron stars. The influence of the curvature of the target...

In the context of a special class of tensor-multi-scalar theories of gravity for which the target-space metric admits an isometry under which the theory is invariant, we present rotating vacuum solutions, namely with no matter fields. These objects behave like nontopological solitons, whose primary stability is due to the conserved charge arising f...

In the present paper we demonstrate that there exists a new type of neutron stars in the tensor-multi-scalar theories of gravity. We call this new type of neutron stars topological neutron stars. In addition to the standard characteristics of the usual neutron stars the topological neutron stars are also characterized by a topological charge. We nu...

Observations of the electromagnetic signals originating from an accretion discs in the close vicinity of a compact object can be used to test spacetime in the strong field regime. More specifically, the so-called quasi-periodic oscillations, observed in the X-ray light curves of some pulsars, might carry features of the underlying theory of gravity...

In the present paper we consider special classes of massive tensor-multi-scalar theories of gravity whose target space metric admits Killing field(s) with a periodic flow. For such tensor-multi-scalar theories we show that there exist mixed configurations of tenor-multi-scalar solitons and relativistic (neutron) stars. The influence of the curvatur...

In the present paper, we consider the extended scalar-tensor Gauss-Bonnet gravity with a massive scalar field. We prove numerically the existence of Gauss-Bonnet black holes for three different forms of the coupling function including the case of spontaneous scalarization. We have performed a systematic study of the black hole characteristics such...

In recent years there has been a surge of interest in what has come to be known as the “universal relations” between various global properties of neutron stars. These universal relations are equation of state independent relations between quantities such as the moment of inertia I, the tidal deformability or Love number λ, and the quadrupole Q (I-L...

We study the axial quasinormal modes of neutron stars in scalar-tensor theories with a massive scalar field including a self-interacting term in the potential. Various realistic equations of state including nuclear, hyperonic, and hybrid matter are employed. Although the effect of spontaneous scalarization of neutron stars can be very large, binary...

In the present paper we consider special classes of tensor-multi-scalar theories of gravity whose target-space metric admits Killing field(s) with a periodic flow. For such tensor-multi-scalar theories we show that if the dynamics of the scalar fields is confined on the periodic orbits of the Killing field(s) then there exist new solutions describi...

In the present paper we consider the extended scalar-tensor-Gauss-Bonnet gravity with a massive scalar field. We prove numerically the existence of Gauss-Bonnet black holes for three different forms of the coupling function including the case of spontaneous scalarization. We have performed a systematic study of the black hole characteristics such a...

In the present talk we discuss static and slowly rotating neutron stars in scalar-tensor theory with massive scalar field with self-interaction. The examined theory is based on dilaton potential with higher order term in the scalar field. The additional term suppresses the effect of the scalar field but still, large deviations from pure General rel...

Testing modified theories of gravity with direct observations of the parameters of a neutron star is not the optimal way of testing gravitational theories. However, observing electromagnetic signals originating from the close vicinity of the compact object my turn out an excellent way of probing spacetime in strong field regime. A promising candida...

We study the axial quasi-normal modes of neutron stars in scalar-tensor theories with massive scalar field including a self-interacting term in the potential. Various realistic equations of state including nuclear, hyperonic and hybrid matter are employed. Although the effect of spontaneous scalarization of neutron stars can be very large, binary p...

We are investigating universal relations between different normalisations of the moment of inertia and the compactness of neutron stars in slow rotation approximation. We study the relations in particular class of massive scalar-sensor theories with self-interaction, for which significant deviations from General Relativity are allowed for values of...

In the present paper we consider special classes of tensor-multi-scalar theories of gravity whose target-space metric admits Killing field(s) with a periodic flow. For such tensor-multi-scalar theories we show that if the dynamics of the scalar fields is confined on the periodic orbits of the Killing field(s) then there exists a new type of compact...

We address quasinormal modes of compact objects in several alternative theories of gravity. In particular, we focus on black holes and neutron stars with scalar hair. We consider black holes in dilaton-Einstein-Gauß-Bonnet theory, and in a generalized scalar-Einstein-Gauß-Bonnet theory. In the latter case scalarized black holes arise, and we study...

In recent years there has been a surge of interest in what has come to be known as the `universal relations' between various global properties of neutron stars. These universal relations are equation of state independent relations between quantities such as the moment of inertia $I$, the tidal deformability or Love number $\lambda$, and the quadrup...

We are investigating universal relations between different normalisations of the moment of inertia and the compactness of neutron stars in slow rotation approximation. We study the relations in particular class of massive scalar-sensor theories with self-interaction, for which significant deviations from General Relativity are allowed for values of...

Recently new scalarized black hole solutions were constructed in the extended scalar-tensor-Gauss-Bonnet gravity, where the scalar field is sourced by the curvature of the spacetime via the Gauss-Bonnet invariant. A natural extension of these results is to consider the case of nonzero black hole charge. In addition we have explored a large set of c...

We present the first numerical models of differentially rotating stars in alternative theories of gravity. We chose a particular class of scalar-tensor theories of gravity that is indistinguishable from general relativity in the weak-field regime but can lead to significant deviations when strong fields are considered. We show that the maximum mass...

We address quasinormal modes of compact objects in several alternative theories of gravity. In particular, we focus on black holes and neutron stars with scalar hair. We consider black holes in dilaton-Einstein-Gau\ss -Bonnet theory, and in a generalized scalar-Einstein-Gau\ss -Bonnet theory. In the latter case scalarized black holes arise, and we...

Recently a new class of scalarized black holes in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet (EGB) theories was discovered. What is special for these black hole solutions is that the scalarization is not due to the presence of matter, but it is induced by the curvature of spacetime itself. Moreover, more than one branch of scalarized solutions can bifurcate from the Sc...

Recently new scalarized black hole solutions were constructed in the extended scalar-tensor-Gauss-Bonnet gravity, where the scalar field is sourced by the curvature of the spacetime via the Gauss-Bonnet invariant. A natural extension of these results is to consider the case of nonzero black hole charge. In addition we have explored a large set of c...

We present the first numerical models of differentially rotating stars in alternative theories of gravity. We chose a particular class of scalar-tensor theories of gravity that is indistinguishable from GR in the weak field regime but can lead to significant deviations when strong fields are considered. We show that the maximum mass that a differen...

Binary pulsar observations and gravitational wave detections seriously constrained scalar–tensor theories with massless scalar field allowing only small deviations from general relativity. If we consider a nonzero mass of the scalar field, though, significant deviations from general relativity are allowed for values of the parameters that are in ag...

Binary pulsar observations and gravitational wave detections seriously constrained scalar-tensor theories with massless scalar field allowing only small deviations from general relativity. If we consider a nonzero mass of the scalar field, though, significant deviations from general relativity are allowed for values of the parameters that are in ag...

Recently a new class of scalarized black holes in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet (EGB) theories was discovered. What is special for these black hole solutions is that the scalarization is not due to the presence of matter, but {it is induced} by the curvature of spacetime itself. Moreover, more than one branch of scalarized solutions can bifurcate from the...

In the present paper the axial quasi-normal modes of neutron stars in $f(R)$ gravity are examined using a large set of equations of state. The numerical calculations are made using two different approaches -- performing time evolution of the perturbation equations and solving the time-independent representation of the equations as a boundary value...

The recent detection of gravitational waves from a neutron star merger was a significant step towards constraining the nuclear matter equation of state by using the tidal Love numbers (TLNs) of the merging neutron stars. Measuring or constraining the neutron star TLNs allows us in principle to exclude or constraint many equations of state. This app...

We study the local shadow of the Schwarzschild black hole with a quadrupole distortion and the influence of the external gravitational field on the photon dynamics. The external matter sources modify the light ring structure and lead to the appearance of multiple shadow images. In the case of negative quadrupole moments we identify the most promine...

In the present paper we study models of neutron stars in a class of extended scalar-tensor Gauss-Bonnet (ESTGB) theories for which the scalar degree of freedom is exited only in the strong curvature regime. We show that in the framework of the ESTGB theories under consideration there exist new neutron star solutions which are formed via spontaneous...

In the present paper we consider a class of extended scalar-tensor-Gauss-Bonnet (ESTGB) theories for which the scalar degree of freedom is excited only in the extreme curvature regime. We show that in the mentioned class of ESTGB theories there exist new black hole solutions which are formed by spontaneous scalarization of the Schwarzaschild balck...

We prove a uniqueness theorem for traversable wormhole solutions in the Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton gravity with a phantom scalar field and a possible phantom electromagnetic field. In a certain region of the parameter space, determined by the asymptotic values of the scalar field and the lapse function, the regular wormholes are completely specified...

In the present paper we prove a uniqueness theorem for the regular static, traversable wormhole solutions to the Einstein-phantom scalar field theory with two asymptotically flat regions (ends). We show that when a certain condition on the asymptotic values of the scalar field is imposed such solutions are uniquely specified by their mass $M$ and t...

We perform the first study of the oscillation frequencies of rapidly rotating neutron stars in alternative theories of gravity, focusing mainly on the fundamental $f$-modes. We concentrated on a particular class of alternative theories - the (massive) scalar-tensor theories. The generalization to rapid rotation is important because on one hand the...

We obtain a family of exact solutions describing magnetized black holes in an external gravitational field. Locally the solutions can be interpreted as representing the near-horizon region of a black hole, which interacts with a surrounding matter distribution producing a strong magnetic field. Thus, the solutions reflect the influence of both a gr...

We study the electromagnetic spectrum of accretion disks around neutron and strange stars in R+aR² gravity. Both static and rapidly rotating models are investigated. The results are compared with the General Relativistic results. We found difference between the results in both theories of about 50% for the electromagnetic flux and about 20% in the...

We construct rapidly rotating neutron star models in scalar-tensor theories with a massive scalar