Stephen Cave

Stephen Cave
University of Cambridge | Cam · Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence

PhD

About

24
Publications
15,092
Reads
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627
Citations
Introduction
Stephen Cave is Director of the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence at the University of Cambridge, UK (lcfi.ac.uk), where he leads a team of researchers across five programmes on the nature and impact of AI. His own research is in philosophy of technology, in particular critical perspectives on AI, robotics and life-extension.
Education
September 1997 - December 2000
University of Cambridge
Field of study
  • Philosophy
September 1996 - July 1997
University of Cambridge
Field of study
  • Philosophy

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
A survey of 300 fictional and non-fictional works featuring artificial intelligence reveals that imaginings of intelligent machines may be grouped in four categories, each comprising a hope and a parallel fear. These perceptions are decoupled from what is realistically possible with current technology, yet influence scientific goals, public underst...
Book
**PLEASE NOTE: We cannot send you the full text of this entire book.** From the Greek god Hephaestus’s golden handmaidens to the Terminator, what we now call artificial intelligence (AI) has long been a part of Western culture. As real AI begins to touch on all aspects of our lives, these stories shape our expectations, providing a backdrop of cu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report sets out a broad roadmap for work on the ethical and societal implications of ADA-based technologies. The roadmap identifies the questions for research that need to be prioritised in order to inform and improve the standards, regulations and systems of oversight of ADA-based technologies. Without this, the report’s authors conclude the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper argues that the concept of intelligence is highly value-laden in ways that impact on the field of AI and debates about its risks and opportunities. This value-ladenness stems from the historical use of the concept of intelligence in the legitimation of dominance hierarchies. The paper first provides a brief overview of the history of thi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the fact that AI is predominantly portrayed as white—in colour, ethnicity, or both. We first illustrate the prevalent Whiteness of real and imagined intelligent machines in four categories: humanoid robots, chatbots and virtual assistants, stock images of AI, and portrayals of AI in film and television. We then offer three int...
Article
Full-text available
This commentary is a response to 'More than Skin Deep' by Shelley M. Park (Park, More than skin deep: A response to "The Whiteness of AI", Philosophy & Technology , 2021), and a development of our own 2020 paper 'The Whiteness of AI'. We aim to explain how representations of AI can be varied in one sense, whilst not being diverse. We argue that Whi...
Chapter
Fiction has explored the potential for artificial intelligence to fulfil a huge range of hopes and dreams. These include hopes for intimate relations stripped of the complexity and jeopardy associated with interactions with other humans. This chapter examines three categories of intimate human-machine relationship: as friend, as family member, and...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Narratives about intelligent machines can influence the development, adoption, reception and regulation of artificial intelligence (AI). The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is hugely overlooked by the Western mainstream when it comes to discussing the future of artificial intelligence. Recognizing the vital importance of diversity in the...
Article
Full-text available
AI based technologies promise benefits for tackling a pandemic like covid-19, but also raise ethical challenges for developers and decision makers. If an ethical approach is not taken, the risks increase of unintended harmful consequences and a loss of stakeholder trust. Ethical challenges from the use of AI systems arise because they often require...
Chapter
AI promises to be a master technology that can solve any problem—including the problem of death. There are two main contemporary narratives describing how AI might achieve this: cyborgization and mind uploading. This chapter focuses on the latter. It examines how works of nonfiction by influential technologists, in particular Hans Moravec and Ray K...
Chapter
This chapter argues that narratives about artificial intelligence (AI) have a major impact on science, policy, and society. These imaginaries of intelligent machines matter because they form the backdrop against which AI systems are being developed, and against which these developments are interpreted and assessed. The authors show how this book ex...
Article
Full-text available
With the rise of AI technologies in society, we need a human impact assessment for technology.
Article
Full-text available
There is no shortage of opinions on the impact of artificial intelligence and deep learning. We invited authors of Comment and Perspective articles that we published in roughly the first half of 2019 to look back at the year and give their thoughts on how the issue they wrote about developed.
Article
The Futurium needs a bolder vision to show that we, technology and nature are one. By Stephen Cave The Futurium needs a bolder vision to show that we, technology and nature are one. Roboter Pepper in the exhibition
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The last few years have seen a proliferation of principles for AI ethics. There is substantial overlap between different sets of principles, with widespread agreement that AI should be used for the common good, should not be used to harm people or undermine their rights, and should respect widely held values such as fairness, privacy, and autonomy....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
How AI is perceived by the public can have significant impact on how it is developed, deployed and regulated. Some commentators argue that perceptions are currently distorted or extreme. This paper discusses the results of a nationally representative survey of the UK population on their perceptions of AI. The survey solicited responses to eight com...
Article
Full-text available
Research and debate on the impacts of AI have often been divided into two sets of issues, associated with two seemingly separate communities of researchers. One relates to the near-term -- that is, immediate or imminent challenges, such as privacy and algorithmic bias. A second set of issues relates to longer-term concerns that are less certain, su...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents an account of how AI is portrayed and perceived in the English-speaking West, with a particular focus on the UK. It explores the limitations of prevalent fictional and non-fictional narratives and suggests how practitioners might move beyond them. Its primary audience is professionals with an interest in public discourse about...
Article
Full-text available
This paper surveys reasons for and against pursuing the field of machine ethics, understood as research aiming to build "ethical machines." We clarify the nature of this goal, why it is worth pursuing, and the risks involved in its pursuit. First, we survey and clarify some of the philosophical issues surrounding the concept of an "ethical machine"...
Chapter
Full-text available
New types of artificial intelligence (AI), from cognitive assistants to social robots, are challenging meaningful comparison with other kinds of intelligence. How can such intelligent systems be catalogued, evaluated, and contrasted, with representations and projections that offer meaningful insights? To catalyse the research in AI and the future o...
Article
Full-text available
Stephen Cave and Kanta Dihal revisit the extraordinary history of cultural responses to automata. Stephen Cave and Kanta Dihal revisit the extraordinary history of cultural responses to automata. Front view of an elaborate automaton in front of its miniature dulcimer.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The rhetoric of the race for strategic advantage is increasingly being used with regard to the development of artificial intelligence (AI), sometimes in a military context, but also more broadly. This rhetoric also reflects real shifts in strategy, as industry research groups compete for a limited pool of talented researchers, and nation states suc...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Ethics and metaphysics of mortality and immortality, including life extension technologies.
Project
This project emphasises the narratives outside the English-speaking West -- including narratives from countries that have AI technologies imposed on them from outside, and rising AI superpowers.