Stephen Joy

Stephen Joy
Albertus Magnus College · Psychology

Ph.D. U. of Connecticut

About

40
Publications
224,627
Reads
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791
Citations
Introduction
My early research focused on neuropsychological assessment. I also devoted years to studying the personality substratum of creativity and eccentricity. I have made forays into educational research and even literary criticism. At present, I am validating a system by which personality traits can be measured based on sentence completion protocols. I'm also looking to develop updated scoring methods for narrative material such as memories or TAT stories.
Additional affiliations
September 1989 - present
Albertus Magnus College
September 1989 - present
Albertus Magnus College
Position
  • Professor (Full) and Department Chair
August 1987 - August 1990
Yale University
Position
  • Research Associate II (Evaluation Specialist)
Education
September 1990 - May 2000
University of Connecticut
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology
September 1986 - May 1988
September 1976 - May 1980
Bowdoin College
Field of study
  • Philosophy & Government

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
Background Performance-based personality assessment has advantages, and the sentence completion method is one of the most reliable of these techniques. We sought to derive rating scales for three major personality traits (Extraversion, Neuroticism, and Psychoticism) based on Rotter Incomplete Sentences Blank (RISB) protocols. Participants and pro...
Article
Full-text available
Scholarly productivity is used to index faculty achievement, but normative data on publication rates among academic psychologists are scarce. This article presents the results of a study of 1,216 faculty members from 96 schools, ranging from elite research universities to minor undergraduate colleges. As expected, faculty members at research univer...
Article
Full-text available
Undergraduates (N = 68) completed inventories measuring innovation motivation (need to be different and innovation expectancy), psychoticism, extraversion, neuroticism, and symptomatic distress, as well as a sentence completion measure of adjustment. They also wrote lyric poems using an associative procedure and completed house–tree–person drawings...
Article
Full-text available
We analyzed WAIS-III/WMS-III standardization data for evidence of the construct validity and clinical utility of the Digit Symbol-Incidental Learning procedures (Pairing and Free Recall). Scores on both tests correlated moderately with WMS-III memory index scores (mean r=.38 for Pairing and .36 for Free Recall). Cutoff scores can be used to identif...
Article
Personality tests, long a mainstay of clinical training, comprise a diminishing portion of the graduate school curriculum despite increasing evidence of their validity. While defensible given the expanded assessment toolkit and other innovations of contemporary clinical practice, this trend has some limitations. For example, the open-ended verbal p...
Poster
Full-text available
Correlations between RISB-rated personality traits and the originality & creativity of poetry & drawings
Article
Full-text available
A severely impaired capacity for social interaction is one of the characteristics of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Deficits in facial emotional recognition processing may be associated with this limitation. The Build-a-Face (BAF) art therapy intervention was developed to assist with emotional recognition through the viewing and m...
Article
Full-text available
Undergraduates (N = 64) completed innovation motivation inventories mea-suring the need to be different and innovation expectancy, took the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking–Verbal (TTCT-V), and wrote stories in response to eight Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) cards. The TAT stories were rated for creativity by four judges, who achieved a high...
Article
Full-text available
Fifty undergraduates wrote associative poems, produced Draw-A-Story (DAS) comics using stimulus drawings, and completed self-report measures of the need to be different and innovation expectancies as well as the 16PF. The originality of the poems was scored based on variables such as use of unusual words. The originality of the DAS protocols was sc...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the relationships between the Draw-a-Person-in-the-Rain (DAPR) and the Coping Resource Inventory for Stress (CRIS) and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10). Participants were 40 clients with psychiatric diagnoses and co-occurring substance use disorders. Three raters used revised DAPR rating scales to score the drawings for stres...
Article
Full-text available
La productividad de los expertos (académicos) se usa como índice del logro del profesorado, pero los datos normativos en tasas de publicación de los psicólogos académicos son escasos. Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio sobre 1.216 profesores miembros de 96 Colegios, que abarcan desde universidades de investigación de elite a Colegi...
Article
Full-text available
Innovation motivation is a social learning model of originality comprising two variables: the need to be different and innovation expectancy. This study examined their contribution to artistic creativity in a sample of undergraduates. Participants completed measures of both innovation motivation variables as well as intelligence, adjustment, and ar...
Article
Full-text available
The primary role of speed in determining Digit Symbol scores is well established. Among the important questions that remain to be resolved are: (1) whether speed accounts for all of the age-related decline in Digit Symbol scores, and (2) whether memory ability makes any significant contribution to Digit Symbol performance, especially after controll...
Article
Full-text available
All choice points mandate a dichotomous initial decision: whether to attempt to replicate a response previously used in similar situations or to essay a different approach. Individuals are hypothesized to differ in the direction and degree of their relative preference for consistent vs. innovative approaches. According to social learning theory, in...
Article
Full-text available
The value set on behavioral variation for its own sake (or the need to be different) is a personality variable nested within social learning theory; a strong need to be different should, in theory, predispose the individual toward originality (including creativity). A self-report inventory measuring this need value (the vDiffer scale; Joy, 1998) mo...
Article
Full-text available
The authors evaluated the relative contributions of speed, memory, and visual scanning to Digit Symbol score in a sample of young adults (N = 87). Speed (Symbol Copy) explained 35% of Digit Symbol variance; only half of this was attributable to graphomotor speed (Name Printing), implying a role for perceptual speed. Visual-scanning tests (e.g., Sym...
Article
According to social learning theory, innovation motivation is partly composed of the subjective value set upon the opportunity to engage in different behaviors. An inventory measuring this explicit need to be different (vDiffer) has not previously been evaluated for its ability to predict divergent production of ideas. In this study, the vDiffer sc...
Article
Block Design tasks are neuropsychologically valuable, but standard scoring sacrifices potentially useful information that could elucidate the cognitive processes underlying performance failures. Qualitative indices that were proposed in the WAIS-R-NI [Kaplan, E., Fein, D., Morris, R., & Delis, D. (1991). The WAIS-R as a neuropsychological instrumen...
Article
Although roles have been proposed for both graphomotor speed and learning in the execution of Digit Symbol, few data have been available concerning performance across the adult lifespan on the Symbol Copy, paired associates, or free recall measures derived from Digit Symbol and recommended in the WAIS-R-NI. We report findings on 177 healthy older a...
Article
Full-text available
Information Multiple Choice (WAIS-R-NI, Kaplan et al., 1991), may be valuable when used in conjunction with the standard Information subtest. Due to the reduced retrieval demands posed by its recognition format, scores should be even less susceptible to neuropathology or normal aging than are those on the standard (recall) test, facilitating assess...
Chapter
Autism is a syndrome that is defined primarily in behavioral terms, but is universally associated with cognitive deficits of varying degrees. Theorists over the last 30 years have argued over the primacy of cognitive versus affective and behavioral symptoms. Regardless of how this debate is ultimately resolved, an understanding of cognitive process...
Article
The present study examined the relationship between clinically observable symptoms, as measured by the expanded Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), and self-reported experience, as measured by the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), in a sample of 54 nonpsychotic, nonorganic, personality-disordered adolescent and young adult inpatients (31...

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Project (1)
Project
I am working on a system for scoring sentence completion protocols for three major traits (Eysenck's P-E-N model). I have several student samples and one clinical sample, but would be very interested to see additional sets of test protocols for validity studies and norms development. My system is intended for use with the Rotter Incomplete Sentences Blank (RISB); adapting it for other measures would be a more substantial project.