Steven De Feyter

Steven De Feyter
KU Leuven | ku leuven · Department of Chemistry

PhD

About

514
Publications
53,253
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20,235
Citations

Publications

Publications (514)
Article
A green multicomponent synthesis of previously unreported octahydropyrimido[4,5-g]quinazoline-5,6-diones was developed from simple building blocks. These highly symmetrical compounds show strong propensity to self-assembled molecular network (SAMN) formation on highly oriented...
Article
Full-text available
Patterned covalent functionalization of graphitic surfaces (GSs) is of interest in the development of devices and nanocomposite materials. In contrast to the strategies using external templates or control for realizing patterned covalent functionalization of GSs, here, we present a self‐templated strategy by exploiting the synergistic effects of ch...
Article
We show that particle roughness leads to changes in the number, shape and resulting capillary force of liquid bridges in capillary suspensions. We created fluorescently labeled, raspberry-like particles with varying roughness by electrostatically adsorbing silica nanoparticles with sizes between 40 nm and 250 nm on silica microparticles. Rougher pa...
Article
Full-text available
Covalent functionalization of graphene (CFG) has shown attractive advantages in tuning the electronic, mechanical, optical, and thermal properties of graphene. However, facile, large‐scale, controllable, and highly efficient CFG remains challenging and often involves highly reactive and volatile compounds, requiring complex control of the reaction...
Article
Full-text available
The quality of crystalline two-dimensional (2D) polymers1–6 is intimately related to the elusive polymerization and crystallization processes. Understanding the mechanism of such processes at the (sub)molecular level is crucial to improve predictive synthesis and to tailor material properties for applications in catalysis7–10 and (opto)electronics1...
Preprint
We show that particle roughness leads to changes in the number, shape and resulting capillary force of liquid bridges in capillary suspensions. We created fluorescently labeled, raspberry-like particles with varying roughness by electrostatically adsorbing silica nanoparticles with sizes between 40 nm and 250 nm on silica microparticles. Rougher pa...
Chapter
This chapter provides a survey of the progress made in the construction of complex multicomponent supramolecular architectures on solid surfaces. The discussion is focussed on the self-assembly of organic building blocks physisorbed on solid surfaces such as graphite and gold and characterised using scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM). The fundame...
Article
Nanoscopic lateral confinement created on a graphite surface enabled the study of embryonic stages of molecular self-assembly on solid surfaces using scanning tunneling microscopy performed at the solution/solid interface.
Article
Gas sensors are essential in several fields and, in general, features such as high sensitivity, quick response, and fast recovery are required, along with low power consumption and low cost. Graphene is considered a promising material for gas sensing applications, its functionalization often being a requisite. In the present study, we developed com...
Article
Gas sensors are essential in several fields and, in general, features such as high sensitivity, quick response, and fast recovery are required, along with low power consumption and low cost. Graphene is considered a promising material for gas sensing applications, its functionalization often being a requisite. In the present study, we developed com...
Article
Full-text available
Self-assembled molecular networks (SAMNs) on surfaces evoke a lot of interest, both from a fundamental as well as application point of view. When formed at the liquid-solid interface, precise control over different polymorphs can be achieved by simply adjusting the concentration of molecular building blocks in solution. Significant influence of sol...
Article
Full-text available
We report the formation of nanobubbles on graphene with a radius of the order of 1 nm, using ultralow energy implantation of noble gas ions (He, Ne, Ar) into graphene grown on a Pt(111) surface. We show that the universal scaling of the aspect ratio, which has previously been established for larger bubbles, breaks down when the bubble radius approa...
Article
Oxidative modification of graphene-based materials is an attractive route to functional materials. The use of strong oxidants to achieve surface modification of the carbon often leads to poor uniformity and...
Article
The integration of graphene, and more broadly two-dimensional materials, into devices and hybrid materials often requires the deposition of thin films on their usually inert surface. As a result, strategies for the introduction of surface reactive sites have been developed but currently pose a dilemma between robustness and preservation of the grap...
Article
Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), quasi-one-dimensional strips of graphene, exhibit a nonzero bandgap due to quantum confinement and edge effects. In the past decade, different types of GNRs with atomically precise structures have been synthesized by a bottom-up approach and have attracted attention as a novel class of semiconducting materials for appli...
Article
Supramolecular self-assembly at surfaces provides a pathway for building chemically customized interfaces. Over the last three decades, research on the role of key parameters such as temperature, solute concentration, and molecular design has enabled a steady increase in the complexity of self-assembled molecular networks (SAMNs) that can thus be c...
Article
Vapor-phase fabrication of the metal–organic framework ZIF-8 through the conversion of precursors prepared by physical, atomic, and molecular layer deposition.
Article
Full-text available
Lead halide perovskites have attracted tremendous attention in photovoltaics due to their impressive optoelectronic properties. However, the poor stability of perovskite-based devices remains a bottleneck for further commercial development. Two-dimensional perovskites have great potential in optoelectronic devices, as they are much more stable than...
Article
In this paper, we give an overview of different chemical modifications that can be done on the surface of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials. We place emphasis on the diversity of reactions that have been proposed and are now available to surface scientists working in 2D materials field. Using mainly, but not exclusively, MoS 2 as example, reac...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleosomes, the fundamental units of chromatin, regulate readout and expression of eukaryotic genomes. Single-molecule experiments have revealed force-induced nucleosome accessibility, but a high-resolution unwrapping landscape in the absence of external forces is currently lacking. Here, we introduce a high-throughput pipeline for the analysis of...
Article
Full-text available
We report the incorporation of substitutional Mn atoms in high-quality, epitaxial graphene on Cu(111), using ultralow-energy ion implantation. We characterize in detail the atomic structure of substitutional Mn in a single carbon vacancy and quantify its concentration. In particular, we are able to determine the position of substitutional Mn atoms...
Article
Full-text available
A novel fluorinated soft thermoplastic elastomer (sTPE) for microfluidics is presented. It allows the rapid fabrication of microfluidic devices through a 30‐second hot embossing cycle at 220°C followed by self‐sealing through simple conformal contact at room temperature, or with baking. The material shows high chemical resistance, particularly in c...
Article
Controlled chemical functionalization of graphite’s outer surface layers into photocatalytically oxidized graphite (POG) is reported. POG can be easily prepared via a UV-driven process using titanium dioxide photocatalyst in molecular oxygen and water vapor at relatively low temperature. The photo-oxidation offers a mild and highly controllable pro...
Article
Covalent functionalization is one of the most efficient ways to tune the properties of layered materials in a highly controlled manner. However, molecular chemisorption on semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides remains a delicate task due to the inertness of their surface. Here we perform covalent modification of bulk and single layer moly...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of an opportune impurity can change the on-surface assembly behavior via preferential adsorption and nucleation.
Article
Chirality in two-dimensions (2D) has attracted increasing attention with regard to interesting fundamental aspects as well as potential applications. This article reports several aspects of supramolecular chirality control as exemplified by self-assembled monolayer networks (SAMNs) formed by a class of chiral building blocks consisting of triangula...
Article
Carbocatalysis holds a privileged position as a sustainable alternative to metal-based catalysis. While the focus in solution-based catalytic processes generally lies on how the heterogeneous catalyst affects the solution composition, more attention has recently been given to the analysis of the carbon material itself. Various outstanding surface c...
Article
Chiral symmetry breaking in molecular adsorption at the solid/liquid interface by lateral geometric nanoconfinement is demonstrated.
Article
Full-text available
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) offer disruptive potential in micro- and optoelectronics because of the unique properties of these microporous materials. Nanoscale patterning is a fundamental step in the implementation of MOFs in miniaturized solid-state devices. Conventional MOF patterning methods suffer from low resolution and poorly defined patt...
Article
Doping of graphene by self-assembled molecular network of uncharged dibenzyl viologen (DBV ⁰ ) generated in situ .
Article
The potential of nonlinear optical microscopy for the label-free visualization of heterogeneities and defects in metal–organic frameworks is demonstrated.
Article
Hydrogen bonding is an indispensable tenet in the fabrication of surface-confined physisorbed supramolecular networks. On-surface supramolecular chemistry is dominated by aromatic carboxylic acids, which allow implementation of highly directional and robust design elements in the form of hydrogen bonds. In this article, we investigate the influence...
Article
The chemistry of carbon surfaces has regained traction in recent years in view of its applicability towards covalent modification of a variety of (2D) materials. A general requisite is the formation of a dense and well-defined monolayer of aryl groups covalently bound to the surface. Given the use of reactive chemistries however, it is often not ea...
Article
Full-text available
Structural polymorphism is ubiquitous in physisorbed self-assembled monolayers formed at the solution–solid interface. One of the ways to influence network formation at this interface is to physically decouple the self-assembled monolayer from the underlying substrate thereby removing the influence of the substrate lattice, if any. Here we show a s...
Article
Full-text available
Self-sorting multiple building blocks for correctly positioning molecules through orthogonal recognition is a promising strategy for construction of a hierarchical self-assembled molecular network (SAMN) on a surface. Herein we report that a trigonal molecule, dehydrobenzo[12]annulene (DBA) derivative having three tetradecyloxy chains and three hyd...
Article
Covalent functionalization of graphene is highly sought after, not only in view of the potential applications of the chemically modified material, but also because it brings fundamental insight into the chemistry of graphene. Thus, strategies that yield chemically modified graphene with densely grafted films of aryl groups via simple experimental p...
Article
Molecular flip‐flop: By pulsing the tip voltage in a scanning tunneling microscope, individual molecules in a monolayer of a polyaromatic salt can be switched reversibly from a bright (0) to a dark (1) state, at room temperature and outside of a vacuum. The information density of this single‐molecule binary memory can reach up to 41 terabits per cm...
Article
We report a molecular dipole that self‐assembles into highly ordered patterns at the liquid–solid interface and that can be switched at room temperature between a bright and a dark state at the single molecule level. Using a scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) under suitable bias conditions, we can write binary information at a density of up to 41...
Article
Full-text available
The self-assembly of an asymmetric perylene diimide (PDI) with a dove-tailed side chain is investigated after thermal annealing at various temperatures in solid-state. After annealing at low temperatures PDI dimers are formed through hydrogen bonding between the imide and carbonyl groups, together with π–stacking interactions leading to a helical p...
Article
Full-text available
Graphene, a single atomic layer of sp² hybridized carbon, is a promising material for future devices due to excellent optical and electrical properties. Nevertheless, for practical applications, it is essential to deposit patterned metal on graphene in the micro and nano-meter scale in order to inject electrodes or modify the 2D film electrical pro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nucleosomes, the fundamental units of chromatin, regulate readout and expression of eukaryotic genomes. Single-molecule experiments have revealed force-induced transient nucleosome accessibility, but a high-resolution unwrapping landscape in the absence of external forces is currently lacking. Here, we introduce a high-throughput pipeline for the a...
Article
We herein report a unique example of on-surface adaptive self-assembly. A pentagon-shaped macrocycle, [5] meta -phenyleneacetylene [5]CMPA , is trapped by the adaptive supramolecular network formed by an isosceles triangule, alkoxy substituted dehydrobenzo[14]annulene...
Article
Plenty of strategies focused on covalent interaction have been developed to functionalize the graphene surface in order to employ it in a wide range of applications. Among them, the use of radical species including nitrene, carbene and aryl diazonium salts is regarded as a promising strategy to establish covalent functionalization of graphene. In t...
Article
Controlled covalent functionalization of graphitic surfaces with molecular scale precision is crucial for tailored modulation of the chemical and physical properties of carbon materials. We herein present that porous self-assembled molecular networks (SAMNs) act as nanometer scale template for the covalent electrochemical functionalization of graph...
Article
The in situ on-surface conversion process from boroxine-linked covalent organic frameworks (COFs) to boronate ester-linked COFs is triggered and catalyzed, at room temperature, by an electric field and monitored with scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The adaptive behavior within the generated dynamic covalent libraries (DCLs) was revealed, provi...
Article
Silver nanowires have attracted considerable attention as sub-diffraction limited diameter waveguides in a variety of applications including cell endoscopy and photonic integrated circuitry. Optical signal transport occurs by coupling light into propagating surface plasmons which scatter back into light further along the wire. However these inter-c...
Article
Full-text available
Chemical reaction with diazonium molecules has revealed to be a powerful method for the surface chemical modification of graphite, carbon nanotubes and recently also of graphene. Graphene electronic structure modification using diazonium molecules is strongly influenced by graphene growth and by the supporting materials. Here, carrying on a detaile...
Article
An approach to synthesize a two‐dimensional polymer (2DP) by imine bond formation using a preorganized host‐guest network at the liquid/solid interface is presented. STM observations at the 1‐phenyloctane/highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) interface revealed that the guest was observed as a fuzzy feature in the host matrix. By addition of tr...
Article
Synthetic two-dimensional polymers (2DPs) obtained from well-defined monomers via bottom-up fabrication strategies are promising materials that can extend the realm of inorganic 2D materials. The on-surface synthesis of such 2DPs is particularly popular, however the pathway complexity in the growth of such films formed on solid surfaces is poorly u...
Article
Full-text available
Halogen bonds, which provide an intermolecular interaction with moderate strength and high directionality, have emerged as a promising tool in the repertoire of non‐covalent interactions. In this review, we provide a survey of the literature where halogen bonding was used for the fabrication of supramolecular networks on solid surfaces. The definit...
Article
Full-text available
An approach to synthesize a two‐dimensional polymer (2DP) using preorganized host‐guest network at the liquid/solid interface is presented. As a host network, we used self‐assembled monolayer of a dehydrobenzo[12]annulene derivative having aminophenyl groups at three alkoxy chain ends and, as a guest, a hexakis(phenylethynyl)benzene derivative havi...
Data
The cleanroom-compatible process for the chemical vapor deposition of large-area metal-organic frameworks and their characterization using tools common in the microfabrication setting.