Stefano Fedi

Stefano Fedi
University of Bologna | UNIBO · Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology FaBiT

About

72
Publications
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1,295
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2000 - present
University of Bologna
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
The outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic highlighted the worldwide lack of surgical masks and personal protective equipment, which represent the main defense available against respiratory diseases as COVID-19. At the time, masks shortage was dramatic in Italy, the first European country seriously hit by the pandemic: aiming to address the emergency and...
Article
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The vaginal microbiota, normally characterized by lactobacilli presence, is crucial for vaginal health. Members belonging to L. crispatus and L. gasseri species exert crucial protective functions against pathogens, although a total comprehension of factors that influence their dominance in healthy women is still lacking. Here we investigated the co...
Article
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In an aquifer-aquitard system in the subsoil of the city of Ferrara (Emilia-Romagna region, northern Italy) highly contaminated with chlorinated aliphatic toxic organics such as trichloroethylene (TCE) and tetrachloroethylene (PCE), a strong microbial-dependent dechlorination activity takes place during migration of contaminants through shallow org...
Article
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This paper presents a route for the treatment of MSWI fly (FA) and bottom ashes (BA) using microorganisms to critically assess whether bioleaching is within reach of effective industrial application. The leaching of metals from BA and FA was investigated in a controlled laboratory environment using a culture isolated from a natural system where the...
Article
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Pleurotus ostreatus dual biofilms with bacteria are known to be involved in rock phosphate solubilization, endophytic colonization and even in nitrogen fixation. Despite these relevant implications, no information is currently available on the architecture of P. ostreatus-based dual biofilms. In addition to this, there is a limited amount of inform...
Chapter
Alkanes are widely distributed in the environment as they not only constitute the large fraction of crude oil but are also produced by many living organisms. They are saturated hydrocarbons of different sizes and structures, which pose a variety of challenges to degradative microorganisms due to their physicochemical properties, i.e., the extremely...
Article
Staphylococcus aureus is the major causative agent of skin and soft tissue infections, whose prevention and treatment have become more difficult due to the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains. In this regard, the development of an effective treatment represents a challenge that can be overcome by delivering new antibiofilm agents with appropr...
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Kimura and co-workers (Kimura N et al. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2018;68:1429-1435) recently proposed renaming the obligate aerobe Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 as Pseudomonas furukawiisp. nov. type strain KF707. Since the first quasi-complete genome sequence of KF707 was reported in 2012 (accession number: PRJNA83639) numerous reports on che...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
PURPOSE There is a need for an efficient technology that overcomes environmental and financial constraints associated with massive production of solid incineration end-products, i.e., fly ash (FA) and bottom ash (BA) from Municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI). Therefore, a bio-assisted approach has been tested using different experimental setup...
Article
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Naphthenic acids (NAs) are an important group of toxic organic compounds naturally occurring in hydrocarbon deposits. This work shows that Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1 cells not only utilize a mixture of eight different NAs (8XNAs) for growth but they are also capable of marked degradation of two model NAs, cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (CHCA) and c...
Article
The purpose of this work was to prepare and characterize an innovative formulation for vaginal delivery of econazole nitrate, commonly used for the treatment of Candida infections. A novel biosurfactant isolated from a vaginal Lactobacillus strain was used to prepare phosphatidylcholine based mixed vesicles. Biosurfactant was produced by Lactobacil...
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Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 is a soil bacterium which is known for its capacity to aerobically degrade harmful organic compounds such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) using biphenyl as co-metabolite. Here we provide the first genetic and functional analysis of the KF707 respiratory terminal oxidases in cells grown with two different carb...
Article
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Tetrachloroethane (TeCA) has been generally considered as non-biodegradable under aerobic conditions, while its complete biodegradation was reported with microbial consortia growing anaerobically. This study describes TeCA aerobic cometabolic degradation by the propanotroph Rhodococcus aetherivorans strain TPA isolated from a TeCA-degrading consort...
Article
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Microbial degradation of 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane has rarely been analyzed under aerobic conditions. In this work, the catabolic potential of a TeCA-degrading aerobic propanotroph consortium (C2) and the optimal bioreactor configuration for an on-site TeCA-bioremediation strategy with C2 were defined. More specifically, the diversity of alkane-oxi...
Article
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"Terre Calde di Medolla" (TCM) (literally, "Hot Lands of Medolla") refers to a farming area in Italy with anomalously high temperatures and diffuse emissions of biogenic CO2, which has been linked to CH4 oxidation processes from a depth of 0.7 m to the surface. We herein assessed the composition of the total bacterial community and diversity of met...
Article
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In the present study, the response of Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1 and Rhodococcus opacus R7 to various stress conditions and several antimicrobials was examined by PM (PM) related to genetic determinants, as revealed by annotation analysis of the two genomes. Comparison between metabolic activities and genetic features of BCP1 and R7 provided ne...
Article
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A genome analysis of Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707, a PCBs degrader and metal-resistant soil microorganism, revealed the presence of two novel gene clusters named che2 and che3, which were predicted to be involved in chemotaxis-like pathways, in addition to a che1 gene cluster. We herein report that the histidine kinase coding genes, cheA2 an...
Article
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In this paper comparative genome and phenotype microarray analyses of Rhodococcus sp. BCP1 and Rhodococcus opacus R7 were performed. Rhodococcus sp. BCP1 was selected for its ability to grow on short-chain n-alkanes and R. opacus R7 was isolated for its ability to grow on naphthalene and on o-xylene. Results of genome comparison, including BCP1, R7...
Article
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Rhodococcus sp. strain BCP1 was initially isolated for its ability to grow on gaseous n-alkanes, which act as inducers for the co-metabolic degradation of low-chlorinated compounds. Here, both molecular and metabolic features of BCP1 cells grown on gaseous and short-chain n-alkanes (up to n-heptane) were examined in detail. We show that propane met...
Article
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Rhodococcus sp. strain BCP1 cometabolizes chlorinated compounds and mineralizes a broad range of alkanes, as it is highly tolerant to them. The high-quality draft genome sequence of Rhodococcus sp. strain BCP1, consisting of 6,231,823 bp, with a G+C content of 70.4%, 5,902 protein-coding genes, and 58 RNA genes, is presented here.
Article
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The adequacy of the Calgary biofilm device, often referred to as the MBEC system, as a high-throughput approach to the production and subsequent characterization of Pleurotus ostreatus biofilms was assessed. The hydroxyapatite-coating of pegs was necessary to enable biofilm attachment, and the standardization of vegetative inocula ensured a uniform...
Article
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Biofilms are communities of microorganisms adhering to a surface and embedded in an extracellular polymeric matrix, frequently associated with disease and contamination, but also used for engineering applications such as bioremediation. A mixed biofilm formed by bacteria and fungi may provide an optimal habitat for addressing contaminated areas. To...
Article
Full-text available
Rhodococcus sp. strain BCP1 cometabolizes chlorinated compounds and mineralizes a broad range of alkanes, as it is highly tolerant to them. The high-quality draft genome sequence of Rhodococcus sp. strain BCP1, consisting of 6,231,823 bp, with a G+C content of 70.4%, 5,902 protein-coding genes, and 58 RNA genes, is presented here.
Article
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The latent presence of bacteria in the plant tissues can cause severe economic damage due to their sudden appearance in the medium, generally related to stress. Chemicals and antibiotics have been used to control contamination. Extracts from the leaves of different Salvia species were found to have a general antibacterial activity towards several h...
Article
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Chloroform (CF) is largely produced by both anthropogenic and natural sources. It is detected in ground and surface water sources and it represents the most abundant halocarbon in the atmosphere. Microbial CF degradation occurs under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Apart from a few reports describing the utilization of CF as a terminal elect...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Bio-hydrogen production from organic residues is an attractive process that combines energy generation with waste treatment. This work describes hydrogen production from molasses and cheese whey by biofilm and suspended-cells of four hyperthermophilic Thermotoga spp. For the best performing strain, a preliminary process optimization was...
Article
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Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 is a soil polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) degrader, able to grow both planktonically and as a biofilm in the presence of various toxic metals and metalloids. Here we report the genome sequence (5,957,359 bp) of P. pseudoalcaligenes KF707, which provides insights into metabolic degradation pathways, flagellar motil...
Article
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This work focuses on chloroform (CF) cometabolism by a butane-grown aerobic pure culture (Rhodococcus aetherovorans BCP1) in continuous-flow biofilm reactors. The goals were to obtain preliminary information on the feasibility of CF biodegradation by BCP1 in biofilm reactors and to evaluate the applicability of the pulsed injection of growth substr...
Article
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A process of chloroform (CF) aerobic cometabolic biodegradation by a butane-growing consortium was studied for 354days in a 2-m continuous-flow sand-filled reactor. The study was aimed at (a) investigating the oxygen/substrate pulsed injection as a tool to control the clogging of the porous medium, to attain a wide bioreactive zone and to reduce su...
Article
The role of anaerobic digestion (AD) on the decontamination and biomethanization of a PCB-spiked sludge obtained from a Membrane Biological Reactor (MBR) pilot plant was investigated throughout a 10-month batch experiment. The study was carried out under mesophilic (35°C) and thermophilic (55°C) conditions and was monitored by means of an integrate...
Article
A histidine-kinase cheA gene in Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 plays a central role in the regulation of metabolic responses as well as in chemotaxis. Non-chemotactic mutants harboring insertions into the cheA gene were screened for their ability to form biofilms in the Calgary biofilm device. Notably, ≥95% decrease in the number of cells atta...
Article
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Rhodococcus sp. strain BCP1, known for its capacity to grow on short-chain n-alkanes (C(2) to C(7)) and to cometabolize chlorinated solvents, was found to also utilize medium- and long-chain n-alkanes (C(12) to C(24)) as energy and carbon sources. To examine this feature in detail, a chromosomal region which includes the alkB gene cluster encoding...
Article
Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 is a polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) degrader, also tolerant to several toxic metals and metalloids. The work presented here examines for the first time the chemotactic response of P. pseudoalcaligenes KF707 to biphenyl and intermediates of the PCB biodegradation pathway in the presence and absence of metals. Ch...
Article
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In this work the aerobic cometabolic biodegradation of 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TeCA) by propane-utilizing bacteria was studied in slurry bioreactors containing soil and groundwater from 5 aquifers as well as in soil-free bioreactors. The main goals were: (a) to identify and calibrate a kinetic model of TeCA cometabolism; (b) to select and charac...
Article
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous persistent organic pollutants that can be co-metabolically biotransformed by biphenyl-utilizing bacteria. In this study, terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) was applied to the substrate specificity-determining region of the 2,3-biphenyl dioxygenase encoding genes of a microbial...
Article
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An aerobic bacterial strain, named PB1, was microbiologically characterized and subjected to assays of cometabolic biodegradation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) aimed at (i) investigating its capacity to biodegrade vinyl chloride (VC), cis-1,2-dichloroethylene (cis-DCE), 1,1,2-trichloroethane (1,1,2-TCA), chloroform (CF) and 1,1,2,2-t...
Article
The susceptibility to various biocides was examined in planktonic cells and biofilms of the obligate aerobe, PCBs degrader, Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707. The toxicity of two antibiotics, amikacin and rifampicin, three metalloid oxyanions (AsO2(-), SeO3(2-), TeO3(2-)) and three metal cations (Cd2+, Ni2+, Al3+) was tested at two stages of the...
Article
Tellurite (TeO3(2-)) is the most toxic and soluble oxyanion among tellurium (Te) compounds. The effects of the metalloid anion on the oxidative stress response of the obligate aerobe Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 were investigated. Cells treated with sub-lethal concentrations of TeO3(2-) showed neither adaptation to it nor cross-protection ag...
Article
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The ability of a Rhodococcus aetherovorans strain, BCP1, to grow on butane and to degrade chloroform in the 0–633 μM range (0–75.5 mg l−1) via aerobic cometabolism was investigated by means of resting-cell assays. BCP1 degraded chloroform with a complete mineralization of the organic Cl. The resulting butane and chloroform maximum specific degradat...
Article
Full-text available
The aerobic cometabolic biodegradation of a mixture of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) including vinyl chloride (VC), cis- and trans-1,2-dichloroethylene (cis-DCE, trans-DCE), trichloroethylene (TCE), 1,1,2-trichloroethane (1,1,2-TCA) and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (1,1,2,2-TeCA) was investigated at both 25 and 17 degrees C by means of bio...
Article
Surfactant-aided soil washing is often proposed for the restoration of aged organic pollutant-contaminated soils. As many of commercial surfactants have been found to be toxic and recalcitrant, the opportunity to use in this process cheap, non-toxic, and biodegradable pollutant-mobilizing agents, such as deoxycholic acid (DA), bovine bile (BB), and...
Article
In this study, T-RFLP analysis was used to determine the structure and spatial distribution of the indigenous bacterial community of an actual-site PCB-contaminated soil treated in aerobic packed-bed loop reactors (PBLRs) in the absence or in the presence of a mixture of randomly methylated beta-cyclodextrins (RAMEB) at 0.5 or 1% w/w. RAMEB was fou...
Article
Full-text available
The focus of this microcosm study was to monitor the performances of 17 butane-utilizing microcosms during a long-term (100–250 days) aerobic cometabolic depletion of chloroform (CF). The depletion of the contaminant began after a lag-time variable between 0 and 23 days. All microcosms quickly reached a pseudo steady-state condition, in terms of bi...