Stefano Amaducci

Stefano Amaducci
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | UNICATT · Department of Sustainable Crop Production

PhD

About

155
Publications
67,012
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
4,414
Citations
Citations since 2017
78 Research Items
3532 Citations
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
Additional affiliations
December 2000 - March 2015
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (155)
Article
Full-text available
New biomass crop hybrids for bioeconomic expansion require yield projections to determine their potential for strategic land use planning in the face of global challenges. Our biomass growth simulation incorporates radiation interception and conversion efficiency. Models often use leaf area to predict interception which is demanding to determine ac...
Article
Full-text available
Timely yield prediction is crucial for the agri-food supply chain as a whole. However, different stakeholders in the agri-food sector require different levels of accuracy and lead times in which a yield prediction should be available. For the producers, predictions during the growing season are essential to ensure that information is available earl...
Article
Full-text available
Bottlenecks occur as the cultivated area increases and the inappropriate mechanization methods hinder the stable supply of seeds for hemp multiplication. Moreover, the seeds ripen scalarly, and a timely stabilization is required to impede a germinability reduction. The study coupled the delayed sowing of a non-specific hemp variety to a harvesting...
Article
Full-text available
Agrivoltaic systems (AV) combine agricultural activities with the production of electricity from photovoltaic (PV) panels on the same land area. The concept of AV systems was introduced in 1982 by Goetzberger and Zastrow, but only more recently have the increased environmental concerns and the favorable economic and political frameworks stimulated...
Article
Full-text available
Agrivoltaic systems (AV) combine agricultural activities with the production of electricity from photovoltaic (PV) panels on the same land area. The concept of AV systems was introduced in 1982 by Goetzberger and Zastrow, but only more recently have the increased environmental concerns and the favorable economic and political frameworks stimulated...
Article
Full-text available
Miscanthus, a C4 perennial rhizomatous grass from Asia is a leading candidate for the supply of sustainable biomass needed to grow the bioeconomy. European Miscanthus breeding programmes have recently produced a new range of seeded hybrids with the objective of increasing scalability to large acreages limited by current clonal propagation. For the...
Preprint
ccurate assessment of the Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) and Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) at the crop level is paramount for accurately assessing the energy balances and the crop yield under agrivoltaic systems. The shadings produced by the photovoltaic modules and structures of the agrivoltaic systems cause a non-homogeneous distr...
Article
Full-text available
Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) remote sensing was used to estimate the leaf area index (LAI) and leaf chlorophyll content (LCC) of two hemp cultivars during two growing seasons under four nitrogen fertilisation levels. The hemp traits were estimated by the inversion of the PROSAIL model from UAV multispectral images. The look-up table (LUT) and hybr...
Article
Full-text available
Near-real-time, high-spatial-resolution leaf area index (LAI) maps would enable producers to monitor crop health and growth status, improving agricultural practices such as fertiliser and water management. LAI retrieval methods are numerous and can be divided into statistical and physically based methods. While statistical methods are generally sub...
Article
Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a multi-purpose crop that finds applications in technical textile, paper, food, cosmetic and automotive industries. Due to the increasing demand for sustainable fibres, the hemp fibre sector is expected to grow in the future. However, overall information on the effect of agronomic practices on decortication efficiency a...
Article
Full-text available
Estimating key crop parameters (e.g., phenology, yield prediction) is a prerequisite for optimizing agrifood supply chains through the use of satellite imagery, but requires timely and accurate crop mapping. The moment in the season and the number of training sites used are two main drivers of crop classification performance. The combined effect of...
Article
Full-text available
Marginal lands are increasingly being considered for cultivating industrial and bioenergy crops to reduce the direct and indirect land use changes. This review investigates the feasibility of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) cultivation under the bio‐physical constraints that characterize marginal lands, with the objectives of: (i) determining to which ex...
Article
Full-text available
Miscanthus, a C4 perennial rhizomatous grass, is capable of growing in varied climates and soil types in Europe, including on marginal lands. It can produce high yields with low nutrient inputs when harvested after complete senescence. Senescence induction and rate depend on complex genetic, environmental, and management interactions. To explore th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Agrivoltaic systems are becoming more popular as a critical technology for attaining several sustainable development goals such as affordable and clean energy, zero hunger, clean water and sanitation, and climate action. However, understanding the shading effects on crops is fundamental to choosing an optimal agrivoltaic system as a wrong choice co...
Article
Decomposition models of solar irradiance estimate the magnitude of diffuse horizontal irradiance from global horizontal irradiance. These two radiation components are well known to be essential for predicting the performance of solar photovoltaic systems. In open-field agrivoltaic systems (i.e., the dual use of land for both agricultural activities...
Article
Full-text available
Miscanthus holds a great potential in the frame of the bioeconomy, and yield prediction can help improve Miscanthus’ logistic supply chain. Breeding programs in several countries are attempting to produce high-yielding Miscanthus hybrids better adapted to different climates and end-uses. Multispectral images acquired from unmanned aerial vehicles (...
Article
Full-text available
The stinging nettle Urtica dioica L. is a perennial crop with low fertilizer and pesticide requirements, well adapted to a wide range of environmental conditions. It has been successfully grown in most European climatic zones while also promoting local flora and fauna diversity. The cultivation of nettle could help meet the strong increase in deman...
Preprint
Miscanthus holds a great potential in the frame of the bioeconomy and yield prediction can help improving Miscanthus logistic supply chain. Breeding programs in several countries are attempting to produce high-yielding Miscanthus hybrids better adapted to different climates and end-uses. Multispectral images acquired from unmanned aerial vehicles (...
Article
Full-text available
Miscanthus is a leading perennial biomass crop that can produce high yields on marginal lands. Moisture content is a highly relevant biomass quality trait with multiple impacts on efficiencies of harvest, transport, and storage. The dynamics of moisture content during senescence and overwinter ripening are determined by genotype × environment inter...
Chapter
Agrivoltaics are renewable energy systems that combine food production with electricity generation from solar photovoltaics (PV). Research and development on agrivoltaics has increased steadily in recent years to address the questions: "How is crop production affected under PV panels?" and "How can energy and food production be co-optimised on the...
Conference Paper
Energy production from biomass is much more cleaner when carried out by pyrolysis than by combustion, because syngas combustion reduces dramatically nitrous oxides emissions. In addition, the byproduct of pyrolysis is biochar, an excellent soil improver with a very long mean residence time, which makes this kind of energy production carbon negative...
Article
Full-text available
Drought management largely depends on the availability of timely, accurate and integrated information about its characteristics. Concurrently, biostimulants could represent a sustainable measure to foster the resilience of cropping systems under water-limited conditions. Nevertheless, scientific recognition of the potential of biostimulants has not...
Preprint
Decomposition models of solar irradiance estimate the magnitude of diffuse horizontal irradiance from global horizontal irradiance. These two radiation components are well-known to be essential for the prediction of solar photovoltaic systems performance. In open-field agrivoltaic systems, that is the dual use of land for both agricultural activiti...
Article
Full-text available
Hemp is a sustainable source of natural fibres that can contribute to meet the increasing demand for technical applications in the textile and the composite sectors. Continuous reinforcements can be produced using the existing flax machinery, initially developed for textile purposes. To achieve competitive and economically viable fibre yields and a...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the effect of perennial biomass crops (PBCs) removal on soil C dynamics. The belowground biomass (BGB) that is composed by plant belowground organs (PBO) such as rhizomes in the herbaceous PBCs and stumps in woody PBCs should be considered, together with fine roots (FR), as a huge input of exogenous organic matter (EOM) that i...
Article
Full-text available
Perennial crops have been proposed as a solution to couple the production of sustainable biomass for multiple uses with several environmental benefits such as soil C storage. Concerns exist that the C sequestered in soil could be lost in a few years after the perennial crops are reverted to arable land. In this study, the current knowledge on the e...
Chapter
Hemp is a crop that in recent years has received renewed attention and been cultivated in numerous countries after having been abandoned by many during the twentieth century. This ‘rebirth’ is due to numerous factors: its favorable agronomical characteristics, its image of being a sustainable crop, and the plasticity of the products it can provide....
Article
Full-text available
Increasing the production of high-performance natural fibres that minimise their impact on the environment is a challenge that flax (Linum usitatissinum L.) cannot address alone. In flax traditional production territories, hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) can be a complementary source of high added value fibres if their yield of long line fibres can be ma...
Article
Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a multi-purpose industrial species, which is valued as a low-input crop suited to marginal environments. However, research on the water stress resistance and water use efficiency of hemp cultivars is scarce. Three lab-scale experiments were carried out to test 26 commercial European hemp cultivars under osmotic stress a...
Article
Agrivoltaic systems represent a key technology for reaching sustainable development goals, by reducing the competition of land used for food versus land used for electricity. Moreover, agrivoltaic systems are at the centre of the nexus between electricity production, crop production, and irrigation water savings. In this study, an optimisation mode...
Article
Full-text available
Biostimulants are emerging as a feasible tool for counteracting reduction in climate change-related yield and quality under water scarcity. As they are gaining attention, the necessity for accurately assessing phenotypic variables in their evaluation is emerging as a critical issue. In light of this, high-throughput phenotyping techniques have been...
Preprint
Full-text available
Agrivoltaic systems represent a key technology for reaching sustainable development goals reducing the completion of land for food versus land for energy. Moreover, agrivoltaic systems are at the centre of the nexus between electricity production, crop production, and irrigation water saving. In this study, an optimization model for vertically moun...
Article
Full-text available
We assessed the effects of EDTA and selected plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on the phytoremediation of soils and sediments historically contaminated by Cr, Ni, and Cu. A total of 42 bacterial strains resistant to these heavy metals (HMs) were isolated and screened for PGP traits and metal bioaccumulation, and two Enterobacter spp. stra...
Article
Full-text available
The cultivation of Perennial Energy Crops (PECs) couples the production of ligno‐cellulosic biomass to the provision of multiple ecosystem services, such as the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the mitigation of climate change through carbon (C) sequestration in soil. Though C sequestration in soil by PECs has been widely studied, the cont...
Article
The objective of this work was to assess the environmental performances of advanced biofuels produced from perennial energy crops (miscanthus and willow) grown in bioenergy buffer strips (BBS) and compare them with the environmental performances of alternative systems providing the same function, i.e. private mobility. The growing evidence of poten...
Article
Retting of fibrous plants such as flax is an essential step in the extraction of fibre bundles and their transformation into textiles and reinforcement fabrics for use in garments and composites. Dew-retting is traditionally performed from Northwest France to the Netherlands, as the climate is highly favourable for this process. Hemp is a plant tha...
Article
Full-text available
Introducing smart and sustainable tools for climate change adaptation and mitigation is a major need to support agriculture’s productivity potential. We assessed the effects of the processed gypsum seed dressing SOP® COCUS MAIZE+ (SCM), combined with a gradient of N fertilization rates (i.e. 0 %, 70 % equal to 160 kg N ha-1, and 100 % equal to 230...
Article
In this work, considering the rising interest towards the exploitation of hemp seed oil in human nutrition, 45 hemp seeds from mono-variety fields were analyzed for their yield, oil content, in vitro antioxidant activity, followed by a comprehensive assessment of phenolic and sterolic composition. The results demonstrated that seed dimension is inv...
Article
Agrivoltaic systems are photovoltaic (PV) technologies in which PV panels are mounted at a sufficient height from the ground to enable conventional cultivation practices underneath. Agrivoltaic systems not only preserve agricultural land, but also benefit crop production by improving water use efficiency and reducing water stress. For these positiv...
Article
The demand for wood-based energy is foreseen to grow as energy and climate policies around the world promote the use of bioenergy for climate change mitigation. However, the carbon impacts of forest bioenergy range widely in the literature. The value-choices made on the response of forest management to bioenergy demand have a major influence on the...
Article
C input to soil together with plant-microbial-soil organic matter (SOM) transformations are key ecological drivers for soil functioning in perennial cropping systems. In this study, we assessed the effect of three woody (poplar, black locust, willow) and three herbaceous (giant reed, miscanthus, switchgrass) perennial energy crops (PECs) on SOM poo...
Article
MicroRNAs regulate plant development and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses but their impact on water use efficiency (WUE) is poorly known. Increasing WUE is a major task in crop improvement programs aimed to meet the challenges posed by the reduction in water availability associated with the ongoing climatic change. We have examined the phys...
Article
Full-text available
Given the vast amount of available research in the area of natural fibre composites, a significant step forward in the development of next-generation plant fibre-based products would be to devise a framework for rational design. The authors use a top-down approach, starting with an example final product to define the product specifications for high...
Article
Full-text available
Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a bast-fiber crop well-known for the great potential to produce sustainable fibers. Nevertheless, hemp fiber quality is a complex trait, and little is known about the phenotypic variability and heritability of fiber quality traits in hemp. The aim of this study is to gain insights into the variability in fiber quality w...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing drought, under current climate change scenarios, will reduce the sustainability of tomato cultivation in the Mediterranean region. The present study evaluates the effect of Rhizophagus intraradices inoculation on tomato plant physiology and yield in response to progressive water deficit conditions. Two commercial products (Prod1 and Prod...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose We hypothesize that the current heated scientific debate on bioenergy sustainability is fuelled by flaws in the interpretation phase of bioenergy LCA studies rather than by the lack of studies or shared methodologies. The interpretation phase is the key step in LCA studies, which guarantees their quality and consistency and gives meaning to...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic markers can be used in seeds and in plants to distinguish drug-type from fiber-type Cannabis Sativa L. varieties even at early stages, including pre-germination when cannabinoids are not accumulated yet. With this aim, this paper reports sequencing results for tetrahydrocannabinolic acid synthase (THCAS) and cannabidiolic acid synthase (CBD...
Article
No-till (NT) often increases soil carbon (C) sequestration compared with conventional tillage (CT), yet its net effect on N2O emissions is controversial. Cover crops (CCs) adoption is promoted in NT systems because CCs growth curbs nitrate losses via leaching. However, incorporating CC residues into the soil may have positive or negative effects on...
Article
The Multihemp biorefinery concept combines processing systems that, starting from harvesting, transform hemp biomass into a spectrum of marketable intermediate and final products. Hackling loss sorted out during production of long hemp was used for the compounding process to produce hemp fibre-reinforced Polylactide (PLA) granules for the injection...
Article
Full-text available
Fibres from hemp stems can be extracted through different mechanical processes following dew or water retting etc. Extraction processes generally have a significant impact on mechanical and morphological properties of the fibres. In this study, hemp fibres are extracted following three different ways. In the first route hemp fibres are extracted fr...
Article
Full-text available
Core Ideas Some hemp traits are more strongly affected by environmental factors than others. Multi‐environment testing is an integral part of hemp cultivar development. Water availability can have a significant impact on yield and other traits. Starting with the 2014 Farm Bill, hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is being re‐introduced as an industrial crop...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Vegetation indexes (VIs) Time-Series (TS) data can be used to deliver in-season yield forecasts and to extract key phenological metrics. The present work addresses the TS analysis of different VIs, obtained from Sentinel 2 data for the 2015-17 growing seasons, for yield assessment and for the determination of the beginning of the reproductive stage...
Article
Full-text available
Hemp is a sustainable and environmental friendly crop that can provide valuable raw materials to a large number of industrial applications. Traditionally harvested at full flowering for textile destinations, nowadays hemp is mainly harvested at seed maturity for dual-purpose applications and has a great potential as multipurpose crop. However, the...
Article
No-till (NT) has repeatedly been reported to result in several environmental advantages, including the reduction of soil erosion, sequestration of carbon from the atmosphere and increase of water retention in soils. However, experimental evidences to date show negative effects of NT on soil physical parameters (i.e., increasing penetration resistan...
Preprint
With superior quality, hemp fibres are being more and more widely used for a large number of traditional and innovative industrial applications. The quality of the final products is strongly influenced and determined by the quality of the fibres, which in turn is subjected to agronomic factors, such as genotypes (hemp accessions), growing condition...
Article
Full-text available
Interest in hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) as a crop for the biobased economy is growing worldwide because hemp produces a high and valuable biomass while requiring low inputs. To understand the physiological basis of hemp's resource-use efficiency, canopy gas exchange was assessed using a chamber technique on canopies exposed to a range of nitrogen (N)...
Article
A system combining soil grown crops with photovoltaic panels (PV) installed several meters above the ground is referred to as agrivoltaic systems. In this work a patented agrivoltaic solar tracking system named Agrovoltaico® was examined in combination with a maize crop in a simulation study. To this purpose a software platform was developed coupli...
Article
Full-text available
Sweet sorghum ( (L.) Moench) is a multi-purpose crop, yielding fuel in the form of ethanol from its stem juice, food in the form of grain, and fodder from its leaves and bagasse. The sugars utilized for bioethanol production are contained in the stalks, in an amount varying between 12% and 25% of the fresh biomass, according to the genotypes and ha...