Stephanie D Block

Stephanie D Block
University of Massachusetts Lowell | UML · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

24
Publications
5,527
Reads
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354
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - present
University of Massachusetts Lowell
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
July 2008 - July 2011
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Field of study
  • Developmental Science
September 2003 - July 2008
University of California, Davis
Field of study
  • Developmental Psychology

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
A retrospective examination of 500 child sexual abuse reports to prosecutor’s offices analyzed case progress and predictors of attrition, including details about alleged perpetrator(s), victim(s), their families, and other case characteristics. Less than one in five cases proceeded to prosecution. For the full sample we describe all outcomes and di...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The purpose of this prospective study is to examine the role of emotional abuse in predicting youth smoking. Methods: Data were drawn from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect. The sample was restricted to those who had an interview at age 12 years and at least one interview at ages 14, 16, or 18 years (n=775). Self-...
Article
Justice can hinge on adults’ abilities to distinguish accurate from inaccurate child testimony. Yet relatively little is known about factors that affect adults’ abilities to determine the accuracy of children’s eyewitness reports. In this study, adults (N = 108) viewed videoclips of 3- and 5-year-olds answering open-ended and leading questions abou...
Article
Mandated child abuse reporters may judge specific disciplinary practices as unacceptable for young children, whereas child law professionals arbitrating allegations may be less inclusive. Do the views of these groups diverge, by child age, regarding discipline? Judgments of community norms across a wide range of children's ages were obtained from 3...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals with histories of childhood trauma may adopt a nonspecific memory retrieval strategy to avoid unpleasant and intrusive memories. In a sample of 93 adolescents and adults with or without histories of child sexual abuse (CSA), we tested the hypothesis that nonspecific memory retrieval is related to an individual’s general tendency to use...
Article
In the present study, we investigated the attitudes of maltreated children involved in court hearings. Specifically, this pilot research examined whether type of abuse (sexual vs. physical vs. neglect), type of court (dependency vs. criminal), and child and abuse characteristics predicted child victims’ feelings about seeing defendants in court and...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examined the impact of children's maltreatment experiences on the emergence of externalizing problem presentations among children during different developmental periods. The sample included 788 youth and their caregivers who participated in a multisite, prospective study of youth at-risk for maltreatment. Externalizing problems we...
Chapter
Full-text available
Children as witnesses worldwide, many thousands – if not millions – of children serve as witnesses in legal actions every year. Victims of child maltreatment as well as children who witness or experience other types of illegal activity (for example, domestic violence, murder, kidnapping, robbery, gang violence, war crimes) may be interviewed by aut...
Article
Full-text available
In cases of suspected child sexual abuse (CSA) some professionals routinely recommend multiple interviews by the same interviewer because any additional details provided might improve decision-making and increase perpetrator convictions. We analyzed alternative policies about child interviewing to estimate the probability that a policy of all child...
Chapter
The suggestibility of children is particularly important to consider when children are responsible for providing eyewitness accounts. Young children are especially vulnerable to internal and external forms of suggestibility, although research findings are mixed to the exact extent of suggestibility on memory. To decrease children's susceptibility t...
Article
The present study examined the specificity of autobiographical memory in adolescents and adults with versus without child sexual abuse (CSA) histories. Eighty-five participants, approximately half of whom per age group had experienced CSA, were tested on the Autobiographical Memory Interview. Individual difference measures, including those for trau...
Chapter
Child witness accuracy is of great concern to psychologists, legal and social service authorities, attorneys, judges, and society as a whole. In this article, we summarize scientific research on children's eyewitness testimony, including child factors, social circumstances, and interview characteristics that affect children's memory and suggestibil...
Article
Adults' evaluations of children's reports can determine whether legal proceedings are undertaken and whether they ultimately lead to justice. The current study involved 92 undergraduates and 35 laypersons who viewed and evaluated videotaped interviews of 3- and 5-year-olds providing true or false memory reports. The children's reports fell into the...
Article
Full-text available
The current analyses examined the role of past traumatic experiences in predicting expectations about social, academic, and occupational outcomes. These analyses were conducted in a sample of 843 youth, each 14 years old, who were participants in the Longitudinal Studies on Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN). The analyses took into account socioeco...
Article
The purpose of the present research was to examine Deese-Roediger-McDermott false memory for trauma-related and nontrauma-related lists in adolescents and adults with and without documented histories of child sexual abuse (CSA). Individual differences in psychopathology and adult attachment were also explored. Participants were administered free re...
Article
This study examines the association between childhood maltreatment and adolescent smoking and the extent to which internalizing behavioral problems mediate this hypothesized link. Data from 522 youth at ages 12, 14, and 16 and from their caregivers were obtained as part of a prospective, longitudinal study of child abuse and neglect (LONGSCAN). Off...
Article
After maltreated children are taken into protective custody, dependency courts determine the children's placements. Many, if not most, maltreated children never attend their dependency court hearings. We had the rare opportunity to interview children in a jurisdiction where children regularly attend their detention hearings in dependency court. Our...
Article
This experiment concerned the effects of emotional content, self-relevance, and emotional tone of testimony on memory. Eyewitness accounts of 4 events were constructed that systematically differed in emotionality and self-relevance. The testimony, captured on videotape, was expressed with or without negative emotion. After viewing one of the videot...
Chapter
Child witness accuracy is of great concern to psychologists, legal and social service authorities, attorneys, judges, and society as a whole. In this article, we summarize scientific research on children's eyewitness testimony, including child factors, social circumstances, and interview characteristics that affect children's memory and suggestibil...
Chapter
Suggestibility is of special concern when children provide eyewitness accounts. Although research is mixed on the extent to which misinformation adversely affects children's memory per se, it is clear that young children's reports can be susceptible to internal and external influences. Risks of suggestibility can be reduced by interviewing children...
Article
Adults’ evaluations of children’s eyewitness reports can determine whether legal proceedings are undertaken and whether they ultimately lead to justice. The current study involved 92 undergraduates and 35 adult laypersons who viewed and evaluated videotaped interviews with children. The children’s reports fell into the following categories based on...
Chapter
This chapter examines the claim that childhood trauma leads to a specific type ofautobiographical memory functioning, namely "overgeneral memory". It reviews scientific theory and research on autobiographical memory development, memory for traumarelated and nontrauma-related information in traumatized individuals, and autobiographical memory in non...

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