Stefania Amici

Stefania Amici
National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology | INGV

Physics

About

69
Publications
13,894
Reads
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514
Citations
Citations since 2017
16 Research Items
260 Citations
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - December 2018
The University of Manchester
Position
  • Honorary Visiting Researcher
January 2014 - July 2014
Aberystwyth University
Position
  • Remote Sensing and GIS teaching
July 1997 - July 2002
National Institute of Astrophysics
Position
  • Researcher Fellowship

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Full-text available
One of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals is climate action (SDG-13), and wildfire is among the catastrophic events that both impact climate change and are aggravated by it. In Australia and other countries, large-scale wildfires have dramatically grown in frequency and size in recent years. These fires threaten the world's fores...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with detection and temperature analysis and of wildfires using PRISMA imagery. Precursore IperSpettrale della Missione Applicativa (Hyperspectral Precursor of the Application Mission, PRISMA) is a new hyperspectral mission by ASI (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Italian Space Agency) launched in 2019. This mission provides hyperspectral...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates the opportunity to use artificial intelligence methodologies and edge computing approaches for wildfire detection directly from satellite platforms. The test case for our study is PRISMA (Precursore IperSpettrale della Missione Applicativa-Hyperspectral Precursor of the Application Mission), the Italian hyperspectral satelli...
Article
The potential of shortwave infrared (SWIR) remote sensing to detect hotspots has been investigated using satellite data for decades. The hotspots detected by satellite SWIR sensors include very high-temperature heat sources such as wildfires, volcanoes, industrial activity, or open burning. This study proposes an automated classification method of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the analysis and detection of wildfires by using PRISMA imagery. Precursore IperSpettrale della Mis­sione Applicativa (Hyperspectral Precursor of the Application Mission, PRISMA) is a new hyperspectral mission by ASI (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Italian Space Agency) launched in 2019. This mission provides hyperspectral images...
Article
Full-text available
Precursore IperSpettrale della Missione Applicativa (Hyperspectral Precursor of the Application Mission, PRISMA) is a new hyperspectral mission by the ASI (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Italian Space Agency) mission launched in 2019 to measure the unique spectral features of diverse materials including vegetation and forest disturbances. In this study...
Article
Full-text available
A substantial proportion of Italian students are unaware of the connection between what they learn at school and their work opportunities .This proportion would most likely increase if data were collected today, given the generation of a broad range of new jobs that has arisen due to advancements in technology. This gap between students’ understand...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring volcanic eruptions provides key information for hazard assessment and its time evolution. Satellite remote sensing data are nowadays essential to perform such task, thanks to their capability to survey disastrous events also in remote and under-monitored regions, with frequent revisit time and accurate spatial resolution. Even though sat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
PAPER VOLCANOES LABORATORY S. Amici, B. Castello Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (ITALY) Earth science and natural disaster are relevant topic in the frame of geosciences education; volcanic eruptions, wildfires, flooding , tornados, are few examples of natural disasters which are regularly in the news and grab kids' attention. Wh...
Conference Paper
The sixty percent of Italian students ignore the link between what they study and the work opportunities. To fill this gap the Italians Educational ministry is promoting the “Alternanza scuola- lavoro" (school-work interchange) program which aims to provide students with real work experience aligned with the principle of open school. The program st...
Poster
Full-text available
The LUSI (contraction of LUmpur SIdoarjo) eruption started the 29 of May 2006 in the highly populated area in the Sidoarjo Regency in East Java, Indonesia. The eruption is still active bursting ~50.000 m3/day of boiling mud, clasts, and water. In the framework of the ERC funded LUSI LAB project (CEED, University of Oslo), we have processed a large...
Conference Paper
This study describes an application of artificial neural networks for the recognition of flaming areas using hyper- spectral remote sensed data. Satellite remote sensing is considered an effective and safe way to monitor active fires for environmental and people safeguarding. Neural networks are an effective and consolidated technique for the class...
Conference Paper
Systematic detection and monitoring of moorland wildfires is essential to conservation groups such as Moors for the Future to understand the extent of damage and to monitor natural post-fire recovery or peatland restoration measures. The collection of burn scar perimeter data and vegetation recovery in the field is labour-intensive and time-consumi...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present the field campaign held in October at the Solfatara of Pozzuoli, near Naples, concerning measurements of CO2, H2S and SO2. The campaign was carried out in collaboration with the University of Costa Rica and Jet Propulsion Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology (Pasadena, California) and has allowed the acquisi...
Article
Full-text available
We present a collection of eight reflectance spectra representative of Mt. Etna volcano lava flows. The reflectance spectra were measured with a Field Spec Pro from 350 nm to 2500 nm during a fieldwork in June 2007. The reflectance has been compared with reflectance obtained by multis-pectral Advanced Space borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Rad...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Remotely sensed data, acquired by multispectral and hyperspectral satellite sensors for scientific applications including geology, require periodic validation, since the resulting measurements might be affected by sensor performance changes and accuracy of atmospheric correction models. In this frame we have performed a fieldwork acting to collect...
Article
Insight into signs that prelude volcanic eruptions is key for protecting the lives, livestock and property of those living in the vicinity of a volcano. One key indicator is temperature rise. Using Mount Etna as a test site, the authors show that an unmanned aerial system (UAS) equipped with a thermal infrared sensor generates data similar to tempe...
Article
Full-text available
In the frame of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) Hyperspectral Mission PRISMA (Precursore IperSpettrale della Missione Applicativa), the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) is coordinating the scientific project ASI-AGI (Analisi Sistemi Iperspettrali per le Applicazioni Geofisiche Integrate) to develop specific algorithms and produc...
Article
Full-text available
On March 11th, 2011 (at 05:46:23 UTC) a megaearthquake (M 9.0) occurred near the NE coast of Honshu island ( Japan), originated near the subduction plate boundary between the Pacific and the North America plates. The epicenter has been located at about 130 km East of Sendai city, at a depth of about 32 km. This seismic event has been followed by a...
Data
Extreme environments like active volcanoes exhibit many difficulties in being studied by in situ techniques. For exam-ple, during eruptions, summit areas are very hard to be accessed because of logistics problems and/or volcanic hazards. The use of remote sensing techniques in the last 20 years by satellite or airborne platforms has proven their ca...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Volcanic activity has often affected human life both at large and at small scale. For example, the 2010 Eyjafjallajokull eruption caused severe economic damage at continental scale due to its strong effect on air traffic. At a local scale, ash fall and lava flow emission can cause harm and disruption. Understanding precursory signals to volcanic er...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the frame of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) Hyperspectral Space Mission PRISMA, the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia coordinates the scientific project ASI-AGI aimed to develop specific algorithms and products for geophysical applications. Data validation and calibration activities have been focused on active volcanic areas and thr...
Chapter
Thermal remote sensing is widely used in the detection, study, and management of biomass burning occurring in open vegetation fires. Such fires may be planned for land management purposes, may occur as a result of a malicious or accidental ignition by humans, or may result from lightning or other natural phenomena. Under suitable conditions, fires...
Article
Tenerife is the central island of the Canary Archipelago Spain, which consists of seven islands that represent different stages of geological evolution. The Teide-Pico Viejo 28° 16′ 30′′ N, 16° 38′ 42′′ W stratocones formed during the last eruptive phase of the isle of Tenerife. It is an active, though currently quiescent, shield volcano that last...
Article
Full-text available
Il Laboratorio di Meccanica del Volo (MDVLab) dell’Università di Bologna nasce nel 2006 presso la Seconda Facoltà di Ingegneria e la sua attività di ricerca riguarda principalmente problematiche di modellazione, simulazione e controllo del volo atmosferico e spaziale. Un'intensa collaborazione con l’Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (I...
Article
Thermal remote sensing studies of actively burning wildfires are usually based on the detection of Planckian energy emissions in the MIR (3–5μm), LWIR (8–14μm) and/or SWIR (1.0–2.5μm) spectral regions. However, vegetation also contains a series of trace elements which present unique narrowband spectral emission lines in the visible and near infrare...
Conference Paper
The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER ) has operated since 19 December 1999 from NASA's Terra Earth-orbiting, sun synchronous satellite. Emissivity and temperature standard products are based on the TES algorithms and required periodical validation campaign. In the frame of the EC project PREVIEW (http://www.prev...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work is an evaluation, to which degree geological information can be obtained from modern remote sensing systems like the multispectral ASTER or the hyperspectral Hyperion sensor for a volcanic region like Teide Volcano (Tenerife, Canary Islands). To account for the enhanced information content these sensors provide, hyperspectral analysis met...
Article
In the last decade a very wide spectrum of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) has been developed, essentially for military purposes. They range from very small aircraft, weighing a few kg, to stratospheric aeroplanes with total weight of many tonnes. Endurance also varies very markedly, from a few hours to
Article
Full-text available
We present the Messinian evaporite suite (Mediterranean region) and the Solfatara hydrothermal system (Phlegraean Fields volcanic province, Italy), discuss their implications for understanding the origin of sulfates on Mars and show preliminary sets of VNIR laboratory and in situ reflectance spectra of rocks from these geologic systems. The choice...
Article
Full-text available
The INGV Remote Sensing unit is equipped with a NOAA-AVHRR receiving station that provides 4 to 10 images per day of the central Mediterranean area in the visible to thermal infrared bands. These data were acquired and processed in real time using automatic and semi-automatic procedures which outputs information collated in daily and weekly observa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
At present the authors are developing the system FASA, an airborne combination of a Fourier Transform Spectrometer and an imaging system. The aim is to provide a system that is usable to investigate and monitor emissions from natural disasters such as wild fires and from volcanoes. Besides temperatures and (burned) areas FASA will also provide conc...
Article
In order to calibrate and validate remote sensing data, information derived from laboratory and in situ measurements are needed. Periodically campaigns are organized to perform measurements and samplings to retrieve spectral and geochemical information. Information are very important to improve the theoretical model and to realize a classification....
Article
Full-text available
The field measurements campaign made in July 2003 on Etna, Vulcano Island and Campi Flegrei was dedicated to the calibration and validation of airborne and spaceborne data. The campaign activities were relevant part of two ASI funded projects: 1) FASA, dedicated to airborne system and data validation/calibration 2) HypSEO, dedicated to multispectra...
Article
Full-text available
The field measurements campaign made in July 2003 on Etna, Vulcano Island and Campi Flegrei was dedicated to the calibration and validation of airborne and spaceborne data. The campaign activities were relevant part of two ASI funded projects: 1) FASA, dedicated to airborne system and data validation/calibration 2) HypSEO, dedicated to multispectr...
Conference Paper
Mount Etna volcano is the tallest and most active of European volcanoes. It is characterised by four craters (Northeast Crater, Voragine, Bocca Nuova, Southeast Crater) with a highest point at 3315m elevation. Eruptions are frequently observed on Etna, and are typical of basaltic volcanism, consisting of voluminous lava flows and ash-generating exp...
Article
Fixed or rotary wing manned aircraft are currently the most commonly used platforms for airborne reconnaissance in response to natural hazards, such as volcanic eruptions, oil spills, wild fires, earthquakes. Such flights are very often undertaken in hazardous flying conditions (e.g., turbulence, downdrafts, reduced visibility, close proximity to d...
Article
Full-text available
Hyper/Multispectral data provide information about characteristic of natural and antropic surfaces. In order to retrieve the mineralogical species composing the Castel Porziano Beach (CPB), remote sensed data needs to be atmospherically corrected. In this work a new tool for the atmospheric correction for spaceborne EO data, based on MODTRAN and 6S...
Article
From 16 to 26 July 2003 an extensive field campaign was carried out around Mt Etna, Sicily, Italy. During the campaign a new airborne system, Fire Airborne Spectral Analyzer (FASA), was tested. The main instrument of the payload is a high resolution Michelson Interferometer with Rotating Retroreflector (MIROR), which operates in the nominal infrare...
Article
This paper describes CIRILLO, a new software for the correction of spaceborne images acquired in the VIS-SWIR spectral range. Moreover the capability to retrieve minerals composing the Solfatara di Pozzuoli surface using ASTER multispectral data is shown. In order to identify the mineralogical composition of the collected sample, mineralogy analysi...
Article
Remote sensing data acquired by satellite or airborne sensor need on ground validation measurements. As concern volcanoes monitoring, important information may be retrieved by observing these targets in the InfraRed spectral range. A portable muFTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Interferometer) capable of making sensitive and accurate measurements of...
Article
Full-text available
The simultaneous solution of the Planck equation (involving the widely used “dual-band” technique) using two shortwave infrared (SWIR) bands allows for an estimate of the fractional area of the hottest part of an active lava flow (f h) and the background temperature of the cooler crust (T c). The use of a high spectral and spatial resolution imagin...
Article
Full-text available
At present the authors are developing the system FASA, an airborne combination of a Fourier Transform Spectrometer and an imaging system. The aim is to provide a system that is usable to investigate and monitor emissions from natural disasters such as wild fires and from volcanoes. Besides temperatures and (burned) areas FASA will also provide conc...
Conference Paper
During July 2003 a new airborne system named FASA was tested on Italian volcanoes. FASA that stands for Fire Airborne Spectral Analyzer, is a system devoted to high temperature events study. The payload on the airborne consisted of an imager (ABAS) and an high resolution Michelson interferometer with rotating retroreflector MIROR operating in the n...
Conference Paper
This from 17 July until 26 July, 2003, a field campaign on Mount Etna and on the island of Vulcano, was carried out jointly to airborne campaign (FASA). FASA (Fire Airborne Spectral Analyze) is the airborne main instrument composed by an imager and a Fourier Transform Spectrometer in the 3.3-13 mum IR range. The field campaign was aimed to the vali...
Article
The Cassini Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) is an imaging spectrometer covering the wavelength range 0.3–5.2 μm in 352 spectral channels, with a nominal instantaneous field of view of 0.5 mrad. The Cassini flyby of Jupiter represented a unique opportunity to accomplish two important goals: scientific observations of the jovian syste...
Article
From radio and radar observations, providing information on the upper 0.1 to 10 m of the Martian crust, we know that subsurface properties seem to be slightly different from those at the surface, suggesting subsurface layering in many places. This idea has been strongly strengthened by the recent observation in sedimentary areas of the Martian surf...
Conference Paper
FASA stands for Fire Airborne Simulator Arrangement. It consists in a bi-spectral imager and highresolution FTIR-spectrometer (Fourier Transform Infrared spectrometer), named MIROR to be flown on Donier 228. The scientific objectives of FASA are to determine the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation ( spectral range 3-16um) of high temperature even...
Article
IRMA (the acronym stands for InfraRed Microscope Analysis) is a hyperspectral imaging spectrometer which is capable, in its present design, to achieve a spatial resolution of 38 mum in the 0.8-5 mum infrared spectral range. IRMA has the goal to first ever quantitatively characterize the mineralogy and the microphysical structure of the materials of...
Article
The Italian drill “DEEDRI” is going to be the lander based sample acquisition system for the Mars Surveyor Program of the Mars Sample Return mission. DEEDRI is capable to collect core/sand sample of the martian soil down to 50 cm in depth. The MA_MISS experiment belongs to the DEEDRI system and it will be dedicated to observe the wall of the excava...
Article
We report the first detection and profile characterization of thermal emission from the surface of Venus at 0.85 and 0.90 µm, observed in the first planetary spectrum acquired by the Visual-Infrared Mapping Spectrometer onboard the Cassini spacecraft en route to the Saturn system. The strength and shape of these two newly observed nightside emissio...
Article
VIRTIS stands for Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer. VIRTIS is an imaging spectrometer to be flown on the Rosetta mission. The scientific objectives of VIRTIS are to determine the composition of surface material of the comet P-Wirtanen, as well as two asteroids. VIRTIS is composed of two subsystems named VIRTIS-M and VIRTIS-H.VIRTIS...
Article
VIRTIS is an acronym for Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer. It is an imaging spectrometer for the Rosetta mission, a mission to the comet 46P/Wirtanen, It is made of two channels: a high resolution one, named VIRTIS-H (resolving power up to 2000, spectral range 1-5 mu m) and the classical imaging spectrometer VIRTIS-M. The M in part...
Article
Full-text available
The MARS-IRMA investigation has been proposed for inclusion in the payload of the Mars Sample Return Lander 1. Its goal is the quantitative characterization of the mineralogy and the microphysical structure of the materials in the Martian soils, down to the depth available to the sampling mechanism of the Lander. The instrument we intend to build i...
Article
The instrument VIMS (Visible and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer) to be flown on Cassini is a multispectral imager covering the spectral range from 0.30-5.1 mu m. Some major areas for the scientific objectives of the Cassini-VIMS instrument will be study of the atmospheres of Saturn and Titan; study of the surface composition and spatial distribution...
Article
A calibration method has been applied on satellite data in the visible infrared spectral range from which spectral reflectance and emissivity may be retrieved. This dissertation describes the steps needed for multispectral/hyperspectral data calibration and a number of algorithms for reflectance and emissivity retrieval. The methodology is applied...

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