Stephen P. Bird

Stephen P. Bird
University of Southern Queensland  · School of Health and Wellbeing

PhD, BHMvt(Hons), CSCS, RSCC*E, AEP, RNutr

About

114
Publications
186,346
Reads
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1,302
Citations
Introduction
Dr Stephen Bird is a well-known author, speaker, and researcher with expertise in elite athlete preparation, strength and conditioning, and nutritional supplementation. He has been an elite performance consultant and advisor to professional sports teams and International sporting organisations since 2000
Additional affiliations
May 2020 - April 2022
University of Southern Queensland 
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
June 2015 - July 2018
James Cook University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
April 2006 - June 2015
Charles Sturt University
Position
  • Senior Lecturer, Exercise Rehabilitation

Publications

Publications (114)
Article
Full-text available
The popularity of resistance training has grown immensely over the past 25 years, with extensive research demonstrating that not only is resistance training an effective method to improve neuromuscular function, it can also be equally effective in maintaining or improving individual health status. However, designing a resistance training programme...
Article
Full-text available
Sleep has been identified as an important factor contributing to optimal athletic performance. However, the psychosociophysiological (psychological, social and physiological) stresses placed on elite athletes often results in an increased stress/fatigue state and presents a phenomenon which may result in an inability to gain appropriate sleep. Impr...
Article
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Background and purpose: Youth participation in basketball is on the rise, with basketball one of the top five participation sports in Australia. With increased participation there is a need for greater awareness of the importance of the pre-participation examination, including musculoskeletal screening and functional performance testing as part of...
Article
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Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has resulted in youth, academic and professional sport in New Zealand, and around the world, suspending play and competitive seasons, as well as structured in-season and off-season training for all sports. This has led to an uncertain future, with National Basketball League across the globe, including New Zealand and...
Article
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None: Frequent air travel and the condensed game schedule typical of a National Basketball Association (NBA) teams during the season, often results in accompanying sleep disturbances related to sleep length, sleep quality and sleep timing (with highly harmful impacts on health, both physical and mental). These issues are not only problematic for N...
Article
Background: Movement competency screens (MCSs) are commonly used by coaches and clinicians to assess injury risk. However, there is conflicting evidence regarding MCS reliability. Purpose: This study aimed to: (i) determine the inter- and intra-rater reliability of a sport specific field-based MCS in novice and expert raters using different view...
Article
Sleep is recognized as an essential component to optimize health and human performance, and as such the topic is of increasing interest to athletes. Yet, the sleep of athletes is affected by multiple sports-specific and societal factors. Hence the recent emergence of the important role of sleep science in athlete health and performance. This review...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: In the field of sports science, the recovery umbrella is a trending topic, and even more so in the world of elite sports. This is evidenced by the significant increase in scientific publications during the last 10 years as teams look to find a competitive edge. Recovery is recognized to be an integral component to assist athlete preparati...
Article
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The power clean and its variations are prescribed by strength and conditioning coaches as part of the ‘big three’ to develop “total body strength”. This article explores the application of the power clean and its variations to athletic performance and introduces strength and conditioning coaches to teaching progressions, with specific emphasis on d...
Article
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Objective: Cancer cachexia is defined as: a ‘multifactorial syndrome’, and it has been suggested that a multitargeted approach is required in its management. High prevalence is seen within non-small cell lung cancer, and patients may continue to experience cachexia post end of anti-cancer treatment, and in the late/end stage.Material and Methods: P...
Article
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A significant consideration by the performance staff heading into the NBA Bubble was the potential accumulative increase in player stress and anxiety associated with adhering to the daily NBA Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) protocols,1 2 environmental transition into the Bubble (quarantine and isolation),3 coupled with training and competition deman...
Article
The remuneration of strength and conditioning (S&C) coaches corresponding to the professional services provided across the high school, collegiate and professional sector, has received increased attention in recent times. This appears to be a highly contentious topic regarding the governance of industry awards (National minimum wage) and remunerati...
Article
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Recently, I have been heavily involved in discussions with my international colleagues and research teams from New Zealand, Europe, Canada, and United States, around identifying key strategies, solutions and protocols for elite basketball organizations following the unprecedented circumstances and challenges presented by Coronavirus disease (COVID-...
Article
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Objective: Recognizing the high stakes associated with winning and losing in the National Basketball Association (NBA), a deep understanding of the underlying mechanisms of NBA game-play performance would provide substantial benefit to all stakeholders involved with preparing NBA players and teams for competitive success. To the authors’ best of kn...
Article
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Football (soccer) performance requires a diversity of physical attributes and biomotor abilities, such as strength, power, jump mechanics, repeat sprint ability, change of direction and on-ball skills. In-season training focus is often based on metabolic conditioning activities such as small sided games, tactical and technical football drills and t...
Presentation
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In football codes it is common for strength and conditioning (S&C) coaches to be confronted with extremely large player numbers (more than 100) to complete field conditioning. It is then that the S&C coach begins to realise that "conditioning" is sometimes the forgotten aspect in program design and the critical role that planning plays in achieving...
Technical Report
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Infographic is part of the Basketball New Zealand Female Athlete Health Series. Provides brief overview for understanding your menstrual cycle: what’s normal, what’s not?
Technical Report
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Basketball New Zealand Infographic provides brief overview of top 10 tips to assist athletes in avoiding infection and maintaining immune health as athletes frequently encounter challenges to immunity including heavy exercise; life stress; sleep disruption; environmental extremes, long-haul travel and nutritional deficits
Presentation
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Dr Stephen Bird is a well-known author, speaker, and researcher with expertise in elite athlete preparation, strength and conditioning, and nutritional supplementation. He has been an elite performance consultant and advisor to professional sports teams and International sporting organisations since 2000. This episode was livestreamed as part of th...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Youth athletes are under increasing pressures to excel in their chosen sport and many turn to nutritional supplements in order to enhance sports performance. However, athletes may obtain their nutritional information via illegitimate sources such as the internet, media, and other athletes, representing miscommunication between sound sc...
Technical Report
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Basketball New Zealand Infographic provides brief overview outlining the benefits of recovery for basketball players.
Technical Report
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Basketball New Zealand Infographic provides brief overview of the recovery points checklist. Players goal is to use a variety of self-initiated, proactive recovery strategies from each area to achieve 8-15 recovery points within the 24-hour recovery period.
Technical Report
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Basketball New Zealand Infographic provides brief overview for understanding safe return to training using the 50-30-20-10 rule.
Article
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Given the emergence of the COVID-19 outbreak, the official declaration of a global pandemic by the 15 World Health Organization, and its consequential disruptions on the professional team sports 16 landscape, it is the main objective of this brief opinion to help ensure that professional team-sport 17 athletes and support staff remain aware as a so...
Presentation
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This presentation outlines nutritional supplementation concepts related to the pathway of adaptation model. This model is unique, as it provides a framework for answering some of the central questions related to nutrient manipulation and substrate availability to modify training adaptations for strength athletes.
Presentation
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This webinar presentation discusses key considerations and principles for post performance recovery. Case studies are presented from Basketball Scotland at the 2018 Commonwealth Games, and the Australian National Basketball League. Finally, coaches will be provided a three-step process for engaging athletes in proactive 24 hour recovery.
Presentation
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This Online FLIEX Masterclass presentation shall provide fitness professionals with lesson learned from sports elite to safely progress clients return to training in a safe and manageable way. Information will explore: (1) AIS framework for assessment of athletes/staff prior to resumption of formal training; (2) the NSCA COVID-19 return to training...
Article
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Leading up to the launch of the International Universities Strength and Conditioning Association Journal (IUSCA Journal) the Editorial team are publishing a ‘bridging the gap’ series of articles about how to bridge the gap between strength and conditioning (S&C) research and practice. We will be looking at how we can better work together as coaches...
Article
Leading up to the launch of the International Universities Strength and Conditioning Association Journal (IUSCA Journal) the Editorial team are publishing a ‘bridging the gap’ series of articles about how to bridge the gap between strength and conditioning (S&C) research and practice. We will be looking at how we can better work together as coaches...
Presentation
Full-text available
The webinar presents a recovery framework for professional basketball leagues addressing common health and performance issues associated with condensed game and travel schedules. A hypothetical scenario 2017/18 NBA season schedule is unpacked with strategies for engaging players in the proactive recovery process outlined. Specifically, four themes...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation shall provide coaches with a blueprint of best practices to ensure that your athletes return to the sport in a safe and manageable way. Information will explore: What do you prioritize in a return to sport? How to design a training session plan that builds positive habits and achieves performance results Managing athletes loading...
Article
Full-text available
EDITORIAL: In recent times, there has been a recognised need for innovation and progression within academic institutions, to ensure that evidenced-based research and applied articles are available to the entire strength and conditioning (S&C) community. With research often taking several years to reach publication, being subject to high publication...
Presentation
Full-text available
Dr. Stephen Bird is a well-known author, speaker and researcher with expertise in elite athlete preparation and nutritional supplementation, and has worked with a number of mens and womens National Basketball League teams including the Perth Wildcats (2012-14), West Coast Waves (2012-13), Townsville Fire (2017-19), Townsville Crocs (2014-16), the I...
Conference Paper
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Zumba and high impact aerobic is a popular training method that can be used to reduce body fat and skinfold thickness. The main aim of the research was to find the significant effect of zumba and high impact aerobic in reducing skinfold thickness. This study was conducted at 30 female members of Jivi Sport and divided into 3 groups with 10 subjects...
Article
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Background Cancer cachexia is a condition often seen at diagnosis, throughout anti‐cancer treatments and in end‐stage non‐small‐cell lung cancer patients. Methods and results Participants with late‐stage non‐small‐cell lung cancer and cachexia (defined as ≥5% weight loss within 12 months) were randomly assigned 1:2 to 2.09 g of eicosapentaenoic ac...
Presentation
The Graduate Certificate in Strength and Conditioning (Online) was designed incorporating technology-enriched learning strategies and eLearning methods. One such method was the incorporation of the ‘Raise the Bar’ podcast series, which exposed students to industry-relevant topic content from world-leading strength and conditioning practitioners any...
Article
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The 2019 National Basketball Strength and Conditioning Association (NBSCA) Performance Summit (PS) was held at Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, May 19, 2019. With the largest contingent of strength and conditioning coaches, athletic trainers and sports coaches in attendance to date, the 2019 NBSCA PS was well represented across the National Colleg...
Article
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Career development and progression in the field of strength and conditioning requires coaches to navigate successful professional transition from an early career strength and conditioning coach to coach mentors. However, many strength conditioning coaches often find themselves unsure of their rights when presented confronting employment-related cha...
Presentation
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ASCA Board Member John Mitchell was instrumental in the development of the PCAS and has recently shared his experiences in both the industry and the development of the PCAS in a podcast with Dr Stephen Bird, ASCA inaugural Mentor Coach of the Year and Associate Editor of JASC. In this podcast Dr Bird and John Mitchell discuss the establishment of t...
Article
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The purpose of this research was to determine the potential training effect of reactive agility in improving speed and agility. This study was conducted on 36 students and divided into 3 groups with 12 students per groups. Group 1 was given lateral mirror drill, Group 2 sprint mirror drill, and Group 3 conventional training for a period of 8 weeks,...
Conference Paper
High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) is a training method that combine a type of exercise with high-intensity, low-intensity, or medium intensity at certain intervals. This training methods can improve performance enhancement including aerobic and anaerobic capacity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of HIIT at Aerobic Capasity...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The importance of sport science in the physical preparation of Olympic athletes' is unquestionable; with sport science often highlighted as one of the most important factors in fatigue monitoring and recovery management. Coaches, athletes, sport scientists, and medical staff must center on the fundamental principle of the 'training response', of wh...
Poster
Full-text available
An assessment of a surface-electromyography (sEMG) based internal training load metric during an incremental VO2max test. sEMG could potentially be used as a surrogate for oxygen consumption during a VO2max test.
Article
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PurposeRecovery from exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) is paramount in sports performance. Foam rolling (FR) has been suggested to improve acute performance; however, the ability to facilitate recovery from eccentric (ECC) exercise remains unclear.Methods Eleven males undertook 6 × 25 ECC knee extensions to induce muscular damage. Immediately,...
Presentation
This presentation will overview nutrition science related to the role of strength nutrition in enhancing muscle mass via the pathway of adaptation model. This model is unique, as it provides strength and conditioning coaches a framework for answering some of the central questions surrounding resistance exercise and supplementation strategies. Such...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ingestion of multi-nutrient supplements aimed at enhancing performance has become common practice as part of athletes and fitness client's regular training and/or competition preparation. Although there is limited information available, global industry analysis market research reported yearly expenditure on nutritional supplements in the United Sta...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the study was to describe the movement demands and running intensities of semi-professional rugby league players during a rugby league 9’s (RL9’s) tournament. Six semi-professional rugby league players competed in a RL9’s tournament over a two-day period comprising of six games. Movement demands and running intensities were recorde...
Article
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Agility is defined as a rapid whole-body movement with change of direction or speed in response to a stimulus. However, traditional agility tests do not address this definition and are pre-planned with no stimulus. In response to this, studies have been conducted to develop a new agility test that incorporates a sport-specific stimulus. The aim of...
Article
Agility is vital to success in team sport competition with the trunk argued to play a key role in sport performance. This study explored the role of trunk control during a reactive change-of-direction task (R-COD) and field-based measures of athletic performance. Twenty male players completed field-based athletic performance assessments (modified I...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate the reliability of the Reactive Strength Index (RSI) and jump-height (JH) performance from multiple drop heights in an elite population. Methods: Thirteen professional basketball players (mean±SD age 25.8±3.5 y, height 1.96±0.07 m, mass 94.8±8.2 kg) completed 3 maximal drop-jump attempts onto a jump mat at 4 randomly assigne...
Conference Paper
Supplement use in professional sport has been highlighted in the press and media in recent times for what has been deemed ‘Controversial’ practice. Peptide supplements have been the media focus following the release of the ACC Report on Organised Crime and Drugs in Sport. This then lead to the revelations that athletes may be using of other substan...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cancer Cachexia (CC) is a common problem seen in many advanced malignancies including Non- Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). In CC there is a significant loss of adipose tissue and skeletal muscle mass. Muscle wasting is the main cause of impaired function, leading to respiratory complications and fatigue. The optimal treatment for CC is...
Conference Paper
Appropriately prescribed resistance exercise may provide significant improvements in physiological and psychological parameters associated with chronic disease. It is essential that practitioners with resistance exercise prescription for chronic disease patients utilize a phase-specific approach. This is an important approach to effective resistanc...
Article
Full-text available
Measures of neuromuscular fatigue through the assessment of countermovement jump (CMJ) performance have become increasingly popular across team sports to investigate the recovery process of athletes following single and repeated bouts of competition (1,2). Monitoring this activity-recovery relationship not only provides information regarding the op...
Article
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Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 22(6), 22-26. 2014. Optimal performance requires a balance between training stress and recovery. Failure to achieve this balance may contribute to increases in the stress/fatigue state and a decline in subsequent athletic performance. A confounding issue among youth athletes is the need to balance e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Cancer Cachexia (CC) is a common problem seen in many advanced malignancies including Non- Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). In CC there is a significant loss of adipose tissue and skeletal muscle mass. Muscle wasting is the main cause of impaired function, leading to respiratory complications and fatigue. The optimal treatment for CC is...
Presentation
Full-text available
Listen to the Strength and Conditioning Journal Podcast: October 2013, Volume 35, Issue 5. Dr. Stephen Bird, author of the article “Sleep, Recovery, and Athletic Performance: A Brief Review and Recommendations” discusses his article and the importance of sleep for the competitive athlete. Strategies for improving sleep are also discussed.
Article
We hypothesized that triphasic multinutrient supplementation during acute resistance exercise would enhance muscular performance, produce a more favorable anabolic profile, and reduce biochemical markers of muscle damage in strength-trained athletes. Fifteen male strength-trained athletes completed two acute lower-body resistance exercise sessions...
Article
Full-text available
The demands for sport science to improve athlete performance in surfing are becoming more prevalent. There are many characteristics that are required for surfing, such as aerobic fitness, muscular endurance, coordination and balance. Balance and postural control are required to maintain an upright position on the board whilst riding the wave and pe...
Presentation
Discusses his article Strength & Conditioning Journal October 2013, Volume 35, Issue 5; Sleep, Recovery, and Athletic Performance: A Brief Review and Recommendations, and the importance of sleep for the competitive athlete. Strategies for improving sleep are also discussed.
Article
Introduction: In order to develop a simple, valid and reliable kinematic movement screening tool, methods of assessment and measurement must be validated according to a criterion measure. Three-dimensional motion analysis is currently considered the criterion for lower limb motion analysis, although the setup is costly and impractical for coaches a...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Patellar tendon abnormality (PTA) on diagnostic imaging is part of the diagnostic criteria for patellar tendinopathy. PTA and altered landing strategies are primary risk factors that increase the likelihood of asymptomatic athletes developing patellar tendinopathy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the risk factors that are...
Article
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THE GOAL OF THE FUNCTIONAL WARM-UP IS TO STIMULATE SENSORY AND MOTOR COMPONENTS RELATED TO PREPARATORY (FEED-FORWARD) AND REACTIVE (FEED-BACK) SYSTEMS THROUGH FUNCTIONALLY INTEGRATED MOVEMENT PATTERNS. THIS ARTICLE PRESENTS BALANCE AND POSTURAL STABILITY EXERCISES THAT ARE EASILY IMPLEMENTED INTO THE FUNCTIONAL WARM-UP AS A MOVEMENT PREPARATION STR...
Article
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THIS ARTICLE EXPLORES THE “FRONT SQUAT” (FSQ) AND ITS VARIATIONS AS PART OF THE “BIG THREE” (DEADLIFT, POWER CLEAN, AND SQUAT) EXERCISES PRESCRIBED BY STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING COACHES TO DEVELOP TOTAL BODY STRENGTH, TARGETING THE HIP EXTENSORS (GLUTEUS MAXIMUS), KNEE EXTENSORS (QUADRICEPS), KNEE FLEXORS (HAMSTRINGS), AND CORE MUSCULATURE (ERECTOR...
Article
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It is commonplace for people involved in recreational weight training to limit squat depth to lift heavier loads. This study compares differences in movement kinetics when squatting in the full range of motion (FROM) vs. partial range of motion (PROM). Ten men with a 1-year minimum of resistance training attended 4 sessions each comprising 4 sets o...
Article
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Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 20(2), 45-57. 2012. Strength and conditioning coaches are often confronted with athletes that exhibit accumulation of acute residual fatigue from training and competition. Monitoring the balance between training and non-training stress (physiological, psychological and social) and the recovery proces...
Article
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The physiological demands of basketball include aerobic and anaerobic energy utilisation, and integrates physical characteristics including muscular strength, power, endurance, flexibility, speed, agility and skill. Research suggests that per game average, elite basketball players execute 50-60 changes in direction and speed transitions in addition...