Stijn Baert

Stijn Baert
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Economics

PhD

About

198
Publications
46,213
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2,239
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Introduction
Please visit my HOMEPAGE to explore my last publications: http://www.stijnbaert.eu.

Publications

Publications (198)
Book
Full-text available
Een algemene inleiding in economie voor het academische onderwijs, met bijzondere aandacht voor duurzaamheid.
Article
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Research using data on offline couple formation has confirmed predictions from evolutionary psychology that women (not men) attach value to the earnings potential of a potential partner. In this study, we examine whether the partner preferences with respect to earnings potential survive in an online context with fewer search and social frictions. W...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the direct and indirect impact (via educational achievement) of student work during secondary education on later employment outcomes. To this end, we jointly model student work and later schooling and employment outcomes as discrete choices, while correcting for these outcomes’ unobserved determinants. Using unique longitudinal...
Preprint
Full-text available
In recent decades, researchers have found compelling evidence of discrimination in the labor and housing market toward ethnic minorities based on field experiments using fictitious applications. However, these findings may be exaggerated as the names used for ethnic minorities in various experiments may have also signaled low socioeconomic class. T...
Article
Full-text available
Naar aanleiding van onze Summer School rond welzijn op het werk namen we een bevraging af bij een representatieve steekproef van 1.009 Vlamingen om na te gaan hoe het gesteld is met het welzijn op het werk van de Vlaamse werknemer. In deze Story @ UGent @ Work bespreken we de meest opmerkelijke cijfers en duiden die vanuit recent wetenschappelijk o...
Article
Full-text available
While a considerable number of employees across the globe are being forced to work from home due to the COVID-19 crisis, it is a guessing game as to how they are experiencing this current surge in telework. Therefore, we examined employee perceptions of telework on various life and career aspects, distinguishing between typical and extended telewor...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Op 3 mei 2022 publiceerden we een Story @ UGent @ Work omtrent inactiviteit (i.e. personen die noch werken, noch werk zoeken) in België, op basis van de nieuwste Eurostat-cijfers. Dit kreeg toen brede aandacht in de media en in de communicatie van verschillende beleidsmensen, zoals parlementairen, partijvoorzitters en regeringsleden. Een vraag die...
Article
One of the potential avenues for former professional football players to pursue their career is to become a head coach of a club’s first team. An important question is how to best prepare for such a reconversion. This letter is the first in the academic literature quantifying the association between success as a professional head coach and prior ex...
Technical Report
Full-text available
De ambitie om de werkzaamheidsgraad te verhogen is in ons land een rode draad doorheen de regeerakkoorden op federaal en gewestelijk niveau. Om die ambitie waar te maken, kan het beleid zich richten op de activering van werkzoekenden en inactieven. Die laatste groep is duidelijk de grootste. Toch is er veel minder aandacht voor hen. Een nieuwe Stor...
Article
Full-text available
To mitigate ethnic labour market discrimination, it is essential to understand its underlying mechanisms because different mechanisms call for different counteracting measures. To this end, we reviewed the recent literature that confronts the theories of taste-based and statistical discrimination against the empirical reality. Whereas the empirical...
Article
Full-text available
Introducing a new method, we measure real estate agents’ intentions to act upon a discriminatory request on the housing market. Our results show that realtors are willing to discriminate on request and that the method of mystery mails allows scholars to measure and contextualize these discriminatory intentions in a detailed and elaborate way.
Article
We examine the impact of internship experience during secondary education on students’ schooling and early labour market outcomes by analysing unique, longitudinal data from Belgium. To control for unobservable differences between students with and students without internship experience, we estimate a dynamic discrete choice model. In line with lit...
Article
Full-text available
De centrale vraag van dit adviesrapport is: hoe kan een leer- en loopbaanoffensief helpen om wat mensen kennen en kunnen beter te laten aansluiten op wat werkgevers zoeken? Welke veranderingen zijn daarvoor nodig in beleid, organisatie en bestuur?
Article
Full-text available
Dit advies bevat de aanbevelingen van zes arbeidsmarktexperts die ingingen op de vraag van Vlaams Minister van Economie en Innovatie, Werk, Sociale Economie en Landbouw Hilde Crevits om vanuit een evidence-based benadering paden uit te tekenen voor een arbeidsintensief herstel uit de economische recessie en navenante arbeidsmarktontwrichting, aange...
Article
Onderzoek naar burn-out identificeerde reeds een uiteenlopende lijst aan potentiële determinanten en re-integratiedrempels, maar betrok zelden ex-patiënten en percepties (dat wil zeggen, wat men zelf ziet als oorzaken en drempels bij burn-out). Daarenboven heerst in het re-integratieonderzoek een kwalitatieve onderzoekstraditie en schenkt men beper...
Preprint
Full-text available
Notwithstanding the improved integration of various minority groups in the workforce, unequal treatment in hiring still hinders many individuals' access to the labour market. To tackle this inaccessibility, it is essential to know which and to what extent minority groups face hiring discrimination. This meta-analysis synthesises a quasi-exhaustive...
Article
Purpose: Burnout literature has primarily studied determinants and rehabilitation. Remarkably, ways to enable qualitative return to work after burnout are considered considerably less and were studied here. Specifically, building on the Job Demands-Resources model and Effort-Recovery model, this study investigated determinants of the quality of re...
Article
Full-text available
Using a choice experiment, we test whether taste-based employee discrimination against ethnic minorities is susceptible to loss aversion. In line with empirical evidence from previous research, our results indicate that introducing a hypothetical wage penalty for discriminatory choice behaviour lowers discrimination and that higher penalties have a...
Article
Full-text available
Voorstel 1. Laat partners aan elkaar pensioenrechten doneren (prof. dr. Luc Van Ootegem en prof. dr. Elsy Verhofstadt) Voorstel 2. Schrap loonlastverminderingen voor oudere werknemers (prof. dr. Bart Cockx en dr. Sam Desiere) Voorstel 3. Verlaag pensioenopbouw bij langdurige werkloosheid (prof. dr. Stijn Baert) Voorstel 4. Voer deeltijds pensioen p...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses the evolution of key labour market indicators in the EU-27 countries between 2019 and 2020, i.e. between the year before the covid-19 crisis broke out and the year in which it impacted the economy heavily. Whereas earlier studies have dealt with the evolution of unemployment in 2020, often country by country, this article foc...
Article
Full-text available
Internships during tertiary education have become substantially more common over the past decades in many industrialised countries. This study examines the impact of a voluntary intra-curricular internship experience during university studies on the probability of being invited to a job interview. To estimate a causal relationship, we conducted a r...
Article
This article contributes to the nascent literature on the effect of grade retention in school on later labor market success. A field experiment is conducted to rule out the endogeneity of both outcomes. More concretely, various treatments of grade retention are randomly assigned to fictitious résumés sent in application to real vacancies. Overall,...
Article
Full-text available
Hiring discrimination towards (former) burnout patients has been extensively documented in the literature. To tackle this problem, it is important to understand the underlying mechanisms of such unequal hiring opportunities. Therefore, we conducted a vignette experiment with 425 genuine recruiters and jointly tested the potential stigma against job...
Preprint
Full-text available
Hiring discrimination towards (former) burnout patients has been extensively documented in the literature. To tackle this problem, it is important to understand the underlying mechanisms of such discrimination. Therefore, we conducted a vignette experiment with 425 genuine recruiters and jointly tested the potential stigma against job candidates wi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent studies have explored hiring discrimination as an obstacle to former burnout patients. Many workers, however, return to the same employer, where they face an even more severe aftermath of burnout syndrome: promotion discrimination. To our knowledge, we are the first to directly address this issue in research. More specifically, we conducted...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Dit rapport presenteert de gehanteerde onderzoeksmethode en de belangrijkste bevindingen van een correspondentie-experiment naar discriminatie op de Gentse arbeidsmarkt op basis van etniciteit, gezondheid, functiebeperking, transgender identiteit en leeftijd in opdracht van de Stad Gent die werd uitgevoerd tussen december 2020 en mei 2021. In totaa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using a choice experiment, we test whether taste-based employee discrimination against ethnic minorities is susceptible to loss aversion. In line with empirical evidence from previous research, our results indicate that introducing a hypothetical wage penalty for discriminatory choice behaviour lowers discrimination and that higher penalties have a...
Article
Samenvatting Vergrijzing is een universeel probleem. Een veelvoorkomende oplossing om de negatieve gevolgen van vergrijzing op te vangen is burgers langer aan het werk te houden door de pensioenleeftijd op te trekken. Echter, de werkzaamheidsgraad van 50-plussers blijft in vele landen relatief laag. Het doel van deze studie is achterhalen welke dre...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Dit rapport presenteert de gehanteerde onderzoeksmethode en de belangrijkste bevindingen van een nulmeting met een correspondentie-experiment naar discriminatie op de Antwerpse arbeidsmarkt op basis van etniciteit, leeftijd en seksuele geaardheid in opdracht van de Stad Antwerpen die werd uitgevoerd tussen februari 2020 en april 2021. In totaal wer...
Article
To study the causal impact of smartphone use on academic performance, we collected – for the first time worldwide – longitudinal data on students’ smartphone use and educational performance. For three consecutive years, we surveyed all students attending classes in 11 different study programmes at two Belgian universities on general smartphone use...
Article
Full-text available
This study is the first in the world to investigate the expected impact of the COVID-19 crisis on career outcomes and career aspirations. To this end, high-quality survey research with a relevant sample of Flemish (Belgian) employees was conducted. About 21% of them fear losing their jobs due to the crisis—14% are concerned that they will even lose...
Article
Full-text available
This research contributes to the limited literature concerning the determinants of loneliness at work, as well as to the literature on psychological outcomes associated with temporary work. More specifically, we are adding to the literature by exploring whether there is an association between working temporarily and loneliness at work and whether l...
Preprint
Full-text available
This letter discusses the evolution of key labour market indicators in the EU-27 countries between 2019 and 2020, i.e. between the year before the COVID-19 crisis broke out and the year in which it impacted the economy heavily. Whereas earlier policy-oriented studies have dealt with the evolution of unemployment in 2020, often country by country, t...
Article
Full-text available
This study uses survey data among both a random sample (N = 500) and a convenience sample (N = 2,919) of Flemish adults to assess public support for 24 potential labour market reforms. The results show that there is a lot of public support for (both encouraged and mandatory) training and community service for the unemployed and for the so-called 'j...
Presentation
Full-text available
Review of my scientific work on measuring and explaining discrimination in the labour market.
Article
Full-text available
Kerninzichten. 1. Onze enquête bij een toevalssteekproef (en een gemakssteekproef) van Vlaamse burgers van minstens 18 jaar leert dat thema’s rond welzijn op het werk (met inbegrip van werkbaar werk en burn-out) voor hen prioritair zijn voor verder wetenschappelijk onderzoek. 2. Meerdere respondenten gaven spontaan aan dat pesten op het werk meer a...
Article
This study investigates the impact on first hiring outcomes of two main curriculum vitae (CV) characteristics by which graduates with a tertiary education degree distinguish themselves from their peers: degree class and extra‐curricular activities. These characteristics were randomly assigned to 2,800 fictitious job applications that were sent to r...
Article
We investigate how the goal-scoring probability in international club soccer evolves after player substitutions. To this end, we analyse rich data concerning 2,025 recent soccer games played in the two most prestigious club soccer competitions, i.e. the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League. As first in the literature, we control for wit...
Poster
Full-text available
Graphical abstract of this publication: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eap.2020.12.012
Presentation
Graphical abstract of this publication: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eap.2020.12.012
Technical Report
Full-text available
Recent werden er een aantal initiatieven aangekondigd om discriminatie in kaart te brengen, de monitoring hiervan verder te zetten en/of aangepaste maatregelen te nemen. De minister van Wonen kondigde aan om opnieuw een Woonsurvey door het steunpunt Wonen te organiseren en neemt beleidsinitiatieven met de immosector. De minister van Werk kondigde a...
Article
Ageing of the population is a universal problem. A common solution to deal with the negative effects of an ageing population is to keep citizens employed longer by raising the retirement age. However, the employment rate of people over fifty remains relatively low in many countries. This study aims to find out which barriers people over fifty exper...
Article
Dit artikel gebruikt resultaten van een survey van zowel een toevalssteekproef (N = 500) als een gemakssteekproef (N = 2919) bij meerderjarige Vlamingen om het draagvlak voor 24 potentiële arbeidsmarkthervormingen na te gaan. Enerzijds tonen de resultaten aan dat er een groot draagvlak is voor (aangemoedigde én verplichte) opleiding en gemeenschaps...
Article
Full-text available
This article introduces the metaphor of the iceberg in the labour market. While policy in most OECD countries has historically focussed on reducing unemployment (the tip of the iceberg), the group of inactive people (below the waterline) is much larger. Therefore, we point to the clear limitations of the unemployment rate as the (single) key macro-...
Article
This study examines the impact of enrolling into dual apprenticeship programmes during secondary education on six early employment outcomes. Our contribution to the literature is threefold. First, we apply a method that has rarely been used in this literature to control for potential selection biases. Second, this method allows us to distinguish be...
Preprint
Full-text available
Scholars have gone to great lengths to chart the incidence of ethnic labour market discrimination. To effectively mitigate this discrimination, however, we need to understand its underlying mechanisms because different mechanisms lead to different counteracting measures. To this end, we reviewed the recent literature that confronts the seminal theo...
Article
Objective We investigated how educational performance during secondary education evolves in the years before, during, and after parental divorce. Background Theoretical models predict different divorce effect patterns in the school year of the divorce and in the years around it. However, we are not aware of any existing studies attempting to measu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
De COVID-19-crisis kwam onverwacht en heeft een wereldwijd schokeffect veroorzaakt. Al snel werd duidelijk dat de gezondheidscrisis niet daartoe beperkt ging blijven. De nodige, verregaande maatregelen om het aantal slachtoffers te beperken en de druk op het gezondheidssysteem te verlichten, hadden en hebben nog steeds een grote operationele en fin...
Article
We identify the causal effects of student characteristics on the likelihood of being hired for an apprenticeship and explore the mechanisms underlying the employer’s decision. To this end, we perform a vignette experiment among human resources professionals in Belgium, focusing on less‐qualified youth. Our results indicate that students with favora...
Preprint
Full-text available
While a considerable number of employees across the globe are being forced to work from home due to the COVID-19 crisis, it is a guessing game as to how they are experiencing this current surge in telework. Therefore, we examined employee perceptions of telework on various life and career aspects, distinguishing between typical and extended telewor...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study is the first in the world to investigate the expected impact of the COVID-19 crisis on career outcomes and career aspirations. To this end, high-quality survey research with a relevant panel of Belgian employees was conducted. About 21% of them fear losing their jobs due to the crisis-14% are concerned that they will even lose their jobs...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the prevalence and important consequences of student work, the topic has seen an increased interest in the literature. However, to date the focus has been solely on measuring the effect of student employment on later labour market outcomes, relying on signalling theory to explain the observed effects. In the current study, we go beyond measu...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the mechanisms underlying hiring discrimination against transgender men. Design/methodology/approach – The authors conduct a scenario experiment with final-year business students in which fictitious hiring decisions are made about transgender or cisgender male job candidates. More importantly, thes...
Article
Research has shown that hiring discrimination is a barrier for older job candidates in many OECD countries. However, little research has delved into why older job candidates are discriminated against. Therefore, we have conducted an online scenario experiment involving recruiters to empirically investigate 15 potential stigma related to older age d...
Article
Full-text available
This study is the first to investigate whether the introduction of additional assistant referees in the UEFA Europa League (2009–2010 season) and the UEFA Champions League (2010–2011 season) was associated with lower referee bias in terms of home and “big” team favouritism. To this end, we analyse a unique database with pre- and within-game charact...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate whether relative age (i.e. the age gap between classmates) affects life satisfaction and health in adolescence. We analyse data on students between 10 and 17 years of age from the international survey 'Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children' and find robust evidence that a twelve-month increase in relative age (i.e. the hypothetica...
Article
Full-text available
The negative consequences of deteriorated sleep have been widely acknowledged. Therefore, research on the determinants of poor sleep is crucial. A factor potentially contributing to poor sleep is the use of a smartphone. This study aims to measure the association between overall daily smartphone use and both sleep quality and sleep duration. To thi...
Article
This study is the first to estimate the effects of the sending-off of a player on the full time results in international club soccer. To this end, we analyse data of more than 2,000 recent games in the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. We find that when home teams receive a red card, it harms their goal scoring and victory probabilities...
Article
Full-text available
We present the first systematic review of the scientific literature on smartphone use and academic success. We synthesise the theoretical mechanisms, empirical approaches, and empirical findings described in the multidisciplinary literature to date. Our analysis of the literature reveals a predominance of empirical results supporting a negative ass...
Article
Research has shown that hiring discrimination towards older job applicants is a severe problem in Belgium. However, little is known about the reasons for this form of discrimination. In this study, we present a vignette experiment conducted among 193 Flemish HR professionals to empirically investigate which stereotypes and attitudes towards older j...