Stéphane H R Oliet

Stéphane H R Oliet
French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Inserm · Neurocentre Magendie U862

PhD

About

147
Publications
17,339
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12,371
Citations
Citations since 2017
40 Research Items
5684 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200

Publications

Publications (147)
Article
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Memory impairment is one of the disabling manifestations of multiple sclerosis (MS) possibly present from the early stages of the disease and for which there is no specific treatment. Hippocampal synaptic dysfunction and dendritic loss, associated with microglial activation, can underlie memory deficits, yet the molecular mechanisms driving such hi...
Article
Full-text available
Synaptic plasticity is an extensively studied cellular correlate of learning and memory in which NMDARs play a starring role. One of the most interesting features of NMDARs is their ability to act as a co-incident detector. It is unique amongst neurotransmitter receptors in this respect. Co-incident detection is possible because the opening of NMDA...
Article
Full-text available
Astrocytes are sensitive to ongoing neuronal/network activities and, accordingly, regulate neuronal functions (synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, behavior, etc.) by the context-dependent release of several gliotransmitters (e.g., glutamate, glycine, D-serine, ATP). To sense diverse input, astrocytes express a plethora of G-protein coupled...
Chapter
The adult hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system (HNS) comprises the cell bodies of the magnocellular neurons of the hypothalamus, located in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei, and their axons that project onto the neurohypophysis, where they release oxytocin and vasopressin directly in the bloodstream. Oxytocin governs parturition and lactati...
Article
Full-text available
Reactive astrocytes are astrocytes undergoing morphological, molecular, and functional remodeling in response to injury, disease, or infection of the CNS. Although this remodeling was first described over a century ago, uncertainties and controversies remain regarding the contribution of reactive astrocytes to CNS diseases, repair, and aging. It is...
Article
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Extrasynaptic actions of glutamate are limited by high-affinity transporters expressed by perisynaptic astroglial processes (PAPs): this helps maintain point-to-point transmission in excitatory circuits. Memory formation in the brain is associated with synaptic remodeling, but how this affects PAPs and therefore extrasynaptic glutamate actions is p...
Article
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The brain requires a continuous supply of energy in the form of ATP, most of which is produced from glucose by oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria, complemented by aerobic glycolysis in the cytoplasm. When glucose levels are limited, ketone bodies generated in the liver and lactate derived from exercising skeletal muscle can also become impor...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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Astrocytic Ca2+ signals can be fast and local, supporting the idea that astrocytes have the ability to regulate single synapses. However, the anatomical basis of such specific signaling remains unclear, owing to difficulties in resolving the spongiform domain of astrocytes where most tripartite synapses are located. Using 3D-STED microscopy in livi...
Article
Alteration of brain aerobic glycolysis is often observed early in the course of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Whether and how such metabolic dysregulation contributes to both synaptic plasticity and behavioral deficits in AD is not known. Here, we show that the astrocytic l-serine biosynthesis pathway, which branches from glycolysis, is impaired in you...
Article
Full-text available
Astrocytes constantly adapt their ramified morphology in order to support brain cell assemblies. Such plasticity is partly mediated by ion and water fluxes, which rely on the water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4). The mechanism by which this channel locally contributes to process dynamics has remained elusive. Using a combination of single-molecule and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Astroglia constrain extrasynaptic escape of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate, thus controlling synaptic signal integration in cortical circuits, which ultimately influences cognitive function. Memory formation is associated with synaptic remodeling but how the latter affects perisynaptic astroglia and thus extrasynaptic glutamate actions r...
Article
Full-text available
Background Spinal reactive astrocytes and microglia are known to participate to the initiation and maintenance of neuropathic pain. However, whether reactive astrocytes and microglia in thalamic nuclei that process sensory-discriminative aspects of pain play a role in pain behavior remains poorly investigated. Therefore, the present study evaluated...
Article
Full-text available
Astrocyte reactivity and neuroinflammation are hallmarks of CNS pathological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease. However, the specific role of reactive astrocytes is still debated. This controversy may stem from the fact that most strategies used to modulate astrocyte reactivity and explore its contribution to disease outcomes have only limited...
Article
Bidirectional communication between neurons and astrocytes shapes synaptic plasticity and behavior. D-serine is a necessary co-agonist of synaptic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), but the physiological factors regulating its impact on memory processes are scantly known. We show that astroglial CB1 receptors are key determinants of object re...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial dysfunction in the spinal cord is a hallmark of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but the neurometabolic alterations during early stages of the disease remain unknown. Here, we investigated the bioenergetic and proteomic changes in ALS mouse motor neurons and patients' skin fibroblasts. We first observed that SODG93A mice presympto...
Article
The hippocampus contains distinct populations of neurons organized into separate anatomical subfields and layers with differential vulnerability to pathological mechanisms. The ability of in vivo neuroimaging to pinpoint regional vulnerability is especially important for better understanding of hippocampal pathology at the early stage of neurodegen...
Data
D-serine and glycine dose-response curves. Summary of Hill coefficient (nH), half maximal concentration (EC50) and n-values for the glycine/D-serine dose-response curves obtained on GluN2A- and GluN2B-NMDARs recombinants. p-Values (unpaired, two-tailed Student t-test) assess the difference between the EC50 obtained with D-serine and glycine. DOI: h...
Data
Co-agonist and NMDAR-subunit developmental switch. Summary of the effects of BsGO, RgDAAO, Ro25-6981 and zinc normalized to baseline (mean ± s.e.m) in slices obtained from rats at indicated ages (see Figure 5—figure supplement 1). n values are indicated as well as p-values (paired Student t-test) assessing the significance of the effect achieved co...
Data
Capillary electrophoresis measurements. Summary of the measurements of glutamate, glycine and D-serine content in slices at different ages. Values indicate average content (in nmoles per mg of tissue) ± s.e.m. p-Values indicate the level of significance (student t-test) between values in <P10 slices compared to values in adults. DOI: http://dx.doi....
Article
The subunit composition of synaptic NMDA receptors (NMDAR), such as the relative content of GluN2A- and GluN2B-containing receptors, greatly influences the glutamate synaptic transmission. Receptor co-agonists, glycine and D-serine, have intriguingly emerged as potential regulators of the receptor trafficking in addition to their requirement for it...
Article
The activation of NMDA receptors (NMDARs) is conditioned by the binding of a co-agonist to a dedicated receptor binding site. It is now largely accepted that D-serine plays this role at many central synapses in the hippocampus, amygdala, hypothalamus, nucleus accumbens, and in prefrontal, visual, and somatosensory cortices. D-Serine has been found...
Chapter
The N-methyl d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is a ligand-gated ion channel that binds the neurotransmitter glutamate. It was pharmacologically identified and differentiated from other ionotropic amino-acid receptors at excitatory synapses in the late 70s for it is activated by NMDA and not kainate. Due to its large calcium conductance, it is involved...
Article
Full-text available
Astrocytes, the major glial cell type in the central nervous system (CNS), are critical for brain function and have been implicated in various disorders of the central nervous system. These cells are involved in a wide range of cerebral processes including brain metabolism, control of central blood flow, ionic homeostasis, fine-tuning synaptic tran...
Article
Astrocytes regulate hippocampal synaptic plasticity by the Ca(2+) dependent release of the N-methyl d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) co-agonist d-serine. Previous evidence indicated that d-serine release would be regulated by the intracellular Ca(2+) release channel IP3 receptor (IP3 R), however, genetic deletion of IP3 R2, the putative astrocytic IP3...
Article
Planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling is well known to play a critical role during prenatal brain development; whether it plays specific roles at postnatal stages remains rather unknown. Here, we investigated the role of a key PCP-associated gene scrib in CA1 hippocampal structure and function at postnatal stages. We found that Scrib1 is required fo...
Article
Memory impairment is an early and disabling manifestation of multiple sclerosis whose anatomical and biological substrates are still poorly understood. We thus investigated whether memory impairment encountered at the early stage of the disease could be explained by a differential vulnerability of particular hippocampal subfields. By using experime...
Article
Full-text available
Hypothalamic neurohormones are released in a pulsatile manner. The mechanisms of this pulsatility remain poorly understood and several hypotheses are available, depending upon the neuroendocrine system considered. Among these systems, hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal magnocellular neurons have been early-considered models, as they typically display an...
Article
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Fluoroacatate has been widely used to inhibit glia metabolism in vivo. It has yet to be shown what the effects of chronic intrathecal infusion of fluoroacetate on nociceptive behavioral testing are. The effects of chronic infusion of fluoroacetate (5nmoles/hour) for 2 weeks were examined in normal rats. Chronic intrathecal fluoroacetate did not alt...
Article
Activation of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors is critical for hypersensitivity in chronic neuropathic pain. Since astroglia can regulate NMDA receptor activation by releasing the NMDA receptor co-agonist d-serine, we investigated the role of NMDA receptor and d-serine in neuropathic chronic pain. Male Wistar rats underwent right L5-L6 spinal...
Article
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Control of the glutamate time course in the synapse is crucial for excitatory transmission. This process is mainly ensured by astrocytic transporters, high expression of which is essential to compensate for their slow transport cycle. Although molecular mechanisms regulating transporter intracellular trafficking have been identified, the relationsh...
Article
Full-text available
N-methyl d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) exist in different forms owing to multiple combinations of subunits that can assemble into a functional receptor. In addition, they are located not only at synapses but also at extrasynaptic sites. There has been intense speculation over the past decade about whether specific NMDAR subtypes and/or locations a...
Article
Astrocytes are increasingly recognized as crucial contributors to neuronal function at synapses, axons, and somas. Reliable methods that can provide insight into the astrocyte proteins at the neuron-astrocyte functional interface are highly desirable. Here we conducted a mass spectrometry analysis of Percoll® gradient isolated gliosomes, a viable p...
Chapter
The hypothalamus is a highly plastic brain region that can undergo remarkable neuronal-glia anatomical changes. This is particularly true for the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system (HNS) during physiological situations including lactation and chronic dehydration. The remodeling is characterized by a pronounced reduction of the glial coverage of ox...
Article
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The current concept of basal ganglia organization and function in physiological and pathophysiological conditions excludes the most numerous cells in the brain, i.e., the astrocytes, present with a ratio of 10:1 neuron. Their role in neurodegenerative condition such as Parkinson's disease (PD) remains to be elucidated. Before embarking into physiol...
Article
The identification of the presence of active signaling between astrocytes and neurons in a process termed gliotransmission has caused a paradigm shift in our thinking about brain function. However, we are still in the early days of the conceptualization of how astrocytes influence synapses, neurons, networks, and ultimately behavior. In this Perspe...
Article
Full-text available
The pituitary gland releases hormones in a pulsatile fashion guaranteeing signalling efficiency. The determinants of pulsatility are poorly circumscribed. Here we show in magnocellular hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal oxytocin (OT) neurons that the bursting activity underlying the neurohormonal pulses necessary for parturition and the milk-ejection ref...
Article
Vasopressin secretion from the magnocellular neurosecretory cells (MNCs) is crucial for body fluid homeostasis. Osmotic regulation of MNC activity involves the concerted modulation of intrinsic mechanosensitive ion channels, taurine release from local astrocytes as well as excitatory inputs derived from osmosensitive forebrain regions. Extracellula...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last decade, the importance of astrocyte-neuron communication in neuronal development and synaptic plasticity has become increasingly clear. Since neuron-astrocyte interactions represent highly dynamic and reciprocal processes, we hypothesized that many astrocyte genes may be regulated as a consequence of their interactions with maturing n...
Article
Cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1)-dependent signaling in the brain is known to modulate food intake. Recent evidence has actually shown that CB1 can both inhibit and stimulate food intake in fasting/refeeding conditions, depending on the specific neuronal circuits involved. However, the exact brain sites where this bimodal control is exerted and th...
Article
Bone cancer pain is a common and disruptive symptom in cancer patients. In cancer pain animal models, massive reactive astrogliosis in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord has been reported. Since astrocytes may behave as driving partners for pathological pain, we investigated the temporal development of pain behavior and reactive astrogliosis in a r...
Article
We characterized the mechanism and pharmacodynamics of five structurally distinct inhibitors of d-amino acid oxidase. All inhibitors bound the oxidized form of human enzyme with affinity slightly higher than that of benzoate (Kd ≈ 2-4 μM). Stopped-flow experiments showed that pyrrole-based inhibitors possessed high affinity (Kd ≈ 100-200 nM) and sl...
Article
N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are located in neuronal cell membranes at synaptic and extrasynaptic locations, where they are believed to mediate distinct physiological and pathological processes. Activation of NMDARs requires glutamate and a coagonist whose nature and impact on NMDAR physiology remain elusive. We report that synaptic and...
Article
Full-text available
Presynaptic kainate receptors (KARs) exert a modulatory action on transmitter release. We here report that applications of agonists of GluK1-containing KARs in the rat supraoptic nucleus has an opposite action on glutamatergic transmission according to the phenotype of the postsynaptic neuron. Whereas glutamate release was facilitated in oxytocin (...
Article
J. Neurochem. (2012) 121, 4–27. Neuroglial cells define brain homeostasis and mount defense against pathological insults. Astroglia regulate neurogenesis and development of brain circuits. In the adult brain, astrocytes enter into intimate dynamic relationship with neurons, especially at synaptic sites where they functionally form the tripartite sy...
Article
Classically, glia have been regarded as non-excitable cells that provide nourishment and physical scaffolding for neurones. However, it is now generally accepted that glia are active participants in brain function that can modulate neuronal communication via several mechanisms. Investigations of anatomical plasticity in the magnocellular neuroendoc...
Article
Full-text available
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) subserve numerous neurophysiological and neuropathological processes in the cerebral cortex. Their activation requires the binding of glutamate and also of a coagonist. Whereas glycine and D-serine (D-ser) are candidates for such a role at central synapses, the nature of the coagonist in cerebral cortex remai...
Article
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Adult neurogenesis is a process by which the brain produces new neurons once development has ceased. Adult hippocampal neurogenesis has been linked to the relational processing of spatial information, a role attributed to the contribution of newborn neurons to long-term potentiation (LTP). However, whether newborn neurons also influence long-term d...
Article
The supraoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus display a remarkable anatomical plasticity during lactation, parturition and chronic dehydration, conditions associated with massive neurohypophysial hormone secretion. This structural remodeling is characterized by a pronounced reduction of the astrocytic coverage of oxytocin neurons, resulting in an incre...
Article
Full-text available
Scribble (Scrib) is a key regulator of apicobasal polarity, presynaptic architecture, and short-term synaptic plasticity in Drosophila. In mammals, its homolog Scrib1 has been implicated in cancer, neural tube closure, and planar cell polarity (PCP), but its specific role in the developing and adult nervous system is unclear. Here, we used the circ...
Article
Full-text available
The endocannabinoid (eCB) system plays central roles in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. Its alteration in activity contributes to the development and maintenance of obesity. Stimulation of the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB(1) receptor) increases feeding, enhances reward aspects of eating, and promotes lipogenesis, whereas it...
Article
Full-text available
Neurogenesis in the hippocampus is characterized by the birth of thousand of cells that generate neurons throughout life. The fate of these adult newborn neurons depends on life experiences. In particular, spatial learning promotes the survival and death of new neurons. Whether learning influences the development of the dendritic tree of the surviv...
Article
Many neurons in the CNS display rhythmic patterns of activity to optimize excitation-secretion coupling. However, the mechanisms of rhythmogenesis are only partially understood. Magnocellular vasopressin (VP) neurons in the hypothalamus display a phasic activity that consists of alternative bursts of action potentials and silent periods. Previous o...
Article
Full-text available
Presynaptic kainate receptors (KARs) exert a modulatory action on transmitter release. This effect can be switched from facilitation to inhibition by an increased concentration of KAR agonists. We here report that activation of presynaptic GluK1-containing KARs facilitates GABA release on oxytocin and vasopressin neurons in the supraoptic nucleus o...