Stéphanie Heux

Stéphanie Heux
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE) | INRAE · Toulouse Biotechnology Institute -TBI (former LISBP)

PhD

About

42
Publications
5,472
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,067
Citations
Citations since 2017
24 Research Items
738 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction
Stephanie HEUX is research director and team leader at Toulouse Biotechnology Institute (TBI, former LISBP). Her work focus on natural and synthetic methylotrophy, a process which represents a real metabolic challenge. Her goal is both to improve the fundamental understanding of methylotrophy and to develop microbial cell factories for the sustainable production of value-added products from methanol. To do that, she uses modelling & omics based approaches.

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
Production of 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) in Pichia pastoris ( syn. Komagataella phaffii ) via the malonyl-CoA pathway has been recently demonstrated using glycerol as a carbon source, but the reported metrics were not commercially relevant. The flux through the heterologous pathway from malonyl-CoA to 3-HP was hypothesized as the main bottlenec...
Article
Full-text available
Engineering microorganisms to grow on alternative feedstocks is crucial not just because of the indisputable biotechnological applications but also to deepen our understanding of microbial metabolism. One-carbon (C1) substrate metabolism has been the focus of extensive research for the prominent role of C1 compounds in establishing a circular bioec...
Chapter
Methanol is a reduced one-carbon (C1) compound. It supports growth of aerobic methylotrophs that gain ATP from reduced redox equivalents by respiratory phosphorylation in their electron transport chains. Notably, linear oxidation of methanol to carbon dioxide may yield three reduced redox equivalents if methanol oxidation is NAD-dependent as, e.g.,...
Article
Full-text available
The development of protein and microorganism engineering have led to rising expectations of biotechnology in the design of emerging biomaterials, putatively of high interest to reduce our dependence on fossil carbon resources. In this way, cellulose, a renewable carbon based polysaccharide and derived products, displays unique properties used in ma...
Article
Full-text available
The use of methanol as carbon source for biotechnological processes has recently attracted great interest due to its relatively low price, high abundance, high purity, and the fact that it is a non-food raw material. In this study, methanol-based production of 5-aminovalerate (5AVA) was established using recombinant Bacillus methanolicus strains. 5...
Article
Full-text available
We have developed a robust workflow to measure high-resolution fluxotypes (metabolic flux phenotypes) for large strain libraries under fully controlled growth conditions. This was achieved by optimizing and automating the whole high-throughput fluxomics process and integrating all relevant software tools. This workflow allowed us to obtain highly d...
Article
Full-text available
Methanol is inexpensive, is easy to transport, and can be produced both from renewable and from fossil resources without mobilizing arable lands. As such, it is regarded as a potential carbon source to transition toward a greener industrial chemistry. Metabolic engineering of bacteria and yeast able to efficiently consume methanol is expected to pr...
Article
Full-text available
Bio-based plastics represent an increasing percentage of the plastics economy. The fermentative production of bioplastic monomer 5-aminovalerate (5AVA), which can be converted to polyamide 5 (PA 5), has been established in Corynebacterium glutamicum via two metabolic pathways. l-lysine can be converted to 5AVA by either oxidative decarboxylation an...
Article
One-carbon (C1) compounds, such as methanol, have recently gained attention as alternative low-cost and non-food feedstocks for microbial bioprocesses. Considerable research efforts are thus currently focused on the generation of synthetic methylotrophs by transferring methanol assimilation pathways into established bacterial production hosts. In t...
Article
Full-text available
Methanol is a sustainable substrate for biotechnology. In addition to natural methylotrophs, metabolic engineering has gained attention for transfer of methylotrophy. Here, we engineered Corynebacterium glutamicum for methanol-dependent growth with a sugar co-substrate. Heterologous expression of genes for methanol dehydrogenase from Bacillus metha...
Preprint
Full-text available
One-carbon (C1) compounds, such as methanol, have recently gained attention as alternative low-cost and non-food feedstocks for microbial bioprocesses. Considerable research efforts are thus currently focused on the generation of synthetic methylotrophs by transferring methanol assimilation pathways into established bacterial production hosts. In t...
Article
Full-text available
13C-metabolic flux analysis (13C-MFA) allows metabolic fluxes to be quantified in living organisms and is a major tool in biotechnology and systems biology. Current 13C-MFA approaches model label propagation starting from the extracellular 13C-labeled nutrient(s), which limits their applicability to the analysis of pathways close to this metabolic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bacillus methanolicus MGA3 is a thermotolerant and relatively fast-growing methylotroph able to secrete large quantities of glutamate and lysine. These natural characteristics make B. methanolicus a good candidate to become a new industrial chassis organism, especially in a methanol-based economy. This has motivated a number of omics studies of B....
Preprint
Full-text available
C-metabolic flux analysis ( ¹³ C-MFA) allows metabolic fluxes to be quantified in living organisms and is a major tool in biotechnology and systems biology. Current ¹³ C-MFA approaches model label propagation starting from the extracellular ¹³ C-labeled nutrient(s), which limits their applicability to the analysis of pathways close to this metaboli...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Isoprenoids are amongst the most abundant and diverse biological molecules and are involved in a broad range of biological functions. Functional understanding of their biosynthesis is thus key in many fundamental and applicative fields, including systems biology, medicine and biotechnology. However, available methods do not yet allow a...
Article
Full-text available
DHA is an attractive triose molecule with a wide range of applications, notably in cosmetics and the food and pharmaceutical industries. DHA is found in many species, from microorganisms to humans, and can be used by Escherichia coli as a growth substrate. However, knowledge about the mechanisms and regulation of this process is currently lacking,...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Malate is a C4-dicarboxylic acid widely used as an acidulant in the food and beverage industry. Rational engineering has been performed in the past for the development of microbial strains capable of efficient production of this metabolite. However, as malate can be a precursor for specialty chemicals, such as 2,4-dihydroxybutyric acid...
Chapter
Methane and methanol are regarded as alternative and highly attractive nonfood raw materials for the biotechnology sector. The supply of methane and methanol comes from both fossil and renewable resources, rendering them flexible and sustainable raw materials. Reduced one-carbon (C1) compounds are used by specialized groups of microorganisms, i.e.,...
Book
Methane and methanol are regarded as alternative and highly attractive nonfood raw materials for the biotechnology sector. The supply of methane and methanol comes from both fossil and renewable resources, rendering them flexible and sustainable raw materials. Reduced one-carbon (C1) compounds are used by specialized groups of microorganisms, i.e.,...
Article
Metabolism of an organism is composed of hundreds to thousands of interconnected biochemical reactions responding to environmental or genetic constraints. This metabolic network provides a rich knowledge to contextualize omics data and to elaborate hypotheses on metabolic modulations. Nevertheless, performing this kind of integrative analysis is ch...
Article
In prominent gut Bacteroides strains, sophisticated strategies have been evolved to achieve the complete degradation of dietary polysaccharides such as xylan, which is one of the major components of the plant cell wall. Polysaccharide Utilization Loci (PULs) consist of gene clusters encoding different proteins with a vast arsenal of functions, incl...
Article
Full-text available
Background The gram-positive bacterium Bacillus methanolicus MGA3 is a promising candidate for methanol-based biotechnologies. Accurate determination of intracellular metabolites is crucial for engineering this bacteria into an efficient microbial cell factory. Due to the diversity of chemical and cell properties, an experimental protocol validated...
Article
White biotechnology is a term that is now often used to describe the implementation of biotechnology in the industrial sphere. Biocatalysts (enzymes and microorganisms) are the key tools of white biotechnology, which is considered to be one of the key technological drivers for the growing bioeconomy. Biocatalysts are already present in sectors such...
Article
Full-text available
Methanol, a one-carbon compound, can be utilized by a variety of bacteria and other organisms as carbon and energy source and is regarded as a promising substrate for biotechnological production. In this study, a strain of non-methylotrophic Corynebacterium glutamicum, which was able to produce the polyamide building block cadaverine as non-native...
Article
Methylotrophic bacteria utilize methanol and other reduced one-carbon compounds as their sole source of carbon and energy. For this purpose, these bacteria evolved a number of specialized enzymes and pathways. Here, we used a synthetic biology approach to select and introduce a set of "methylotrophy genes" into Escherichia coli based on in silico c...
Article
Full-text available
Several methods and computational tools have been developed to design novel metabolic pathways. A major challenge is evaluating the metabolic efficiency of the designed pathways in the host organism. Here we present FindPath, a unified system to predict and rank possible pathways according to their metabolic efficiency in the cellular system. This...
Article
Advances in metabolic engineering are enabling the creation of a large number of cell factories. However, high-throughput platforms do not yet exist for rapidly analyzing the metabolic network of the engineered cells. To fill the gap, we developed an integrated solution for fluxome profiling of large sets of biological systems and conditions. This...
Article
Full-text available
Miniaturization and high-throughput screening are currently the focus of emerging research areas such as systems biology and systems biotechnology. A fluorescence-based screening assay for the online monitoring of oxygen and pH and a numerical method to mine the resulting online process data are described. The assay employs commercial phosphorescen...
Article
Full-text available
A major source of drug attrition in pharmacological development is drug toxicity, which eventually manifests itself in detrimental physiological effects. These effects can be assessed in large sample cohorts, but generating rich sets of output variables that are necessary to predict toxicity from lower drug dosages is problematic. Currently the thr...
Article
Metabolomics is a founding pillar of quantitative biology and a valuable tool for studying metabolism and its regulation. Here we present a workflow for metabolomics in microplate format which affords high-throughput and yet quantitative monitoring of primary metabolism in microorganisms and in particular yeast. First, the most critical step of rap...
Article
Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains lacking phosphoglucose isomerase (pgi1) cannot use the pentose phosphate (PP) pathway to oxidize glucose, which has been explained by the lack of mechanism for reoxidation of the NADPH surplus. Consistent with this, the defective growth on glucose of a ENYpgi1 strain can be partially restored by expressing the Esche...
Article
Full-text available
We recently showed that expressing an H2O-NADH oxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae drastically reduces the intracellular NADH concentration and substantially alters the distribution of metabolic fluxes in the cell. Although the engineered strain produces a reduced amount of ethanol, a high level of acetaldehyde accumulates early in the process (1 g...
Article
The pyridine nucleotides NAD(H) and NADP(H) play major roles in the formation of by-products. To analyse how Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) metabolism during growth on glucose might be altered when intracellular NADH pool is decreased, we expressed noxE encoding a water-forming NADH oxidase from Lactococcus lactis (L. lactis) in the S. ce...
Article
Full-text available
Essential hypertension (EH) is a common, multifactorial disorder likely to be influenced by multiple genes of modest effect. The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene C677T mutation is functionally important, being strongly associated with reduced enzyme activity and increased plasma levels of homocysteine. Mild hyperhomocysteinemia is a...
Article
To test markers within adenosine-related genes: A1 and A2a receptors (ADORA1, ADORA2a) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) for potential involvement in essential hypertension (EH). Case-control association study investigating gene variants for the ADORA1, ADORA2a and ADA genes. The study used a cohort of 249 unrelated hypertensive individuals who were di...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
With a worldwide production capacity of more than 100 million tons and a decreasing price, methanol is regarded as an alternative highly attractive non-food raw material for biotech industry. The supply of methanol is based upon both fossil and renewable resources, rendering it a highly flexible and sustainable raw material. C1 compounds are used by specialized groups of microorganisms i.e. the methylotrophs as their sole source of carbon and energy. While progress using natural methylotrophs in biotechnology is expected, ECOMUT propose to launch an alternative and parallel strategy using a Synthetic and System Biology approach to integrate methylotrophy into established bacterial production host, i.e. E.coli providing access to methanol as raw material and making use of its vast biotechnological potential. Benefits of this project are numerous since it contributes to the creation of a biological platform capable of transforming a new bioresource in any molecules of interest.