Steven T Peper

Steven T Peper
Anastasia Mosquito Control District

Doctor of Philosophy

About

24
Publications
3,276
Reads
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107
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2019 - present
Texas Tech University Health Science Center
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Lectured on “Control of Arthropod Vectors and Pathogens Associated with Human Disease” for 4th year medical students in the elective class “Introduction to Tropical Medicine & Clinical Parasitology”.
May 2015 - August 2018
The Institute of Environmental and Human Health
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Statistical models to predict mosquito abundance and probability of West Nile virus in mosquitoes. White-tailed deer for epizootic hemorrhagic disease and efficacy of vaccination. Screened wild pig from Oklahoma for exposure to infectious pathogens.
November 2013 - April 2015
The Institute of Environmental and Human Health
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • • Radio telemetry of quail • Trapped and sampled quail • Aflatoxin development in corn • Neonicotinoid exposure to quail • Eyeworm infections in donated Lesser Prairie Chickens • Anti-helminthic medicated feed study
Education
January 2014 - August 2018
Texas Tech University
Field of study
  • Environmental Toxicology
August 2010 - December 2012
Frostburg State University
Field of study
  • Wildlife Fisheries Biology
April 2005 - December 2009
Brigham Young University - Idaho
Field of study
  • Ecology, Wildlife, and Fisheries

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Canine distemper virus (CDV) infects families in the order Carnivora. As a preventive measure, vaccinations against CDV are frequently given to mustelids in captive environments. Objectives: Our objectives were to compare the utility between two modified-live virus canine distemper vaccines (MLV CDV's), Fervac-D® (no longer manufactu...
Article
Full-text available
Canine distemper virus (CDV) infects species in the order Carnivora. Members of the family Mustelidae are among the species most susceptible to CDV and have a high mortality rate after infection. Assessing an animal's pathogen or disease load prior to any reintroduction project is important to help protect the animal being reintroduced, as well as...
Article
Full-text available
Canine distemper virus (CDV), a contagious morbillivirus, infects families in the order Carnivora, including Nearctic river otters (Lontra canadensis). As a preventative measure, vaccinations against CDV are frequently given to mustelids in captive environments. The Pennsylvania River Otter Reintroduction Project (PRORP) used wild-caught river otte...
Article
Full-text available
Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) and Scaled quail (Callipepla squamata) populations have seen a dramatic decline in the Rolling Plains ecoregion of Texas and Oklahoma, USA. There is a rising concern for the potential toxicity of neonicotinoids in birds. To investigate this concern, we examined crops of 81 Northern Bobwhite and 17 Scaled quai...
Article
Full-text available
Lesser prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) have been declining range wide since the early 1900's despite efforts to establish conservation and improve their habitat. In early 2014, the lesser prairie-chicken was listed as a threatened species under the U.S Endangered Species Act and the need to find out why they are declining is more impo...
Article
It has been reported that roughly 80% of vector control organizations throughout the southern USA lack critical capabilities to properly address potential vector populations and vector-borne diseases within their jurisdictions. This study further investigated current vector control capabilities and capacity within the states of Florida and Texas. I...
Article
The use of synthetic insecticides has been the main approach in mosquito control programs (MCPs) to prevent or reduce mosquito populations. The global problem of insecticide resistance and the concern of environmental impacts of synthetic insecticides have resulted in the interest of botanicals as an alternative. In this study, the botanical produc...
Article
The establishment of action thresholds is becoming critical in mosquito control management to implement effective proactive control measures using limited available resources. As a part of a large-scale study to identify different mosquito control action thresholds used in different geographical regions, we conducted an initial survey to identify m...
Chapter
The chapter discusses the importance of ticks in public health and the extent of threats posed by tick-borne diseases to the wellbeing of humans. The history of tick control efforts highlights various developments over the years from monitoring tick populations to the development and use of tick repellents and control strategies. Different evaluati...
Article
Full-text available
Neospora caninum is a protozoan parasite, reported as a leading cause of cattle abortions and reproductive failure worldwide, costing the cattle industry approximately $1.3 billion annually. With wild pig (Sus scrofa) populations estimated at over six million in the United States, contact between wild pigs and livestock is inevitable, mainly becaus...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Recognition and reporting of vector-borne and zoonotic disease (VBZD) cases is largely dependent upon the consideration of such diseases by healthcare practitioners during the initial diagnosis and ordering of specific confirmative diagnostic tests. This study was conducted to assess the general knowledge and understanding of VBZD trans...
Article
Full-text available
Wild pig (Sus scrofa) populations in the United States are expanding and increasing in distribution and abundance and are known to reservoir a variety of pathogens that can have economic and agricultural impacts. We examined wild pigs for exposure to Brucella spp. and Francisella tularensis from Oklahoma and Texas to determine their potential role...
Article
Thirteen botanical product repellent compounds such as 2-undecanone, capric, lauric, coconut fatty acids (and their methyl ester derivatives), and catnip oil were formulated in either Coppertone or Aroma Land lotions and evaluated against laboratory-reared Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes. These formulations contained 7-15 wt/wt of...
Article
Full-text available
The recent emergence or reemergence of various vector-borne diseases makes the knowledge of disease vectors’ presence and distribution of paramount concern for protecting national human and animal health. While several studies have modeled Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus distributions in the past five years, studies at a large scale can miss the...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile virus (WNV) was first detected in North America during 1999, and has since spread throughout the contiguous USA. West Nile virus causes West Nile fever and the more severe West Nile neuroinvasive disease. As part of a WNV vector surveillance program, we collected mosquitoes in Lubbock, Texas, using CO2-baited encephalitic vector survey (E...
Article
Full-text available
Supplemental feeding with corn to attract and manage deer is a common practice throughout Texas. Other species, including northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus), are commonly seen feeding around supplemental deer feeders. In many cases, supplemental feeding continues year-round so feed supply stores always have supplemental corn in stock. Fluctua...
Article
Full-text available
Oxyspirura petrowi is a parasitic nematode that infects wild birds. This parasite has a broad host range, but has recently been reported in high prevalences from native Galliformes species in the United States. In order to better understand the impact O. petrowi has on wild bird populations, we developed a quantitative PCR protocol to detect infect...
Article
Full-text available
Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) and scaled quail (Callipepla squamata) have experienced chronic declines within the Rolling Plains ecoregion of Texas. Parasitic infection, which has long been dismissed as a problem in quail, has not been studied thoroughly until recently. A total of 219 northern bobwhite and 101 scaled quail from Mitchell C...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Supplemental feeding with corn to attract white-tail deer (Odocoileus virginianus) is a common practice throughout Texas. Other species, including Northern Bobwhites (Colinus virginianus), are commonly seen feeding around supplemental deer feeders. In many cases, supplemental feeding continues year-round so feed supply stores always have it in stoc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aflatoxin is a fungal metabolite that is produced by strains of mold (Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus) and is known to be carcinogenic to humans and animals. It can commonly be found in corn which is used in supplemental feeders to attract Whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus) throughout Texas. However, this supplemental feeding pr...

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Project (1)
Project
Invasive wild pig (Sus scrofa) populations are expanding rapidly in distribution and abundance across North America [1–3], South America [4], Europe [5], and Australia [6]. Expansion has occurred naturally, but this usually occurs over decades [3]. However, wild pig populations also expand through human-mediated translocations [7–8], which then creates localized populations from which natural expansion occurs. When novel, invasive species begin to inhabit a new area, they typically see rapid, exponential population growth because of few regulating factors [9]. For example, with wild pigs, food is often abundant, there are few natural predators, they are generalist, have high survival, and are highly reproductive [5,10].