Steven D Stagg

Steven D Stagg
Anglia Ruskin University | ARU · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

32
Publications
44,940
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483
Citations
Citations since 2016
25 Research Items
463 Citations
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Introduction
Steven currently works at the Department of Psychology, Anglia Ruskin University. Steven does research in Developmental Psychology and Abnormal Psychology. Current project include 'Stress and Resilience among the parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder-A cross cultural Study and 'Improving Reading Speed in Children with Dyslexia'.

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
Purpose People with severe intellectual disabilities are often supported during mealtimes. However, little information exists about how they and care staff co-ordinate their mealtime behaviours. Method Four people with severe intellectual disabilities and 12 members of care staff participated in this research. Video data were collected from two se...
Article
Adults and adolescents form negative first impressions of ASD adults and children. We examined the first impression ratings of primary school children (6–9 years) of their ASD peers. 146 school children rated either silent videos, speech or transcribe speech from 14 actors (7 ASD, 7 TD). The ASD actors were rated more negatively than the typically...
Article
Full-text available
Female Phenotype Theory (FPT) suggests that autistic women often present with less obvious social impairments than autistic men. We examined the possibility of an exaggerated female phenotype among undiagnosed but probably autistic women. In two nationwide online surveys, we compared self-reported social functioning and mental health between diagno...
Article
Emotion recognition research in autism has provided conflicting results and has ignored the role of context. We examined if autistic adolescents use context to identify displayed and felt emotion. Twenty adolescents with autism and 20 age-matched neurotypical adolescents identified emotions from a standardised set of images. The groups also viewed...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: • Individuals on the autism spectrum (ASD) show a reduced tendency to spontaneously mimic others during social interaction (Hamilton, 2008) • Social mimicking helps individuals form meaningful emotional connections (Ashton-James et al., 2007) and generally creates favorable impressions of the interchange (Chartrand & Bargh, 1990) • To d...
Article
Background Coloured overlay and extra-large letter spacing may improve reading speed and accuracy in individuals with dyslexia; however, research has yet to identify which types of reading errors are diminished. Aim To determine the impact of extra-large letter spacing and colour overlay on reading and assess the impact of both interventions on re...
Article
Government policy in the UK emphasises that people with intellectual disabilities should have the opportunity to make choices and exert control over their own lives as much as possible. The ability of a person to resist activities and offers is therefore important, particularly for people with severe and profound intellectual disabilities, who are...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: The causes of stress for parents of children with autism and improving resilience are key research areas concerned with the wellbeing and quality of life.There is a global acceptance of diagnostic criteria for ASD; however, cultural differences in values to what is considered normal development may influence the diagnosis despite the bi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Evidence suggests that some problems exhibited by individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are present to varying degrees in the general population (Skuse, Mandy & Scourfield, 2005). The concept of a Broad Autism Phenotype (BAP) has been used to describe the mild autism characteristics exhibited by individuals who do not clinical...
Article
Full-text available
Increasingly adults over the age of 50 are receiving a diagnosis of autism spectrum condition. Growing up in a time when autism was poorly recognised, these adults have lived unknowingly with the condition and face readjustment. This paper reports the first study to investigate this population. Nine adults over the age of 50, who had recently been...
Article
Background: Autism spectrum traits are increasingly being reported in individuals who identify as transgender, and the presence of such traits have implications for clinical support. To-date little is known about autism traits in individuals who identify as nonbinary. Aims: To empirically contribute to current research by examining autistic trai...
Conference Paper
Background: The causes of stress for parents with children with autism and improving resilience are key research areas concerned with well-being and quality of life. Raising a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) involves unique challenges, and specific cultural challenges are often not considered in research (Freeth et al., 2014). Cultural fa...
Poster
Full-text available
Poster presentation regarding International and cross cultural perspective, presentaed at the INSAR conference in Montreal, Canada, 2019,https://insar.confex.com/insar/2019/webprogram/Paper29807.html Available in the abstract bok, Page 43, poster 116.218
Article
Full-text available
There is some evidence that disordered self-processing in autism spectrum disorders is linked to the social impairments characteristic of the condition. To investigate whether bodily self-consciousness is altered in autism spectrum disorders as a result of multisensory processing differences, we tested responses to the full body illusion and measur...
Poster
Full-text available
Poster Prize Winner: Some autistic women may miss an autism diagnosis due to better than expected social skills, despite still struggling in social domains compared to non-autistic women.
Article
Transitional object use is psychologically beneficial for young children, but research has suggested that maintaining transitional object use into middle childhood may be associated with negative behaviour. Little is known about the continuation of transitional object use into adolescence, and few studies have been conducted with non‐Western popula...
Presentation
Paper presentation regarding the cross- cultural study of building resilience among the parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, presented at the Scottish Autism conference-50th Anniversary"Innovation in Autism practice-the future is calling" in Glasgow, November 2018, https://www.scottishautismconference.org/assets/pdf/presentations/4C2%...
Poster
Poster presented at the 2nd BPS East of England conference at University of East Anglia, Norwich, september 2018,
Article
Full-text available
Following recent evidence for a link between interoception, emotion and empathy, we investigated relationships between these factors in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). 26 adults with ASD and 26 healthy participants completed tasks measuring interoception, alexithymia and empathy. ASD participants with alexithymia demonstrated lower cognitive and af...
Article
Full-text available
It may be thought that gaining a place at university confers self-belief on students with dyslexia; after all, they have succeeded in their academic studies. Our research explored self-efficacy beliefs in university students with and without dyslexia. An Academic Self-Efficacy Scale and a Sources of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale were completed by 44...
Article
Full-text available
The research investigated feelings towards sex education and sexual awareness in young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Data were generated from the sexual knowledge, experiences, feelings and needs questionnaire (McCabe et al. 1999), the sexual awareness questionnaire (Snell et al. 1991) and semi-structured interviews. Twenty typically...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Zorzi et al. (2012, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 109, 11455) found evidence that extra-large letter spacing aids children with dyslexia, but the evidence for the coloured overlays is contradictory (e.g., Henderson et al., 2013, J. Res. Special Educ. Needs, 13, 57; Wilkins, 2002, Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt., 22, 448), and possible combin...
Article
Full-text available
Sensory processing difficulties are consistently reported amongst individuals with an autistic spectrum condition (ASC); these have a significant impact on daily functioning. Evidence in this area comes from observer reports and first-hand accounts; both have limitations. The current study used the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile (AASP; Brown and...
Poster
Background: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is thought to be more prevalent in males than females, and this is especially true at the higher end of the spectrum. Rather than females being less likely to have the disorder, they are instead possibly more likely to be missed; either going undiagnosed or being misdiagnosed with a mental health condition...
Conference Paper
Background: Sensory processing difficulties have been consistently found amongst individuals with an autistic spectrum condition (ASC). These sensory abnormalities have a significant impact on an individual’s ability to function in everyday life. Attending school is a normal part of a child’s life but for a child with ASC this comes with multiple d...
Article
Full-text available
Although all intellectually high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display core social and communication deficits, some develop language within a normative timescale and others experience significant delays and subsequent language impairment. Early attention to social stimuli plays an important role in the emergence of langua...
Article
Full-text available
Research investigating expressivity in children with autism spectrum disorder has reported flat affect or bizarre facial expressivity within this population; however, the impact expressivity may have on first impression formation has received little research input. We examined how videos of children with autism spectrum disorder were rated for expr...
Article
Full-text available
Attention to social stimuli is associated with language development, and arousal is associated with the increased viewing of stimuli. We investigated whether skin conductance responses (SCRs) are associated with language development in autism spectrum disorder (ASD): a population that shows abnormalities in both attention to others and language dev...
Conference Paper
Background: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show hyper-arousal to direct eye contact (Kylliäinen and Hietanen, 2006). Increased level of arousal may in part explain why avoidance of the eye region is common in some children with ASD. Whilst eye contact in itself may not be arousing to typically developing individuals, being the object...
Conference Paper
Background: Impairments of social functioning are the primary diagnostic criteria for autism with children and adults displaying a lack of interest in, and attention to, social objects. However, adults on the autism spectrum form social stereotypes (White et al.,2006) and similarly affected children demonstrate a viewing preference for people over...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
We need to collect some form of intelligence measure as part of an online survey and our budget does not stretch to the online version of the Raven's progressive matrices. Is there a free of much cheaper alternative.

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
A basic, bodily sense of self underlies higher levels of self and other processing. ASD has long been described as a disorder of self. Is the bodily sense of self altered in ASD? Could this contribute to some of the social impairments seen in ASD?