Steffen Wippel

Steffen Wippel
Philipps University of Marburg | PUM · Centrum für Nah- und Mittelost-Studien (CNMS)

Dr. rer. pol. habil.
Coordinator IFG IV "Resources and Sustainability", Merian Centre for Advanced Studies in the Maghreb (MECAM), Tunis

About

131
Publications
18,313
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232
Citations
Citations since 2016
47 Research Items
149 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022010203040
Introduction
Steffen Wippel works for Philipps Universität Marburg as a Fellow group coordinator at Merian Centre for Advanced Studies in the Maghreb (MECAM), Tunis. He also worked with research institutions in Berlin, Erlangen and Leipzig (Germany), Rennes (France) and Odense (Denmark). Steffen does research in Urban Politics, Geography and Islamic Economics. He is working on urban development in the Middle East and North Africa and on transregional links between North and sub-Saharan Africa.
Additional affiliations
May 2020 - February 2022
Philipps University of Marburg
Position
  • Associated scholar
September 2015 - January 2019
PhiIipps-Universität Marburg
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Project "Tangier (Morocco) as a hub in transregional interconnections: Economic and urban transformation in entangled spatial perspectives"
August 2014 - July 2015
University of Southern Denmark
Position
  • Professor (Full) for Contemporary Middle East Studies
Education
October 2005 - August 2008
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Faculty of Philosophy and Theology
Field of study
  • Economics
May 1990 - May 1995
Freie Universität Berlin, Faculty of Economics
Field of study
  • Economics
September 1984 - August 1985
Université Aix-Marseille II
Field of study
  • Economics

Publications

Publications (131)
Article
Nicht nur in der westlichen Welt und den aufstrebenden Ökonomien im östlichen Asien erlebt der schienengebundene Nahverkehr eine Renaissance. Dies betrifft klassische Straßenbahnen und moderne Stadtbahnen ebenso wie leistungsfähige U-Bahnen oder das Umland erschließende S-Bahn-ähnliche Systeme. Auch im Nahen Osten und in Nordafrika werden, nach zög...
Article
The article aims to demonstrate that “secondary cities,” like “world cities” that, also in the Global South, are in the focus of current urban research, are experiencing transformations from rapid “globalisation” to progressive “neoliberalisation” of urban policies and developing “postmodern” characteristics. Urban decision-makers also endeavour to...
Article
Full-text available
Link: https://stichproben.univie.ac.at/fileadmin/user_upload/p_stichproben/Artikel/Nummer40/06_Tanj-Afrique.pdf This article examines the connections of the northern Moroccan metropolis of Tangier with sub-Saharan Africa. The city has experienced a significant boost in overall development in recent years; among other things, a world port for contai...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
The Call for Papers for the edited volume “Branding the Middle East”, edited by Steffen Wippel, is looking for a limited number of additional articles for missing topics, countries and cities. Especially studies on branding of commodities and personalities and contributions on regional areas such as the Levant, the Maghreb and peripheral areas will...
Article
Full-text available
The region of Tangier is considered as Morocco’s dynamic economic corner. It is the receptacle of infrastructure and development projects supported by the Moroccan state and international investors. The most impressive project is the Tanger-Med port with its panoply of free zones. The opening for foreign capital and international exchange notably m...
Article
https://doi.org/10.4000/belgeo.43518; https://journals.openedition.org/belgeo/43518 La région de Tanger est considérée comme un angle économique dynamique du Maroc. Elle est le réceptacle de projets d’aménagement et de développement portés par l’Etat et des investisseurs internationaux. Le projet le plus impressionnant est celui du port Tanger-Med...
Chapter
Full-text available
Open Access. See Links: https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-658-31160-5 (book); https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-658-31160-5_6 (article) The northern Moroccan urban agglomeration of Tangier has experienced rapid, spectacular changes over the last decade, mainly as a result of urban megaprojects and the expansion of transpor...
Article
Full-text available
Online First: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s42520-020-00318-y and https://rdcu.be/b7GiS Abstract: In the course of the spatial turn, long-established regional subdivisions of the world have been deconstructed, and area studies are increasingly opening up for transregional research. One (re)emerging research field is Trans-Saharan Studi...
Article
Since the late 1990s, the Southern Omani city of Salalah quickly raised to an important hub for international trade through the Indian Ocean, by strategically using its geographical position. Yet, the economic and traffic links of the new huge container port with the immediate hinterland remain limited. Political crises and economic cycles make the...
Article
Full-text available
Link: http://www.trialog-journal.de/en/journal/ For more than ten years, the northern Moroccan metropolitan area of Tangier has been undergoing far-reaching changes. Major urban projects pay tribute to the global attention economy and aim to integrate the ‚secondary city‘ into global, regional and national economic and transport circuits. Above al...
Chapter
The chapter “Edirne as a Secondary City. Global Reconfiguration of the Urban” examines the effects of globalization on Edirne. As a result of a review of theories in urban studies, Steffen Wippel proposes to approach Edirne as a secondary globalizing city. Such cities are exposed to globalization just like metropolises and form important nodes in g...
Chapter
Die Stadtentwicklung in den Metropolen der arabischen Welt folgt seit den 2000er Jahren immer stärker neoliberalen Mustern: Ein Stadtneu- und -umbau wird mit Fokus auf Marketingstrategien und Profitmaximierung im Immobiliensektor vollzogen. Den Rahmen für die konzeptionelle Betrachtung der Stadt als ökonomische Ware und Marke bilden hierbei die aut...
Chapter
Full text: https://www.perspectivia.net/receive/pnet_mods_00001155
Article
Full-text available
Online: https://meta-journal.net/issue/view/230 Abstract: Battlefields, visions, and construction sites: the urban as an arena of contest. This is how urban development in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is presenting itself at the end of this decade. Urbanity and identity are still violently transformed into ruins in long-lasting civil, a...
Book
Online: https://meta-journal.net/issue/view/230 Abstract: Battlefields, visions, and construction sites: the urban as an arena of contest. This is how urban development in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is presenting itself at the end of this decade. Urbanity and identity are still violently transformed into ruins in long-lasting civil, a...
Book
Full-text available
Jenseits etablierter Meta-Geographien. Der Nahe Osten und Nordafrika in transregionaler Perspektive Herausgegeben von Dr. Steffen Wippel, Dr. Andrea Fischer-Tahir 2018, 354 S., Broschiert, ISBN 978-3-8487-4416-9, 69,- € Wie auch andere Weltregionen wird der „Nahe Osten und Nordafrika“ oftmals als eindeutig definierter, geschlossener und weitgehend...
Chapter
Full-text available
In der Einleitung zum Sammelband „Jenseits etablierter Meta-Geographien. Der Nahe Osten und Nordafrika in transregionaler Perspektive“ beschäftigen wir uns mit der Frage, wie wir eine regionalwissenschaftliche Forschung ausgestalten können, die sich jenseits festgefügter „Raumcontainer“ und anderer etablierter Raumstrukturen bewegt.
Chapter
Angesichts des vorherrschenden methodischen Nationalismus in der Wissenschaft wird auch die nord-„marokkanische“ Stadt Tanger gern in scheinbar klar definierte Weltregionen eingeordnet. Tatsächlich positionieren dagegen interessierte Kreise die Stadt vielfältig als Schnittstelle und Verbindungspunkt zwischen Europa und Afrika, Mittelmeer und Atlant...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
Tanger hat in den letzten Jahren nicht nur einen großen Containerhafen erhalten, der rasch in die globale Spitzenliga aufgestiegen ist. Die lange vernachlässigt Stadt im Norden Marokkos erlebte auch einen gewaltigen Stadtum- und -ausbau. Die neuen Wirtschafts- und Verkehrsinfrastrukturen trugen zu einer erheblichen Globalisierung einer im regionale...
Article
Tanger hat in den letzten Jahren nicht nur einen großen Containerhafen erhalten, der rasch in die globale Spitzenliga aufgestiegen ist. Die lange vernachlässigt Stadt im Norden Marokkos erlebte auch einen gewaltigen Stadtum- und -ausbau. Die neuen Wirtschafts- und Verkehrsinfrastrukturen trugen zu einer erheblichen Globalisierung einer im regionale...
Article
Christian Steiner / Steffen Wippel. Wege zur Neuerfindung der Stadt im Nahen und Mittleren Osten? p. 4-5 Christian Steiner. Das Dubai-Modell: Herrschaftsstabilisierung durch Stadtentwicklung. p. 6-10 Jonas Margraff / Nadine Scharfenort. Neoliberalismus und urbane Regeneration in Muscat und Doha. p. 11-16 Felix Hartenstein. El Gouna: Pionier einer u...
Article
Full-text available
Christian Steiner / Steffen Wippel. Wege zur Neuerfindung der Stadt im Nahen und Mittleren Osten? p. 4-5 Christian Steiner. Das Dubai-Modell: Herrschaftsstabilisierung durch Stadtentwicklung. p. 6-10 Jonas Margraff / Nadine Scharfenort. Neoliberalismus und urbane Regeneration in Muscat und Doha. p. 11-16 Felix Hartenstein. El Gouna: Pionier einer u...
Chapter
Since the early 1990s, Indian Ocean rim States have been trying to establish this vast area as another (re-)emerging distinct region of closer economic cooperation. It overlaps with other integration projects in South and South East Asia, the Middle East and Eastern and Southern Africa, and at the same time it is positioned in between the global po...
Poster
Full-text available
Vortragsreihe „Transregionale Verflechtungen: Räumliche Zusammenhänge jenseits etablierter Metageographien“ Wintersemester 2016/17 und Sommersemester 2017 Centrum für Nah und Mittelost-Studien (CNMS), Philipps-Universität Marburg Dienstags, 18-20 Uhr im Hörsaal 00A26, CNMS,Deutschhausstraße 12, 35032 Marburg Organisiert von PD Dr. Steffen Wippel, F...
Presentation
Full-text available
Programmheft zur Vortragsreihe „Transregionale Verflechtungen: Räumliche Zusammenhänge jenseits etablierter Metageographien“ Wintersemester 2016/17 und Sommersemester 2017 Centrum für Nah und Mittelost-Studien (CNMS), Philipps-Universität Marburg Dienstags, 18-20 Uhr im Hörsaal 00A26, CNMS,Deutschhausstraße 12, 35032 Marburg Organisiert von PD Dr....
Book
Full-text available
To analyse the “hyperreality” of tourism and port sites in Oman and their “otherness” is a challenging endeavour when neighbouring Dubai is already so extremely hyperreal. The intention of this paper is to distinguish what is specific to the Sultanate compared with other places in the region and to consider such newly established projects from mult...
Book
The Middle East has been undergoing new crises since the powerful socio-political uprisings known as the Arab Spring took place in several countries in 2011. Some countries are experiencing a long-term collapse of their political and social structures out of internal conflicts and external interventions. The Transnational Middle East posits that, i...
Research
Full-text available
"‘All Things Transregional?’ in conversation with … Steffen Wippel." TRAFO – Blog for Transregional Research, 2.8.2016. https://trafo.hypotheses.org/4742
Book
Full-text available
Working Paper. http://grc.net/download_generic.php?file_name=ODcwOTY%3D This paper studies the spatial and economic development of the Greater Salalah area in the southern governorate of Dhofar (Oman) in a conceptually well-informed manner referring to theories of post-modern urban development, especially of “globalized” cities, global and local fr...
Book
Full-text available
URL: http://www.kas.de/marokko/fr/publications/46222/ Sans doute la ville de Tanger peut renvoyer à un passé culturellement riche et historiquement important ; mais la transformation économique et politique que la ville accomplit actuellement changera son caractère plus durablement que tout autre transformation auparavant. Pour l’activité d’une fo...
Chapter
Full-text available
URL: http://www.kas.de/marokko/fr/publications/46222/
Chapter
Full-text available
Depuis une bonne quinzaine d’années le Maroc est en train de renforcer ses relations économiques à travers le Sahara. Il n’a pas seulement conclu un grand nombre d’accords bilatéraux, mais aussi multiplié ses exportations vers l’Afrique subsaharienne et notamment renforcé la présence de ses entreprises dans des secteurs stratégiques. Cependant, ces...
Book
Full-text available
Since the late 2000s, Salalah, a long neglected, remote place in Southern Oman, is being developed into a major tourism destination. Besides the com-pleted airport expansion, the hotel infrastructure in particular, notably in the form of “integrated tourism complexes”, is under development. However, the risk of overcapacities, impacts of regional a...
Article
Trialog. A Journal for Planning and Building in the Global Context German Abstract for the English text: Salalah im südlichen Oman steht weitgehend außerhalb des Fokus der globalen Aufmerksamkeit, die aktuell die Städte der weiteren Golfregion auf sich ziehen. Der Ende der 1990er Jahre eröffnete Containerhafen, der erweiterte Güterhafen, die anschl...
Article
Full-text available
The article gives an overview of the development of contemporary research on Middle Eastern and North African economies in Germany. It includes the most important institutions and central research topics and approaches, underlining that this field is, in fact, multidisciplinary. The article also points out some of its most salient structural, conce...
Book
Full-text available
In recent years, Tangier has experienced important urban and economic progress. Based on its new container port, this includes its transformation into a major transport and logistics hub that links to several parts of the world. The paper focuses on corresponding infrastructure. After a brief survey of the new interest in advancing Morocco’s North,...
Book
Full-text available
International and national media are currently showing increased attention to Morocco’s economic presence in sub-Saharan Africa. After a brief survey of the country’s trade relations and economic agreements across the Sahara, the paper focuses on Moroccan investment and firm cooperation, illustrated by strategic sectors such as finance, telecommuni...
Book
Full-text available
Interdisciplinary in approach, this volume explores and deciphers the symbolic value and iconicity of the built environment in the Arab Gulf Region, its aesthetics, language and performative characteristics. Bringing together a range of studies by artists, curators and scholars, it demonstrates how Dubai appeared – at least until the financial cri...
Chapter
In this chapter, Steffen Wippel shows that while neighbouring Dubai occupies the focus of public and academic attention due to its highly iconic buildings and landmarks, Oman, by contrast, has a history of being more cautious in establishing new architectural and infrastructural projects. Over the last few years, however, it, too, has reinforced it...
Chapter
Article edited, revised and supplemented for publication with Katrin Bromber/Birgit Krawietz/Christian Steiner; original text by Alice Creischer/Andreas Siekmann
Chapter
Article edited, revised and supplemented for publication with Katrin Bromber/Birgit Krawietz/Christian Steiner; original text by Alice Creischer/Andreas Siekmann
Article
Full-text available
To study the current economic and spatial reconfiguration of the city of Salalah in Southern Oman means to analyse one of the “secondary cities” on the Arab side of the Gulf. These have been neglected compared to the interest shown for several years now for major cities. Salalah only appeared on the economic world map after its container port was b...
Chapter
In the introduction, “Regionalizing Oman”: A New Interest of Research on Oman and its Spatial Dimensions , the editor of the volume presents the outline of the book, touching on the renewed interest of researchers from a wide range of social science disciplines in Oman. The presentation of the chapters shows the multiple possible perspectives on “R...
Chapter
In the second chapter , Steffen Wippel gives some Conceptual Considerations on “Space” and “Region”: Political, Economic and Social Dynamics of Region-Building . The author starts with a critique of the “methodological nationalism” and rigid regional “metageographies” that predominate in research as well as in the broader public. He then develops a...
Chapter
Very often economists and politicians tend to analyse past trends and future opportunities of regional economic integration in terms of pre-defined regional entities. More recent concepts across the disciplines emphasise a more open approach to regionalisation processes, focusing on region-building and on a more open definition of regions. Whereas...
Chapter
The conclusion sums up the multiplex regionalisation processes, of which Oman, its people and society are part. They point in different geographical directions and occur on multiple spatial scales. Besides larger world regions, intranational and transborder regionalisation takes place. Regional belonging, however, is not unidimensional; rather, act...
Book
Full-text available
This volume addresses the historical structures and current dynamics of Oman’s regionalization processes and their political, economic and social dimensions. It is based on an interdisciplinary and trans-regional dialogue between scholars from different social sciences and area studies such as political science, economics, management, economic and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Academic publications on the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) still focus on security cooperation and political conflicts in the area. As the region’s economic integration (in particular the planned monetary union) steadily advanced, it became another topic of research, but the more profound study of real progress in trade liberalisation or in establ...
Book
Full-text available
Die in Nord-Süd-Richtung verlaufende westsaharische Verflechtungsachse stellt eine bedeutende historische "Brücke" zwischen dem mediterran-arabischen Nordafrika und dem subsaharischen Raum dar, die im Gegensatz zur Nilachse bisher keine umfassende wissenschaftliche Würdigung erfahren hat. Der Autor untersucht daher aus einer jüngeren historischen P...
Chapter
Der Vortrag untersucht den Prozess der Grenzziehungen im nordwestlichen Afrika und im weiteren westlichen Sahararaum während der Kolonialzeit und seine Folgen. Erst in der Kolonialzeit begannen territoriale Grenzen weiterreichende Bedeutung für die Bewegungen in der, durch die und am Rande der Sahara zu erlangen. Im Gegensatz zu anderen Teilen West...
Chapter
Die Proteste des »Arabischen Frühlings« verdeutlichen zweierlei: einerseits die grundlegenden Unzufriedenheiten und Unsicherheiten, die in den vergangenen 30 Jahren im Gefüge neoliberaler Globalisierung entstanden sind. Andererseits entlarven sie unsere Unwissenheit über lokale Alltagsbezüge, die trotz einer digitalen Informationsflut sogar zu wach...
Article
Full-text available
A New Regionalism Approach understands regionalisation as a complex, multidimensional and multidirectional phenomenon leading to overlapping and fuzzy regional spaces. The paper will study Oman's efforts to institutionalise regional cooperation on different, bilateral and multilateral levels and in different forms, especially to liberalise trade re...
Article
Full-text available
Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Jordan took the decision to combine their bilateral trade arrangements to form a common free trade area at a time when Arab Mediterranean countries saw the increasing need for more regional integration. At the same time the issue did not progress any further in the Arab world. This paper focuses on several institutional...
Book
Der Sammelband gibt einen Einblick in Entwicklungen und Probleme der Wirtschaft im Vorderen Orient und das wirtschaftliche Handeln der dort Lebenden, seine Bedingungen und seine Folgen. Zugleich zeigt dieses Buch das vorhandene Potenzial von auf Wirtschaft und den Vorderen Orient ausgerichteter Forschung in Deutschland auf. Der Band versammelt Beit...
Article
Le Sahara était, dans l'histoire, un espace traversé par d'intenses flux commerciaux et humains qui liaient les deux franges Nord et Sud du désert. Cependant, depuis des siècles ces échanges ont de plus en plus pris d'autres voies au détriment des pistes transsahariennes. Depuis quelques années, l'Afrique du Nord-Ouest connaît une forte évolution s...
Article
Marokko hat in den letzten Jahren seine politischen und wirtschaftlichen Beziehungen in den Sahararaum und darüber hinweg verstärkt, Mauretanien hat seine nordafrikanische Orientierung zu Lasten seiner subsaharischen Beziehungen ausgebaut, und der Senegal hat sich um die Verbesserung des Verhältnisses zu Mauretanien und Marokko bemüht. Daneben durc...
Chapter
Der Beitrag untersucht die räumlichen Bezüge des wirtschaftlichen Handelns. Dabei zeigt sich, daß der Maghreb kein eindeutig definierter Raum mit klaren Formen und Inhalten ist, sondern ein sich immer wieder wandelndes Ergebnis sozialer Prozesse mit interner Differenzierung und unscharfen Außengrenzen. Als politische und wirtschaftliche Einheit, di...
Chapter
Der einleitende Beitrag zu dem Sammelband behandelt folgende Aspekte: •Zur Lage der institutionalisierten auf Wirtschaft und Orient bezogenen Forschung in Deutschland •Zur disziplinären Offenheit und zum "cultural turn" in der wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Analyse •Die Diskussionspapiere des Fachgebiets Volkswirtschaft des Vorderen Orients •Zur V...
Conference Paper
Link: http://www.diis.dk/graphics/Events/2004/Middle_East/SteffenWIPPEL.pdf Regions in which we live and act are not "naturally" given, but "socially" constituted through concentrations of flows of people and goods, perceptions by political and economic agents and political institutionalisation. In my paper, I will look at the gradual "invention" a...
Article
Les dernières années font preuve d'une nouvelle orientation des pays nordafricains vers l'Afrique subsaharienne. Ce qui est remarquable c'est que, outre les dimensions politiques, des aspects économiques commencent à jouer un rôle primordial dans ce processus. Tout cela survient au niveau bilatéral avec une certaine concentration sous-régionale, ma...
Article
Der Beitrag untersucht nach einem Überblick über den historischen Verlauf die jüngsten Entwicklungen des Integrationsprozesses im Maghreb und stellt dazu die Binnensicht eines marokkanischen Ökonomen und Politikers stellvertretend für das Meinungsbild in der Region vor. In den letzten beiden Jahren mehrten sich Anzeichen, die auf eine Wiederaufnahm...

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Projects (3)
Project
Urban development in the Middle East has been complex and multifaceted in recent years. Following the postmodern and neoliberal Dubai model of urban development, fast-track urban growth in Arab Gulf countries has largely reshaped the socio-economic environment in cities such as Doha, Abu Dhabi, Muscat, Riyadh and Jeddah, despite severe temporary setbacks following the global financial and economic crises. Investments in cultural, sports, educational and business districts, hyperreal shopping and leisure facilities, huge waterfront developments, iconic mega projects and the redevelopment of religious heritage sites have not only aimed at broadening the economic basis for the post-oil era in these countries. Concurrently, they are intended as tools for city branding in a globalized competition of places and as signs to demonstrate progress and modernization to the members of the Gulf societies themselves. In consequence, these urban development projects function as a nucleus to (re-)develop a new urban and national identity. Moreover, they serve as a means to accumulate symbolic capital to legitimate the existing political system. Therefore, the genius loci of the cities in the region itself has increasingly become a contested space. However, comparatively unrecognized urban development in North Africa and the Levant has been turbulent and dynamic, too, and has been partly influenced by the upheavals caused by the “Arab Spring”. For instance, Tunis is trying hard to democratize its urban development governance structures, Tangier has profited from a huge redevelopment of its port facilities, and Erbil endeavours to become an appropriate capital under conditions of emerging statehood. In Cairo, the whole city structure is changing by bringing Cairo Vision 2020 increasingly to life, while Istanbul is trying hard to develop into a widely recognized global city. What all these development paths seem to have in common is not only a postmodern, but also a neoliberal foundation: the privatization of urban planning and development, the erosion and fragmentation of public spaces, a strict orientation towards consumption- and business-orientated development concepts, and the securitization of urban spaces meet opaque and undemocratic planning processes. Although the outcomes of these processes set a bright, clean and fascinating stage for urban development in the region, they simultaneously imply a dark and largely hidden side. Increasing socio-economic fragmentation, exploitation, the displacement of old established populations, rising socio-economic and cultural segregation, unequal access to urban infrastructure, growing crime rates, incidents of political unrest, protests and social counter-movements, and an increasing level of surveillance and political suppression by local governments are typical “side effects” of neoliberal urban development policies. Whereas many states and cities engage in a rat race of such postmodern, neoliberal urban development, other places in the region face terrorism, war and devastation. Cities such as Aleppo, Kobane, Palmyra and Raqqa in Syria, Sinjar and Mosul in Iraq, Cizre and Sur in Turkey, Tripoli and Benghazi in Libya, and Ta‛izz in Yemen have been bombed and destroyed by various conflicting parties. Thousands of people have lost their lives, and the urban heritage has been seriously damaged or is even lost forever. Even though this destruction may be interpreted as the ultimate outcome of a struggle about space and place, it implies an intrinsic logic in terms of rule, conflict, political economy and development opportunities, which is largely under-researched aside from the case of Beirut. Against this background, the project intends to bring together various papers that critically tackle these complex current urban re-configurations and disparate development paths of contemporary urban dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa from cross-fertilising multidisciplinary perspectives. Besides widely present “global cities”, this also includes less-investigated “secondary cities” that nevertheless undergo much the same experiences. As it is done in most social and cultural disciplines today, we understand “urban development” as an open, non-linear and non-teleological process of recurrent transformation and change covering a broad range of aspects, and going far beyond urban planning and architecture alone.