Stella Moreno

Stella Moreno
Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena | UPCT · Chemical and Environmental Engineering

PhD

About

74
Publications
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Publications

Publications (74)
Article
The evolution of the behaviour of the Cannabis taxon in the Region of Murcia, Spain, has been analysed (in the cities of Cartagena, 1993–2020; Murcia, 2010–2020; and Lorca, 2010–2020). An attempt has been made to establish the origin of Cannabis pollen in this region to determine whether it is transported locally or from long distances based on air...
Article
The rationale of this paper was to investigate whether earthquakes impact airborne pollen concentrations, considering some meteorological parameters. Atmospheric pollen concentrations in the Region of Murcia Aerobiological Network (Spain) were studied in relation to the occurrence of earthquakes of moment magnitude (up to Mw = 5.1) and intensity (i...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to compare airborne levels of Phl p 1 and Phl p 5, with Poaceae pollen concentrations inside and outside of the pollen season, and to evaluate their association with symptoms in grass allergic patients and the influence of climate and pollution. The Hirst and the Burkard Cyclone samplers were used for pollen and allergen q...
Article
Airborne particulate matter such as mineral dust comes mainly from natural sources, and the African regions of Sahara and Sahel originate large amounts of the aerosols dispersed worldwide. There is little knowledge about the influence of dust episodes on airborne pollen concentrations, and although the centre and southeast of the Iberian Peninsula...
Article
The global consumption of plastic is increasing year by year. The usage of plastic materials may generate small plastic fragments known as microplastics (MPs) which affect the quality of the air we breathe. In this study, a procedure based on thermogravimetry coupled to mass spectrometry (TGA-MS) has been developed to quantify polystyrene (PS) micr...
Article
Olea pollen concentrations have been studied in relation to the typology of air masses, pollen grain sources and marine nature during advections in a coastal enclave in the south-eastern Iberian Peninsula. Since Spain is the world's leading olive producer, and olive growing extends throughout the Mediterranean basin, this location is ideal for the...
Article
Full-text available
Personal exposure to particulate matter (PM) is associated with a variety of adverse health effects and cardiopulmonary diseases. As a mitigating measure to improve air quality, policymakers should select street cleaning tools according to their potential environmental impact, but there is little information about their actual effect on particle po...
Article
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Pollen allergens are one of the most important causes of respiratory allergies in industrialized countries. Aerobiological studies, including pollen and spore concentrations, allow for the defining of different palynomorph concentrations throughout the year. Pollen calendars summarize the aerobiological information of a locality in a single figure....
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Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between meteorological and pollution-related variables and the symptoms of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis due to sensitization to grass pollen during 2 different time periods in Madrid, Spain. Methods: Between March 23 and December 31 in 1996 and 2009, we carried out a daily...
Article
Olive cultivation is of great importance in Southern Europe but olive pollen is the leading cause of allergy in many regions where it is grown. The best preventive measure for allergic patients is to avoid exposure. Thus, aerobiological monitoring networks must supply realistic pollen classes for the different types of allergic pollen. Even though...
Article
Species of the Amaranthaceae family are abundant in the Southeast of Spain, one of the driest areas in Europe. The Amaranthaceae include species of interest from the point of view of allergic diseases. With the expansion of aridity, many species belonging to this family will be favoured. The objectives of this study were: first, to define the preva...
Article
The Olea pollen is currently an important allergy source. In some regions of Southern Spain, olive pollen is the main cause of allergic sensitization exceeding 40% of the sensitized individuals. Due to the scarce presence of olive trees in Northern Spain, limited to some cultivated fields in the South of the Galicia region where they also grow wild...
Article
In the presented study the airborne fungal spores of the semiarid city of Cartagena, Spain, are identified and quantified by means of viable or non-viable sampling methods. Airborne fungal samples were collected simultaneously using a filtration method and a pollen and particle sampler based on the Hirst methodology. This information is very useful...
Article
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Weak pressure gradient over the Iberian Peninsula and African dust outbreaks is discussed. African dust in the southeast Iberian Peninsula was detected at surface levels in southeastern Iberia during 562 of 1,613 days between January 2004 and May 2008. On October 7, 2006, the Iberian plateau was affected by a high over the Bay of Biscay at mean sea...
Article
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It has been hypothesized that exposure to heavy metals may impair male reproduction. To measure the effect produced by low doses of heavy metals on semen parameters, it is necessary to clarify in which body fluids those measurements must be performed. Sixty-one men attending infertility clinics participated in our study. Concentrations of lead, cad...
Article
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The allergens of different grass species share similar physicochemical and immunological features that account for the high incidence of allergenic cross-reactivity. We aimed to gain more information on the correlation between Poaceae airborne pollen and allergen concentration and hence make a reliable assessment of true pollen exposure in differen...
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Associations found in time-series studies on hospital emergency room (ER) visits due to asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with single air pollutants show some lack of consistency. The respiratory effects of aeroallergens in the air pollution mix are not well established. Non-linear relationships of different airborne pollen ty...
Article
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Detailed knowledge of the spatial distribution of sources is a crucial prerequisite for the application of pollen dispersion models such as, for example, COSMO-ART (COnsortium for Small-scale MOdeling - Aerosols and Reactive Trace gases). However, this input is not available for the allergy-relevant species such as hazel, alder, birch, grass or rag...
Article
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Exposure to allergens represents a key factor among the environmental determinants of asthma. The most common information available for pollinosis patients is the concentration of pollen grains in the bioaerosol and their temporal distribution. However, in recent years, discordance between pollen concentrations and allergic symptoms has been detect...
Article
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Animal studies have shown the reproductive toxicity of a number of heavy metals. Very few human observational studies have analyzed the relationship between male reproductive function and heavy metal concentrations in diverse biological fluids. The current study assessed the associations between seminal and hormonal parameters and the concentration...
Article
In aerobiological studies, the Parietaria pollen type usually includes all Parietaria and Urtica species found in the area. Given that Urtica is a nonallergenic plant, the pollen counts report incomplete information on the presence of allergens in the atmosphere. Discordance between the pollen concentrations of Urticaceae and allergic symptoms has...
Article
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Ten years of public health interventions on industrial emissions to clean air were monitored for the Mediterranean city of Cartagena. During the 1960s, a number of large chemical and non-ferrous metallurgical factories were established that significantly deteriorated the city's air quality. By the 1970s, the average annual air concentration of sulf...
Article
To compare specific nutrient intake between normospermic and oligoasthenoteratospermic patients attending infertility clinics in two Mediterranean provinces of Spain. Case-control study. Private fertility clinics in southeastern Spain. Thirty men with poor semen quality (case subjects) and 31 normospermic control subjects of couples attending our f...
Article
Bulk deposition samples were collected monthly at six sampling points in the highly industrialized city of Cartagena, Mediterranean coast of Spain, during a period of 13 years. The study has focused particularly on the effects on dustfall composition caused by the end of two industrial activities, a lead smelter and a fertilizers plant which shut d...
Article
Cupressaceae is a family of plants resistant to airborne contamination, and its pollen is the main cause of winter allergic respiratory diseases, especially in North America, Japan, and Mediterranean countries. Recently, a major allergen from Cupressus arizonica pollen grains, Cup a 3, was cloned and expressed. To study the effects of air pollution...
Article
Source apportionment analysis was used to identify the factors contributing to atmospheric pollution at a monitoring location in the Southeast of Spain, a well documented area with an arid climate and high insolation favouring two sources of particulate matter: secondary transformation in the atmosphere and resuspension of crustal dry soils to the...
Article
Average ranges of particulate matter (PM 10 and PM 2.5) concentrations and chemical composition in Spain show significant variations across the country, with current PM 10 levels at several industrial and traffic hotspots exceeding recommended pollution limits. Such variations and exceedances are linked to patterns of anthropogenic and natural PM e...
Article
This case-control study explored the role of environmental toxins in male infertility in patients attending an assisted reproduction clinic in southeastern Spain. Exposures were compared by questionnaire for 30 infertile oligoasthenoteratozoospermic males (cases) and 31 normozoospermic controls residing in the area. Odds ratios and 95% confidence i...
Article
Full-text available
Human semen quality may be declining due to environmental pollutants, occupational exposures or changes in lifestyle. Nonetheless, we still know little about the impact of those factors on male fertility. Some heavy metals, volatile organic compounds or xenoestrogens may compromise reproductive male function. This process could take place along the...
Article
To compare dietary habits in normospermic and oligoasthenoteratospermic patients attending a reproductive assisted clinic. An observational, analytical case-control study. Private fertility clinics. Thirty men with poor semen quality (cases) and 31 normospermic control couples attending our fertility clinics. We recorded dietary habits and food con...
Article
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Our research group has one of the most useful systems for study- ing the presence of atmospheric pollutants (ozone, SO2, NO2, benzene, toluene, and p-xylene, among others). Researchers dream of developing models to explain complex phenomena. However, even the best models require real data to validate the predictions. For atmospheric dispersion mode...
Article
Despite their significant role in source apportionment analysis, studies dedicated to the identification of tracer elements of emission sources of atmospheric particulate matter based on air quality data are relatively scarce. The studies describing tracer elements of specific sources currently available in the literature mostly focus on emissions...
Article
The distribution of pollutants in the atmosphere is key to the validation of dispersion models. While dispersion models tend to assume that air masses are homogeneous, experimental measurements of pollutants using a LIDAR show a different picture. Air masses are very complex and the concentrations of pollutants are influenced by multiple factors. I...
Article
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5(2):173-80 173 RESUMEN La preocupación pública y científica acerca del riesgo potencial de los contaminantes y los tóxicos ambientales para la salud reproductiva masculina se está incrementando, sobre todo debido al aumento de publicaciones que recogen una tendencia decreciente de la calidad se-minal, así como un aumento de las tasas de anomalías...
Article
In patients with pollinosis, allergic symptoms are often correlated with the number of airborne pollen grains, although this correlation is not always close. The direct measurement of the concentration of aeroallergens has only recently been introduced and is an important advance in public health information systems. To compare specific quantificat...
Article
This paper presents our reply to two questions posed by Dr. Millard concerning our paper Martínez-García et al. [Martínez-García MJ, Moreno JM, Moreno-Clavel JM, Vergara N, García-Sánchez A, Guillamón A, Portí M, Moreno-Grau S. Heavy metals in human bones in different historical epochs. Sci Total Environ 2005;348:51–72], namely, whether diagenetic...
Article
Indoor air quality is a growing concern for both industry and private housing. There has been a clear evolution in the building business to improve insulation to prevent energy losses. However, a better insulation entails collateral problems, such as reduced ventilation and its effect on indoor air quality. Natural ventilation has been replaced by...
Article
The concentration of the metals lead, copper, zinc, cadmium and iron was determined in bone remains belonging to 30 individuals buried in the Region of Cartagena dating from different historical periods and in eight persons who had died in recent times. The metals content with respect to lead, cadmium and copper was determined either by anodic stri...
Article
The LIDAR UV11 is a multi-wavelength Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) for air pollution monitoring. The mobile Lidar is based on a similar principle than RADAR. DIAL is used to measure different pollutants based on their specific absorption spectra. With this system it is possible to measure the hydrocarbons benzene, toluene and p-xylene. Tolue...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrocarbons in the lower atmosphere have a strong impact on the human health. Some of them are harmful to health directly, as benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX). Other species are important precursors of the photochemical formation of tropospheric ozone, e.g. high reactive olefins as ethylene and propylene. The new limit values in the European guid...
Article
In this article we report the relationships between heavy metals(Pb, Cd, Zn, Cu) in soil and settleable particulate matter usingdata from 6 yr at six different sampling points withinCartagena, a Spanish Mediterranean city. The use of enrichmentfactors and factor analysis allowed us to predict the majorsources of these metals. Soils were classified...
Article
Zygophyllum fabago L. (Zygophyllaceae) can be found in the Middle East, in North Africa and in the arid zones of the Mediterranean region. It easily establishes itself in new regions, and is considered an invasive plant. They undergo ambophilous pollination, as there is a relationship between this type of pollination and its allergenic incidence. A...
Article
This paper presents the results obtained after the use of a two-stage clustering analysis to get a classification scheme of surface winds. For this purpose, we have studied data from four meteorological towers within the city of Cartagena, a Mediterranean city located at Southeast of Spain, with a complex topography for wind circulation. Semi-hourl...
Article
This article presents the results of the analysis of the metals lead, cadmium, copper, zinc and aluminum, conducted on a total of 112 soil samples arising from 57 sampling points, distributedthroughout the Cartagena area in southeastern Spain. Both, totalmetal content and soluble fraction (1 M nitric acid medium, exchangeable fraction) were analyze...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Contributions of risk factors to high lead and cadmium levels in deciduous teeth J. Bayo*, S. Moreno-Grau*, M.J. Martinez-Garcia*, J.M. Moreno J.M. Angosto*, JJ. Guillen-Perez^, L. Garcia-Marcos^ and J. Moreno-Clavel* *Dept. of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Spain. ^Epidemiological and Clinica...
Article
Shed deciduous teeth lead and cadmium content of children from Cartagena (Spain) was assessed. Parents were provided with an interview containing different questions concerning family socioeconomic status, child's health history, zone of residence, or home antiquity. Besides, physiological variables were considered, i.e., sex of donor, presence of...
Article
Zygophyllum fabago is a herbaceous plant withairborne pollen found widely in the MurciaRegion, in the Southeast of Spain. Although itsallergenicity has been recently reported,little is known of its involvement inpollinosis. Aerobiological study andsensitization in pollinotics weremeasured using a Hirst volumetric trap. Wehave measured the atmospher...
Article
Full-text available
A method using differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry after microwave oven digestion was developed for the simultaneous determination of Cd(II) and Pb(II) in the deciduous teeth of children. Each tooth was weighed; deposited in a 120 mL capped Teflon vessel with 5 mL 65% nitric acid, Suprapur analytical grade; and digested in a 2-step micr...
Article
Total suspended particulate matter (TSP) and lead (Pb) concentrations were monitored at three sampling stations in Cartagena, Spain, from February 1990 to December 1998, and copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and cadmium (Cd) atmospheric concentrations were measured from January 1991 to December 1998. TSP and Pb values were analysed from samples collected on...
Article
We have studied the effects of various meteorological parameters and plant distribution on the airborne concentrations of three different pollen types: Chenopodiaceae-Amaranthaceae, Quercus and Olea, in the city of Cartagena, situated in Southwest Europe. The aerobiological study has been carried out from March 1993 to March 1997, using a Hirst-typ...
Article
This paper presents the results of metals determination in atmospheric aerosol samples obtained by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). A significant increase in the sensitivity of the AAS technique is demonstrated by contrasting the results obtained with the use of the high sensitivity nebulizer and those attained with a standard nebulizer. This...
Article
Full-text available
The problems of air pollution became noticeable in Cartagena in the seventies, high SO2 and particle levels having been reached from time to time. Our aim is to assess, using the EMECAM methodology, the acute impact of SO2 and particle air pollution on the daily death rate of the city of Cartagena in the 1992-1996 period. A daily listing is provide...
Article
Full-text available
FUNDAMENTO: Los problemas de contaminación atmosférica se han venido percibiendo en la ciudad de Cartagena desde la década de los setenta, con episodios puntuales de altos niveles de SO2 y partículas. Nos proponemos evaluar, utilizando la metodología del proyecto EMECAM, los efectos agudos de la contaminación atmosférica por SO2 y partículas sobre...
Article
PURPOSE: The problems of air pollution became noticeable in Cartagena in the seventies, high SO2 and particle levels having been reached from time to time. Our aim is to assess, using the EMECAM methodology, the acute impact of SO2 and particle air pollution on the daily mortality of the city of Cartagena in the 1992-1996 period. METHODS: A daily l...
Article
Zygophyllum fabago is a herbaceous plant found widely in the Mediterranean area. There are no previous reports of its allergenicity. An aerobiologic and clinical survey was conducted in Murcia, southern Spain, to determine the quantity of airborne pollen and establish the possible role of this pollen as a cause of allergic symptoms. With a Hirst vo...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring of airborne pollen grains in Cartagena (Spain) has been carried out over a period of three years from 18 March 1993 to 18 March 1996 using a volumetric capture device (Hirst Sampler, Lanzoni VPPS‐2000). A total of 59877 grains/m3 belonging to 44 taxa were observed. The Urticaceae are the most common group, with altogether 18479 grains/m3...
Article
A study about the morphology of Zygophyllum fabago L. pollen grains and their possible type of pollination has been carried out. The pollen grain is isopolar, radially simmetric and suboblate. Elliptic in equatorial view, trilobate in polar view. It is a small grain and 3-zonocolporate. The ectocolpi have sharp ends which limit a small polar area w...
Article
This paper presents a simple, reliable, economical, safe, accurate and reproducible method for atmospheric aerosol lead determination in glass fiber filters, consisting on an acid digestion procedure and atomic absorption spectrometry quantification. The acid digestion is accelerated by the use of a microwave oven with capped Teflon PFA vessels, an...
Article
This paper presents a simple, reliable, economical, safe, accurate and reproducible method for atmospheric aerosol lead determination in glass fiber filters, consisting on an acid digestion procedure and atomic absorption spectrometry quantification. The acid digestion is accelerated by the use of a microwave oven with capped Teflon PFA vessels, an...
Article
This paper presents a model for natural systems used in urban waste water treatment. The model includes thermal and biochemical submodels, derived from the physical and biochemical phenomena involved in the treatment process. The thermal submodel is based on a heat balance for the system and the numerical solution of the resulting differential equa...

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