Stephan Van den Broucke

Stephan Van den Broucke
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain | UCLouvain · Psychological Sciences Research Institute

PhD in psychology

About

181
Publications
77,670
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Introduction
Stephan Van den Broucke is a professor at the Research Center for Psychology of Public Health and Ageing of the Psychological Sciences Research Institute, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium. Stephan does research in Health Psychology, Health Promotion and Public Health. He currently leads projects on 'Medical-Pharmaceutical consult in primary health care', Health Literacy, and chronic care self-management and is involved in international projects on digital health literacy (IC-Health), accident prevention (SACURIMA) and public health capacity building.

Publications

Publications (181)
Article
Full-text available
Background Participation in mammography screening comes with harms alongside benefits. Information about screening provided to women should convey this information yet concerns persist about its effect on participation. This study addressed factors that may influence the intention to screen once a woman has been informed about benefits and harms of...
Article
This article provides an in-depth analysis of the motives and patterns of Instagram use among a sample of Belgian and Peruvian youths. 19 participants aged 18–28 underwent in-depth interviews to assess what Instagram means to them, why and how they use it, and what consequences of their use they perceive. The most recurrent motivations for using In...
Article
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Background Cervical cancer represents a very high burden of disease, especially in Low- and Middle-income economies. Screening is a recommended prevention method in resource-poor settings. Cervical cancer screening (CCS) uptake is influenced by various psycho-social factors, most of which are included in behavioural models. Unlike demographic chara...
Chapter
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What are skill-mix innovations and why are they relevant? This systemic analysis of health workforce skill-mix innovations provides an overview of the evidence and lessons for implementation across multiple countries. The authors focus on six core segments of health systems: health promotion and prevention, acute care, chronic care, long-term and p...
Preprint
Background This study aimed to understand whether being informed about the awareness of benefits and harms of mammography screening impacts on the intention to be screened for breast cancer. Methods A cross-sectional survey of women from five countries (Belgium, France, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom) was performed in January 2021. The survey...
Article
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Background Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, Belgium has been hit by a series of surges in the number of COVID-19 cases. Each of these resulted in more stringent measures being taken to curb the pandemic. This study compared perception of and adherence to COVID-19 measures of the Belgian population at two time periods: September 2020 (surve...
Article
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Objective: Empirical data on health literacy (HL) for Romania is almost inexistent. The present study aimed to validate the HLS-EU-Q16 questionnaire for the Romanian population and explore the predictors of HL in the North-West Region of the country. Methods: A non-experimental, cross-sectional study was conducted between March and November 2019 on...
Article
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Background Since the start of the COVID-19 outbreak, the Belgian government has implemented various infection prevention and control measures. This study assessed the extent to which the general population in Belgium adhered to these measures, and which determinants were associated with adherence. Methods We undertook an internet survey among a sa...
Article
Background Adequate levels of health literacy (HL) are crucial to ensure good quality of health, social life and wellbeing. HL is a mediating factor in health disparities. Low HL hampers interaction with healthcare. HL is a shared responsibility of individuals and the healthcare system. Multi-dimensional programs and policies should be set up. Aim...
Article
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Background Cervical cancer contributes to 6%–29% of the cancers in India. Although the Government of India in 2010 integrated cancer screening within the National Programme for the prevention of Non-communicable Diseases, only 22% of women aged 15–45 years had undergone examination of the cervix by 2016. This prompts the question regarding the orga...
Article
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To reduce the spread of COVID-19 among the population, Belgium has implemented various infection prevention and control measures over time. This study investigated the extent to which understanding of the COVID-19 measures contributed to adherence, and which personal characteristics were considered risk factors for lower adherence. It consisted of...
Article
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Background The importance of health literacy in dealing with the COVID-19 epidemic has been emphasized but scarcely addressed empirically. In this study, the association of health literacy with mental health, compliance with COVID-19 preventive measures and health prospects was assessed in a Belgian context. Methods Data were extracted from the th...
Article
Background While cervical cancer is a major cause of mortality, its progress and survival rate can be improved through screening. Yet despite their wide availability, women's participation in cervical cancer screening (CCS) programs is often suboptimal, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Besides demographic and organizational character...
Article
Objective To simultaneously investigate the psychometric properties of three recently developed health literacy measurement scales throughout adolescence in the general population. Methods French versions of the Health Literacy for School-Aged Children (HLSAC, unidimensional) scale, the Health Literacy Assessment Scale for Adolescents (HAS-A, mult...
Conference Paper
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Background: There is convincing evidence about the role of non-formal education (NFE) as an effective mean of helping young people especially those pertinent to disadvantaged and marginalized population categories. The NFE approach enables youths to overcome several barriers and obstacles they experience and become active contributors to the develo...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Self-management education is a fundamental aspect in the health care of people with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) to develop the necessary skills for the improvement of health outcomes. Patients are required to have the competencies to manage electronic information resources, that is, an appropriate level of digital health literacy (DHL). The E...
Article
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Background: Self-management education is a fundamental aspect in the health care of people with diabetes to develop the necessary skills for the improvement of health outcomes. Patients are required to have the competencies to manage electronic information resources-that is, an appropriate level of digital health literacy. The European project IC-...
Article
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Problematic Internet use (PIU) can lead to dysfunction and undesired consequences, especially in adolescents and youths. Preventive interventions can reduce them, but should be built on sound evidence. This review synthesizes the available evidence on the effectiveness of primary prevention programs for PIU in adolescents and youths. It adds to pre...
Article
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Background: Healthcare authorities worldwide search for ways to develop integrated care and interprofessional collaboration. In Belgium, Medical-Pharmaceutical Concertation (MPC) was introduced as a format to promote constructive dialogues between GPs and community pharmacists (CPs) with a focus on pharmacotherapy. Objective: To evaluate the imp...
Article
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Self-management education (SME) is a key determinant of diabetes treatment outcomes. While SME programs are often adapted for implementation, the impact of adaptations on diabetes SME effectiveness is not well documented. This study evaluated the impact of the implementation fidelity of diabetes SME programs on program effectiveness, exploring whic...
Article
Background Obesity is a major health problem worldwide, and one of its causes is unhealthy eating. A healthy diet should ensure that energy intake (calories) is in balance with energy expenditure, but in this paper a subjective experience of healthy eating will be discussed. Research has revealed many determinants of food consumption, but a more ho...
Article
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Nonformal education methodology is promoted by the European Union as a priority. Western Balkan countries are supported in using this methodology via access Community funds (Erasmus þ, previously Youth in Action). Nonformal education (proven as the most effective education method for youth) is expected to have the same impact if used in Public Heal...
Article
The Health Promoting University (HPU) concept encourages universities to incorporate health into the university context. HPU initiatives exist worldwide, yet information on how universities translate the HPU concept into actions is scarce. This study aimed to identify the factors influencing the implementation of HPU initiatives in Ibero-American u...
Article
The Health Promoting University (HPU) concept encourages universities to incorporate health into the university context. HPU initiatives exist worldwide, yet information on how universities translate the HPU concept into actions is scarce. This study aimed to identify the factors influencing the implementation of HPU initiatives in Ibero-American u...
Article
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Health literacy is a key topic in public health. Several measurement tools exist that operationalize health literacy, but only a few standard tools measure health literacy at a population level, and none of those are currently available for the Indian context. This study aimed to develop and validate an Indian version of the short form of the Europ...
Article
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Background The Health Belief Model (HBM) and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) are used to explain screening behavior. Although reviews of each model have been conducted independently, none have compared the application of both to mammography screening. Methods A systematic review of literature published in five databases from 1974 to 2020 was...
Article
Farm work is considered among the highest risk jobs throughout the world. Occupational health behavior is a critical factor that influences agricultural job-related injuries and diseases. Yet, while educational programs have been set up to encourage farmers to behave more safely, many of these programs do not sufficiently take into account the fact...
Article
Background Diagnostic self-tests in Belgian pharmacies are a recent phenomenon. While considered a way to empower patients to take informed decisions, self-tests also challenge the relationship between patients and health professionals and between pharmacists and general practitioners. This study explored how the introduction of diagnostic self-tes...
Article
Health services in most developed countries were developed to meet the needs of a demand-led health care, and focus mostly on treatment, cure and care. This system is challenged by the growing burden of non-communicable diseases, increased multi-morbidity, newly emerging communicable diseases, and increasing anti-microbial resistance. At the same t...
Article
Background In Belgium, the past decade has seen a large number of initiatives by various stakeholders to address health literacy (HL) at different levels, but an encompassing policy plan to coordinate efforts across sectors is missing. The Belgian Federal Public Service of Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment commissioned a study to investigat...
Article
Full-text available
Background Due to the digital transformation in late modern society, digital (or e-) health literacy (DHL) is becoming increasingly relevant for people to take health related decisions. Yet despite its importance for evidence-based policy, very few tools have been developed to measure DHL, and even fewer studies have measured DHL in general populat...
Article
Full-text available
Digital health literacy (DHL) is the ability to search, understand and evaluate information from digital media and apply that knowledge to solve health problems. However, currently many citizens have not developed these skills, and this compromises not only the self-management of their health, but the possibility that health services are socially s...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cervical cancer is a major reason for morbidity and mortality in Low and Middle income countries. The National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancers, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) sets out broad national guideline to implement Cervical cancer screening. However, an implementation strategy for cervical...
Article
Purpose: Nudging incorporates adjustments to a task or environment in ways that nudge people to do the right thing, sometimes without them even having to think about it. The project will seek to address dairy labor and safety challenges by examining the efficacy of “nudging” principles to improve worker safety and the efficiency of work processes....
Article
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Background: Prebiotic vegetables such as leek and salsify may contribute to preventing obesity by changing the composition of the gut microbiota. To increase consumption of prebiotic vegetables, the aim of the study was to document the prevalence and determinants of (prebiotic) vegetable consumption. Methods: An online, correlational questionnai...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to develop a typology of approaches towards informed decision-making (IFD) about mammography screening in Europe. All countries collaborating in the European Commission Initiative on Breast Cancer were approached to participate. Experts from 28 European countries responded to a web-based survey providing data on key organi...
Article
Objectives: The objectives of this review were: i) to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness on health-related outcomes of health literacy interventions for enabling socioeconomically disadvantaged people living in the community to access, understand, appraise and apply health information; and ii) to identify comp...
Book
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The COVID-19 pandemic plunges the world into a crisis that is touching all sectors of society. In a desperate attempt to contain the further spread of the disease, governments across the world have taken unprecedented measures, closing schools, universities, houses of worship, shops, restaurants, theatres and other non-system relevant settings but...
Article
Full-text available
Health and safety education for farmers has the potential to increase the level of health, safety literacy, and thereby improve farmers’ health and quality of life. The aim of this paper is to provide a systematic review of the published literature documenting different educational interventions for agricultural workers that have the improvement of...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of digital health literacy can be regarded as the result of the increasing social permeation of digital media and their use in everyday life. Due to increasing accessibility and ubiquity, there is an increasing need not only for searching and finding, but especially for assessing the reliability as well as selecting and applying health...
Book
Full-text available
This report is about the governmental policy regarding the improvement of health literacy
Article
This study applied the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to investigate the psychological determinants of using sexually explicit material (SEM) in sex therapy. Self-report data regarding perceived advantages/disadvantages, injunctive and descriptive norms, motivation to comply, self-efficacy, facilitators/obstacles, and intention to using SEM were...
Article
By means of an online survey, this study investigated factors predicting the intention to use sexually explicit material among 52 sex educators. The online survey was based on the theory of planned behaviour and measured attitudes towards sexually explicit material, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and the intention to use sexually e...
Article
Nudging is a popular behavior change technique but the conditions for its effectiveness have not been researched extensively. The current study aimed to test whether the effectiveness of nudging is limited to certain characteristics of the nudged product by focusing on a specific product (salsify soup) within a broader category (soups). Two paralle...
Article
As self-management support is a cost-effective way to enable patients to take an active role in managing their own condition and to address the chronic disease burden, there is a need for contextually appropriate self-management support tools. This study explored the feasibility of using a contextually adapted self-management care-plan booklet for...
Article
Full-text available
Background Short versions of the European Health Literacy Survey (HLS-EU) questionnaire are increasingly used to measure and compare health literacy (HL) in populations worldwide. As no validated versions of these questionnaires have thus far appeared in French, this study aimed to study the psychometric properties of the French translation of the...
Data
Rasch person-item map of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire with 16 items (HLS-EU-Q16) in the sample (N = 317). A higher (positive) location value indicates higher health literacy of the persons or greater item difficulty (logit scale). (DOCX)
Data
French version of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire short form with 16 items (HLS-EU-Q16). (DOCX)
Data
Expected score on the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire with 16 items depending on education level and expected difference in score due to differential item functioning across education levels (reference “Post-secondary”) as a function of latent trait (as an example, for subjects with a health literacy level at 2 logits on the latent tr...
Data
Items from the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire short forms, 16 items (HLS-EU-Q16) and 6 items (HLS-EU-Q6, in bold, and the health contexts and health-information-processing skills to which they apply. (DOCX)
Data
HLSEUvalidFrench.xls is the database used in this study. (XLS)
Data
Frequencies (%) of responses to the 16 items of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire short forms, HLS-EU-Q16 and HLS-EU-Q6 (in bold), in the sample (N = 317). (DOCX)
Article
This article presents two studies about trait emotional intelligence (EI) and diabetes. The first study investigated whether the level of trait EI of people with diabetes differs from the non-diabetes population. The second study explored the impact of trait EI on diabetes-related distress and diabetes self-management behaviors. Methods: In study 1...
Article
While socioeconomic disparities are among the most fundamental causes of health disparities, socioeconomic status (SES) does not impact health directly. One of the potential mediating factors that link SES and health is health literacy (HL). Yet although HL can be considered a modifiable risk factor of socioeconomic disparities in health, the relat...
Article
Inulin-type fructans (ITF), which are fibres found in vegetables such as salsify, artichoke and Jerusalem artichoke, are known for their prebiotic capacities and may contribute to preventing obesity. The current study aimed to assess the differential effects of a type-2 and a combined type-1 and -2 nudge to increase the choice for “prebiotic” veget...
Article
Full-text available
The Health Promoting University (HPU) concept encourages universities to incorporate health into the university culture, processes and policies in an effort to promote the health of the university community. Universities worldwide have adopted the approach and a framework for action has been developed to guide universities to become a HPU. However,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is considered essential for improving the prevention and care of diabetes through empowering patients to increase agency in their own health and care processes. However, existing evidence regarding DSME in the EU Member States (EU MS) is insufficient to develop an EU-wide strategy. Objectives Th...