Stefano Rinaldi

Stefano Rinaldi
Università degli Studi di Brescia | UNIBS · Department of Information Engineering

Ph.D.

About

194
Publications
65,269
Reads
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2,421
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2021 - present
Università degli Studi di Brescia
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2014 - October 2021
Università degli Studi di Brescia
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
June 2009 - present
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Position
  • Synchronization protocols for WSN

Publications

Publications (194)
Conference Paper
As constantly stated by the World Health Organization, physical activity is extremely important for a healthy aging, but how exercises are made is as important as how much activity is made. A large variety of wearable devices capable of sensing people movement is available on the market. Automatic detection and classification of fitness activity is...
Conference Paper
Recently, a transparent enhancement to LoRaWAN, called Lora-REP, has been proposed to cope with emergency situation generated by sporadic events in Internet-of-Things (IoT) scenarios. The LoRa-REP uses message replication to boost the performance of the emergency communication, reducing average transaction time and increasing success probability. P...
Article
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Nowadays, the data flow architecture is considered as a general solution for the acceleration of a deep neural network (DNN) because of its higher parallelism. However, the conventional DNN accelerator offers only a restricted flexibility for diverse network models. In order to overcome this, a reconfigurable convolutional neural network (RCNN) acc...
Conference Paper
The Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm is already producing new services in a variety of domains, including industrial applications. However, some of them, such as autonomous vehicles, require not only accurate data from the surrounding environment, but also information on the location the data was obtained. While well-established technologies, such...
Conference Paper
The push for increase production efficiency and reduce discards is calling for a new generation of automatic test equipment (ATE) relying on cloud architecture. In details, traditional in-line automatic test equipment can be connected by means of IoT technology to the cloud, where virtually unlimited complexity algorithms can increase the measureme...
Article
Ultra Wide Band (UWB) based solutions for real time localization are starting to be widely diffused. They use two-way ranging scheme achieving indoor positioning accuracy well below ten centimeters. These wireless devices are based on counters with picosecond resolution, which could be used also for nodes time synchronization. This work aims to pro...
Conference Paper
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The importance of educational buildings' Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) is critically increased due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The need to protect occupants and preserve educational spaces where learning activities could proceed in attendance promotes the development of strategies to monitor and correct the indoor conditions on a real-time basis...
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Nowadays, a huge amount of digital data is frequently changed among different embedded devices over wireless communication technologies. Data security is considered an important parameter for avoiding information loss and preventing cyber-crimes. This research article details the low power high-speed hardware architectures for the efficient field p...
Conference Paper
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In the last years, the mobility sector is undergoing a significant transformation. Electric Vehicles (EVs) are progressively replacing traditional Internal Combustion Engines (ICEs), thanks to the lack of direct Green House Gas (GHG) and pollutant emissions: a great step toward decarbonized and sustainable energy systems. Nevertheless, the growing...
Conference Paper
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Industry 4.0 paradigm improves industrial automation systems efficiency leveraging on the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), offering pervasive connectivity with field devices and paving the way to innovative services. Updating legacy machines in brownfield installations is needed for preserving investments. This paper discusses the design and t...
Conference Paper
Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWANs) are wireless technologies well accepted in the Internet of Things (IoT) scenarios because they operate in both public and private infrastructure using unlicensed frequency bands. Differently from other wireless standards, the LPWAN target applications are low-rate, sporadic-transmission, low-energy systems. Sur...
Conference Paper
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The advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm highlighted the importance of core technologies at the root of any distributed systems, as wireless communications, cloud computing and big data analysis. Today, companies and organizations, pursuing the so-called Industry 4.0 (r)evolution, are moving toward smart factories, smart workforce, and i...
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The management of the distribution network is becoming increasingly important as the penetration of distributed energy resources is increasing. Reliable knowledge of the real-time status of the network is essential if algorithms are to be used to help distribution system operators define network configurations. State Estimation (SE) algorithms are...
Article
The approach to the built environment as a container of human activities has been severely outdated with a new vision that puts the user, his/her well-being and his/her experience, at the centre, shifting from the old “building as a product” to the newer “building as a service” and the newest “building as an experience” concept. Nevertheless, the s...
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The EU Green Deal, beginning in 2019, promoted a roadmap for operating the transition to a sustainable EU economy by turning climate issues and environmental challenges into opportunities in all policy areas and making the transition fair and inclusive for all. Focusing on the built environment, the voluntary adoption of rating systems for sustaina...
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In the Industry 4.0 the communication infrastructure is derived from the Internet of Things (IoT), and it is called Industrial IoT or IIoT. Smart objects deployed on the field collect a large amount of data which is stored and processed in the Cloud to create innovative services. However, differently from most of the consumer applications, the indu...
Article
Industrial control systems (ICS) include networked control systems (NCS), which use Real-Time Ethernet (RTE) protocols since many years, well before the Time Sensitive Networking (TSN) initiative debut. Today, Ethernet based control systems are used all across Industry 4.0, including in critical applications, allowing for straight integration with...
Article
In the paper, a non-invasive remote monitoring method of error of electricity energy meter is introduced and its achievable precision is investigated. The aim of the method is to determine remotely the smart energy meter active power relative measurement error using the reference energy meter connected at the input of a low voltage distribution gri...
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In the last few years, the technology re-evolution has deeply transformed several aspects of everyday life. For sure, one technology with a strong impact is the so-called Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT paradigm made it possible to break down the data barrier between the vertical domains on which the traditional information and communication tech...
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The current perspective about urban development expects 70% of energy consumption will be concentrated in the cities in 2050. In addition, a growing density of people in the urban context leads to the need for increased security and safety for citizens, which imply a better lighting infrastructure. Smart solutions are required to optimize the corre...
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The adoption of the distributed generation paradigm is introducing several changes in the design and operation of modern distribution networks. Modern grid codes are becoming more and more complex, and the adoption of smart protection systems is becoming mandatory. However, the adoption of newer and smarter units is only half of the story. Proper c...
Article
The monitoring and the management of Smart Grid require an advanced communication infrastructure. The time synchronization is among the most important services such an infrastructure should offer. Several solutions are available to disseminate the time information in a distributed system; for instance, most of the times a Global Positioning System...
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The LoRaWAN technology, an example of Low Power Wide Area Network, is considered a possible IoT-derived solution for realizing private cellular (single-hop) communications in the industrial domain. However, despite LoRaWAN promises long range and dense environments with many obstacles (as the industrial ones), it may suffer from coverage issue. Add...
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The increasing presence of intermittent Distributed Generation (DG) based on Renewable Energy Sources (RESs) is heavily affecting the operation and management of modern distribution grids. Even though the use of Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESSs) and the integration of advanced Demand Response (DR) programs is expected to mitigate this prob...
Conference Paper
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The ongoing transition towards the distributed generation paradigm is significantly affecting the way modern Distribution Networks (DNs) must be designed and operated. New functions are being introduced year over year, by following the increasing complexity of grid codes. As a consequence, the adoption of smart protection systems is becoming a key-...
Conference Paper
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The time synchronization of smart grid devices is a critical feature for the successful application of advanced grid monitoring and control techniques. Synchronization mechanisms based on the accurate estimation of the Time of Arrival (ToA) of network messages-sent over power line cables-are a promising solution to achieve synchronization tasks ove...
Conference Paper
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Modern power systems are becoming more and more complex, in order to handle the growing spread of Renewables and of Electric Vehicle charging stations. The control capability relies on the integration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), including accurate time distribution mechanisms, such as the IEEE 1588 protocol, to the existing d...
Conference Paper
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The recent advances in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are laying down the foundations of future energy systems. The growing availability of reliable and cost-effective ICT solutions are indeed offering the opportunity for the implementation of advanced monitoring and control functions over Distributed Energy Resources (DERs), thus f...
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IoT networks for data gathering in the buildings allow to control and manage the operational phase of the systems for ventilation and IAQ, optimizing the energy flows and the indoor comfort conditions. The concept of Cognitive Building steers the implementation of such networks in the assets considering the sensors as scattered systems to inform an...
Article
Ambient assisted-living (AAL) systems, including wearables and home automation, could improve the quality of life of fragile people. As analyzed in this paper, the typical architecture of AAL systems is based on wireless sensors networks and proprietary gateways and it can be complex, expensive, and hardly includes interoperable multivendor devices...
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p class="Abstract">In recent years, energy-savings policies have affected many aspects of everyday life. Considering a typical building, the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system is the most energy-consuming system. This consideration is especially true for large public-access buildings, such as schools, and public administration...
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Nowadays, wireless technologies penetrate all aspects of our lives. "Internet of Things" (IoT) and "Location-Based Services" are the pillars of Smart City concept. The IoT smart objects surrounding us are an integral part of the Internet, thanks to their computational and communication capabilities. In such applications, location information can be...
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The Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm contaminated the industrial world. Wireless communications seem to be particularly attracting, especially when complement indoor and outdoor Real Time Location Systems (RTLS) for geo-referencing smart objects (e.g. for asset tracking). In this paper, the LoRaWAN solution is considered for long range transmissio...
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The Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWANs) have been proposed as viable wireless connection method for the implementation of the Internet of Things (IoT), thanks to their wide coverage, low complexity and low power consumption. In this scenario, LoRaWAN emerged as a de-facto leading technology, because of its openness and the current availability of...
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In this paper a general model for the estimation of the uncoordinated charging costs of Electric Vehicles (EVs) in the presence of distributed and intermittent generation, and variable electricity tariffs is presented. The proposed method aims at estimating the monthly average cost of uncoordinated charging of a single EV depending on the hour at w...
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Location based services (LBS) have emerged as an active area of research aimed to filter and organize the information present on the internet. This work deals with LBS applied to industrial Internet of Things (IoT) applications , ranging from distributed measurement systems (DMS) to distributed human-machine interface (HMI). The goal is to investig...
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The progressive paradigm shift from the centralized generation of electricity towards decarbonized and distributed energy systems is deeply changing the way energy is produced, distributed, and consumed. A relevant attention is currently being paid to the development of innovative control strategies for the management of the increasing complexity o...
Conference Paper
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The increasing presence of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) in distribution grids is posing relevant challenges to all electricity operators, particularly concerning the unreliability and intermittency of distributed generators based on Renewable Energy Sources (RESs). The use of Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESSs) has been recently propo...
Conference Paper
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In the last years, the increased environmental awareness is calling for the transition from vehicles powered by Internal Combustion Engines (ICEs) toward Electric Vehicles (EVs). Nevertheless, the wide penetration of such technologies is limited by the impact EV Charging Stations (EVCSs) have on the distribution grid. The management of EVCSs could...