Stephanie B Borrelle

Stephanie B Borrelle
University of Toronto | U of T · Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

48
Publications
23,978
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,778
Citations
Introduction
Stephanie B Borrelle is a David H. Smith Postdoctoral Research Fellow. She is based at the University of Toronto in the Rochman Lab, and affiliated with the University of Georgia and the Jambeck Research Group. Stephanie's research is focused on Plastic pollution, Marine Biology, Ecology and Seabird Conservation and Restoration. Their most recent publication is 'Opinion: Why we need an international agreement on marine plastic pollution.'
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - August 2020
University of Georgia
Position
  • PostDoc Position
July 2012 - June 2018
Auckland University of Technology
Position
  • Lead Teaching Assistant

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
Despite calls to better link research and practice, the gap between knowing and doing continues to limit conservation success. Here we report on the outcomes from a workshop at the Society for Conservation Biology Oceania Conference 2014 on bridging the research–implementation gap. The workshop highlighted how the gap is still very real in conserva...
Article
Full-text available
The progressive removal of invasive mammals from the Mercury Islands has led to over 25 years of field study designed to test the processes of restoration and natural recovery of these seabird-driven island ecosystems. Resulting from this work, four key restoration questions can now be identified as fundamental to designing island restoration progr...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic pollution has become one of the largest environmental challenges we currently face. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has listed it as a critical problem, comparable to climate change, demonstrating both the scale and degree of the environmental problem. Mortalities due to entanglement in plastic fishing nets and bags have been...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic pollution is strewn across beaches and in oceans, bays, and estuaries. Tiny particles of plastic debris (often called microplastics) are so pervasive in aquatic ecosystems that we find them in seafood (1) and table salt (2). Marine organisms ingest or are entangled by plastic, sometimes with fatal consequences. Research suggests plastic pol...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic pollution is a planetary threat, affecting nearly every marine and freshwater ecosystem globally. In response, multilevel mitigation strategies are being adopted but with a lack of quantitative assessment of how such strategies reduce plastic emissions. We assessed the impact of three broad management strategies, plastic waste reduction, wa...
Article
The ecological and societal impacts of plastics production, use, and waste are a complex global challenge. Management strategies to mitigate the impacts of plastics, such as recycling, waste-to-energy, and replacement with alternative materials have impacts of their own. Achieving long-term sustainability of plastics use therefore requires consider...
Article
Full-text available
Ecologists, outdoor professionals and the public work and play in lands with complex histories. Part of decolonizing our professional and recreational practices is to expose settler colonial biases and recognize the histories of colonized lands and the peoples who have stewarded these lands for millennia prior to colonization. To provide a quantita...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Te Moananui-ā-Toi / Tīkapa Moana / Hauraki Gulf is regarded as an international area of significance for many of New Zealand’s seabirds. This is due to the diversity and number of species that rely on the area to survive, including the endemic species that breed in the marine park and the wider region – the tākoketai / black petrel, tītī / Pycr...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Hauraki Gulf, Tīkapa Moana, Te Moananui-ā-Toi is a place of striking seabird diversity. With its combination of multiple predator-free breeding sites on islands, and productive waters close to seabird colonies, the Hauraki Gulf region is a globally significant seabird biodiversity hotspot. This is remarkable given its proximity to the country’s...
Article
Full-text available
Marine plastic pollution has emerged as one of the most pressing environmental challenges of our time. Although there has been a surge in global investment for implementing interventions to mitigate plastic pollution, there has been little attention given to the cost of these interventions. We developed a decision support framework to identify the...
Article
Full-text available
The rate of plastic pollution entering the environment is accelerating with plastic production predicted to increase by 40% over the next decade. Plastic pollution transcends territorial boundaries on ocean and air currents. Large Ocean Small Island Developing States (LOSIDS) are on the frontline of the plastics crisis and associated climate change...
Article
Indigenous knowledge is a multilayered knowledge system that can effectively manage global ecosystem and biodiversity conservation. Conservation is an applied discipline with the goal of preserving the world's biodiversity and ecosystems. However, settler–coloniser conservation practices often fail to fully examine how settler–coloniser epistemolog...
Article
Indigenous knowledge is a multilayered knowledge system that can effectively manage global ecosystem and biodiversity conservation. Conservation is an applied discipline with the goal of preserving the world's biodiversity and ecosystems. However, settler–coloniser conservation practices often fail to fully examine how settler–coloniser epistemolog...
Preprint
Conservation science aims to improve human wellbeing through environmental management, but the discipline must reckon with the living legacies of its history including racism and colonialism. US national parks are symbolic of conservation and ripe for examination for their contribution to socio-spatial exclusion of Black, Indigenous and other peopl...
Article
Full-text available
1. Despite aspirations for conservation impact, mismatches between research and implementation have limited progress towards this goal. There is, therefore, an urgent need to identify how we can more effectively navigate the spaces between research and practice. 2. In 2014, we ran a workshop with conservation researchers and practitioners to iden...
Article
Full-text available
Indigenous knowledge is a multilayered knowledge system that can effectively manage global ecosystem and biodiversity conservation. Conservation is an applied discipline with the goal of preserving the world's biodiversity and ecosystems. However, settler-coloniser conservation practices often fail to fully examine how settler-coloniser epistemolog...
Article
Full-text available
Author summary Postdocs are a critical transition for early-career researchers. This transient period, between finishing a PhD and finding a permanent position, is when early-career researchers develop independent research programs and establish collaborative relationships that can make a successful career. Traditionally, postdocs physically reloca...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic pollution in the oceans is a priority environmental issue. The recent increase in research on the topic, coupled with growing public awareness, has catalyzed policymakers around the world to identify and implement solutions that minimize the harm caused by plastic pollution. To aid and coordinate these efforts, we surveyed experts with scie...
Article
Full-text available
Global change clearly one of the most important issues of the twenty-first century. Understanding of the impacts of large-scale human activities on communities, and how the natural world is being affected is arguably the largest area of research outside of the health sciences, and the two are intricately linked. Yet despite scientific consensus on...
Preprint
Seabirds are globally threatened. In the face of multiple threats, it is critical to understand how conservation strategies that mitigate one threat intersect with others to impact population viability. Marine threats, including pollution, climate change, and fisheries could derail gains to seabird populations resulting from arduous predator eradic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Postdoctoral positions are temporary full-time positions typically taken between completion of a PhD and the start of a permanent position. Postdocs are expected to move for short-term positions which can often be problematic for early-career researchers, especially those from under-represented groups in STEM. However, the proliferation of computat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Postdoctoral positions are temporary full-time positions typically taken between completion of a PhD and the start of a permanent position. Postdocs are expected to move for short-term positions which can often be problematic for early-career researchers, especially those from under-represented groups in STEM. However, the proliferation of computat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Threats to seabird species breeding and visiting the northern Aotearoa New Zealand region.
Article
Full-text available
Marine plastic pollution is an environmental contaminant of significant concern. There is a lack of consistency in sample collection and processing that continues to impede meta-analyses and largescale comparisons across time and space. This is true for most taxa, including seabirds, which are the most studied megafauna group with regards to plasti...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Plastic Pollution Emissions Working Group have developed a mechanistic framework and prototype model to evaluate the effectiveness of a range of reduction and mitigation strategies at different geographic scales to reduce the amount of litter entering our oceans. This framework is designed to inform the Ad Hoc Open-Ended Expert Group on marine...
Article
Full-text available
Global biodiversity loss is accelerating at an alarming rate. While considerable effort and resources have gone into conservation management for many threatened species in New Zealand (NZ), some species are still ‘losing the battle’ despite much effort, and others have been ignored altogether. Here, we present seven case studies to illustrate the b...
Article
Full-text available
Shearwaters and petrels (hereafter petrels) are highly adapted seabirds that occur across all the world’s oceans. Petrels are a threatened seabird group comprising 124 species. They have bet-hedging life histories typified by extended chick rearing periods, low fecundity, high adult survival, strong philopatry, monogamy and long-term mate fidelity...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plastic is an increasingly pervasive marine pollutant. Concomitantly, the number of studies documenting plastic ingestion in wildlife is accelerating. Many of these studies aim to provide a baseline against which future levels of plastic ingestion can be compared, and are motivated by an underlying interest in the conservation of their study specie...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic is an increasingly pervasive marine pollutant. Concomitantly, the number of studies documenting plastic ingestion in wildlife is accelerating. Many of these studies aim to provide a baseline against which future levels of plastic ingestion can be compared, and are motivated by an underlying interest in the conservation of their study specie...
Poster
Full-text available
Islands support some of the greatest numbers of endemic species but are highly vulnerable to anthropogenic activities, including the introduction of invasive, predatory mammals. Mammal eradication is a primary conservation tool to protect island communities, yet little is understood about how communities reassemble and how assembly patterns influen...
Article
Full-text available
Many colonial-nesting seabird species are highly threatened, and their conservation is a global priority. Yet long-term population data for many species are sporadic, given the location, physical nature of many colonies, and known negative impacts of investigator interaction. The low cost of unmanned aerial systems (UASs), or drones, has democratiz...
Article
Full-text available
Protecting seabirds is a global conservation priority given that 29% of seabird species are threatened with extinction. One of the most acute threats to seabirds is the presence of introduced predators, which depredate seabirds at all life stages, from eggs to adults. Consequently, eradication of invasive predators has been identified as an effecti...
Poster
Full-text available
In 2014 there was an estimated 15 to 51 trillion pieces of plastic debris in the oceans. Despite international agreements prohibiting the dumping of rubbish at sea (MARPOL Annex V) and localised clean-up efforts, land-based sources of plastic are increasing 4.8 to 12.7 million metric tons every year. In seabirds, physical and toxicological symptoms...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the most acute threats to seabirds is introduced predators, which depredate seabirds at all life stages from eggs to adults. Consequently, predator eradication has been identified as an effective and commonly used seabird conservation method. Global monitoring of seabird responses to eradication includes measures of what drives passive seabi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The global carbon and water cycles, and the process of photosynthesis are integral components of any high school science class or university science degree. Despite being intricately linked, these important global processes are often taught in isolation. This disconnection can lead to students having an incomplete understanding of the interconnecti...
Chapter
Full-text available
The global carbon and water cycles, and the process of photosynthesis are integral components of any high school science class or university science degree. Despite being intricately linked, these important global processes are often taught in isolation. This disconnection can lead to students having an incomplete understanding of the interconnecti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The vast volume of microplastic pollution in the world's oceans is of increasing concern for marine life and ecosystems. Seabirds are top-predators in the marine environment, conspicuous, and possess attributes that reflect changes to marine ecosystems. The first observations of plastic ingestion by seabirds were reported more than 50 years ago and...
Conference Paper
Predator eradication on New Zealand’s offshore islands is an effective tool for seabird conservation. However, limited resources and the remoteness and number of these islands pose considerable challenges to achieving long-term monitoring and research objectives. Therefore, economical and effective monitoring tools are needed. Advances in remote se...
Article
Full-text available
Following the removal of an introduced species, island restoration can follow two general approaches: passive, where no further intervention occurs and the island is assumed to recover naturally, and; active, where recovery of key taxa (e.g. seabirds) is enhanced by manipulating movement and demography. Steps for deciding between these techniques a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
More than half (53%) of Procellariiforme seabirds (tube-nosed seabirds) are experiencing rapid population declines due to reduced fledgling survival rates and adult mortality. Seabirds are vulnerable to multiple threats on land; introduced predators and habitat loss, and at sea; plastic pollution ingestion, fisheries interactions, prey distribution...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The global carbon and water cycles, and the process of photosynthesis are integral components of any high school science class or university science degree. Despite being intricately linked, these important global processes are often taught in isolation. This disconnection can lead to students having an incomplete understanding of the interconnecti...
Article
Full-text available
Given that 29% of seabird species are threatened with extinction, protecting seabird colonies on offshore islands is a global conservation priority. Seabirds are vulnerable to non-native predator invasions, which reduce or eliminate colonies. Accordingly, conservation efforts have focused on predator eradication. However, affected populations are o...
Research
Full-text available
We developed the “Global Change” application, which is an interactive tablet based teaching tool for connecting the global carbon and water cycles through the lens of stomata. Stomata are microscopic pores on the surface of plants where carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapour are exchanged simultaneously to be used in photosynthesis. No other biologi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Before invasions by introduced mammals, most island ecosystems were inhabited by seabirds that acted as ecosystem engineers, through marine nutrient subsidies and physical disturbance. Seabird systems are vulnerable to the effects of predatory mammals, which alter biological assemblages and interrupt ecosystem function. The removal of mammals from...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the main challenges in conservation lies in our inability to translate management objectives into effective action on the ground. This is often due to the inadequate consideration of the social, cultural, and institutional dynamics that influence ecological systems and the likelihood of successful conservation outcomes. Successful conservati...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This international collaborative project has two key objectives: 1) develop a model to trace the volume and pathways of plastic entering the ocean from production through the waste management stream; and 2) evaluate the relative impacts of state and national scale policy and management interventions (i.e., microbead bans, plastic bag bans and levies, novel trash capture techniques) to inform national, and international policy and management programs to implement the most effective mitigation strategies for marine plastic pollution.