Stephen Harvey

Stephen Harvey
Ohio University · Department of Recreation Sport Pedagogy and Consumer Sciences

PhD in Exercise Science

About

133
Publications
113,119
Reads
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2,816
Citations
Citations since 2017
62 Research Items
2108 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
Additional affiliations
August 2017 - September 2020
Ohio University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 2013 - July 2017
West Virginia University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2010 - August 2013
University of Bedfordshire
Position
  • Principal Lecturer
Education
August 2003 - August 2006
Oregon State University
Field of study
  • Exercise Science
September 1998 - December 2002
Loughborough University
Field of study
  • Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy
September 1997 - July 1998
Loughborough University
Field of study
  • PostGraduate Certificate in Education (Physical Education and Georgraphy)

Publications

Publications (133)
Article
Full-text available
Systematic observation has been one of the most employed data collection methods in sport coaching literature. Initial work, originally undertaken in the 1970's, and gaining traction in the 80's and 90's looked to predominately offer descriptions of coaches' behavior. While this research continues to offer a significant contribution to the fields u...
Article
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In 2015, the Society of Health and Physical Educators of America (SHAPE America) launched 50 Million StrongTM with goals of improving physical literacy, increasing physical activity levels, and encouraging lifelong physical activity among children by the year 2029. Not only are youth sports programs crucial to meeting 50 Million StrongTM goals, but...
Article
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate teacher and students’ perspectives on their experiences within three consecutive hybrid sport education and cooperative learning pedagogical model units. Method : Fifty elementary school students ( M age = 10.52; SD age = 0.39) and a 36-year-old male teacher participated in three consecutive hy...
Article
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The aim of this study was to provide a rich description of team sport coaches’ planning practices and to evaluate these practices in light of the Game-Based Approach literature and Complex Learning Theory. Twelve Gaelic football coaches operating in a high-performance setting were recruited to participate in semi-structured interviews. Coaches prep...
Article
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This article documents the use of professional conversation as a method of participatory research to question, inform and innovate assessment practices used in tertiary settings. Utilising a professional conversations model, four tertiary educators engaged in a 6-month long email conversation designed to explore our individual and collective sense-...
Article
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One of the three overarching aims of the Sport Education model is game competency. Competency is a multi-faceted ability comprising perception, decision-making, and at-action motor ability to successfully meet the performance demands of the moment in play. In this paper, we explain how to position teaching for game competency attainment within the...
Article
Purpose : This descriptive study investigates the genesis and change in physical educators’ social media use for professional development and learning. Method : Data were collected through semistructured interviews with 48 physical educators who had actively used various social media professionally for an extended period of time. The data were anal...
Article
Purpose : To investigate sports coaches’ Twitter use. Methods : Coaches ( N = 310) from 22 countries and a range of sports completed an online survey. Quantitative survey data were analyzed descriptively and triangulated with qualitative data using Leximancer (Brisbane, Queensland, Australia) text mining software. Results : Most participants report...
Article
Social media sites (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, Voxer, Instagram, etc.) have become platforms for self-directed professional development and learning (PDL) for many educators, including physical educators and sports coaches. The aim of this chapter is to provide an introduction to this current monograph on physical educators’ and sports coaches’ socia...
Article
Purpose : Limited research has been conducted relating to the use of social media during health and physical education teacher education. The aim of this study was to investigate preservice teachers’ perceptions of the value of using Twitter for health and physical education teacher education. Methods : Preservice teachers completed a qualitatively...
Article
Purpose : This study investigated the benefits and challenges described by physical educators who had actively used social media professionally for an average of more than 6 years. Method : The data were collected through semistructured individual and focus group interviews, with an international sample of physical educators ( N = 48). The data wer...
Article
This chapter compares and contrasts the findings of the preceding empirical monograph chapters. The findings from these chapters are addressed in terms of how they illustrate the positives, negatives, and tensions that can be associated with social media use for professional development and learning. Across the various chapters, similarities in fin...
Article
Background: Sport Education (SE: Siedentop, D. 1994. Sport Education: Quality PE through Positive Sport Experiences. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics) remains the most researched of all the pedagogical models and thus has the strongest body of evidence that it has the potential to deliver on psychomotor, cognitive and affective student learning outcom...
Article
As an alternative to the direct instructional model, Metzler proposed a range of pedagogical models that include second generation models such as teaching games for understanding (TGfU) and sport education (SE). These pedagogical models have key design features that can promote high levels of autonomous motivation for both boys and girls. Consequen...
Article
Background: Coach education discourse has largely suppressed learners’ involvement in learning. To address this, there have been calls for more humanistic approaches to form the basis of formal learning programmes. However, there remains a paucity of research that has investigated what works and why when it comes to the impact of these programmes....
Thesis
This programme of research had two aims which organised the research into two distinct phases. Phase one explored the coaching pedagogy being applied by coaches in the sport of Gaelic football at inter-county level. Informed by phase one, phase two examined the effects of a Game Based Approach (GBA) intervention in an academy inter-county Gaelic fo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There have been calls for research that provides a description of how physical education teachers persist in integrating student-centred pedagogical models, such as Sport Education (SE), in their professional practice [Hastie, P. A., and T. Wallhead. 2016. ‘Models-Based Practice in Physical Education: The Case for Sport Education.’ Jour...
Article
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Game based coaching such as that of Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU), although pedagogically challenging in its practice, has been suggested as an effective approach for promoting players' psychomotor and affective responses to learning. The purpose of this study was to investigate sampling year athletes' learning progress within a TGfU unit...
Article
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the influences of a 4-year university-based coach development curriculum on coaching-students’ habitus. The occupational socialization framework and Bourdieu’s theory of practice were used to capture the socialization factors that influence how coaching habitus remain continuous or are modifi...
Article
Coaches can provide an appropriate environment for children to develop a range of movement skills, but there is a dearth of research exploring the creation of appropriate resources to support the coach in developing and assessing children’s Complex Movement Skills. There is also a lack of research around coaches’ perceived feasibility of the limite...
Article
Social media have become venues for self-directed professional activity for many educators. Although these activities are generally voluntary in nature and thus likely provide some benefits, professional social media use also features some drawbacks. We present challenges described by educators (N 1⁄4 48) who had all actively utilized social media...
Article
https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/f4SBezIfaZguVN3rjpqB/full?target=10.1080/17408989.2019.1628931 Background: A recurrent theme posited by academics is the lack of widespread utilization of Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) by physical education (PE) teachers in schools, particularly in the form it was initially described. Using TGfU in prac...
Article
Full-text available
Game Based Approaches (GBAs) have been advocated as pedagogies that positively impact athletes’ personal and social development, decision-making, tactical awareness and physical fitness. Despite the growing support for GBAs in the academic literature, evidence is currently lacking regarding the application of GBAs across different sports and develo...
Conference Paper
Social media such as Twitter and Facebook have become venues for self-directed professional activity for some educators. Although these professional activities are generally voluntary in nature and thus must provide some benefits and/or gratification to participating educators, social media use for professional purposes is not without its drawbacks...
Article
Full-text available
The advent of Web 2.0 technologies such as Twitter are reflective of an improved capacity for global educative collaboration. Yet there is an absence of research determining the potential of social media within Health and Physical Education Teacher Education (H-PETE). The aim of this paper was to therefore determine pre-service teachers’ (PSTs) per...
Article
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This paper reviews empirical research exploring primary/elementary school aged children movement competence assessment over the twenty year period, 1997-2017. The review occurs within the context of a recent global report into children’s physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and movement competence revealing many children reach adolescence with p...
Article
The message of physical education (PE) has been one of a ‘contested ground’ with regular debate around its purpose, alongside conceptual confusions. A major channel of communication that strongly influences public perceptions is through mainstream media, yet how media platforms have reported on the PE profession has received a scarcity of research...
Article
Background: Sport Education has a dual interest in promoting active student engagement in games and improvements in their game-play. However, very few studies have concurrently examined how learners’ game-play development is influenced by cognitive, social, and situated constraints, especially over consecutive Sport Education seasons. Purpose: The...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of a hybrid teaching games for understanding (TGfU) and sport education (SE) physical education unit on autonomy support, perceived motivational climate, enjoyment and perceived competence, in comparison to a unit delivered via a traditional direct instruction model. A crossover design was util...
Article
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Background: Although Basic Instruction Program (BIP) or Higher Education Physical Activity Program (HEPAP) classes within university/colleges are founded on the rationale of providing students with opportunities to be physically active, little is known about the physical activity (PA) accrual and/or motivation levels in these classes. Objective: Th...
Article
Purpose: To date, there have been limited investigations relating to physical education (PE) professionals' engagement in the use of Twitter. Consequently, the aim of the study was to investigate the reasons PE professionals use Twitter, with questions underpinned by Casey, Goodyear, and Armour's three-level conceptual classification framework of P...
Article
In recent years, physical literacy (PL) has been the subject of increased publication, promotion, and speculation in physical education (PE). This research sought to understand how PE teachers interpret PL. We investigated teacher’s conceptualisations, understandings, practices, and ideas of ‘what’ PL stands for through a #Chat conversation with ph...
Article
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A recent innovation in the United States is for university faculty to deliver models-based physical education teacher education (PETE) programs. The study described in this paper evaluated the effectiveness of one such program. Participants were three cohorts of preservice teachers (PTs). The cohorts were a non-entry cohort (NEC; n = 29), an entry...
Article
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Game-Based Approaches (GBAs) have been advocated as a pedagogy to improve decision-making, skill execution, and physical fitness in physical education teaching and sports coaching. To date, no review paper has reported on the use of GBAs in competitive team sport settings. The purpose of this article was to review the research evidence conducted on...
Presentation
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Conference Abstract in Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport: 2018 CONVENTION SUPPLEMENT A-149
Article
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This paper utilizes a collaborative action research design to investigate one youth soccer coach’s maiden implementation of the Tactical Games Model (TGM). Consequently, this study aims to add to the paucity of research regarding coaches use of Game-Centered Approaches (GCAs), in particular the TGM. The study took place over eight, one-hour coachin...
Article
Background: Teaching games for understanding (TGfU) has stimulated so much attention, research and debate since the 1980s that it is easy for its origins to become refracted and misunderstood. For example, in a recent edition of the Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy journal there was paper arguing a constraints-led approach (CLA) as distinctive...
Article
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A multi-level ecological-intersectional model has been proposed as a way of understanding the intersecting social identities that shape women’s experience of power and social injustices in sports coaching. Using a case study of one of the most longstanding Division I National Collegiate Athletic Association woman soccer coaches, Coach Nikki Izzo-Br...
Article
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The Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) and Sport Education (SE) pedagogical models share several objectives and pedagogical processes. Despite this seemingly uncanny relationship, few studies have examined the efficacy of a hybrid TGfU/SE pedagogical model, particularly how a teacher's utilization of such a model impacts on student motivation....
Article
Physical activity (PA) recommendations suggest students reach 50% moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). However, studies show that many physical educators fail to meet this recommendation with their students. Researchers have argued that teachers’ utilization of game-centered approaches (GCAs) such as the Tactical Games Model (TGM) may help s...
Article
Students in physical education (PE) classes traditionally do not meet national recommendations of 50% moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) within lessons. Information regarding the accrual of vigorous physical activity (VPA) is also sparse. Recent evidence suggests that lessons delivered via the Tactical Games Model (TGM) can provide a con...
Article
This paper examines the use of the microblogging platform Twitter as a tool for research in physical education. The research examined teacher use of game-based approaches (GBAs). A rolling Twitter conversation hosted over the course of 12 hours provided the data for the study. Participants were from 18 countries and they contributed on average 11.8...
Article
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Studies examining student motivation levels suggest that this is a significant factor in students’ engagement in physical education and may be positively affected when teachers employ alternative pedagogical models such as game-centered approaches (GCAs). The aim of this study was to investigate changes in self-determined motivation of students as...
Article
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A systematic observation method has been one of the most popularly employed methods in coaching research. Kahan’s review of this method conducted between 1975 and 1997 highlighted the key trends in this research, and offered methodological guidance for researchers wishing to use this method in their research. The purpose of this review was to provi...
Article
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Research commentary suggests the utilization of Tactical Games Models (TGMs) only exists in isolated instances, particularly where teachers demonstrate true fidelity to these models. In contrast, many academics have adopted TGMs into their courses. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to investigate reasons for this disparity. Participants w...
Article
Full-text available
The Tactical Games Model (TGM) prefaces the cognitive components of physical education (PE), which has implications for physical activity (PA) accumulation. PA recommendations suggest students reach 50% moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). However, this criterion does not indicate the contribution from vigorous physical activity (VPA). Conse...
Chapter
This case describes Rick’s 32-year career teaching physical education and his strategic uses of digital technologies to improve his teaching, impact student learning, and enhance the quality of life for members of his community. Perspectives from experts in health oriented physical education, professional development and learning, and transformatio...
Article
Full-text available
Recent decades have seen the development and integration of second generation models of teaching physical education. Second generation models include cooperative learning, sport education, and the Tactical Games Model. These models are characterized by a number of similar features, which Dyson, Griffin, and Hastie (2004) state include: a) participa...
Article
This study evaluated whether exposing junior netball players to greater amounts of competition relevant activity (playing form activity) had an effect on game play outcomes and session involvement. A group-randomised controlled trial in one junior netball club in the Hunter Region, NSW, Australia. Ninety female athletes (mean age = 9.04 years, SD 1...
Article
Full-text available
Children’s engagement in physical activity of a vigorous intensity or higher is more effective at promoting cardiorespiratory fitness than moderate physical activity. It remains unclear how higher intensity physical activity varies between days when schoolchildren participate in physical education (PE) and non-PE days. The purpose of this study was...
Article
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This paper outlines the constructivist dilemmas associated with teachers and coaches using game-based approaches (GBAs) to teaching and coaching. After a brief introduction to GBAs, research on the use of questioning is presented. This is followed by an overview of social constructivist theories that underpin teachers/coaches use of questioning bef...
Article
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The development and use of game based approaches (GBAs) across a range of global teaching and coaching settings has expanded significantly over the last two decades. And with each GBA underpinned by similar theories of learning, distinctions between each approach can often be blurred. Arguably, this can lead to teachers' and coaches' blended concep...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to share three questioning methods that can be employed as part of a game-centered approach (GCA). These methods are (1) the debate of ideas, (2) the GROW model and (3) the reflective toss. Through these three methods it is hoped that teachers and coaches at the upper-elementary and middle and high school levels will...
Article
To position learners as more central components in the coaching process, scholars suggested that coaches should employ a questioning approach, which may lead to the development of desirable learner outcomes (i.e. increased problem solving and decision-making skills). Studies, however, indicate that coaches rarely employ questions within their pract...
Article
Full-text available
The Tactical Games Model (TGM) prefaces the cognitive components of physical education (PE), which has implications for physical activity (PA) accumulation. PA recommendations suggest students reach 50% moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). However, this criterion does not indicate the contribution from vigorous physical activity (VPA). Conse...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the advent of game-centred approaches (GCAs) to teaching sport games (e.g. teaching games for understanding (TGfU)), traditional direct instruction approaches remain prevalent in physical education. Moreover, the latter have tended to produce high levels of student inactivity. What remains unclear is whether and how much GCAs aid in student...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the advent of game-centred approaches (GCAs) to teaching sport games (e.g. teaching games for understanding (TGfU)), traditional direct instruction approaches remain prevalent in physical education. Moreover, the latter have tended to produce high levels of student inactivity. What remains unclear is whether and how much GCAs aid in student...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA) levels of pupils during coeducational physical education units focused on direct instruction and tactical games models (TGM). Thirty-two children (11–12 years, 17 girls) were randomly assigned to either a direct instruction (control) or TGM (inter...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of video feedback on five English youth football coaches’ reflection and practice behaviours over a three-season period. First, quantitative data were collected using the Coach Analysis and Intervention System (CAIS) during season one and season three. Data from CAIS results showed that over the t...
Article
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Despite the development of a wide body of literature suggesting the efficacy of game-based approaches (GBAs) to teaching and learning, GBAs have not yet been widely adopted by practitioners. A range of challenges face teachers and coaches taking up a GBA with two areas being of particular concern, which are: (1) the teacher’s ability to design prac...
Article
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A defining element of coaching expertise is characterised by the coach’s ability to make decisions. Recent literature has explored the potential of Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM) as a useful framework for research into coaches’ in situ decision making behaviour. The purpose of this paper was to investigate whether the NDM paradigm offered a val...
Article
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The literature suggests that, despite some challenges in their implementation, player/athlete-centred, inquiry-based approaches to teaching games and coaching team sport can improve game playing ability, increase player/athlete motivation and provide positive affective experiences of learning. A range of these approaches, including Teaching Games f...
Chapter
Overviews issues with respect to the health of the athletic family.
Article
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This paper describes how elicitation interview technique was used within a phenomenographic research design to explore physical education teachers’ experiences of teaching games using a Game Based Approach (GBA). Participants taught in one of two different international contexts, Australia or England, and all had some experience of using a GBA to t...
Article
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Game-centred approaches (GCAs) were designed for the effective integration of skills into contextualized situations. Despite a plethora of research, few studies explore the articulations between pre-service teachers’ experiences, conceptual understanding, pedagogical practices, the wider cultural and political realities of teaching and their impact...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to independently determine the levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and self-determined motivation of both boys and girls as they participated in prolonged units of invasion games (i.e. 6–12 lessons) through two pedagogical models: direct instruction and the tactical games model (TGM). It was hypothe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In 2006, Oslin and Mitchell published a review of the game-centred approaches (GCAs) to teaching and coaching literature highlighting a number of core concepts thought to provide justification for the use of GCAs including (a) its potential to enhance participant motivation, (b) potential for tactical transfer, and (c) development of de...
Article
Background: While there is significant interest in coach behaviour during training sessions and recognition of what it could add to existing knowledge on coaching, in-game coach behaviour has received little attention.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify coaches' in-competition communications with rugby players, through a series of ca...
Article
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While not wishing to cover old ground in articulating the promise or continued promise of phenomenology within the physical education and sports domains, this paper aims to explore the ‘human’ nature of the game-centred approach (GCA) from an existential-phenomenological perspective. In a recent review of literature on the current state of research...
Article
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This paper presents a small scale research project that focused on pre-service physical education (PE) teachers’ and sports coaches’ considerations of using Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) to teach games. A research design akin to action research was adopted whereby pre-service PE teachers and sports coaches (n = 72) completed a one-off 90...