Stefano Lo Russo

Stefano Lo Russo
Politecnico di Torino | polito · DIATI - Department of Environment, Land and Infrastructure Engineering

PhD

About

64
Publications
9,247
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760
Citations

Publications

Publications (64)
Article
Full-text available
The availability of freshwater resources in mountain areas has been affected by climate change impacts on groundwater storage mechanisms. As a web of complex interactions characterizes climate systems, understanding how water storage conditions have changed in response to climate driven factors in different Italian contexts is becoming increasingly...
Article
Full-text available
The paper examines the distribution of raw materials useful for the realization of LIBs. The availability of the world reserves of these elements is analyzed by presenting an index that highlights the risk of exhaustion of a resource based on economic trends, future objectives and recycling capabilities state-of-the-art. The focus is then on the So...
Article
Full-text available
It has become increasingly necessary to optimise mountain groundwater resource management and comprehend resource-recharging systems from a hydrogeological perspective to formulate adequate resource protection strategies. Analysing mountain spring behaviour and aquifer characteristics can be time-consuming, so new automated techniques and software...
Article
Full-text available
Mountain springs represent one of the largest and most precious sources of potable water in Italy, necessary to meet the water needs of the population. Optimizing the present and future management strategies of mountain groundwater resources has become increasingly necessary. The accuracy and frequency of the flow rate ( Q ) measurements determine...
Article
Full-text available
Geological and geophysical exploration campaigns have ascertained the coexistence of low to medium-temperature geothermal energy resources in the deepest regions of Italian sedimentary basins. As such, energy production based on the exploitation of available geothermal resources associated with disused deep oil and gas wells in Italian oilfields co...
Preprint
Full-text available
It has become increasingly necessary to optimise mountain groundwater resource management and comprehend resource recharging systems from a hydrogeological perspective in order to formulate adequate resource protection strategies. Analysing mountain spring behaviour and aquifer characteristics can be time consuming, so new automated techniques and...
Chapter
Full-text available
As continuous groundwater monitoring in the upper sector of Rodoretto Valley (Germanasca Valley, Italian Western Alps) is hampered by logistical problem of data collection during winter and spring months, the only tools currently available to derive hydrogeological information are non-continuous and non-long-term dataset of spring discharge (Q), te...
Article
Full-text available
Thermal perturbation produced in the subsurface by open-loop groundwater heat pump systems (GWHPs) must be predicted and constantly controlled, especially in the shallow aquifers of more densely urbanized areas, in order to guarantee plants’ long-term sustainable use and to avoid adverse effects on adjacent geothermal systems. Transient conditions...
Article
Full-text available
Mining activities can contribute to sustainable development, focusing on economic, environmental, and community aspects. To this purpose, it appears essential to investigate the spatial dimension of mining operations to have a clear picture of the full range of impacts in terms of both opportunities and constrains. The paper illustrates the constru...
Article
Full-text available
Thermal perturbation produced in the subsurface by open-loop groundwater heat pumps (GWHPs) represents a complex transport phenomenon that is affected by several factors, including intrinsic characteristics of the exploited aquifer, abstraction and reinjection well features, and the temporal dynamics of the accessed groundwater. Post-GWHP water may...
Article
Thanks to the international political response to climate change the past fve years have been a period of unprecedented growth and development for renewable energy worldwide. The general worldwide renewable energy scenario and then the geothermal energy production and use is here outlined with a particular focus on geothermal energy in Italy and it...
Article
Thermal perturbation in the subsurface produced in an open-loop groundwater heat pump (GWHP) plant is a complex transport phenomenon affected by several factors, including the exploited aquifer’s hydrogeological and thermal characteristics, well construction features, and the temporal dynamics of the plant’s groundwater abstraction and reinjection...
Article
Full-text available
We present a methodology to use a UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) to perform photogrammetric surveys and detailed geological mapping in mountain areas. This work is specially related to the presented case study with the aim to realize geomorphological maps from UAVs, since they can house different types of sensors and acquire data more rapidly and ch...
Article
Open-loop groundwater geothermal heat pumps (GWHP) represent an interesting technology that is expected to contribute significantly to the reduction of primary energy use for buildings heating and cooling needs especially in urban context. In the GWHP's design phases the geological and hydrogeological parameters must be accurately determined in ord...
Article
The use of groundwater abstracted via open loop systems is increasingly being considered as a means to provide heating and cooling for buildings in urban contest. Physical processes affecting heat transport within an aquifer include advection (or convection) and hydrodynamic thermodispersion (diffusion and mechanical dispersion). The advective comp...
Article
This paper presents an exergetic analysis of the operating conditions of a shallow horizontal ground source heat pump. The analysis is conducted through theoretical evaluation of the exergy potential and the evaluation of the main sources of unavoidable irreversibilities. This approach can be used to assess the main causes of performance reduction...
Article
Full-text available
It is quite unusual to consider the exploitation of geothermal resources during at the tunnel design stage. This paper is intended to analyse the nature and the potential of the geothermal resources. These are essentially the hot or cold water inflow and the temperature of the surrounding ground itself. A methodological approach is proposed to face...
Article
Full-text available
Deep seated gravitational slope deformations (DSGSD) in the Western Alps, which usually affect glacial valleys, produce strong deformation in both bedrock and Quaternary cover, generally favouring erosion. This research, which examines a DSGSD along the Mont Fallère southern slope in the Aosta Valley, suggests that DSGSD can also locally favour the...
Article
Full-text available
Open-loop groundwater heat pump (GWHP) technology has experienced increased implementation throughout several parts of the world. Water is discharged into an aquifer for cooling and heating buildings, which has the potential to cause, even in the short term, significant environmental impacts associated with groundwater thermal interference, particu...
Article
The interaction between tunnelling and groundwater is an important factor to be considered in any underground work. Groundwater can represent a major constraint for many technical decisions related to the tunnel construction and, at the same time, a fundamental valuable natural resource to be preserved quantitatively and qualitatively during and af...
Article
In recent years, Italy has witnessed an increasing interest in the use of geothermal resources as well as in the key role hydrogeology plays in the study of geothermal systems and in design of installations. For these reasons within the framework of activities aimed at studying current and future exploitation and the related sustainability of geoth...
Article
A fundamental aspect in groundwater heat pump (GWHP) plant design is the correct evaluation of the Thermally Affected Zone (TAZ) that develops around the injection well. This is particularly important to avoid interference with previously existing groundwater uses (wells) and underground structures. Temperature anomalies are detected through numeri...
Article
Drinking water supply and waste water networks and treatment systems provide essential services to the community. These infrastructures are vulnerable and subject to a wide range of risks; damage and operation interruptions that require immediate restoration and management of the emergency, may occur. The vulnerability of water supply systems is no...
Article
Open-loop groundwater heat pump (GWHP) technology has experienced increased implementation throughout several parts of the world. Water is discharged into an aquifer for cooling and heating buildings, which has the potential to cause, even in the short term, significant environmental impacts associated with groundwater thermal interference, particu...
Article
The study focuses on the potentiality of the low-enthalpy open-loop GroundWater Heat Pumps (GWHP) diffusion in the alluvial plain aquifers of the Piemonte region (NW Italy). The use of low-enthalpy open-loop GroundWater Heat Pumps (GWHP) could in fact contribute to the reduction of regional greenhouse gas emissions. GWHP could be used only with sha...
Article
Full-text available
Landslide susceptibility mapping is a fundamental tool for disaster management and planning development activities in mountainous areas. The landslide susceptibility maps produced in the present work represent a step forward in the management of landslide hazard in the Germanasca valley (Western Alps, NW Italy). Landslide susceptibility analysis wa...
Article
Aquifers in mountain areas are a strategic resource for the people who live there. To optimise future management, it is vital to understand hydrogeological systems from both geological and hydrogeological perspectives. Historically, methods such as hydrograph and time series analyses have been applied to characterise large karst systems. The aim of...
Article
A fundamental aspect in Groundwater Heat Pump (GWHP) plant design is the correct evaluation of the Thermal Affected Zone (TAZ) that develops around the injection well, which is important to avoid interference with existing groundwater applications and underground infrastructure. Numerical methods facilitate the identification of temperature anomali...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents an exergetic analysis of the operating conditions of a shallow horizontal ground source heat pump. The analysis is conducted through theoretical evaluation of the exergy potential and the evaluation of the main sources of unavoidable irreversibilities. This approach can be used to select the optimal installation depth. A simple...
Article
Full-text available
A fundamental aspect in groundwater heat pump (GWHP) plant design is the correct evaluation of the thermally affected zone that develops around the injection well. This is particularly important to avoid interference with previously existing groundwater uses (wells) and underground structures. Temperature anomalies are detected through numerical me...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most complex hydrogeological problems in the design and maintenance of drainage systems in abandoned mining sites is quantifying the maximum water infiltration and, therefore, the amount that is potentially drainable by the tunnels. This problem is compounded when water-inflow data are limited or lacking. The aim of the study was to pres...
Article
Many kilometres of roads are close to rock slopes that are prone to rockfalls. The fulfilment of safety requirements in such situations is a multidimensional design process involving public and private technicians in the assessment and management of the problem. In this paper, a rockfall risk management approach has been applied to the road infrast...
Article
Full-text available
In the modern geological mapping activities geomatics technologies can facilitate data collection during field survey and avoid practical problems related to the transposition of that data onto topographic maps. This paper describes an innovative tool (the Solid True Ortho-Photo; STOP) for the structured acquisition and recording of geological fiel...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the framework of the activities aimed at studying current and future exploitation and the related sustainability of geothermal resources, the Working Group IDROGEOTER was set-up within the IAH Italian Chapter. The first activity of IDROGEOTER‘s workplan is the analysis of state of the art in current use of low-to high enthalpy geothermal res...
Article
Risk induced by rockfall on a road is a relevant topic for designer. In this paper, we discuss a risk analysis management procedure for roads subject to rockfall phenomena using a new method specifically developed, named RO.MA. In this method rockfall risk is calculated using an event tree approach. Two different examples of application are propose...
Article
Energy consumption has increased as a result of two main factors: The economical recovering of industrialized countries after a decrease in energy demand and the economical emergence of countries such as China and India. Geothermal energy is one of the alternatives to ensure sustainable development, representing a clean, free, renewable energy avai...
Article
This work is focused on the planning of rational heating systems for urban areas. District heating is an important option to supply heat to the users in urban areas. The energy sustainability of such option depends on the annual energy request, the population density and the efficiency in heat production. Among the alternative technologies, geother...
Conference Paper
Heat pumps are expected to play a major role in future energy scenarios. Proliferation of these systems in urban areas may cause issues related to environmental impact on water basins and interactions between installations. Both issues are associated with the thermal plume produced by the heat pump during operation and are particularly evident in t...
Article
Open-loop groundwater heat pumps (GWHPs) are considered one of the most energy efficient and environmentally friendly air-conditioning systems for temperate zones. A fundamental aspect in GWHP plant design is early evaluation of the thermally affected zone (TAZ) that develops around the injection well. This is particularly important to avoid interf...
Article
This work is focused on the planning of rational heating systems for urban areas.From the sustainability viewpoint, district heating is an important option to supply heat to the users in urban areas. The energy convenience of such option depends on the annual energy request, the population density and the efficiency in heat production. Among the al...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of risk for vehicles and drivers as a result of rockfall on a road is relevant to design management in geotechnical engineering. This process is very complex due to the large number of parameters involved. In this paper, we discuss risk analysis and management procedures for roads subject to rockfall phenomena. To this aims, we are pro...
Article
Full-text available
A new, detailed survey of the Rodoretto Valley (Western Alps, Italy) has been conducted resulting in the production of a new morphological and quaternary geological map of the area. The authors used the innovative Solid (True) Ortho-Photo (STOP) technology integrated with navigation sensors (Global Navigation Satellite System-GNSS/Inertial Measurem...
Article
Many kilometers of roads have adjacent rock slopes that are prone to rockfall. The analysis of risks associated with these types of instabilities is a complex operation requiring the precise assessment of hazard, the vulnerability and therefore the risk of vehicles on roads along the foothills. Engineering design of protection devices should aim to...
Article
KEY WORDS: Open-loop ground water heat pump; Feflow; Low-enthalpy; Thermal Affected Zone; Turin; Italy The increasing diffusion of low-enthalpy geothermal open-loop Groundwater Heat Pumps (GWHP) providing buildings air conditioning requires a careful assessment of the overall effects on groundwater system, especially in the urban areas where severa...
Article
Full-text available
KEY WORDS: Deep-seated gravitational slope deformation (DSGSD); Risk; Hazard; Susceptibility; Piemonte; Italy Deep-seated gravitational slope deformations (DSGSDs) and "sackung" deformations are complex processes of gravitational movement that involve large volumes of rock, often several tens of meters thick and several kilometers long. The develop...
Article
Full-text available
To implement successful policies for the protection of groundwater and curtail the possibility of water supply contami-nation, an early evaluation of aquifer vulnerability is needed. Rather than implementing broad restrictions to land use and effluent discharge, it is more cost-effective and economically favourable to approach protection in a stepw...
Article
Full-text available
In the modern geological mapping activities geomatics technologies can facilitate data collection during field survey and avoid practical problems related to the transposition of that data onto topographic maps. This paper describes an innovative tool (the Solid True OrthoPhoto; STOP) for the structured acquisition and recording of geological field...
Article
A multidisciplinary methodology is proposed for analyzing opportunities to use existing boreholes and an open-loop groundwater heat pump to provide summer cooling needs for large university buildings in Turin (NW Italy). The approach starts from a model of the buildings to determine the time profile of the cooling load. This curve is then coupled w...
Article
The delineation of groundwater protection zones around springs requires the assessment of the spring vulnerability, aquifer properties, and preferential infiltration zones in the recharge area. We propose the use of the Vulnerability Estimator for Spring Protection Areas (VESPA) index to quantify spring vulnerability. The VESPA index is based on a...
Article
Full-text available
Problem statement: The analysis of the relationships among the different hydrogeological Units and the assessment of groundwater quality are fundamental to adopt suitable territorial planning measures aimed to reduce the potential groundwater pollution especially in agricultural regions. In this study, the characteristics of groundwater dynamics an...
Article
The low annual and seasonal variability of the shallow groundwater temperature in the alluvial plain aquifers of the Piemonte region (NW Italy) confirmed the potentiality of the low-enthalpy open-loop groundwater heat pumps (GWHP) diffusion to contribute to the reduction of regional greenhouse gas emissions. The distribution of mean groundwater tem...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper a multidisciplinary methodology for analyzing the opportunities for exploitation of open-loop groundwater heat pump is proposed. The approach starts from a model for calculation of a time profile of thermal requirements (heat and domestic hot water). This curve is then coupled with a model of the control system in order to determine t...
Article
Full-text available
Problem statement: The increasing diffusion of low-enthalpy geothermal open-loop Groundwater Heat Pumps (GWHP) providing buildings air conditioning requires a careful assessment of the overall effects on groundwater system, especially in the urban areas. The impact on the groundwater temperature in the surrounding area of the re-injection well is d...
Article
A study of the feasibility of providing the heating and cooling needs of the new, large commercial building near Turin, Italy, by means of an open-loop indirect groundwater heat pump (GWHP) system is described. A finite element subsurface flow and transport simulator (FEFLOW) was used to investigate possible configurations of extraction and injecti...
Article
The scope for diffusion of very low-enthalpy geothermal plants in the Piemonte region of Italy, using groundwater heat pumps (GWHP), was analyzed to check environmental sustainability and the benefits in terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels. GWHP implementation seemed particularly suitable to the specific characteristics of...
Article
Full-text available
Problem statement: Over the past thirty years urban transformations, such as urbanization, suburbanization, dis-urbanization and re-urbanization processes, have modified the subsurface conditions of Torino (NW Italy). In order to contribute to the solution of the problems concerning groundwater the conceptual model for the groundwater flow system,...
Article
Two methods based on a chloride concentration profile were applied to evaluate the annual groundwater recharge in a subhumid area cropped with maize where chloride anthropogenic inputs were greater than the natural ones. The site is located in the alluvial Po plain (NW Italy). The two methods were a steady-state model and an approximate diffusive m...

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Project (1)
Project
This project has the goal to mapping and study the areas involved by DSGSD and particularly to describe the Quaternary features in this context.