Stefan Schuster

Stefan Schuster
Friedrich Schiller University Jena | FSU · Department of Bioinformatics

Professor

About

325
Publications
53,544
Reads
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14,327
Citations
Citations since 2016
77 Research Items
4456 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600

Publications

Publications (325)
Article
Full-text available
A coiled coil is a structural motif in proteins that consists of at least two α-helices wound around each other. For structural stabilization, these α-helices form interhelical contacts via their amino acid side chains. However, there are restrictions as to the distances along the amino acid sequence at which those contacts occur. As the spatial pe...
Article
Full-text available
Iron-reducing and iron-oxidizing bacteria are of interest in a variety of environmental and industrial applications. Such bacteria often co-occur at oxic-anoxic gradients in aquatic and terrestrial habitats. In this paper, we present the first computational agent-based model of microbial iron cycling, between the anaerobic ferric iron (Fe ³⁺ )-redu...
Article
Full-text available
Aspergillus fumigatus is an important human fungal pathogen and its conidia are constantly inhaled by humans. In immunocompromised individuals, conidia can grow out as hyphae that damage lung epithelium. The resulting invasive aspergillosis is associated with devastating mortality rates. Since infection is a race between the innate immune system an...
Preprint
Full-text available
The burden of fungal infections for humans, animals and plants is widely underestimated and comprises deadly infections as well as great conomic costs. Despite that, antifungal drugs are scarce and emergence of resistance in fungal strains contributes to a high mortality. To overcome this shortage, we propose toxic intermediates and their controlli...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aspergillus fumigatus is an important human fungal pathogen and its conidia are constantly inhaled by humans. In immunocompromised individuals, conidia can grow out as hyphae that damage lung epithelium. The resulting invasive aspergillosis is associated with devastating mortality rates. Since infection is a race between the innate immune system an...
Article
In this review, we summarize and briefly discuss various approaches to modeling the metabolism in human immune cells, with a focus on energy metabolism. These approaches include metabolic reconstruction, elementary modes, and flux balance analysis, which are often subsumed under constraint-based modeling. Further approaches are evolutionary game th...
Article
Full-text available
Aging research is a very popular field of research in which the deterioration or decline of various physiological features is studied. Here we consider the molecular level, which can also have effects on the macroscopic level. The proteinogenic amino acids differ in their susceptibilities to non-enzymatic modification. Some of these modifications c...
Article
Full-text available
In humans and higher animals, a trade-off between sufficiently high erythrocyte concentrations to bind oxygen and sufficiently low blood viscosity to allow rapid blood flow has been achieved during evolution. Optimal hematocrit theory has been successful in predicting hematocrit (HCT) values of about 0.3–0.5, in very good agreement with the normal...
Article
Full-text available
Most unicellular organisms live in communities and express different phenotypes. Many efforts have been made to study the population dynamics of such complex communities of cells, coexisting as well-coordinated units. Minimal models based on ordinary differential equations are powerful tools that can help us understand complex phenomena. They repre...
Article
Full-text available
The classification of proteinogenic amino acids is crucial for understanding their commonalities as well as their differences to provide a hint for why life settled on the usage of precisely those amino acids. It is also crucial for predicting electrostatic, hydrophobic, stacking and other interactions, for assessing conservation in multiple alignm...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the process of aging is still an important challenge to enable healthy aging and to prevent age-related diseases. Most studies in age research investigate the decline in organ functionality and gene activity with age. The focus on decline can even be considered a paradigm in that field. However, there are certain aspects that remain s...
Article
Full-text available
Biofilms are composed of microorganisms attached to a solid surface or floating on top of a liquid surface. They pose challenges in the field of medicine but can also have useful applications in industry. Regulation of biofilm growth is complex and still largely elusive. Oscillations are thought to be advantageous for biofilms to cope with nutrient...
Article
Full-text available
Biofilms offer an excellent example of ecological interaction among bacteria. Temporal and spatial oscillations in biofilms are an emerging topic. In this paper, we describe the metabolic oscillations in Bacillus subtilis biofilms by applying the smallest theoretical chemical reaction system showing Hopf bifurcation proposed by Wilhelm and Heinrich...
Article
Full-text available
Pathogenic microorganisms entail enormous problems for humans, livestock, and crop plants. A better understanding of the different infection strategies of the pathogens enables us to derive optimal treatments to mitigate infectious diseases or develop vaccinations preventing the occurrence of infections altogether. In this review, we highlight the...
Preprint
Full-text available
In host-pathogen interactions, often the host (attacked organism) defends itself by some toxic compound and the parasite, in turn, responds by producing an enzyme that inactivates that compound. In some cases, the host can respond by producing an inhibitor of that enzyme, which can be considered as a counter-counter defence. An example is provided...
Preprint
Full-text available
In host-pathogen interactions, often the host (attacked organism) defends itself by some toxic compound and the parasite, in turn, responds by producing an enzyme that inactivates that compound. In some cases, the host can respond by producing an inhibitor of that enzyme, which can be considered as a counter-counter defence. An example is provided...
Article
Full-text available
The original version of this Article contained an error in the spelling of the author Jule Müller, which was incorrectly given as Julia Müller. Additionally, in Fig. 4a, the blue-red colour scale for fold change in ageing/disease regulation included a blue stripe in place of a red stripe at the right-hand end of the scale. These errors have been co...
Article
Full-text available
Molecular mimicry is the formation of specific molecules by microbial pathogens to avoid recognition and attack by the immune system of the host. Several pathogenic Ascomycota and Zygomycota show such a behaviour by utilizing human complement factor H to hide in the blood stream. We call this type of mimicry molecular crypsis. Such a crypsis can re...
Data
Opsonization states and relevant complement factor concentrations without the scaling factor accounting for spatial effects. (PDF)
Data
Opsonization states and relevant complement factor concentrations with higher heparan sulfate concentration and lower Pra1 concentration on the surfaces. (PDF)
Data
Example dynamics assuming no inflow of C3 and FH. (PDF)
Data
Complement protein concentrations used in the model. (PDF)
Data
Scaling factor for the affinity of surface derived nascent C3b to the originating surface. (PDF)
Data
Diagram of all reactions occurring in the C. albicans model. (PDF)
Data
Example dynamics assuming inflow of C3 and FH limited only by blood flow. (PDF)
Data
Opsonization states and relevant complement factor concentrations assuming unlimited inflow of C3 and FH. (PDF)
Data
Surface area distributions and erythrocyte count distribution used for sampling. (PDF)
Data
Opsonization states and relevant complement factor concentrations assuming inflow of C3 and FH limited only by blood flow. (PDF)
Data
Opsonization states and relevant complement factor concentrations assuming no inflow of C3 and FH. (PDF)
Data
Kinetic rate constants used in the model. (PDF)
Data
Inflow and outflow of relevant complement factors C3 and H in the blood stream. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Microorganisms encounter a diversity of chemical stimuli that trigger individual responses and influence population dynamics. However, microbial behavior under the influence of different incentives and microbial decision-making is poorly understood. Benthic marine diatoms that react to sexual attractants as well as to nutrient gradients face such m...
Poster
Mikroalgenbasierte Substanzen erlangen zunehmend Bedeutung als Bestandteil funktioneller Lebensmittel bzw. Nutrazeutika. Mikroalgen der Gattung Nannochloropsis zeichnet vor allem ein hoher Gehalt an der mehrfach ungesättigten ω-3-Fettsäure Eicosapentaensäure (EPA) als Wertstoff aus. Spezies-unabhängig sind mikroalgenbasierte Wertstoffe häufig in Ze...
Preprint
Full-text available
Molecular mimicry is the formation of specific molecules by microbial pathogens to avoid recognition and attack by the immune system of the host. Several pathogenic Ascomycota and Zygomycota show such a behaviour by utilizing human complement factor H to hide in the blood stream. We call this type of mimicry molecular crypsis. Such a crypsis can re...
Article
As a part of the complement system, factor H regulates phagocytosis and helps differentiate between a body's own and foreign cells. Owing to mimicry efforts, some pathogenic microorganisms such as Candida albicans are able to bind factor H on their cell surfaces and, thus, become similar to host cells. This implies that the decision between self an...
Article
Full-text available
Many differentiated cells rely primarily on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation for generating energy in the form of ATP needed for cellular metabolism. In contrast most tumor cells instead rely on aerobic glycolysis leading to lactate to about the same extent as on respiration. Warburg found that cancer cells to support oxidative phosphorylati...
Article
Full-text available
Disease epidemiology during ageing shows a transition from cancer to degenerative chronic disorders as dominant contributors to mortality in the old. Nevertheless, it has remained unclear to what extent molecular signatures of ageing reflect this phenomenon. Here we report on the identification of a conserved transcriptomic signature of ageing base...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of disease-associated modules based on protein-protein interaction networks (PPINs) and gene expression data has provided new insights into the mechanistic nature of diverse diseases. However, their identification is hampered by the detection of protein communities within large-scale, whole-genome PPINs. A presented successful st...
Poster
Gegenwärtig besteht ein wachsendes Interesse an der ökonomischen Produktion algenbasierter Inhaltsstoffe für nutrazeutische, kosmetische und pharmazeutische Erzeugnisse. Mikroalgen der Gattung Nannochloropsis zeichnet u.a. ein hoher Gehalt an der mehrfach ungesättigten ω-3-Fettsäure Eicosapentaensäure (EPA) als Wertstoff aus. Im Hinblick auf eine e...
Article
Intrinsic of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases is an aberrant accumulation of triglycerides (steatosis), which occurs inhomogeneously within lobules. To improve our understanding of the mechanisms involved in this zonation patterning, we developed a mathematical multicompartment model of hepatic fatty acid metabolism accompanied by blood flow simu...
Article
Full-text available
The release of fungal cells following macrophage phagocytosis, called non-lytic expulsion, is reported for several fungal pathogens. On one hand, non-lytic expulsion may benefit the fungus in escaping the microbicidal environment of the phagosome. On the other hand, the macrophage could profit in terms of avoiding its own lysis and being able to un...
Conference Paper
Die ökonomische Kultivierung von Mikroalgen erfordert u. a. eine Bioprozess-auslegung hinsichtlich maximaler Biomasseproduktivität. Dafür ist im kontinuierlichen Bioprozess die Einhaltung des optimalen Betriebspunktes essenziell. In Experimenten wurde die nächtliche Biomasse-Abnahme untersucht, welche zu einer deutlichen Verschiebung des Betriebspu...
Preprint
Full-text available
The identification of disease associated modules based on protein-protein interaction networks (PPINs) and gene expression data has provided new insights into the mechanistic nature of diverse diseases. A major problem hampering their identification is the detection of protein communities within large-scale, whole-genome PPINs. Current strategies s...
Article
Sexual communication between complementary mating partners in the fungal group of zygomycetes is mediated by the trisporoid pheromone system. A key enzyme towards biosynthesis of hormonally active trisporoids is 4-dihydromethyltrisporate dehydrogenase (TSP1), an enzyme occurring in all zygomycetous fungi. Trisporic acid and some of its precursor mo...