Stéphanie Perret

Stéphanie Perret
Institute of Microbiology of the Mediterranean · LCB

PhD

About

44
Publications
3,407
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1,171
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2003 - August 2004
University Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
The study of the decomposition of recalcitrant plant biomass is of great interest as the limiting step of terrestrial carbon cycle and to produce plant-derived valuable chemicals and energy. While extracellular cellulose degradation and catabolism have been studied in detail, few publications describe the complete metabolism of hemicelluloses and,...
Article
Background Environmental bacteria express a wide diversity of glycoside hydrolases (GH). Screening and characterization of GH from metagenomic sources provides an insight into biomass degradation strategies of non-cultivated prokaryotes. Methods In the present report, we screened a compost metagenome for lignocellulolytic activities and identified...
Article
Full-text available
The necessity to decrease our fossil energy dependence requests bioprocesses based on biomass degradation. Cellobiose is the main product released by cellulases when acting on the major plant cell wall polysaccharide constituent, the cellulose. Escherichia coli, one of the most common model organisms for the academy and the industry, is unable to m...
Article
Full-text available
Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum is a Gram-positive, mesophilic, anaerobic, cellulolytic, and hemicellulolytic bacterium. The last property qualifies this species as a model species for the study of hemicellulose degradation, import of degradation products, and overall regulation of these phenomena. In this study, we focus on the regulation of xylo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In anaerobic cellulolytic micro-organisms, cellulolysis results in the action of several cellulases gathered in extracellular multi-enzyme complexes called cellulosomes. Their action releases cellobiose and longer cellodextrins which are imported and further degraded in the cytosol to fuel the cells. In Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum...
Article
Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum and Lachnoclostridium phytofermentans are cellulolytic clostridia either producing extracellular multienzymatic complexes termed cellulosomes or secreting free cellulases, respectively. In the free state, the cellulase Cel9A secreted by L. phytofermentans is much more active on crystalline cellulose than any cellulo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Like a number of anaerobic and cellulolytic Gram-positive bacteria, the model microorganism Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum produces extracellular multi-enzymatic complexes called cellulosomes, which efficiently degrade the crystalline cellulose. Action of the complexes on cellulose releases cellobiose and longer cellodextrins but to da...
Article
Full-text available
Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum (Clostridium cellulolyticum) is a mesophilic cellulolytic anaerobic bacterium that produces a multi-enzymatic system composed of cellulosomes and non-cellulosomal enzymes to degrade plant cell wall polysaccharides. We characterized one of the non-cellulosomal enzymes, Cel5I, composed of a Family-5 Glycoside Hydrolas...
Data
Analysis of the MTLcel5I strain. A. Southern blot. Genomic DNA purified from the wild type and MTLcel5I mutant strain was digested with EcoRV and tested with a labelled probe targeted to the erythromycin marker gene. A theoretical size of 7.8 kb was expected for the MTLcel5I genomic DNA lane. No signal was detected for wild type genomic DNA lane, i...
Data
Growth curves on cellulose substrate. The wild type strain (square) and MTLcel5I mutant strains (triangle) were studied on rich medium (A) or on minimal medium (B) containing Sigmacell as growth substrate (5 g.L-1). (PDF)
Data
Viscosimetric measurements. ΔF is the relative fluidity of the CMC with rGH5. (PDF)
Data
Bacterial strains and vectors used in this study (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Xyloglucan, a ubiquitous highly branched plant polysaccharide, was found to be rapidly degraded and metabolized by the cellulosome-producing bacterium Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum. Our study shows that at least four cellulosomal enzymes displaying either endo- or exoxyloglucanase activities, achieve the extracellular degradation of xyloglucan i...
Article
Full-text available
Bacterial cellulosomes are generally believed to assemble at random like those produced by Clostridium cellulolyticum. They are composed of one scaffolding protein displaying 8 homologous type I cohesins that bind to any of the type I dockerins borne by the 62 cellulosomal subunits, thus generating highly heterogeneous complexes. In the present stu...
Article
Full-text available
Clostridium cellulolyticum, a mesophilic anaerobic bacterium, produces highly active enzymatic complexes called cellulosomes. This strain was already shown to bind to cellulose, however the molecular mechanism(s) involved is not known. In this context we focused on the gene named hycP, encoding a 250-kDa protein of unknown function, containing a Fa...
Data
Primer sequences used in the present study. (TIF)
Data
Amino-acid sequence alignment of HYR modules identified in HycP. Sequences alignment has been performed using ClustalW2. Stars and grey box indicate identical residues; double dot, strongly similar residues; simple dot, weakly similar residues. Sequence of HYR modules were delimited and numbered as shown in figure 1A. (TIF)
Article
Full-text available
Cellulosomes produced by Clostridium cellulolyticum grown on cellulose were purified and separated using anion-exchange chromatography. SDS/PAGE analysis of six fractions showed variations in their cellulosomal protein composition. Hydrolytic activity on carboxymethyl cellulose, xylan, crystalline cellulose and hatched straw differed from one fract...
Article
The purple pigmented bacterium Chromobacterium violaceum is a dominant component of tropical soil microbiota that can cause rare but fatal septicaemia in humans. Its sequenced genome provides insight into the abundant potential of this organism for biotechnological and pharmaceutical applications and allowed an ORF encoding a protein that is 60% id...
Article
Full-text available
One of the mechanisms contributing to the protection by breast-feeding of the newborn against enteric diseases is related to the ability of human milk oligosaccharides to prevent the attachment of pathogenic bacteria to the duodenual epithelium. Indeed, a variety of fucosylated oligosaccharides, specific to human milk, form part of the innate immun...
Article
Full-text available
The gene man5K encoding the mannanase Man5K from Clostridium cellulolyticum was cloned alone or as an operon with the gene cipC1 encoding a truncated scaffoldin (miniCipC1) of the same origin in the solventogenic Clostridium acetobutylicum. The expression of the heterologous gene(s) was under the control of a weakened thiolase promoter Pthl. The re...
Article
Full-text available
The man5K gene of Clostridium cellulolyticum was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. This gene encodes a 424-amino-acid preprotein composed of an N-terminal leader peptide, followed by a dockerin module and a C-terminal catalytic module belonging to family 5 of the glycosyl hydrolases. Mature Man5K displays 62% identity with ManA from Clo...
Article
PA-IIL is a fucose-binding lectin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa that is closely related to the virulence factors of the bacterium. Previous structural studies have revealed a new carbohydrate-binding mode with direct involvement of two calcium ions (Mitchell E, Houles C, Sudakevitz D, Wimmerova M, Gautier C, Perez S, Wu AM, Gilboa-Garber N, Imberty A...
Article
The enzymatic composition of the cellulosomes produced by Clostridium cellulolyticum was modified by inhibiting the synthesis of Cel48F that is the major cellulase of the cellulosomes. The strain ATCC 35319 (pSOSasrF) was developed to over-produce a 469 nucleotide-long antisense-RNA (asRNA) directed against the ribosome-binding site region and the...
Article
Full-text available
Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 converts sugars and various polysaccharides into acids and solvents. This bacterium, however, is unable to utilize cellulosic substrates, since it is able to secrete very small amounts of cellulosomes. To promote the utilization of crystalline cellulose, the strategy we chose aims at producing heterologous minice...
Article
Full-text available
Collagen is a potent adhesive substrate for cells, an event essentially mediated by the integrins alpha 1 beta 1 and alpha 2 beta 1. Collagen fibrils also bind to the integrin alpha 2 beta 1 and the platelet receptor glycoprotein VI to activate and aggregate platelets. The distinct triple helical recognition motifs for these receptors, GXOGER and (...
Article
Potential contamination of animal-derived collagen with pathogens has led to the demand for safe recombinant sources of this complex molecule. In continuation of our previous work [Ruggiero et al. (2000) FEBS Lett. 469, 132-136], here we show that it is possible to produce recombinant hydroxylated homotrimeric collagen in tobacco plants that are co...
Article
Full-text available
Human unhydroxylated homotrimeric triple-helical collagen I produced in transgenic plants was used as an experimental model to provide insights into the role of hydroxyproline in molecular folding and fibril formation. By using chemically cross-linked molecules, we show here that the absence of hydroxyproline residues does not prevent correct foldi...
Article
The use of tobacco plants as a novel expression system for the production of human homotrimeric collagen I is presented in this report. Constructs were engineered from cDNA encoding the human proalpha1(I) chain to generate transgenic tobacco plants expressing collagen I. The recombinant proalpha1(I) chains were expressed as disulfide-bonded trimers...

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Project (1)
Project
Import and degradation of dextrins in Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum