Stefano Mancuso

Stefano Mancuso
University of Florence | UNIFI · Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Agroalimentari e dell'Ambiente (DISPAA)

PhD

About

363
Publications
151,483
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9,259
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Introduction
Stefano Mancuso currently works at the Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Agroalimentari e dell'Ambiente (DISPAA), University of Florence.
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
January 2010 - present
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
January 2006 - December 2012
University of Bonn

Publications

Publications (363)
Article
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Tuber magnatum Picco is a greatly appreciated truffle species mainly distributed in Italy. Its price and characteristics mostly depend on its geographical origin. Truffles represent a fundamental step of the life cycle of Tuber species promoting spore dissemination. They consist of two main parts, gleba, the inner part, and peridium, which is in di...
Article
Chenopodium quinoa uses epidermal bladder cells (EBCs) to sequester excess salt. Each EBC complex consist of a leaf epidermal cell, a stalk cell, and the very bladder. Under salt stress, Na+, Cl‐, K+ and metabolites are shuttled from the leaf lamina to the bladders. Stalk cells operate as both a selectivity filter and a flux controller. In line wit...
Article
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Few phytoremediation studies have been conducted under semi-arid conditions where plants are subjected to drought and/or salinity stress. Although the genus Salix is frequently used in phytoremediation, information regarding its tolerance of drought and salinity is limited. In the present study, Salix acmophylla Boiss. cuttings from three sites (Ad...
Article
There is increasing interest in controling EVOO quality on the market in order to maintain its high economic value and to protect the consumer from fraud. Here we developed a new pipeline to assess the quality of olive oil. Over five olive oil crop-years 792 oil samples were simultaneously evaluated by a Proton Transfer Reaction Time of Flight Mass...
Article
Before the upheaval brought about by phylogenetic classification, classical taxonomy separated living beings into two distinct kingdoms, animals and plants. Rooted in ‘naturalist’ cosmology, Western science has built its theoretical apparatus on this dichotomy mostly based on ancient Aristotelian ideas. Nowadays, despite the adoption of the Darwini...
Chapter
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Plant roots are generally hidden from our sight, growing and living underground in alliances with symbiotic fungi. In order to find enough water and critical mineral nutrients, they explore large areas of soil with their root apices acting as plant cognition-based brain-like organs allowing them to use kin recognition, self/non-self recognition as...
Article
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Abstract: Capsicum plant species are globally cultivated in warm and temperate regions, being important for agro­economic, biological and cultural aspects. While their worldwide spread and their ability of cross­pollination to easily hybridize play an important role in the formation of numerous species and vari­eties but also create confusion for t...
Article
Phytoremediation is a potentially suitable technique for the reclamation of toxic landfill leachate (LL) by decreasing its volume through water uptake and improving its composition by uptake, accumulation and amelioration of pollutants. We investigated the use of two parameters, the LL concentration and the Leachate Pollution Index (LPI), a method...
Article
Significant variation in epidermal bladder cells (EBC) density and salt tolerance (ST) exists amongst quinoa accessions, suggesting that salt sequestration in EBCs is not the only mechanism conferring ST in this halophyte. In order to reveal other traits that may operate in tandem with salt sequestration in EBCs and whether these additional toleran...
Article
Full-text available
Capsicum plant species are globally cultivated in warm and temperate regions, being important for agro-economic, biological and cultural aspects. While their worldwide spread and their ability of cross-pollination to easily hybridize play an important role in the formation of numerous species and varieties but also create confusion for their classi...
Article
Botanical filtration is a biological-based treatment method suitable for removing hazardous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from air streams, based on forcing an air flow through a porous substrate and foliage of a living botanical compartment. The pathways and removal mechanisms during VOC bioremediation have been largely investigated; however,...
Article
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The use of seawater in horticulture is underestimated. Although pure seawater is harmful to most living plants, diluted seawater could represent a promising integration to meet the crop’s nutrient and water requirements. In the current trial, we compared the effects of moderate and high concentrations of seawater and a comparable NaCl solution on a...
Article
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Peaches are climacteric and highly perishable fruits, with a short shelf life, and are prone to rapid deterioration after harvest. In this study, the chemical proprieties, aroma profile and a sensory evaluation were conducted to: (1) characterize and compare fruits of 13 different peach and nectarine cultivars, harvested at physiological maturation...
Article
Barbara Gillespie Pickard (1936–2019) studied plant electrophysiology and mechanosensory biology for more than 50 y. Her first papers on the roles of auxin in plant tropisms were coauthored with Kenneth V. Thimann. Later, she studied plant electrophysiology. She made it clear that plant action potentials are not a peculiar feature of so-called sens...
Article
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Spectral and VOCs data are important to determine the genuineness of the EVOO. The aim of this work is to apply an open-source device for VIS–NIR spectrophotometric measurements and a VOCs analyzer to identify some types of sophistication. 96 samples were analyzed. Samples included pure EVOO compound olive oil pure seed oils and olive oil samples a...
Article
Soil salinity is among the major abiotic stresses that plants must cope with, mainly in arid and semiarid regions. The tolerance to high salinity is an important agronomic trait to sustain food production. Quinoa is a halophytic annual pseudo‐cereal species with high nutritional value that can secrete salt out of young leaves in external non‐glandu...
Article
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Nowadays, the debate involving climate change concerns safeguarding the water resources of the planet, an extremely important topic also in agriculture. In particular, the problem of scarce water availability becomes more and more pressing every year and at the agronomic level it is necessary to make intelligent use of water without affecting the q...
Article
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Vascular plants are integrated into coherent bodies via plant-specific synaptic adhesion domains, action potentials (APs) and other means of long-distance signalling running throughout the plant bodies. Plant-specific synapses and APs are proposed to allow plants to generate their self identities having unique ways of sensing and acting as agents w...
Article
Hyperosmotic stresses represent some of the most serious abiotic factors that adversely affect plants growth, development and fitness. Despite their central role, the early cellular events that lead to plant adaptive responses remain largely unknown. In this study, using Arabidopsis thaliana cultured cells we analyzed early cellular responses to so...
Article
Phytotechnological approaches using living plants are currently being proposed to address a wide range of environmental purposes including the treatment of landfill leachate (LL). Despite their popularity, few studies have investigated this possibility under actual Mediterranean conditions using fast-growing trees. This research reports the results...
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The projected population growth implies an increased food demand with a severe impact on Earth's natural resources. Improving crops yield without compromising the environment will be one of the main challenges of the next decades. Among the practices that can promote sustainable agriculture, organic fertilizers, and seaweeds in particular, are rece...
Article
Essential and toxic ions are often heterogeneously distributed within a soil landscape. This fact may complicate phytoextraction efforts to remove toxic ions such as heavy metals from the soil as the roots of some plants instead may colonize more favorable microenvironments and avoid heavy metal accumulation. In this study a split-root hydroponic e...
Article
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Poplar and willow demonstrate great potential for the phytoextraction of trace elements (TEs) from soils. In most cases, these species are managed as short-rotation coppice, producing high woody biomass yields, which could provide a valuable contribution toward reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. In the current study, we compared t...
Article
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The Ultisols in the Raña de Cañamero area in Southwest Spain showed aluminum (Al) phytotoxicity, and the clearance of natural vegetation and decades of intensive conventional agriculture caused the deplation of soil organic matter (SOM). Therefore, we studied the long-term effects of no tillage and liming using sugar beet foam (SF) and red gypsum (...
Article
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The analysis of the electrophysiological activity of plants permits a real-time information of the plant status (e.g. light availability and water stress). However, even though it is clear that the role of the electrical signals in plant is crucial, especially in processes involving the propagation of rapid signals, a systematic approach for the in...
Article
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Recent works have demonstrated that plants follow complex decision rules when competing with conspecific neighbours (kin or strangers) and foraging resources. According to kin selection theory, cooperative behaviours toward relatives (i.e. reduced competition) can increase actor’s extended fitness, with advantages to the whole group of relatives. S...
Article
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Plants play a more active role in shaping their environment than most climate models assume. Understanding their specific behavior could have profound impact on predicting future climate changes.
Article
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Background: Truffles are symbiotic fungi that develop underground in association with plant roots, forming ectomycorrhizae. They are primarily known for the organoleptic qualities of their hypogeous fruiting bodies. Primarily, Tuber magnatum Pico is a greatly appreciated truffle species mainly distributed in Italy and Balkans. Its price and featur...
Article
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Hops flowers are used to impart highly desirable hoppy aromas in beer. The emergence of craft brewing caused an increase in the popularity of intense hoppy beer determining a breeding trend for new hop flavour varieties that differ in terms of oil contents and compounds. The aim of this work is to examine the relationship between volatile organic c...
Article
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Plums are climacteric fruits with reduced shelf life and they represent a very appreciated product for fresh consumption. European consumers can find several plum cultivars that offer different organoleptic characteristics, flavor and aroma. In this study, chemical properties, such as total soluble solids (TSS), pH, titratable acidity, total phenol...
Chapter
Actin cytoskeleton was discovered some 70 years ago, and it is well known to be responsible for cellular transport phenomena and contractilities, with animal muscles representing the most obvious example. This ancient cytoskeletal system is present in all eukaryotic cells, responsible for all kinds of intracellular motilities. For example, the syna...
Article
At an Italian field test site the efficiency of phytoextraction of toxic trace elements (TEs) from the soil is determined by uptake capacity, bioavailability of TEs in the soil and biomass yield of the plants involved. Altering the quantity and type of biomass produced, especially among fast-growing trees, may be one method of increasing phytoextra...
Article
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The fruit of chili pepper (Capsicum spp.) is used fresh or dried all over the world because of their unique pungency, color, taste, and aroma. Limited information is available about a hypothetical correlation between volatile organic compound (VOC) emission and spiciness of different pepper species and varieties. The aromatic profile and the pungen...
Article
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The present work aimed to assess the antimicrobial activity of twelve essential oils extracted from plant resins of trees that grow in several tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Eleven essential oils were extracted from resins of plant belonging to the Burseraceae family (the genera Boswellia, Commiphora, Canarium and Bursera); the rema...
Article
Agriculture is the human activity requiring the higher amount of freshwater. Nevertheless, water availability is already an issue in many regions of the world, suggesting the need of alternative water sources to face the increasing food demand. Spinacia oleracea plants have been cultivated in a floating hydroponic system where nutrient solution was...
Article
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Soil salinity is a major constraint for the global agricultural production. For many decades, Na⁺ exclusion from uptake has been the key trait targeted in breeding programs; yet, no major breakthrough in creating salt tolerant germplasm was achieved. In this work, we have combined the MIFE technique for non‐invasive ion flux measurements with confo...
Article
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The quality of coffee is linked to the aroma created by the chemical reactions that occur during the roasting process. While it is generally thought that roasted coffee is a stable product with a relatively long shelf-life, little information is available on the evolution (kinetic) of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the days immediately fo...
Article
Available freshwater counts on less than 1% of the water on Earth and of such share an average of 70% is absorbed by the agricultural sector. Since the rhythm of freshwater withdrawal is faster than its regeneration, measures have to be taken in order to preserve such an important resource. The use of seawater in soilless culture is an interesting...
Article
The agronomic management of vineyards, aimed at the maximization of grape yields, is intensive and includes repeated tillage, crop residues removal, strict weed and pest control treatments. In viticulture, healthy soils and a suitable climate are the key factors that influence the quality of the produced wine. Even under intensive agronomic practic...
Article
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Cultivated olive, a typical fruit crop species of the semi-arid regions, could successfully face the new scenarios driven by the climate change through the selection of tolerant varieties to salt and drought stresses. In the present work, multidisciplinary approaches, including physiological, epigenetic and genetic studies, have been applied to cla...
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Nous les Arbres : Exposition , Paris , FRA, 12-/07/2019 - 10/11/2019
Article
In this opinion article, we challenge the traditional view that breeding for reduced Cl⁻ uptake would benefit plant salinity tolerance. A negative correlation between shoot Cl⁻ concentration and plant biomass does not hold for halophytes – naturally salt tolerant species. We argue that, under physiologically relevant conditions, Cl⁻ uptake requires...
Article
Using various inhibitors and scavengers we took advantage of the size of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds to investigate in vivo the effects of hormones, namely abscisic acid (ABA) and ethylene (ET), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the polarization of dormant (D) and non-dormant (ND) embryonic seed cells using microelectrodes. Our data show...