Stefano Farolfi

Stefano Farolfi
Cirad - La recherche agronomique pour le développement | CIRAD · Unité Mixte de Recherche Gestion de l'Eau, Acteurs et Usages (G-EAU)

PhD Habil. Economics
Studying actors' behaviour in socio-hydro systems

About

108
Publications
19,864
Reads
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722
Citations
Citations since 2017
20 Research Items
288 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
Introduction
Stefano Farolfi currently works at the research unit 'Water Management, Actors and Uses (G-EAU)', of CIRAD: French Agronomic Research for Development. Stefano does research in Environmental Economics and Experimental Economics.
Additional affiliations
July 2013 - April 2020
Cirad - La recherche agronomique pour le développement
Position
  • Deputy Director
July 2009 - June 2013
Eduardo Mondlane University
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • http://iwega.uem.mz/
January 2002 - June 2009
University of Pretoria
Position
  • Research Fellow and Senior Lecturer

Publications

Publications (108)
Article
In order to better manage complex situations of natural resource management, models are built in a participative way, involving the stakeholders of these situations in participatory modelling activities. The impact that this activity of participatory modelling has on the stakeholders is at the heart of the Companion Modelling approach but this impa...
Article
We describe a classroom experimental game focusing on some key economic concepts surrounding water management. The game shows the case of an asymmetric common-pool resource: an irrigation system where players represent irrigating farmers. Dilemmas between individual and collective interests arise, and asymmetry of access to the resource renders it...
Article
Full-text available
This paper experimentally investigates the impact of different information sharing mechanisms in a common-pool resource game, with a view to finding a mechanism that is both efficient and inexpensive for the managing agency. More precisely, we compare the observed extraction levels produced as a result of three mechanisms: a mandatory information s...
Article
Full-text available
If there is one certainty for the sustainable management of water resources is that facing uncertainty is an unavoidable matter. A concern that, in addition to the best available scientific knowledge and models, requires deep insights about the socio relational processes that underlie decision-making. Our objective here is to better understand if a...
Book
The concept of Buon Vivere (Good Living) is a set of good practices and fundamental principles that inspire communities to create new foundations based on the values of equality, sustainability, responsible innovation, an ethical economy, and knowledge. These are the fundamental elements of a society capable of putting people and the relationships...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Analysing practices, social representations and behaviours of socio-hydro systems' actors. Abstract: This working paper presents and discusses the approaches and methods used by the PRECOS Team of the G-Eau research unit to analyse practices, social representations and behaviours of socio-hydro systems' actors. Four groups of methods are presented:...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report reviews the main global trends in land and water uses, policies and investments that have taken place over the last decade and identifies the institutional arrangements that have been the most conducive to sustainable and equitable use of these resources. The report focuses particularly on family farmers, who have limited access to key...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater resources are a crucial driver of development. Since the 1970s, the expansion of irrigated land on the margins of the existing ‘traditional’ oases has been encouraged by the Tunisian authorities to enhance local development. As a result, oases in Southern Tunisia are currently facing sustainability concerns. This situation requires alte...
Article
Full-text available
Estimating flood damage, although crucial for assessing flood risk and for designing mitigation policies, continues to face numerous challenges, notably the assessment of indirect damage. It is widely accepted that damage other than direct damage can account for a significant proportion of total damage. Yet due to scarcer data sources and lack of k...
Poster
Full-text available
Today, flood risk management practices incorporate non-structural measures that take into account the potential of ecosystems to prevent, regulate and reduce water-related hazards. However, the implementation of non-structural measures, such as floodplains and water retention areas, increases the exposure of rural and farming areas for better prote...
Preprint
Full-text available
Estimating flood damage, although crucial for assessing flood risk and for designing mitigation policies, continues to face numerous challenges, notably the assessment of indirect damage. It is widely accepted that damage other than direct damage can account for a significant proportion of total damage. Yet due to more scarce data sources and lack...
Preprint
Instructions of the experiment of article "Contrasting effects of information sharing on common-pool resource extraction behavior: experimental findings".
Article
Full-text available
The paper emphasizes key lessons learnt about a research intervention implemented from 2006 to 2009 to solve water access conflicts in the Klaten irrigated rice production area (Central Java, Indonesia). To make stakeholders' involvement easier, to empower them and build their capacity, action research was carried out according to a flexible and it...
Article
Full-text available
Irrigation water is a crucial resource for economic and social development in Tunisia. In a context of decentralization and State devolution, the local associations for agricultural development or 'Groupements de Développement Agricole (GDA)' manage today a large share of irrigation water in the country. However, these institutions are experiencing...
Chapter
Climate change has a profound impact on the water cycle, causing gradual and sometimes marked changes in hydrosystems and natural hydrological processes. Societies and stakeholders are striving to adapt so as to manage and control their interactions with water. Current scenarios indicate, however, an acceleration in global climate change processes,...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse the threats of global environmental change, as they relate to food security. First, we review three discourses: (i) 'sustainable intensification', or the increase of food supplies without compromising food producing inputs, such as soils and water; (ii) the 'nexus' that seeks to understand links across food, energy, environment and water...
Chapter
The process of water management decentralization in African countries is seen as a means of implementing river basin management at the lowest appropriate level. However, very different stages of implementing decentralization have been observed in practice.
Chapter
In this study, the analysis of factors explaining the level of decentralization process and performance of river basin management is run using two main approaches: (i) the case study approach and (ii) an econometric approach, of which the framework is described in Chap. 3. The case study approach was implemented in three countries (Mozambique, Sout...
Chapter
As illustrated in Chap. 1, this study aims to explain the factors affecting the level of decentralization process and performance of water resource management in African context. This chapter describes the analytical framework used to analyze the objectives of the study. The description starts by presenting the theoretical foundation behind the exp...
Chapter
As noted in Chap. 1, most of African countries have adopted integrated water resource management after the international conference on water and environment, which took place in Dublin in 1992. The implementation of the integrated water resource management has been different within the continent and even within the same region or country. This scen...
Chapter
As mentioned in the previous chapter, the quantitative analysis was performed using data collected in twenty-seven RBOs. This chapter presents the results of statistical analysis. They are split into two subsections: the descriptive statistics and inference of the hypotheses described in analytical and empirical frameworks. The results show that a...
Chapter
As mentioned in previous chapters, the analysis of factors affecting decentralization process was done using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Chapter 3 established the theoretical foundations of the quantitative approach, the hypothesis to be tested and the model used to test the hypothesis in its three dimensions: (i) contextual facto...
Chapter
The decentralization of water resource management at appropriate level has been subject of debate. The concept gained acceptance in 1992 in Dublin after the international conference on water and environment. As a consequence of the acceptance, most African countries have been implemented decentralization of water resource management through using t...
Book
Full-text available
This book is about the process of water management decentralization in African countries, which is seen as a means of advancing river basin management at the lowest appropriate level. There are very different stages of implementing decentralization in practice. This called for research aiming to understand the following questions: (i) why do some...
Book
This book is about the process of water management decentralization in African countries, which is seen as a means of advancing river basin management at the lowest appropriate level. There are very different stages of implementing decentralization in practice. This called for research aiming to understand the following questions: (i) why do some...
Chapter
Climate change has a profound impact on the water cycle, causing gradual and sometimes marked changes in hydrosystems and natural hydrological processes. Societies and stakeholders are striving to adapt so as to manage and control their interactions with water. Current scenarios indicate, however, an acceleration in global climate change processes,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We introduce illustration identifying environmental degradation or improvement into a 2x2 coordination game with two pareto-ranked equilibria. Our contribution focuses on the environmental nature of the information provided through the illustrations, and its eects on possible pro-environmental behaviour. Our ndings have some important consequences...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The new South African water law (NWA, 1998) provides a framework for the implementation of a largely decentralized and participatory approach to water resource management. New organisations (the Catchment management agencies -CMAs, and the Water users associations -WUAs) are being established to ensure that water allocation among users at the catch...
Book
Le cycle de l'eau est profondément bouleversé par le changement climatique, qui induit des modifications progressives et parfois marquées des hydrosystèmes et des processus hydrologiques naturels. Les sociétés et les acteurs tentent de s'adapter afin de maîtriser et de contrôler leurs relations à l'eau. Cependant les scénarios actuels montrent une...
Technical Report
We introduce illustration identifying environmental degradation or improvement into a 2x2 coordination game with two pareto-ranked equilibria. Our contribution focuses on the environmental nature of the information provided through the illustrations, and its effects on possible pro-environmental behaviour. Our findings have some important consequen...
Article
Background. This article explores the causal effect of context on players’ behavior by using a game based on Cooperative Game Theory (CGT) modified into a coordination experiment. Aims. This article has two aims: first, to suggest an analytical framework focusing on four attributes (Repetition, Illustration, Communication, and Experience) represent...
Article
Full-text available
This article first presents the urban domestic water access situation in Mozambique. Then it analyzes the country's tariff system as a tool to recover water supply costs and to secure equity and affordability for the urban households served. The analysis focused on those households with in-dwelling water access (less than 50% of the urban populatio...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses the decentralization processes and performances of river basin management decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa, using primary data from 27 river basins in the region. The main findings are that water scarcity is a major stimulus to reform; that water user associations, if not well prepared and trained, may deter the decentrali...
Article
Full-text available
2 This brief describes three applications of the Wat-A-Game platform for pedagogical purposes in Mozambique and Zimbabwe. After a presentation of the game features, the three sessions are summarized and feedbacks from participants are discussed. Some perspectives in terms of future potential applications are finally provided. Participation, learnin...
Article
Capturing the economic value of water use is an integral part in the design of economic incentives and institutional arrangements that can ensure sustainable, efficient and equitable allocation of water. Irrigation water values of small-scale irrigators are, however, seldom studied and too little attention is paid to the determinants of the variabi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The companion modelling approach initially was conceived and tested at a local level because of the focus on resource users. Based on the premise that different stakeholders involved in resource management operate with different areas of reference and time scales in mind, the approach focuses on the representation of this diversity in its tools and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In South Africa, with the advent of democracy, both land and water institutions have undergone, and are still undergoing reform measures, especially to address equity and promote rural development. However, despite the apparent inter-linkages of land and water in rural livelihoods and agricultural development, the implementation of such reforms has...
Article
Speelman, Stijn, Stefano Farolfi, Aymen Frija, and Guido Van Huylenbroeck, 2010. Valuing Improvements in the Water Rights System in South Africa: A Contingent Ranking Approach. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) 46(6):1133–1144. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2010.00480.x Abstract: In the context of increasing water scarcity, und...
Article
Full-text available
Companion Modelling (ComMod) is an iterative approach of modelling in interaction with local stakeholders. KatAWARE is a multi-agent model constructed through a ComMod process with the Water User Association of the Kat River Valley, Eastern Cape, South Africa. By describing the construction of the KatAWARE model, the aim of this paper is to propose...
Article
Full-text available
Water rights are currently receiving increased attention from scholars and policymakers due to the growing understanding that ill-defined water rights impair efficient use. In South Africa, smallholder irrigation faces problems of low water use efficiency and cost recovery of government investments. This study uses contingent ranking to analyse the...
Article
Internationally there is growing understanding that water rights are important and that a lack of effective water rights systems creates major problems for the management of increasingly scarce water supplies. In South Africa the smallholder irrigation sector faces two major challenges. Firstly water use is inefficient and secondly government, whic...
Article
Full-text available
Water rights are currently receiving increased attention from scholars and policymakers due to the growing understanding that ill-defined water rights impair efficient use. In South Africa, smallholder irrigation faces problems of low water use efficiency and cost recovery of government investments. This study uses contingent ranking to analyse the...
Article
Worldwide growing water scarcity has increased the call for economic instruments to stimulate rational water use in agriculture. Furthermore, cost-recovery is now widely accepted as a cornerstone of sustainable water management. In many developing countries, where agricultural water use is often still subsidised, water pricing policies are develope...
Article
Full-text available
Summary After having designed and used various games for learning and supporting water management and governance, many similarities appear. However, the components, topologies, and social and political setting of the basins are different. Therefore we have started designing and validating a new generic game platform, WATAGAME, alias AMAZI. This new...
Chapter
Full-text available
The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development (IAASTD) looks realistically at how we could effectively use agriculture/AKST to help us meet development and sustainability goals. An unprecedented three-year collaborative effort, the IAASTD involved more than 400 authors in 110 countries and cost more...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ce chapitre fait la synthèse des référents théoriques aux sources ou proches de la posture de modélisation d'accompagnement: sciences de la complexité, apprentissage, simulation, sciences de la décision. Il aborde également les questions transdisciplinaires soulevées par la mise en oeuvre de cette démarche: enjeux de pouvoir et positionnement des c...
Article
Full-text available
Corruption in the public sector erodes tax compliance and leads to higher tax evasion. Moreover, corrupt public officials abuse their public power to extort bribes from the private agents. In both types of interaction with the public sector, the private agents are bound to face uncertainty with respect to their disposable incomes. To analyse effect...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Insight into the value of water is essential to support policy decision making about investments in the water sector, efficient allocation of water and water pricing. However, information on irrigation water values at small-scale schemes is scarce and in general little attention is paid to the determinants of these values. In this study va...
Article
Full-text available
This study uses a multi-agent system to simulate the behaviour of economic players in a context of rapidly evolving environmental policy. The area under study is represented by a sector of a French overseas Department, Réunion Island, with a high concentration of pig farms in the upland region and extensive sugarcane plantations in the coastal zone...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to describe and assess the impacts of the Companion Modelling (ComMod) approach on selected aspects of the negotiation process taking place among the members of a Water Users Association (WUA) board in the Kat River Valley of South Africa. After presenting the ComMod experience called KatAWARE, that was conducted in the Kat...
Article
Full-text available
Worldwide growing water scarcity has increased the call for economic instruments to stimulate rational water use in agriculture. In addition costrecovery is now widely accepted as a cornerstone of sustainable water management. As a consequence now in developing countries, where currently agricultural water use is often still heavily subsidized, a t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a synthesis of the main issues discussed at a conference (International Conference on Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) entitled: Lessons from Implementation in Developing Countries which took place from 10 to 12 March 2008 in Cape Town, South Africa, at the Cape Town International Convention Centre) which was coordina...
Article
Full-text available
Financing of multiple use (i.e. domestic and productive) water services was identified as an important ingredient to ensure improved water access for rural poor and broaden livelihood options in South Africa. Following the principles of integrated water resource management (IWRM), efficient, equitable and sustainable investments in improved water s...
Chapter
De l’eau en théorie, il y en a pour tous sur la Terre ! Avec 200 000 km3 disponibles, l’eau douce n’est pas une denrée rare. Mais la répartition de cette ressource sur la planète est loin d’être en adéquation avec celle de la population : près de 2 milliards d’individus, un tiers de l’humanité, vivent en situation de « stress hydrique ». À cette si...
Chapter
Les démographes prévoient une population mondiale supérieure à huit milliards avant 2030 et à neuf milliards avant 2050. Devant la hausse de la consommation de l'eau doit on considérer ce bien comme un bien public ou une marchandise ?
Article
The growing water scarcity worldwide puts pressure on irrigation systems as main consumptive user to improve performance. In developing countries, where today agricultural water use is often still heavily subsidised, a tendency exists of introducing water pricing policies to stimulate rational water use. The exact impact of water pricing policies i...
Article
Full-text available
The paper applies the travel cost method (TCM) to estimate the value that rural households in the Steelpoort subbasin of South Africa place on river and collective tap water. While the TCM calculations are based on the opportunity cost of the time household members spend on water collection, the resulting welfare values are close in magnitude to th...
Article
Full-text available
The paper reports on the use of the contingent valuation method to study the determinants of Swazi households’ willingness to pay (WTP) for an improvement in their water quantity and quality. A sample of 374 households was surveyed and a Tobit model was applied to explain household preferences for quality and quantity of domestic water supply and d...
Article
Full-text available
South Africa is currently undertaking a process of radical reform in the water management sector. Following the National Water Law of 1998, new water institutions are being established to provide a decentralized and participatory management of the resource. These institutions, namely the Catchment Management Agencies (CMAs) and the Water User Assoc...