Stephan Preibisch

Stephan Preibisch
Max-Delbrück-Centrum für Molekulare Medizin | MDC · Berlin Institute for Medical Systems Biology

Dr. rer. nat.

About

81
Publications
23,675
Reads
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38,232
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - September 2014
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Position
  • HFSP Fellow

Publications

Publications (81)
Preprint
During their lifetime, animals must adapt their behavior to survive in changing environments. This ability requires the nervous system to adjust through dynamic expression of neurotransmitters and receptors but also through growth, spatial reorganization and connectivity while integrating external stimuli. For instance, despite having a fixed neuro...
Article
Condensin is a multi-subunit SMC complex that binds to and compacts chromosomes. Here we addressed the regulation of condensin binding dynamics using C. elegans condensin DC, which represses X chromosomes in hermaphrodites for dosage compensation. We established fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) using the SMC4 homolog DPY-27 and sho...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present STIM, an imaging-based computational framework for exploring, visualizing, and processing high-throughput spatial sequencing datasets. STIM is built on the powerful ImgLib2, N5 and BigDataViewer (BDV) frameworks enabling transfer of computer vision techniques to datasets with irregular measurement-spacing and arbitrary spatial resolution...
Article
Light sheet fluorescence microscopy (LSFM) uses a thin sheet of light to excite only fluorophores within the focal volume. Light sheet microscopes (LSMs) have a true optical sectioning capability and, hence, provide axial resolution, restrict photobleaching and phototoxicity to a fraction of the sample and use cameras to record tens to thousands of...
Preprint
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Fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH)-based methods are powerful tools to study molecular processes with subcellular resolution, relying on accurate identification and localization of diffraction-limited spots in microscopy images. We developed the Radial Symmetry-FISH (RS-FISH) software that accurately, robustly, and quickly detects single-mole...
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We present a method for automated nucleus identification and tracking in time-lapse microscopy recordings of entire developing embryos. Our method combines deep learning and global optimization to enable complete lineage reconstruction from sparse point annotations, and uses parallelization to process multi-terabyte light-sheet recordings, which we...
Preprint
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Condensin is a multi-subunit SMC complex that binds to and compacts chromosomes. Unlike cohesin, in vivo regulators of condensin binding dynamics remain unclear. Here we addressed this question using C. elegans condensin DC, which specifically binds to and represses transcription of both X chromosomes in hermaphrodites for dosage compensation. Muta...
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Studying transcription using single-molecule RNA-FISH (smFISH) is a powerful method to gain insights into gene regulation on a single cell basis, which relies on accurate identification of sub-resolution fluorescent spots in microscopy images. Here we present Radial Symmetry-FISH (RS-FISH), which can robustly and quickly detect even close smFISH sp...
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Here, we propose Fourier ring correlation-based quality estimation (FRC-QE) as a new metric for automated image quality estimation in 3 D fluorescence microscopy acquisitions of cleared organoids that yields comparable measurements across experimental replicates, clearing protocols and works for different microscopy modalities. Availability and im...
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Light-sheet microscopy has become indispensable for imaging developing organisms, and imaging from multiple directions (views) is essential to improve its spatial resolution. We combine multi-view light-sheet microscopy with microfluidics using adaptive optics (deformable mirror) which corrects aberrations introduced by the 45o-tilted glass coversl...
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Developmental enhancers control the expression of genes prefiguring morphological patterns. The activity of an enhancer varies among cells of a tissue, but collectively, expression levels in individual cells constitute a spatial pattern of gene expression. How the spatial and quantitative regulatory information is encoded in an enhancer sequence is...
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Light-sheet microscopy has become one of the primary tools for imaging live developing organisms because of its high speed, low phototoxicity, and optical sectioning capabilities. Detection from multiple sides (multi-view imaging) additionally allows nearly isotropic resolution via computational merging of the views. However, conventional light-she...
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Three-dimensional stem-cell-derived organoids are a powerful tool for studying cellular processes in tissue-like structures, enabling in vitro experiments in an organ-specific context. While organoid research has been closely linked to advances in fluorescence microscopy, capturing cellular structures within their global context in an organoid ofte...
Preprint
Transcriptional enhancers are short DNA sequences controlling the spatial activity, timing and levels of eukaryotic gene transcription. Their quantitative transcriptional output is thought to result from the number and organization of transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs). Yet, how the various aspects of regulatory information are encoded in e...
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Discontinuous transcription has been described for different mammalian cell lines and numerous promoters. However, our knowledge of how the activity of individual promoters is adjusted by dynamic signaling inputs from transcription factors is limited. To address this question, we characterized the activity of selected target genes that are regulate...
Article
Cardiac protein homeostasis, sarcomere assembly, and integration of titin as the sarcomeric backbone are tightly regulated to facilitate adaptation and repair. Very little is known on how the >3-MDa titin protein is synthesized, moved, inserted into sarcomeres, detached, and degraded. Here, we generated a bifluorescently labeled knockin mouse to si...
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Light-sheet imaging of cleared and expanded samples creates terabyte-sized datasets that consist of many unaligned three-dimensional image tiles, which must be reconstructed before analysis. We developed the BigStitcher software to address this challenge. BigStitcher enables interactive visualization, fast and precise alignment, spatially resolved...
Preprint
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A BSTRACT Discontinuous transcription has been described for different mammalian cell lines and numerous promoters. However, our knowledge of how the activity of individual promoters is adjusted by dynamic signaling inputs from transcription factor is limited. To address this question, we characterized the activity of selected target genes that are...
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The balance between proliferation and differentiation of muscle stem cells is tightly controlled, ensuring the maintenance of a cellular pool needed for muscle growth and repair. We demonstrate here that the transcriptional regulator Hes1 controls the balance between proliferation and differentiation of activated muscle stem cells in both developin...
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Microtubules are polar, dynamic filaments fundamental to many cellular processes. In vitro reconstitution approaches with purified tubulin are essential to elucidate different aspects of microtubule behavior. To date, deriving data from fluorescence microscopy images by manually creating and analyzing kymographs is still commonplace. Here, we prese...
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Whole-brain imaging allows for comprehensive functional mapping of distributed neural pathways, but neuronal perturbation experiments are usually limited to targeting predefined regions or genetically identifiable cell types. To complement whole-brain measures of activity with brain-wide manipulations for testing causal interactions, we introduce a...
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During development, coordinated cell behaviors orchestrate tissue and organ morphogenesis. Detailed descriptions of cell lineages and behaviors provide a powerful framework to elucidate the mechanisms of morphogenesis. To study the cellular basis of limb development, we imaged transgenic fluorescently-labeled embryos from the crustacean Parhyale ha...
Data
Relative birth times of founder cells in Parhyale thoracic limbs.
Data
Lineage distances between founder cells in Parhyale thoracic limbs.
Preprint
Full-text available
During development coordinated cell behaviors orchestrate tissue and organ morphogenesis to suit the lifestyle of the organism. We have used here the crustacean Parhyale hawaiensis to study the cellular basis of limb development. Transgenic Parhyale embryos with fluorescently labeled nuclei were imaged at high spatiotemporal resolution with multi-v...
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Light sheet fluorescence microscopy (LSFM) is gaining more and more popularity as a method to image embryonic development. The main advantages of LSFM compared to confocal systems are its low phototoxicity, gentle mounting strategies, fast acquisition with high signal to noise ratio and the possibility of imaging samples from various angles (views)...
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Selective Plane Illumination Microscopy (SPIM) allows to image developing organisms in 3D at unprecedented temporal resolution over long periods of time. The resulting massive amounts of raw image data requires extensive processing interactively via dedicated graphical user interface (GUI) applications. The consecutive processing steps can be easil...
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Imaging single proteins or RNAs allows direct visualization of the inner workings of the cell. Typically, three-dimensional (3D) images are acquired by sequentially capturing a series of 2D sections. The time required to step through the sample often impedes imaging of large numbers of rapidly moving molecules. Here we applied multifocus microscopy...
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The increasingly popular light sheet microscopy techniques generate very large 3D time-lapse recordings of living biological specimen. The necessity to make large volumetric datasets available for interactive visualization and analysis has been widely recognized. However, existing solutions build on dedicated servers to generate virtual slices that...
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Light-sheet fluorescence microscopy is able to image large specimens with high resolution by capturing the samples from multiple angles. Multiview deconvolution can substantially improve the resolution and contrast of the images, but its application has been limited owing to the large size of the data sets. Here we present a Bayesian-based derivati...
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Modern biological research relies heavily on microscopic imaging. The advanced genetic toolkit of Drosophila makes it possible to label molecular and cellular components with unprecedented level of specificity necessitating the application of the most sophisticated imaging technologies. Imaging in Drosophila spans all scales from single molecules t...
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Full-text available
Light sheet fluorescence microscopy is able to image large specimen with high resolution by imaging the samples from multiple angles. Multi-view deconvolution can significantly improve the resolution and contrast of the images, but its application has been limited due to the large size of the datasets. Here we present a derivation of multi-view Bay...
Article
Full-text available
Light sheet microscopy promises to revolutionize developmental biology by enabling live in toto imaging of entire embryos with minimal phototoxicity. We present a open hardware and software platform for constructing a compact and customizable Selective Plane Illumination Microscope (SPIM). The OpenSPIM platform including detailed instructions is sh...
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Full-text available
Light sheet microscopy promises to revolutionize developmental biology by enabling live in toto imaging of entire embryos with minimal phototoxicity. We present detailed instructions for building a compact and customizable Selective Plane Illumination Microscopy (SPIM) system. The integrated OpenSPIM hardware and software platform is shared with th...
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ImgLib2 is an open-source Java library for n-dimensional data representation and manipulation with focus on image processing. It aims at minimizing code duplication by cleanly separating pixel-algebra, data access and data representation in memory. Algorithms can be implemented for classes of pixel types and generic access patterns by which they be...
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Fiji is a distribution of the popular open-source software ImageJ focused on biological-image analysis. Fiji uses modern software engineering practices to combine powerful software libraries with a broad range of scripting languages to enable rapid prototyping of image-processing algorithms. Fiji facilitates the transformation of new algorithms int...
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A key challenge in neuroscience is the expeditious reconstruction of neuronal circuits. For model systems such as Drosophila and C. elegans, the limiting step is no longer the acquisition of imagery but the extraction of the circuit from images. For this purpose, we designed a software application, TrakEM2, that addresses the systematic reconstruct...
Data
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Correctable noise on EM images. A1, A2 A large blob occludes information on an EM image when the display range is adjusted for the whole image (A1), but reveals its content when CLAHE is applied (A2). B1-4 A support-film fold generates a dark band (B1) whose content is discernible at a lower value region of the histogram (inset in B2). Applying CLA...
Data
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On-the-fly processing of the field of view for enhanced contrast. The live filter tab of the display offers a few filters, to adjust A the display range; invert the image (not shown) or B CLAHE. Yellow rectangle indicates the original view without filters. (PDF)
Data
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Sketching and quantifying neural tissue with spheres and tubes. A,B Two sections with a “ball” to represent the nucleus and a “pipe” to model the main process of a monopolar insect neuron. The colors indicate relative depth: red means below the current section and blue above. C 3d representation of the “ball” and “pipe” traversing multiple sections...
Data
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Measurements. A Example of a “connector” instance, expressing a synapse between an axon (large profile at lower left with numerous microtubules) whose tree is tagged “presynaptic site”, with numerous terminal dendrites (small target circles, one in red indicating it’s in the previous section). B Measurement of the distances from the root node (the...
Data
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Expressing image transformations without duplicating the original images by using alpha masks. Duplicating images has a huge cost in data storage which TrakEM2 avoids by using highly compressible alpha masks and precomputed mipmaps stored with lossy compression. A Images present borders which are apparent when overlapping (red arrowheads). An alpha...
Data
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Volumetric reconstruction with series of complex 2d areas or “area lists”. The “Z space” tab lists all segmentation objects that exist in 3d. A With the brush tool, a selected “area list” instance is painted in yellow (notice the mouse pointer with circle), labeling the sectioned profile of a neuron. The selected object (listed in the cyan panel) m...
Data
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Supplemental Text containing detailed information on various aspects of the TrakEM2 software, including image registration, dealing with noise, alpha masks, manual segmentation with areas, balls and pipe objects, and measurements. (PDF)
Data
Manual non-linear transform of collections of image tiles for fine cross-section alignment. A,B Two consecutive sections numbered 344 and 345 present an artefactual stretch, as indicated by the widening of the marked profiles (in white). C,D The manual non-linear transformation mode is used here in conjunction with the transparent section overlay (...
Article
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Light microscopy images suffer from poor contrast due to light absorption and scattering by the media. The resulting decay in contrast varies exponentially across the image along the incident light path. Classical space invariant deconvolution approaches, while very effective in deblurring, are not designed for the restoration of uneven illuminatio...
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The observation that animal morphology tends to be conserved during the embryonic phylotypic period (a period of maximal similarity between the species within each animal phylum) led to the proposition that embryogenesis diverges more extensively early and late than in the middle, known as the hourglass model. This pattern of conservation is though...
Article
Pre-mRNA splicing is catalyzed by the spliceosome, which can assemble on pre-mRNA cotranscriptionally. However, whether splicing generally occurs during transcription has not been addressed. Indeed, splicing catalysis is expected to occur posttranscriptionally in yeast, where the shortness of terminal exons should leave insufficient time for splici...
Data
Section and image compositing rules for simultaneous visualization of multiple sections or multiple channels. A Three consecutive sections (called Layer in TrakEM2 parlance), each with numerous tiles, are simultaneously rendered in red (previous), green (current) and blue (next). The gray area indicates that the overlap is very good. B The previous...
Data
Manual affine transform of collections of image tiles. A The affine transform mode is used for interactive multi-tile transformations. In conjunction with multi-section visualization (the editable section in green, and the previous, reference section in red–the best overlap in yellow), a section is manually aligned to the previous–a capability most...
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Full-text available
The analysis of microcircuitry (the connectivity at the level of individual neuronal processes and synapses), which is indispensable for our understanding of brain function, is based on serial transmission electron microscopy (TEM) or one of its modern variants. Due to technical limitations, most previous studies that used serial TEM recorded relat...