Stefan Skupien

Stefan Skupien
Berlin University Alliance · Center for Open and Responsible Research (CORe)

Dr.

About

23
Publications
5,967
Reads
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51
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - September 2018
WZB Berlin Social Science Center
Position
  • Research Fellow, Project Manager

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Research that investigates respective researchers’ engagement in Open Science varies widely in the topics addressed, methods employed, and disciplines investigated, which makes it difficult to integrate and compare its results. To investigate current outcomes of Open Science research, and to get a better understanding on well-researched topics and...
Article
Kenya’s government has identified science, technology and innovation as key for its national development plan and has started to refurbish its research environment. In this article, we use the world system approach to discuss the largely peripheral relations of Kenya’s science systems to the global science system and to identify indications for Ken...
Chapter
Dieses Kapitel widmet sich der Frage, was postkoloniale Theorien zu Armut zu sagen haben und mit welchen Annahmen Armut beschrieben und normativ konzipiert werden. Dafür wird das Forschungsfeld postkolonialer Theorie kurz umrissen und auf zentrale Autor* innen und deren Analysemethoden eingegangen. Neben postkolonialer Theorie wird als später hinzu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This evaluation has the aim to assess the development, functionality and impact of the ESARSWG-network since the inception of ISP funding in the late 1990s (Terms of References (ToR), p. 3). More specifically, the ToR spell out that the evaluation has the aim to to analyse and assess the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainabili...
Article
Full-text available
The research on cross-national research cooperation, including the categories of Global South/North, tends to leave out the issue of research funding. However, research funders are no neutral infrastructure by and for the scientific community, but represent societal, political, or economic stakeholders, whose expectations shape funding policy goals...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific collaboration between Northern and Southern researchers and development programs for research capacity-building have received new attention of practitioners and scholars during the last decades. This essay review takes four recent publications on North-South research cooperation and development politics as a starting point to ask for pos...
Chapter
Throughout his oeuvre, Hountondji develops a prescriptive notion of culture that is marked by internal difference and constant change. This notion stands in opposition to a static and essentialist understanding of culture, that is prevalent in many contemporary nationalist and identitarian movements and that leads to a society’s stagnation and encl...
Chapter
Part II introduces the reader to the biographical, political and historical context of Hountondji’s philosophy by giving an account of his years in Paris, in Zaire and subsequently his work as an academic in Benin as well as internationally. Situating Hountondji as a public intellectual allows for tracing his interventions in framing the Benin revo...
Chapter
This chapter contains an interview by Franziska Dübgen and Stefan Skupien with Paulin Hountondji, held in 2018. Therein, Hountondji reconsiders his early critical stance towards ethnophilosophy, arguing for a sociology of collective representations as a means to adequately study collective thought. He recounts the period of democratisation in Benin...
Chapter
Several research fields have developed during the last decades that align with Hountondji’s calls for scientific independence and thus enable expanding his analysis and critique of scientific dependency and the call for the re-appropriation of endogenous knowledge. This chapter gives an overview of contemporary discussions in the social studies of...
Chapter
Hountondji’s contemporaries reacted to his critique of ethnophilosophy and his vision of how African philosophy should be properly done and fostered a vibrant discussion on the methods, scope, and standing of philosophy in the African context. The chapter resumes the main elements of this debate, including the topic of who philosophises (the indivi...
Chapter
Following up on the later developments of Paulin Hountondji’s work, this chapter attends to the concept of endogenous knowledge as a key to doing science and philosophy at African universities. Endogenous knowledge as a self-reflexive praxis of re-appropriating marginalised local knowledge can partly be regarded as a response to Hountondji’s critic...
Chapter
In this chapter the authors resume the major themes of this book, including the discussion of ethnophilosophy, endogenous research as well as Hountondji’s political activism. The conclusion of this book is preliminary in the sense that any philosophical inquiry, in the spirit of Hountondji, is a never-ending process that cannot lead to ultimate con...
Chapter
Paulin Hountondji became famous for his rigorous critique of ethnophilosophy. This chapter presents the historical context of the emergence of ethnophilosophy, portrays the most important writings of this genre and discusses Hountondji’s methodological objections to the ethnophilosophical approach. In his account, Hountondji defends a strict notion...
Chapter
Hountondji calls for a transcultural debate on universal norms as opposed both to moral relativism and to Western monolingualism in the discussion on global values. This chapter reconstructs his early critique of African particularism in the context of his engagement with ethnophilosophy and connects this to his later pledge for the universal scope...
Book
Paulin J. Hountondji is one of the most important and controversial figures in contemporary African philosophy. His critique of ethnophilosophy as a colonial, exoticising and racialized undertaking provoked contentious debates among African intellectuals on the proper methods and scope of philosophy and science in an African and global context sinc...
Article
Full-text available
In light of a theory of recognition, a source of solidarity based on labor division is examined. This approach can help to mitigate the shortcomings of other sources of solidarity. Following an analysis of the primacy of market integration, the European Trade Union as well as European public unemployment insurance are discussed as institutional mea...
Chapter
Im Juni 1991 schickt die mit einem Verfassungsentwurf betraute Kommission Ghanas eine Delegation in die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, um mehr über das gemischte Wahlrecht der Bundesrepublik und dessen Möglichkeiten für die politische Integration regional und ethnisch divergierender Gesellschaften zu lernen. Die Entscheidung schwankt zu dem Zeitpunkt...
Article
Zusammenfassung Ausgehend von modernen sozialwissenschaftlichen Machttheorien wirft der Beitrag einen neuen Blick auf die Governance-Debatte und plädiert für die Wiederaufnahme des Steuerungsbegriffs unter verändertem Vorzeichen. Um jenseits formalisierter Hierarchien gezielte Einflussnahmen auch auf horizontaler Ebene erfassen zu können, wie sie G...

Questions

Questions (5)
Question
Dear colleagues,
Having searched for recent articles on renewable energy research in African countries, I think I have found a research gap: There are very few articles if none discussing the funding of this research field at African institutions. We only found either a number of economic papers discussing the funding of renewable energy infrastructure in African countries or a few studies on the networks of renewable energy research that limit themselves to the OECD territories or sometimes refer to the BRICS-community.
Are you aware of research on this topic? Could you share any national reports from African governments, regional comparisons and other literature on this topic?
Thanks for any hints!
With best regards,
Stefan
Question
Currently, I am trying to better understand the scope, topics and networks of African researcher who participated in the EU Framework Programs up to today.
Therefore, I am looking for your help and would very much appreciate your hints at studies, evaluations and other sources that assessed the participation of researchers with an African institutional affiliation in these FPs.
So far, I am aware of Waast et.al. 1992 for the very early S&T-Funding and of the evaluation of Farell et.al. 2015 for the INCO-programs in FP7.
Thanks very much!
Question
Hello,
I am currently doing research on standards for research collaboration standards or benchmarks. Some recent initiatives such as the 'Research Fairness Initiative' point to the SDG #17 'Partnership for Development'. This goal seems to be the continuation of the MDG #8.
Can you recommend articles or short histories of how these two goals evolved during the drafting process of the MDG and SDG?
Thanks in advance!
Question
I am specifically looking for studies that can reproduce the results of this study/leaflet from 2010 that bases on Thompson Reuters Web of Science-Data:
Interestingly, this study clusters internal African research cooperation by four groups (see p. 8), singling out not only the North-African States as a homogeneous group but also the Francophone countries of West Africa. However, Web of Science is known to be dominated by Anglophone journals. Therefore I wonder whether for example Scopus can deliver sharper pictures of such relationships, taking into account also Franco- and Lusophone publications.
Thanks in advance for any hints!
Best regards, Stefan
Question
I am planning to develop an open-source, cross-universities database for syllabuses on political theory open to as many lecturers as possible. It would thus be very interesting to know from which sources you normally draw when thinking about new course syllabuses (colleagues, handbooks, internet-research, own research literature ...?). Would you see an additional value in such a database?

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The Open Science concept remains unclear and blurry due to a variety of suggested meanings. Research that investigates respective scientists’ engagement in Open Science varies widely in the topics addressed, methods employed, and disciplines investigated, which makes it difficult to integrate and compare its results. To get a better understanding of the conceptual scope and boundaries of research on Open Science we aim at providing an openly accessible comparative overview and methodological reflection of empirical studies that focus on the attitudes, assessments, and practices of Open Science among individuals, communities, and organizations. With this approach, we intend to clarify the current understanding of Open Science on two levels: First, on the level of study contents, empirical studies capture diverse understandings and aspects of Open Science among different disciplinary, practitioner, geographical region and user groups among others. Numerous empirical studies have asked similar questions, but often to different groups of respondents. Therefore, a complementary overview of existing studies will allow us to summarize key findings and to identify key understandings and practices of Open Science across multiple respondents. On the second level of study methodologies, a critical review simultaneously takes into account that empirical studies are themselves shaping our perspective of Open Science. Therefore, we will further inductively study and compare the applied concepts and chosen methodological designs, which where chosen to capture attitudes, assessments, and practices of Open Science. On this level, we aim to explore and understand potentials and limits of methodologies, e.g. of quantitative and qualitative approaches. In our review, we started with a corpus of 104 studies investigating Open Science in a broad sense and will extend the corpus following a combined approach of snowball sampling and systematic literature search. This corpus is openly accessible via Zotero (https://bit.ly/34GaVHI). We include peer-reviewed studies as well as gray literature in a growing body of data and in a first step code studies regarding their Open Science topic, methodology, discipline, and targeted groups.
Project
Societal impact 'scripts' for internationally funded African PhD trainees and their conceptual and methodological variations are lacking. The project will deliberate the question of how internationally funded PhD training in and for African countries influence the academic career development of individual African PhD trainees, given that their social identities as academics are constantly up for re-negotiation and challenged by the fact that they are part of structured society with conflicting demands and realities. During the project, we aim to build on a number of yet mostly disentangled conceptual insights to study the negotiation processes and organizational settings at the PhD career stage in African contexts. Included are social identity theory from social psychology, career scripting from the sociology of science, and perspectives about research funding environments in Africa. The fourth pillar of our conceptual underpinning is to be developed as there is yet not sufficient literature: it is located in the emerging research impact literature and deals with the categories and processes of pay-back of African scholars to different parts of society.
Project
The book project contributes to the Palgrave Pivot series 'Global Thinkers' by introducing the renowned Beninese philosopher Paulin Hountondji to a broader readership. Paulin Hountondji has been a key figure in the shaping of today's philosophical and anthropological discourse in African countries and beyond. His philosophically motivated critique of a so-called ethnophilosophy can be extended to the sociology of sciences and to new debates on culture and identity as well as universalism and particularism.