Steven Umbrello

Steven Umbrello
Institute of Ethics and Emerging Technologies | IEET

Doctor of Philosophy

About

121
Publications
41,950
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427
Citations
Introduction
Steven Umbrello currently serves as the Managing Director at the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies (501c3 nonprofit, Boston, MA). Currently, my main area of research revolves around Value Sensitive Design (VSD), its philosophical foundation as well as its potential application to emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence and Industry 4.0.
Additional affiliations
April 2022 - December 2022
Eurac Research
Position
  • Stiftung Südtiroler Sparkasse Global Fellow
Description
  • Project Role: Philosophy, religion and society
July 2021 - present
Delft University of Technology
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • DESIGNING STAKEHOLDER MEETINGS ON THE ETHICS OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES (1.0 FTE) Challenge: Find ways to explore the ethics of emerging technologies. Change: Design tools like scenario building and co-creation stakeholder events. Impact: The ethical issues of future technology Funded by: TechEthos (EU Horizon 2020 Grant Agreement no. 101006249) 2-year research fellowship on the European Union´s Ethics for Technologies with High Socio-Economic Impact Project (2021-2023)
September 2017 - August 2018
York University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • - NATS 1775: Technology and Civilization, Grader. - NATS 1920: Nature and Growth of Mathematics, Grader.
Education
November 2018 - November 2021
Northwestern Italian Philosophy Consortium
Field of study
  • Philosophy of the Digital World
September 2017 - October 2018
York University
Field of study
  • Science and Technology Studies
September 2016 - November 2018
The University of Edinburgh
Field of study
  • Ethics

Publications

Publications (121)
Article
Full-text available
Global discussions on the legality and ethics of using Artificial intelligence (AI) technology in warfare, particularly the use of autonomous weapons (AWS), continue to be hotly debated [...]
Preprint
Full-text available
As space travel and intentions to colonise other planets are becoming the norm in public debate and scholarship, we must also confront the technical and survival challenges that emerge from these hostile environments. This paper aims to evaluate the various arguments proposed to meet the challenges of human space travel and extraterrestrial planeta...
Article
Full-text available
Most engineers Fwork within social structures governing and governed by a set of values that primarily emphasise economic concerns. The majority of innovations derive from these loci. Given the effects of these innovations on various communities, it is imperative that the values they embody are aligned with those societies. Like other transformativ...
Book
Full-text available
The interest in what can be considered ‘posthumanism’ has surged over the past few years. There is no surprise as to why, given the urgency and immanence of a likely sixth mass extinction event, and the catastrophic consequences of global warming. These processes, all of which fundamentally rest on the foundations of human practices and abuses, are...
Article
Full-text available
Although artificial intelligence has been given an unprecedented amount of attention in both the public and academic domains in the last few years, its convergence with other transformative technologies like cloud computing, robotics, and augmented/virtual reality is predicted to exacerbate its impacts on society. The adoption and integration of th...
Preprint
Full-text available
There is a growing body of scholarship that is addressing the ethics, in particular, the bioethics of space travel and colonisation. Naturally, a variety of perspectives concerning the ethical issues and moral permissibility of different technological strategies for confronting the rigours of space travel and colonisation have emerged in the debate...
Article
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One of the primary, if not most critical, difficulties in the design and implementation of autonomous systems is the black-boxed nature of the decision-making structures and logical pathways. How human values are embodied and actualised in situ may ultimately prove to be harmful if not outright recalcitrant. For this reason, the values of stakehold...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional medical practices and relationships are changing given the widespread adoption of AI-driven technologies across the various domains of health and healthcare. In many cases, these new technologies are not specific to the field of healthcare. Still, they are existent, ubiquitous, and commercially available systems upskilled to integrate t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since its inception, the trolley problem has sparked a rich debate both within and beyond moral philosophy. Often used as a primer for students to begin thinking about moral intuitions as well as how to distinguish between different forms of moral reasoning, the trolley problem is not without its uses in very practical, applied field like engineeri...
Article
Full-text available
The impacts that AI and robotics systems can and will have on our everyday lives are already making themselves manifest. However, there is a lack of research on the ethical impacts and means for amelioration regarding AI and robotics within tourism and hospitality. Given the importance of designing technologies that cross national boundaries, and g...
Thesis
Full-text available
The international debate on the ethics and legality of autonomous weapon systems (AWS) as well as the call for a ban are primarily focused on the nebulous concept of fully autonomous AWS. More specifically, on AWS that are capable of target selection and engagement without human supervision or control. This thesis argues that such a conception of a...
Presentation
Full-text available
Whilst the application of artificial intelligence promises immense potential benefits to virtually all disciplines and activities, it also raises new risks, in scope like in scale. This duality is especially relevant with health applications and more particularly mental health. Making decisions in regards to the application of AI in healthcare base...
Presentation
Full-text available
- Whilst the use of music in health is an ancestral practice, the emergence of new technologies, more particularly artificial intelligence and machine learning, offers new capabilities for music creation and production as well as for diagnostic purposes and for the monitoring of treatment efficacy. It also makes possible completely new modes of col...
Preprint
Full-text available
The pervasiveness of AI-empowered technologies across multiple sectors has led to drastic changes concerning traditional social practices and how we relate to one another. Moreover, market-driven Big Tech corporations are now entering public domains, and concerns have been raised that they may even influence public agenda and research. Therefore, t...
Article
Climate change may well be the most important issue of the 21st century and the world’s response, in the form of ‘Climate Engineering’, is therefore of equal pre-eminent importance. However, while there are technological challenges, there are equally just as important ethical challenges that these technologies also generate. Governments, funding ag...
Preprint
Full-text available
This is a quick starter guide to employing the Value Sensitive Design (VSD) toolkit in Agile Project Management. It is not meant to be the end-all-be-all to VSD for agile. Instead, it is designed to give busy people an overview of the framework and its benefits in 15 minutes or less. The resources section lists recommended books and organisations...
Preprint
Full-text available
Traditional medical practices and relationships are changing given the widespread adoption of AI-driven technologies across the various domains of health and healthcare. In many cases, these new technologies are not specific to the field of healthcare. Still, they are existent, ubiquitous, and commercially available systems upskilled to integrate t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Most engineers work within social structures governing and governed by a set of values that primarily emphasise economic concerns. The majority of innovations derive from these loci. Given the effects of these innovations on various communities, it is imperative that the values they embody are aligned with those societies. Like other transformative...
Article
Full-text available
The international debate on the ethics and legality of autonomous weapon systems (AWS), along with the call for a ban, primarily focus on the nebulous concept of fully autonomous AWS. These are AWS capable of target selection and engagement absent human supervision or control. This paper argues that such a conception of autonomy is divorced from bo...
Article
Full-text available
Healthcare is becoming increasingly automated with the development and deployment of care robots. There are many benefits to care robots but they also pose many challenging ethical issues. This paper takes care robots for the elderly as the subject of analysis, building on previous literature in the domain of the ethics and design of care robots. U...
Article
Full-text available
Value sensitive design (VSD) is an established method for integrating values into technical design. It has been applied to different technologies and, more recently, to artificial intelligence (AI). We argue that AI poses a number of challenges specific to VSD that require a somewhat modified VSD approach. Machine learning (ML), in particular, pose...
Preprint
Full-text available
Most engineers work within social structures governing and governed by a set of values that primarily emphasise economic concerns. The majority of innovations derive from these loci. Given the effects of these innovations on various communities, it is imperative that the values they embody are aligned with those societies. Like other transformative...
Article
Full-text available
This paper documents how an ethically aligned co-design methodology ensures trustworthiness in the early design phase of an artificial intelligence (AI) system component for healthcare. The system explains decisions made by deep learning networks analyzing images of skin lesions. The co-design of trustworthy AI developed here used a holistic approa...
Article
Full-text available
Technological developments involving robotics and artificial intelligence devices are being employed evermore in elderly care and the healthcare sector more generally, raising ethical issues and practical questions warranting closer considerations of what we mean by "care" and, subsequently, how to design such software coherently with the chosen de...
Article
Full-text available
Autonomous weapons systems (AWS), sometimes referred to as “killer robots”, are receiving ever more attention, both in public discourse as well as by scholars and policymakers. Much of this interest is connected to emerging ethical and legal problems linked to increasing autonomy in weapons systems, but there is a general underappreciation for the...
Article
Full-text available
A new book by Jocko Willink, "Leadership Strategy and Tactics: Field Manual", is reviewed. Leadership Strategy and Tactics explore the nature of leadership styles and strategies in both narrative forms as the author discusses past experiences in the military, as well as in real-world applications beyond the military domain. The author provides time...
Preprint
Full-text available
The ethics of technology has primarily focused on what values are and how they can be embedded in technologies through design. In this context, some work has been done to show the efficacy of a number of design approaches. However, existing studies have not clearly pointed out the ways which design-for-values approaches can be used by design team m...
Article
Full-text available
Design for Values (DfV) philosophies are a series of design approaches that aim to incorporate human values into the early phases of technological design to direct innovation into beneficial outcomes. The difficulty and necessity of directing advantageous futures for transformative technologies through the application and adoption of value-based de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Autonomous weapons systems (AWS), sometimes referred to as “killer robots”, are receiving evermore attention, both in public discourse as well as by scholars and policymakers. Much of this interest is connected with emerging ethical and legal problems linked to increasing autonomy in weapons systems, but there is a general underappreciation for the...
Article
Full-text available
As an idea, transhumanism has received increasing attention in recent years and across numerous domains. Despite presidential candidates such as Zoltan Istvan, who ran on an explicitly Transhumanist platform in 2016 but later dropped out to endorse Hillary Clinton, transhumanism has taken root more recently in the conspiratorial imaginations of the...
Article
Full-text available
A new book by Klaus Schwab and Thierry Malleret, "COVID-19: The Great Reset", is reviewed. COVID-19 not only exacerbates social, economic, environmental, cultural and technological trends that already existed pre-pandemic, but also come with emergent and novel ones that may need to be pushed in certain directions to ensure that the fragilities of t...
Chapter
Reimagining suggests the idea of opening up new, unconventional spaces of possibilities for an activity or an entity that already exists. This chapter sketches some ideas of the future of engineering in various aspects: designing, action, problem framing, professional and disciplinary identity, and the training of future engineers. The thoughts pre...
Article
Full-text available
Emad Yaghmaei and Ibo van de Poel (eds.): Assessment of responsible innovation: Methods and practices, 1st edition. London: Routledge, 2020, 394pp, £96 HB
Book
Full-text available
Machines and computers are becoming increasingly sophisticated and self-sustaining. As we integrate such technologies into our daily lives, questions concerning moral integrity and best practices arise. A changing world requires renegotiating our current set of standards. Without best practices to guide interaction and use with these complex machin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since the early 1990's the value sensitive design (VSD) approach has been a continually burgeoning design methodology for technological innovation. VSD is commonly described as a "principled approach" to technology design, given that it is explicitly orientated towards designing technologies for human values, rather than sidelining them to ad hoc a...
Article
Full-text available
A new book by Naohiro Matsumura is reviewed. Shikake are described as designs that open up new behavioral optionsto people and that positively allow them to choose those optionsfreely. Matsumura explores the motivations, philosophy, and implementations of shikake in the real world, providing numerous examples and illustrations. This book appeals to...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to review and critique Wessel Reijers and Bert Gordijn's paper moving from value sensitive design to virtuous practice design. In doing so, it draws on recent literature on developing value sensitive design (VSD) to show how the authors' virtuous practice design (VPD), at minimum, is not mutually exclusive to VSD. This...
Article
Full-text available
A new book by Maurizio Balistreri, "Sex robot. L’amore al tempo delle macchine", is reviewed. Sex robots not only exacerbate social, ethical and cultural issues that already exist, but also come with emergent and novel ones. This book is intended to build on the recent research on both robotics and the growing scholarship on sex robots more general...
Chapter
Full-text available
The value sensitive design (VSD) approach to designing emerging technologies for human values is taken as the object of study in this chapter. VSD has traditionally been conceptualized as another type of technology or instrumentally as a tool. The various parts of VSD's principled approach would then aim to discern the various policy requirements t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Value Sensitive Design (VSD) is an established method for integrating values into technical design. It has been applied to different technologies and, more recently, to artificial intelligence (AI). We argue that AI poses a number of challenges specific to VSD that require a somewhat modified VSD approach. Machine learning (ML), in particular, pose...
Presentation
Full-text available
Value Sensitive Design (VSD) is an established method for integrating values in technical design. It has been applied to different technologies and recently also to artificial intelligence (AI) applications. We argue that AI poses a number of specific challenges to VSD that require a somewhat adapted VSD approach. These challenges mainly derive fro...
Presentation
Full-text available
Although not much work has been done regarding the practical implementations of AI4SG principles for design, initial first steps provide promising ways forward. This paper proposes that the Value Sensitive Design (VSD) approach to technology design maps symbiotically onto the initially formulated AI4SG principles and that the VSD bolsters these pri...
Preprint
Full-text available
One of the primary, if not most critical, difficulties in the design and implementation of autonomous systems is the black-boxed nature of the decision-making structures and logical pathways of autonomous systems. For this reason, the values of stakeholders become of particular significance given the risks posed by opaque structures of intelligent...
Article
Full-text available
Featured Application: This work can be used to drive the design and development of Industry 4.0 technological solutions and the Factories of the Future in a human-centric, value-oriented and ethical direction. Abstract: Although manufacturing companies are currently situated at a transition point in what has been called Industry 4.0, a new revoluti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this panel we explore the near and long-term future of value sensitive design (VSD). Many in public and private sectors and in civil society are realizing that taking our values seriously means that we need to ensure those values effectively inform our design of technology which, in turn, shapes people’s lives. VSD offers a highly developed set...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Emerging technologies such as cloud computing, augmented and virtual reality, artificial intelligence and robotics, among others, are transforming the field of manufacturing and industry as a whole in unprecedent ways. This fourth industrial revolution is consequentially changing how operators that have been crucial to industry success go about the...
Article
Full-text available
Safe-by-design (SBD) frameworks for the development of emerging technologies have become an ever more popular means by which scholars argue that transformative emerging technologies can safely incorporate human values. One such popular SBD methodology is called value sensitive design (VSD). A central tenet of this design methodology is to investiga...
Article
Full-text available
Lethal Autonomous Weapons (LAWs) are robotic weapon systems, primarily of value to the military, that could engage in offensive or defensive actions without human intervention. This paper assesses and engages the current arguments for and against the use of LAWs through the lens of achieving more ethical warfare. Specific interest is given particul...
Article
Full-text available
The last decade has witnessed the mass distribution and adoption of smart home systems and devices powered by artificial intelligence systems ranging from household appliances like fridges and toasters to more background systems such as air and water quality controllers. The pervasiveness of these sociotechnical systems makes analyzing their ethica...
Presentation
Full-text available
Emerging technologies such as cloud computing, augmented and virtual reality, artificial intelligence and robotics, among others, are transforming the field of manufacturing and industry as a whole in unprecedent ways. This fourth industrial revolution is consequentially changing how operators that have been crucial to industry success go about the...
Article
Although continued investments in nanotechnology are made, atomically precise manufacturing (APM) to date is still regarded as speculative technology. APM, also known as molecular manufacturing, is a token example of a converging technology, has great potential to impact and be affected by other emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligenc...
Article
Full-text available
Strong arguments have been formulated that the computational limits of disembodied artificial intelligence (AI) will, sooner or later, be a problem that needs to be addressed. Similarly, convincing cases for how embodied forms of AI can exceed these limits makes for worthwhile research avenues. This paper discusses how embodied cognition brings wit...
Preprint
Full-text available
Lethal Autonomous Weapons (LAWs) are robotic weapons sys- tems, primarily of value to the military, that could engage in offensive or defensive actions without human intervention. This paper assesses and en- gages the current arguments for and against the use of LAWs through the lens of achieving more ethical warfare. Specific interest is given par...
Article
Full-text available
This paper argues that the Value Sensitive Design (VSD) methodology provides a principled approach to embedding common values into AI systems both early and throughout the design process. To do so, it draws on an important case study: the evidence and final report of the UK Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence. This empirical investigation s...
Preprint
Full-text available
A new book by Roberto Marchesini, Tecnosfera, is reviewed. Technosfera serves as an in-depth exploration of the concept of techne and its relation to humanist and posthumanist thought for professionals. The book's core methodology is to explore the geneaological, linguistic and philosophical differences between the humanist and posthumanist concept...
Article
Full-text available
Lethal Autonomous Weapons (LAWs) have becomes the subject of continuous debate both at national and international levels. Arguments have been proposed both for the development and use of LAWs as well as their prohibition from combat landscapes. Regardless, the development of LAWs continues in numerous nation-states. This paper builds upon previous...
Article
Full-text available
Both current and past analyses and critiques of transhumanist and posthumanist theories have had a propensity to cite the Greek myth of Prometheus as a paradigmatic figure. Although stark differences exist amongst the token forms of posthumanist theories and transhumanism, both theoretical domains claim promethean theory as their own. There are num...
Article
Full-text available
A short position paper on how we can preemptively anticipate and design nanotechnology-safe futures.
Article
Full-text available
Defining posthumanism as a single, well-oriented philosophy is a difficult if not impossible endeavour. Part of the reason for this difficulty is accounted by posthumanism’s illusive origins and its perpetually changing hermeneutics. This short paper gives a brief account of the ecological trend in contemporary posthumanism and provides a short pre...
Article
Full-text available
Book review: A Theory of Everything?
Article
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Evolution Science and Ethics in the Third Millennium is one of the most lucid academic texts on the subject of evolutionary morality to be published in the last decade. While the book does have some problematic aspects, discussed below, it nonetheless provides what is none other than a comprehensive and rational basis to substantiate the notion tha...
Article
Full-text available
Modernism has provided a strong case for technoprogressivism, innovation and speculation on future possibilities. However, drastic and often devastating consequences have followed modernism such as global warming and mass biodiversity loss. In LeoThisnardo Caffo and Azzurra Muzzonigro’s new book, a case for posthumanism as a means for envisioning a...
Article
Full-text available
nter Object-Oriented Ontology: A New Theory of Everything. Eschewing the verbose and often obscurantist tendencies of other philosopher-authors, Harman tackles what might otherwise be a complicated, controversial and counter-intuitive philosophical stance with accessible and easy-to-follow prose. OOO has never been so clear nor so convincingly pres...
Preprint
Full-text available
Defining posthumanism as a single, well-oriented philosophy is a difficult if not impossible endeavour. Part of the reason for this difficulty is accounted by posthumanism's illusive origins and its perpetually changing hermeneutics. This short paper gives a brief account of the ecological trend in contemporary posthumanism and provides a short pre...
Thesis
Full-text available
Safe-by-Design (SBD) frameworks for the development of emerging technologies have become an ever more popular means by which scholars argue that transformative emerging technologies can safely incorporate human values. One such popular SBD methodology is called Value Sensitive Design (VSD). A central tenet of this design methodology is to investiga...
Thesis
Full-text available
Safe-by-Design (SBD) philosophies are a series of design approaches that aim to incorporate human values into the early phases of technological design to direct the path of innovation into beneficial directions. The difficulty and necessity of directing advantageous futures of transformative technologies through the application and adoption of valu...
Preprint
Full-text available
A new book by editors Jeroen van den Hoven, Seumas Miller and Thomas Pogge, Designing in Ethics, is reviewed. Designing in Ethics is a collection of curated essays intended to introduce students and interested scholars to the concepts and literature on value based design and engineering.
Article
Full-text available
Atomically precise manufacturing (APM) is the assembly of materials with atomic precision. APM does not currently exist, and may not be feasible, but if it is feasible, then the societal impacts could be dramatic. This paper assesses the net societal impacts of APM across the full range of important APM sectors: general material wealth, environment...
Presentation
Full-text available
Contemporary thought, particularly by computer and information scientists, social scientists, designers, and philosophers of technology recognize that the design of information systems is not value neutral. Rather, such systems are value laden in part because societal values are major factors in shaping systems, and at the same time the design of t...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper argues that although moral intuitions are insufficient for making judgments on new technological innovations, they maintain great utility for informing responsible innovation. To do this, this paper employs the Value Sensitive Design (VSD) methodology as an illustrative example of how stakeholder values can be better distilled to inform...
Article
Full-text available
This paper argues that although moral intuitions are insufficient for making judgments on new technological innovations, they maintain great utility for informing responsible innovation. To do this, this paper employs the Value Sensitive Design (VSD) methodology as an illustrative example of how stakeholder values can be better distilled to inform...
Presentation
Full-text available
This paper argues that although moral intuitions are insufficient for making judgments on new technological innovations, they maintain great utility for informing responsible innovation. The Value Sensitive Design (VSD) methodology is adopted as an illustrative example of how stakeholder values can be better distilled to inform responsible innovati...
Presentation
There exists an enduring legacy of both utopian and eschatological narratives in the history of human storytelling. Most of the stories have a theological foundation from which they gain both a platform for distribution as well as credibility. The humanist tradition has been responsible for many of these eschatological tales, and it has also been r...
Article
A new book by Phil Torres, Morality, Foresight, and Human Flourishing: An Introduction to Existential Risks, is reviewed. Morality, Foresight and Human Flourishing is a primer intended to introduce students and interested scholars to the concepts and literature on existential risk. The book's core methodology is to outline the various existential r...
Presentation
Contemporary thought, particularly by computer and information scientists, social scientists, designers, and philosophers of technology recognize that the design of information systems is not value neutral. Rather, such systems are value laden in part because societal values are major factors in shaping systems, and at the same time the design of t...
Article
Full-text available
A new book by Timothy Morton, Humankind: Solidarity with Nonhuman People, is reviewed. Humankind: Solidarity with Nonhuman People is a project into the applied political ethics that emerge between speculative realism and Marxism. This book is intended to build on the object-oriented ontology that Morton has espoused in previous volumes, however wit...
Preprint
Full-text available
A short position paper on how we can preemptively anticipate and design nanotechnology-safe futures.
Preprint
Full-text available
A new book by Timothy Morton, Humankind: Solidarity with Nonhuman People, is reviewed. Humankind: Solidarity with Nonhuman People is a project into the applied political ethics that emerge between speculative realism and Marxism. This book is intended to build on the object-oriented ontology that Morton has espoused in previous volumes, however wit...
Preprint
Full-text available
A new book by Leonardo Caffo, Fragile Umanità, is reviewed. Fragile Umanità serves as a primer intended to introduce both professionals and non-professionsals to the concepts of modern posthumanism and the failures of humanist philosophies. The book's core methodology is to outline the differences between humanist and osthumanist philosophies and s...
Preprint
Full-text available
A new book by Phil Torres, Morality, Foresight, and Human Flourishing: An Introduction to Existential Risks, is reviewed. Morality, Foresight and Human Flourishing is a primer intended to introduce students and interested scholars to the concepts and literature on existential risk. The book's core methodology is to outline the various existential r...
Preprint
Full-text available
There are two primary camps in which nanotechnology today can be categorized normal nanotechnology and speculative nanotechnology. The birth of nanotechnology proper was conceived through discourses of speculative nanotechnology. However, current nanotech-nology research has detracted from its speculative promises in favour of more attainable mater...
Preprint
Full-text available
A new book by Manuel DeLanda and Graham Harman, The Rise of Realism, is reviewed. The Rise of Realism is an introductory text that aims to clarify the difficulties that surround the philosophical concepts of realism and materialism (as well as their antitheses). This primer intended to introduce students and interested scholars to the concepts and...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter proposed a novel design methodology called Value-Sensitive Design and its potential application to the field of artificial intelligence research and design. It discusses the imperatives in adopting a design philosophy that embeds values into the design of artificial agents at the early stages of AI development. Because of the high risk...
Article
Full-text available
A new book by Manuel DeLanda and Graham Harman, The Rise of Realism, is reviewed. The Rise of Realism is an introductory text that aims to clarify the difficulties that surround the philosophical concepts of realism and materialism (as well as their antitheses). This primer intended to introduce students and interested scholars to the concepts and...
Research
Full-text available
This short paper will evaluate whether or not a priori knowledge is possible. The questions regarding the objections to the possibility of a priori knowledge are discussed, as are the possible resolutions to such objections with a focus on Hilary Putnam’s theory of contextual apriority. The nature of apriority in mathematics will also be examined a...
Research
Full-text available
In this short paper I will be comparing and contrasting the political psychology of Plato’s Republic and Karl Marx’s political theory. Their concepts of group consciousness will be contrasted as well as how the nature and existence of ideology affect their theories. This will be concluded by a discussion on how the understanding of political psycho...
Research
Full-text available
This short analysis will investigate the associations know as ‘collegia’ mentioned in the letters from the Roman pro-consul Pliny to the emperor Trajan. We will determine why Trajan was against the formation of such an association in Pontus-Bithynia as well as place the nature of collegia in the wider historical narrative. I will conclude by discus...
Research
Full-text available
This discourse will layout and discuss the possible solutions to the paradox of The Ship of Theseus as found in the journal by Christopher Hughes. Hughes’ purpose in his paper is to prove the Lockean idea of the impossibility of superposition false through the use of the Paradox of the ship of Theseus. Consequentially he discusses multiple possible...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Writing papers on how value-based design methodologies (value-sensitive design, participatory design, inclusive design, etc.) can be applied to emerging technologies such as nanotechnology, biotechnology, and artificial intelligence.