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Stéphanie M. Carrière

Stéphanie M. Carrière
Institute of Research for Development (IRD) · UMR SENS (Savoirs Environnement Sociétés)

PhD, IRD, HDR

About

249
Publications
63,885
Reads
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1,481
Citations
Introduction
Stéphanie M. Carrière currently works at the UMR SENS (Savoirs, Environnement, Sociétés) formerly (GRED), Institute of Research for Development (IRD). Stéphanie does research in Environmental Science, tropical ecology, ethnoecology in interdisciplinary teams.
Additional affiliations
January 2021 - present
L’Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD)
Position
  • Chercheuse
November 2000 - present
Institute of Research for Development
Position
  • chargée de recherche
October 1995 - December 1999
Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (249)
Article
Full-text available
Understanding local knowledge about wild edible plants (WEP) is essential for assessing plant services, reducing the risks of knowledge extinction, recognizing the rights of local communities, and improving biodiversity conservation efforts. However, the knowledge of specific groups such as women or children tends to be under-represented in local e...
Article
Full-text available
introduced species. The associated agrobiodiversity, including plants that grow spontaneously and are protected or tolerated by farmers, is composed of a mix of native and introduced species. This situation, which is paradoxical for an island with a very high level of endemicity is the result of a double process of species introduction. The first i...
Book
Pour préserver la biodiversité, ne délaissons pas les aires non protégées. Link : https://theconversation.com/pour-preserver-la-biodiversite-ne-delaissons-pas-les-aires-non-protegees-175076 Agroforêts de la côte est à Madagascar, dans la zone de production de girofles. Stéphanie Carrière , Author provided Stéphanie Carrière , Institut de reche...
Article
Homogenization of crop portfolios from the field to the global scale is raising concerns about agricultural adaptation to climate change. Assessing whether such trends threaten farmers’ long-term adaptive capacity requires a thorough understanding of changes in their crop portfolios, identification of the drivers of change, and the implications suc...
Technical Report
Full-text available
https://difuse.hypotheses.org/activite-1 Cette activité vise à caractériser la diversité des pratiques et des points de vue des acteurs manifestant leur volonté de s’engager face aux urgences socio-écologiques, concernant les changements : i. des pratiques professionnelles ii. des modes d’organisation et de gouvernance iii. des mandats et orien...
Technical Report
Full-text available
IRD - Science de la Durabilité, Fiche N°24, ODD 17 Partenariat - Les problèmes sociaux et environnementaux qui nous défient aujourd'hui sont le plus souvent intimement liés, ce qui les rend parfois inextricables. Les comprendre et analyser leurs tenants et aboutissants pour identifier des solutions nécessite incontestablement la mise en place de pr...
Article
Full-text available
Le débat sur le rôle des plantations forestières sur la protection des forêts naturelles et de la biodiversité associée est ancien et a pu faire l'objet de nombreuses controverses (Aubréville 1953). Cet article se propose d'y apporter sa contribution en prenant l'exemple de Madagascar.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Understanding local knowledge about wild edible plants (WEP) is essential for assessing plant services, reducing the risks of knowledge extinction, recognizing the rights of local communities, and improving biodiversity conservation efforts. However, the knowledge of specific groups such as women or children tends to be under-represented in local e...
Article
Full-text available
Background Understanding the perceptions, preferences and management practices associated with intraspecific variability of emblematic African tree crops is critical for their sustainable management. In this paper, we examine how the agrobiodiversity of a fruit tree species native to Central Africa, the African plum tree (Dacryodes edulis), is perc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Current climate change is responsible for the greatest food scarcity ever known in the extreme south of Madagascar. Knowledge of wild edible plants has never been so crucial in this area to limit the food risk. Consequently, there is an urgent need to document this knowledge. However, the knowledge of specific groups such as women or children tends...
Article
Full-text available
1. Interactions between farmers and agrobiodiversity are key drivers of agroeco-systems sustainability and of the resilience of such systems to perturbations, but research into the human/nature interactions have overlooked some important aspects of agrobiodiversity management. In particular, farmers' ecological knowledge of the spatial organisation...
Article
Full-text available
Cocoa is a major crop and income source for most farmers and rural households in the Centre, South and South-West regions of Cameroon, where cocoa is generally produced in agroforestry systems. In this country, cocoa-based agroforestry systems (CBAFS) are undergoing multiple changes alongside the rapid changes underway in the natural, economic and...
Chapter
Full-text available
Understanding how biocultural landscapes, as a result of human-nature interactions, have emerged and will evolve seem to us a fundamental pre-requisite to better anticipate and understand the new ecological dynamics at work in Madagascar. This may help to better implement biodiversity conservation measures within and outside protected areas. In thi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The local perception of climate change and the process that leads IPLCs to their adaptation strategy is still unknown. However, this is crucial to grasp local responses, stakes and predict future trends. To fill this gap, we worked with Betsileo peoples (Madagascar), a group of farmers deeply impacted by seasonal shifts. We adopted a holistic appro...
Article
Full-text available
Trees are a traditional component of urban spaces where they provide ecosystem services critical to urban wellbeing. In the Tropics, urban trees' seed origins have rarely been characterized. Yet, understanding the social dynamics linked to tree planting is critical given their influence on the distribution of associated genetic diversity. This stud...
Article
Full-text available
Trees are a traditional component of urban spaces where they provide ecosystem services critical to urban wellbeing. In the Tropics, urban trees' seed origins have rarely been characterized. Yet, understanding the social dynamics linked to tree planting is critical given their influence on the distribution of associated genetic diversity. This stud...
Chapter
Spiny thicket (also called xerophytic thicket) is a shrubby vegetation found in the Southern and South-Western Madagascar, the driest part of the island (annual rainfall varying from 300 to 700 mm from 7 to 9 dry months). It belongs to WWF 200 most important ecological regions in the world and to critical/endangered status. This vegetation (general...
Article
Citer l'article / To cite the article Hervé D., Randriambanona H., Ravonjimalala H. R., Ramanankierana H., Rasoanaivo N. S., Baohanta R., Carrière S. M., 2020. Perceptions des fragments forestiers par les habitants des forêts tropicales humides malgaches. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, 345 : 43-62. Doi : https://doi.
Article
Full-text available
Malgré des mesures de protection, la forêt dense humide de l'Est malgache tend à se réduire à des fragments forestiers. Le processus de fragmentation n'est pas pris en compte dans les suivis de la déforestation par télédétection qui comparent le couvert forestier entre plusieurs dates ; la question est de savoir s'il est perçu par les populations r...
Chapter
Full-text available
Beginning with an examination of the origins of the emergence of the ES concept in ecology, this chapter explores the different interpretations and uses of this concept, as well as the debates it has generated within the discipline. Indeed, for many specialists, ‘ecosystem services’ are not self-evident in ecology. As long as the concept served chi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Trees are a traditional component of urban spaces where they provide ecosystem services critical to urban wellbeing. In the Tropics, urban trees’ seed origins have rarely been characterized. Yet, understanding the social dynamics linked to tree planting is critical given their influence on the distribution of associated genetic diversity. This stud...
Article
Full-text available
Malgré des mesures de protection, la forêt dense humide de l’Est malgache tend à se réduire à des fragments forestiers. Le processus de fragmentation n’est pas pris en compte dans les suivis de la déforestation par télédétection qui comparent le couvert forestier entre plusieurs dates ; la question est de savoir s’il est perçu par les populations r...
Article
Full-text available
In Madagascar, biodiversity, local livelihoods and agroecosystems are increasingly threatened. It is critical to understand and support local social-ecological systems that sustain livelihoods and value biodiversity. This study investigates why Betsileo communities in Ambendrana and Sahabe protect isolated individuals and clusters of Ficus species...
Article
Microsatellites were designed and characterized in the African fruit tree species Dacryodes edulis (Burseraceae). The fruits are commercialized throughout Central Africa and the species is present in forested environments as well as cultivated systems. The high variability of these markers makes them suitable to investigate the structure of genetic...
Poster
Full-text available
Children are often marginalized in research on local perceptions and values of the environment, and even more of marine spaces and species. Yet, as users and future managers of fisheries, they are directly concerned by issues related to their sustainability. Moreover, they not only receive, but also contribute to produce, hybridize, and circulate f...
Poster
Full-text available
Children are often marginalized in research on local perceptions and values of the environment, and even more of marine spaces and species. Yet, as users and future managers of fisheries, they are directly concerned by issues related to their sustainability. Moreover, they not only receive, but also contribute to produce, hybridize, and circulate f...
Book
Full-text available
Écosystèmes majeurs dans la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique, hauts lieux de biodiversité, les forêts tropicales humides abritent en ce début de XXIe siècle plus de 700 millions de personnes. Considérées tantôt comme gardiennes de la forêt, tantôt comme responsables de la déforestation, ces populations forestières font l’objet de nombreuse...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Alors que les enfants représentent plus de 40% des populations vivant sous les tropiques, ils sont les laissés pour compte de la recherche, notamment en ethnoécologie. Pour appréhender le monde, il est essentiel de tenir compte du rôle et de la place des enfants dans les interactions société-nature. En effet, ceux-ci détiennent des connaissances et...
Poster
Full-text available
Le développement de nouvelles technologies numériques permettent aux enseignants d’innover en matière de transfert des connaissances. La création artistique, mêlant art et science, processus créatif et apport de connaissances, constitue une approche efficace en éducation scientifique et sensibilisation à l’environnement. Dans le cadre du projet ARB...
Poster
Full-text available
Les enfants sont souvent marginalisés dans les recherches en sciences sociales et en ethnoécologie portant sur les représentations, valeurs, connaissances et pratiques liées à l’environnement. Pourtant, ils sont particulièrement concernés par la production et la transmission des savoirs écologiques et sont les futurs usagers et gestionnaires des re...
Chapter
Full-text available
Résumé. Produit d'une histoire ancienne, une agroforesterie cacaoyère multistrate et riche en biodiversité a été diffusée partout dans les régions du Centre et du Sud du Cameroun, de la périphérie des villes aux zones forestières les plus reculées. Créée il y a plus d'un siècle par les agriculteurs natifs de ces régions, cette agroforesterie a béné...
Article
Full-text available
Highly valued for its edible fruits, the safou tree, Dacryodes edulis, is a major component of farming systems in Central Africa. In Cameroon, the species has drawn much attention since the 1990s because of its market potential. Among other fruit tree species, safou trees are integrated within cocoa-coffee agroforests as a means of diversification....
Article
Full-text available
Xerophytic thickets (XT) in south-western Madagascar are threatened by deforestation, mainly due to slash-andburn cultivation. However, few studies have been conducted on how XT ecosystems operate. This study characterizes XT plant biodiversity and analyses the post-cultivation regeneration process of XT on the Belomotse plateau. Sixty 10 m×10 m pl...
Book
Full-text available
Écosystèmes majeurs dans la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique, hauts lieux de biodiversité, les forêts tropicales humides abritent en ce début de XXIe siècle plus de 700 millions de personnes. Considérées tantôt comme gardiennes de la forêt, tantôt comme responsables de la déforestation, ces populations forestières font l’objet de nombreuses...
Poster
Full-text available
Project goal : Strengthening the livelihood of African rural and urban people using indigenous fruit tree species (IFTS) requires acquiring new knowledge on (i) the interrelationship between human behaviours (management practices and consumer choices) and genetic, nutritional and sensory diversity of the species; (ii) the contribution of fruit tree...
Chapter
Full-text available
Produit d'une histoire ancienne, une agroforesterie cacaoyère multistrate et riche en biodiversité a été diffusée partout dans les régions du Centre et du Sud du Cameroun, de la périphérie des villes aux zones forestières les plus reculées. Créée il y a plus d'un siècle par les agriculteurs natifs de ces régions, cette agroforesterie a bénéficié, p...
Presentation
Dans les zones arides, les espèces végétales et les savoirs écologiques locaux qui leurs sont associés contribuent à la qualité de vie des populations. Ces savoirs écologiques améliorent la résilience des individus face aux changements environnementaux et socio-économiques, mais ils sont généralement inégalement répartis au sein d’une population do...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental education for children is one of the fundamental tools required to reverse the degradation of our environment and the biodiversity erosion. Currently coral reefs are part of the vulnerable ecosystems which are most threatened by human activities and climate change. Responding to these pressures demands decisions at multiple scales, ba...
Poster
Full-text available
In order to understand the interactions between the intensification of safou tree cultivation, farmers’ cultivation practices and the varietal diversity, we hypothesized: - that strategies of intensification influence the cultivation practices - that strategies of intensification resulted in a change in varietal diversity.
Article
Full-text available
D'une superficie d'environ 4 000 km2, la Nouvelle Aire Protégée du Makay, Madagascar, officialisée en 2017, est emblématique de la richesse de la biodiversité, avec un taux d'endémisme exceptionnel, et du patrimoine naturel et culturel malgache. Le présent document expose les enjeux et les options méthodologiques pour la mise en place d'un disposit...