Stefania Basili

Stefania Basili
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Internal and Specialized Medicine

Associate Professor of Internal Medicine

About

348
Publications
19,803
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9,786
Citations
Citations since 2016
105 Research Items
3920 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600700

Publications

Publications (348)
Article
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common lower respiratory tract infection, often complicated by cardiovascular events, including cardiac arrhythmias. New-onset atrial fibrillation (newAF) has been associated with increased mortality in CAP patients, especially in those critically ill; however, limited data on the prevalence of newAF in patie...
Article
Background Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the commonest lower respiratory tract infection, often complicated by cardiovascular events and cardiac arrythmias, such as new-onset Atrial Fibrillation (noAF). NoAF, a new or first detactable episode of a chaotic and irregular atrial rhythm, has been associated with increased mortality in CAP patie...
Article
Background Preclinical predictors of worsening heart failure can be monitored by implanted devices and may support the management of patients with heart failure. However, clinical results of such an approach are controversial. Purpose We aimed to assess if guided heart failure management according to device-based remote monitoring strategies is mo...
Article
Full-text available
Biological sex and sociocultural gender matter when it comes to health and diseases. They have been both proposed as the undeniable gateways towards a personalized approach in care delivery. The Gender Working Group of the Italian Society of Internal Medicine (SIMI) was funded in 2019 with the aim of promoting good practice in the integration of se...
Article
Background In recent years, attention to subclinical atrial fibrillation (SCAF), defined as the presence of atrial high-rate episodes (AHREs), in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), has gained much interest as a determinant of clinical AF and stroke risk. We aim to perform a systematic review and meta-regression of the ava...
Article
Rare diseases represent a numerous (more than 30 million patients throughout Europe), diverse (more than 6000 disease ascertained), and complex group of genetic, metabolic, neurologic, congenital and other type of disorders presenting both in pediatric and adult age. Research, education and care are the mainstay of the national rare disease plans o...
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Vaccine-induced immunity is a key strategy in the long-term control of the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of our study was to explore the relationship between mRNA vaccine-induced antibodies and gender-sensitive variables among healthcare workers. Two thousand-sixty-five volunteers who received the BNT162b2 vaccine were enrolled in the study and follow...
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Sociocultural gender is a complex construct encompassing different aspects of individuals’ life, whereas sex refers to biological factors. These terms are often misused, although they impact differently on individuals’ health. Recognizing the role of sex and gender on health status is fundamental in the pursuit of a personalized medicine. Aim of th...
Article
Background Besides the ability to induce antigen-specific responses, vaccines can be endowed with immunomodulatory properties including the capacity to induce or downregulate regulatory T cells (Treg) that suppress adaptative and autoreactive immune responses (1). Objectives We asked if an anti-SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine could also induce an accumula...
Article
Understanding the role of sex- and gender-related factors, when dealing with a global growing epidemic such as heart failure, is a much needed and unmet goal for health care providers and scientists in order to design targeted strategies, aimed at improving both clinical and patient reported outcomes measures in women and men with heart failure. Th...
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Background: New-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) is a common complication in patients with sepsis, although its prevalence and impact on outcomes are still unclear. We aim to provide a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of NOAF in patients with sepsis, and its impact on in-hospital mortality and intensive care unit (ICU) mortali...
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Background: Data on the interplay between sexual hormones balance, platelet function and clinical outcomes of adults with ischemic heart disease (IHD) are still lacking. Objective: To assess the association between the Testosterone (T)-to-Estradiol (E2) Ratio (T/E2) and platelet activation biomarkers in IHD and its predictive value on adverse ou...
Article
Aims: The aim of this study is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on the epidemiology of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and the risk of intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) and ischaemic stroke (IS) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods and results: PubMed and EMBASE databases were systematically searched from inception to 6 Ma...
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Background A rapid immune response is critical to ensure effective protection against COVID-19. Platelets are first-line sentinels of the vascular system able to rapidly alert and stimulate the immune system. However, their role in the immune response to vaccines is not known. Objective To identify features of the platelet-immune crosstalk that wo...
Article
Aims Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a highly prevalent disease and has been repeatedly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the extent of such association is unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to evaluate the risk of myocardial infarction (MI), ischaemic stro...
Article
Aims In recent years, attention to subclinical atrial fibrillation (SCAF), defined as the presence of atrial high-rate episodes (AHREs), in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), has gained much interest as a determinant of clinical AF and stroke risk. To perform a systematic review and meta-regression of the available scient...
Article
Full-text available
An in‐depth characterization of the incidence, morphology and onset of COVID‐19‐vaccines cutaneous adverse reactions is currently lacking. The existing literature on COVID‐19 vaccination‐related cutaneous adverse reactions largely focused on messenger RNA vaccines and mainly included type 1 hypersensitivity reactions, such as urticaria and angioede...
Article
Background Although cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in both females and males, women are more likely to have non-obstructive ischemic heart disease (IHD) than men. However, the underlying sex- and gender-specific mechanisms and differences in IHD manifestations are still not fully understood. Aim To develop an interpretabl...
Article
Background Long-term anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) imposes a careful balance between the thromboembolic and hemorrhagic risks. An association between cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and an increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) has already been described; however, conflicting evidence exist on the association with i...
Article
Background Sub-clinical atrial fibrillation (SCAF) and atrial high-rate episodes (AHREs), seen as high-frequency atrial tachyarrhythmias in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), have gained prominence as determinants of clinical atrial fibrillation (AF) and increased stroke risk. As a result, several studies investigating th...
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Background: Adequate training in tobacco, nicotine dependence and treatment is lacking in Medical School education. With the rise in popularity of electronic alternatives to cigarettes, future physicians should also be provided with the more recent scientific evidence on these products during their undergraduate studies. We introduced an e-learnin...
Article
Background Glutathione is a water‐soluble tripeptide with a potent oxidant scavenging activity. We hypothesized that glutathione administration immediately before and after primary angioplasty (primary percutaneous coronary intervention) could be effective in modulating immune cell activation, thereby preventing infarct expansion. Methods and Resu...
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Full-text available
Aim Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is unclear, and its association with adverse outcomes is often overlooked. Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of COPD, its impact on clinical management and outcomes in patients with AF, and the impact of beta-blockers (BBs) on outcomes in patien...
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The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic imposed a high burden of morbidity and mortality. In COVID-19, direct lung parenchymal involvement and pulmonary microcirculation dysfunction may entail pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH and direct cardiac injury beget right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) occurrence, which has been frequently reported in COV...
Article
Standards and models of reference for osteoporosis (OP) have been developed for female individuals as they are more likely to be affected by the disease. Nonetheless, OP is also responsible for one-third of hip fractures in male individuals suggesting that a sexblinded approach to OP may lead to miss opportunities for equity in bone health. OPrelat...
Article
Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: None. OnBehalf AF-COMET Collaborative Group Background Multimorbidity is a major concern in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Among other diseases, the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in these patients is unclear, and its association with adverse outcomes is often...
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Background: There is a growing literature on how medical education adapts to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there is a need to examine the facilitators and barriers of these adaptations. This study explores the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) of how Italian medical schools adapted their curricula to the COVID -19 pandemic...
Article
Introduction: Although adverse outcomes from cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been on a linear decline, the burden remains high. Addressing the social determinants of health in the care of CVD patients is emerging as a strategy for improving outcomes. Educational attainment level (EAL), a proxy of socioeconomic status, has been associated with bot...
Article
Purpose: Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO) is a thrombotic process affecting retinal veins. The purpose of this research is to study demographic characteristics and prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities among subjects affected by RVO. In addition, authors explore the role of each variable in determining occlusion type and severity. Subjects, mate...
Article
Sustained virologic response (SVR) obtained with interferon (IFN) or with direct‐acting antivirals (DAAs) is commonly followed by response of hepatitis C virus (HCV)‐associated mixed cryoglobulinemia vasculitis (MCV), but relapse of MCV despite SVR has been reported in several patients after DAAs and rarely after IFN. Since relapses could have been...
Article
Background Retinal vascular occlusion is a leading cause of sight loss. Both retinal artery occlusion (RAO) and retinal vein occlusion (RVO) have been associated with hypercoagulable states; however, the burden of thrombophilia in these patients is unclear. Objectives This study aims at estimating the prevalence of inherited and acquired thromboph...
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Modulation of the immune response has long been proposed as a therapeutic target in several widespread diseases, including cancer, autoimmune disorders, cardiovascular diseases[...]
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Background: The reasons behind low adherence to the Mediterranean diet (Med-diet) are still not entirely known. We aimed to evaluate the effect of biological (i.e., sex-related) and psycho-socio-cultural (i.e., gender-related) factors on Med-diet adherence. Methods: Baseline Med-diet adherence was measured using a self-administered questionnaire...
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Improvements in ischemic heart disease (IHD) management have been unbalanced between sexes, with coronary microvascular dysfunction considered the likely underlying reason. The Endocrine Vascular disease Approach (EVA) is an observational study (Clinicaltrial.gov NCT02737982) aiming to assess sex and gender interactions between coronary circulation...
Article
Full-text available
The authors of this study protocol would like to amend it and clarify that medication adherence was assessed using the 4-item validated Morisky, Green, Levine scale [Morisky DE, Green LW, Levine DM. Concurrent and predictive validity of a self-reported measure of medication adherence. Med Care. 1986 Jan;24(1):67–74] rather than the 4-item Morisky M...
Article
Understanding the role of sex- and gender-related factors, when dealing with a global growing epidemic such as heart failure, is a much needed and unmet goal for health care providers and scientists in order to design targeted strategies, aimed at improving both clinical and patient reported outcomes measures in women and men with heart failure. Th...
Article
Background/Introduction Ischemic heart diseases (IHD) are not synonymous with obstructive flow-limiting coronary artery disease (CAD), especially in women. Platelet dysfunction is suggested as a potential mechanism favouring ischemia in non-obstructive CAD. However, it is unknown whether sex differences in platelet function of patients with non-obs...
Article
Objectives: To analyze the relationship between atrial fibrillation (AF) and Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) in a population-based cohort study over a long-term follow-up period, in relation to oral anticoagulant (OAC) prescriptions and outcomes. Patients and methods: We used data from the administrative health databases of Lombardy. All patien...
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Objective In the setting of reperfused ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contributes to reperfusion injury. Among ROS, hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) showed toxic effects on human cardiomyocytes and may induce microcirculatory impairment. Glutathione (GSH) is a water-soluble tripeptide w...
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The term diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) labels an abnormal cardiac structure and performance due to intrinsic heart muscle malfunction, independently of other vascular co-morbidity. DCM, accounting for 50%–80% of deaths in diabetic patients, represents a worldwide problem for human health and related economics. Optimal glycemic control is not suffic...
Article
Objective: Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in developed countries and smokers should be encouraged to quit. Physicians are instrumental in this, but recent reports suggest inadequate training in medical school. We aimed to assess the knowledge of nicotine dependence and its treatment among Italian medical students. Study...
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We analyzed whether serum albumin is independently associated with portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in liver cirrhosis (LC) and if a biologic plausibility exists. This study was divided into three parts. In part 1 (retrospective analysis), 753 consecutive patients with LC with ultrasound‐detected PVT were retrospectively analyzed. In part 2, 112 patien...
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Background: Sex and gender-related factors have been under-investigated as relevant determinants of health outcomes across non-communicable chronic diseases. Poor medication adherence results in adverse clinical outcomes and sex differences have been reported among patients at high cardiovascular risk, such as diabetics. The effect of diabetes and...
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Management of patients presenting to the Emergency Department with chest pain is continuously evolving. In the setting of acute coronary syndrome, the availability of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays (hs-cTn) has allowed for the development of algorithms aimed at rapidly assessing the risk of an ongoing myocardial infarction. However, conce...
Article
Objective: To evaluate the effect of hospitalization on deep venous thrombosis (DVT) rate by the cumulative incidence of DVT in the proximal venous tract of the lower limbs at admission and discharge. Methods: The AURELIO (rAte of venoUs thRombosis in acutEly iLl patIents hOspitalized in internal medicine wards) multicenter observational study w...
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Purpose Interleukin (IL)-8 is a proinflammatory C-X-C chemokine involved in inflammation underling cardiac diseases, primary or in comorbid condition, such diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). The phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor sildenafil can ameliorate cardiac conditions by counteracting inflammation. The study aim is to evaluate the effect of silde...
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Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a frequent complication in the natural history of patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). The prevalence of PVT in LC is highly variable, ranging from 0.6% to 25% according to different reports. The impact of PVT on the natural history of LC is unclear, but it seems to negatively affect the prognosis of patients undergoi...
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In the original publication, one of the ARAPACIS collaborators Dr. "Leonardo Di Gennaro" name has been erroneously mentioned as "Leonardo De Gennaro".
Article
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most commonly diagnosed arrhythmia, which is associated with an increased risk of stroke. Several studies have suggested that female AF patients could have a greater risk for stroke and thromboembolic events (TE). Methods: A systematic literature review update and meta-analysis was conducted using Pubm...
Article
Objectives: Few data are available on the association between a different entity of platelet inhibition on antiplatelet treatment and clinical outcomes in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of on-treatment platelet reactivity, and its association with ischaemic and haemorrhagic adverse e...
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Sommario Numerosi componenti contribuiscono all’insorgenza e alla progressione della sindrome metabolica e questi fattori differiscono significativamente fra i due sessi. È importante chiarire quali siano i meccanismi molecolari sottostanti a queste differenze correlate al sesso. È inoltre necessario condurre studi che includano anche variabili gen...
Conference Paper
Background Systemic sclerosis (SSc), amongst autoimmune rheumatic disorders, shows a heterogeneous and unpredictable course from stable/mild involvement to progressive/late stage, when irreversible multiorgan fibrosis occurs.¹ Early SSc diagnosis remains a clinical challenge; a delay in diagnosis leads, in turn, to therapy delay and more severe pat...
Article
Background and aims Antioxidant status has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular events (CVEs). Aim of the study was to develop an assay measuring serum hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) break-down activity (HBA) of healthy subjects (HS) and to validate it in a cohort of patients affected by atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods We developed the HBA...
Article
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increases the risk of mortality in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients. Data on the relationship of COPD to major cardiovascular events (MACE) in AF have not been defined. The aim of the study is to assess the predictive value of COPD on incident MACE in NVAF patients over a 3-year follow-up...
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Oral diseases have been adversely associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), which are also the most frequent cause of death in older population. The aim of this study was to investigate the association among oral status indexes and CVD in patients aged more than 65 years attending in the Oral department of a public hospital Policlinico Umberto...
Article
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Background and objectives: Retinal vein occlusion (RVO), one of the most relevant causes of vision loss, still represents an open issue in ophthalmology and vascular medicine. Its epidemiology and management approach have not been clearly characterized yet, with several grey zones requiring investigation. Significance of RVO on cardiovascular progn...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Thrombocytopenia is a hallmark for patients with cirrhosis and it is perceived as a risk factor for bleeding events. However, the relationship between platelet count and bleeding is still unclear. Methods: We investigated the relationship between platelet count and major or clinical relevant nonmajor bleedings during a follow-up of ∼4...
Article
Background & Aims Patients with cirrhosis display enhanced blood levels of factor VIII, which may result in harmful activation of the clotting system; however, the underlying mechanism is unknown. Methods We performed a cross-sectional study in cirrhotic patients (n=61) and matched controls (n=61) comparing blood levels of factor VIII, von Willebr...