Stephen B. Holt

Stephen B. Holt
University at Albany, The State University of New York | UAlbany · Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy

Doctor of Philosophy

About

28
Publications
4,113
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
566
Citations
Introduction
My research focuses on public sector workforce dynamics, public organization performance, and education policy and administration. I am particularly interested in representation and motivation in the public sector workforce. Prior experience includes working as a Research Analyst at Westat in Rockville, Maryland in the Education Studies Group.
Additional affiliations
August 2017 - present
University at Albany, The State University of New York
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Teaching includes undergraduate, master's, and doctoral level coursework on concepts and topics in public administration and statistics.
January 2015 - May 2017
American University Washington D.C.
Position
  • Instructor
Description
  • PUAD 206 - Administrative Politics; Undergraduate course that introduces students to central concepts in public administration scholarship
August 2011 - August 2013
Westat
Position
  • Analyst
Description
  • Design team for Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: 2010 Cohort; Evaluation team for Ohio Teacher Incentive Fund
Education
August 2013 - May 2017
American University Washington D.C.
Field of study
  • Public Administration and Policy
August 2010 - May 2012
George Washington University
Field of study
  • Public Policy
August 2005 - August 2009
University of Florida
Field of study
  • Political Science; English

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Despite the theoretical importance of public service motivation (PSM) for workers’ sector selection, little is known about the malleability and causal determinants of PSM. Formal schooling is one possible determinant of PSM. Using data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), this study analyzes the effects of civics courses and sc...
Article
Teachers are an important source of information for traditionally disadvantaged students. However, little is known about how teachers form expectations and whether they are systematically biased. We investigate whether student-teacher demographic mismatch affects high school teachers’ expectations for students’ educational attainment. Using a stude...
Preprint
Full-text available
While a growing body of literature has documented the negative impacts of exclusionary punishments, such as suspensions, on academic outcomes, less is known about how teachers vary in disciplinary behaviors and the attendant impacts on students. We use administrative data from North Carolina elementary schools to examine the extent to which teacher...
Preprint
Full-text available
Time spent waiting for services represents unproductive time imposed on individuals trying to fulfill basic needs. While qualitative and ethnographic work has found that income disparities also translate into disparities in time kept waiting for services, little evidence exists to confirm the scale and extent of socioeconomic differences in waiting...
Preprint
Full-text available
Time spent waiting for services represents unproductive time imposed on individualstrying to fulfill basic needs. While qualitative and ethnographic work has found thatincome disparities also translate into disparities in time kept waiting for services, little evidence exists to confirm the scale and extent of socioeconomic differences in waiting t...
Article
Since their introduction in the 1990s, charter schools have grown from a small-scale experiment to a ubiquitous feature of the public education landscape. The current study uses the legislative removal of a cap on the maximum number of charters in North Carolina as a natural experiment to assess the impacts of charter school growth on teacher quali...
Preprint
Since their introduction in the 1990s, charter schools have grown from a small-scale experiment to a ubiquitous feature of the public education landscape. The current study uses the legislative removal of a cap on the maximum number of charters in North Carolina as a natural experiment to assess the impacts of charter school growth on teacher quali...
Article
While public service motivation (PSM) provides an important theory for understanding the motivations that underpin public sector worker behavior, theoretical connections to the institutional forces that produce and shape PSM remains underexamined. Given other-orientated motives that define part of PSM, exposure to peers from a variety of social bac...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since their introduction in the 1990s, charter schools have grown from a small-scale experiment to a ubiquitous feature of the public education landscape. The current study uses the legislative removal of a cap on the maximum number of charters, and the weakening of regulations on these new schools, in North Carolina as a natural experiment to asse...
Preprint
Full-text available
Teaching is often assumed to be a relatively stressful occupation and occupational stress among teachers has been linked to poor mental health, attrition from the profession, and decreased effectiveness in the classroom. Despite widespread concern about teachers’ mental health, however, little empirical evidence exists on long-run trends in teacher...
Article
Full-text available
Public service motivation (PSM) is a core concept in public administration, but has gained less traction in other disciplines. To address this, we need to differentiate PSM from related concepts, such as altruism. We examine the separate and joint influence of PSM and altruism on organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB) using a nationally represe...
Article
Representative bureaucracy theory suggests that demographic representation among street‐level bureaucrats will improve outcomes for minority citizens receiving a given public service. Scholars of representation in public bureaucracies argue that the effect of bureaucrats' demographic profile on outcomes for minority citizens becomes particularly sa...
Article
Millennials are a substantial segment of the workforce; they are perceived to be driven by higher pay, quick to be dissatisfied and leave a job, and committed to volunteering. This article examines how these perceptions translate to job mobility in terms of job switching within and across sectors, without drawing cross-generation comparisons. Using...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of research has documented the important benefits teachers of color bring to students of color, including higher expectations. Separately, researchers have shown that teachers improve student achievement with increasing effectiveness over their careers. We bridge these two streams of research by examining the extent to which teachers...
Article
Sector differences in prosocial motivations and behaviors among workers receives a great deal of attention in public administration scholarship. Extant literature consistently finds public sector workers are more likely to engage in prosocial behaviors, such as volunteering, than their peers in the private sector. Less attention has been paid to th...
Article
In recent years, public service motivation (PSM) research has grown substantially, but is still largely limited to the field of public administration. To be able to export the theory and measures of PSM to other disciplines, we need more conceptual clarity. Some suggest PSM is analogous to altruism, whereas others warn not to confound the two conce...
Article
Full-text available
Although demographic diversity has been of paramount concern to researchers and practitioners in public management, studies exploring managerial strategies to capitalize on and respond to the needs of diverse client populations are scarce. This article examines strategies for managing diversity as a way to buffer environmental challenges in service...
Article
Despite the theoretical importance of public service motivation (PSM) for the public sector, little is known about the malleability and causal determinants of PSM. Formal schooling is one possible determinant of PSM. Using longitudinal data, this study analyzes the effects of civics courses and school-based community service in high school on PSM-r...
Preprint
A growing body of research has documented the important benefits minority teachers bring to minority students, including higher expectations. Separately, researchers have shown that teachers improve student achievement with increasing effectiveness over their careers. We bridge these two streams of research by examining the extent to which teachers...
Article
Public service motivation (PSM) theory suggests that the alignment of values may explain sorting into public service work. Evidence suggests that people with high PSM cluster in government and nonprofit organizations. However, reliance on cross-sectional data leaves open the question of whether observed patterns are the result of public and nonprof...
Article
en Representative bureaucracy theory is central to public administration scholarship due to the likely relationship between the demographic composition of the public workforce and both the actual and perceived performance of public organizations. Primary school classrooms provide an ideal context in which to test the predictions of representative b...
Article
Full-text available
Gender differences in human capital investments made outside of the traditional school day suggest that males and females consume, respond to, and form habits relating to education differently. We document robust, statistically significant one hour weekly gender gaps in secondary students’ non-school study time using time diary data from the 2003–2...
Article
Teachers are an important source of information for traditionally disadvantaged students. However, little is known about how teachers form expectations and whether their expectations are systematically biased. We investigate whether student-teacher demographic mismatch affects high school teachers’ expectations for students’ educational attainment....

Network

Cited By