Stefan Kuhlmann

Stefan Kuhlmann
University of Twente | UT · Department of Science, Technology and Policy Studies (STePS)

Professor of Science, Technology and Society

About

286
Publications
58,395
Reads
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6,512
Citations
Citations since 2017
28 Research Items
3070 Citations
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Introduction
STS, governance of science, technology & innovation. Studied Political Science & History (Univ Marburg, 1978), PhD (1986, Univ Kassel), Habilitation Political Science (1998, Kassel). 1988-2006 Fraunhofer ISI, 2001-05 Professor Innov Policy, Univ Utrecht. Editor 'Research Policy' (2005-19). Assoc Ed 'Intern. Journal Foresight & Innov. Policy (IJFIP)'; Ed Adv B 'Science & Public Pol.', 'Evaluation', 'Asian Research Pol.', ‘Europ. Journal Futures Research’ ... 2010-16 President of Eu-SPRI Forum.
Additional affiliations
October 2006 - present
University of Twente
Position
  • Professor (Full) of Science, Technology, and Society
Description
  • Politics and Governance of Knowledge, Technology and Innovation
September 2001 - September 2006
Utrecht University
Position
  • Professor of Innovation Policy
October 1988 - September 2006
Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI
Position
  • Head of Department / Acting Director

Publications

Publications (286)
Article
Full-text available
In Europe, public research, technology and innovation policies are no longer exclusively in the hands of national authorities: increasingly, national initiatives are supplemented by, or even competing with, regional innovation policies or transnational programmes, in particular the activities of the European Union. At the same time, industrial inno...
Article
Full-text available
Starting from the co-evolutionary development of innovation practice, theory and policy, five functions are identified that play a crucial role in the management of present-day innovation processes: (1) management of interfaces, (2) (de-) construction and organising (innovation) systems, (3) providing a platform for learning and experimenting, (4)...
Article
Full-text available
The central idea of this paper is that innovation systems are a very important determinant of technological change. We describe that the emergence of a new innovation system and changes in existing innovation systems co-evolve with the process of technological change. Therefore, it is necessary to create more insight in the dynamics of innovation s...
Article
The rich and complex outcomes of foresight activities are often difficult to translate into policy relevant intelligence. The struggle in connecting futures intelligence to policy making can be read as a basic challenge in foresight: working on futures intelligence has emerged as a way to improve policy, but once it is delegated to professional for...
Article
Full-text available
Research interest This paper aims at a better understanding of the governance of the abandonment of socio-technical regimes through the example of the incandescent light bulb phase-out in the European Union and in the Netherlands as one specific case where the EU discontinuation policy has been implemented. In particular, with this paper we focus o...
Article
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The policy brief is intended to foster stronger science diplomacy practices able to efficiently tackles today’s global challenges. Traditional means of addressing global challenges have served their time and we now need new modes of international collaboration with scientific knowledge and expertise figuring more prominently if we want to ensure a...
Article
Full-text available
This study contributes to a better understanding of the transformative process towards inclusive innovation from the perspective of three literature branches, inclusive innovation, institutional entrepreneurship and path dependence. Based on these literature branches, we ensemble a heuristic to assess the role of Institutional Entrepreneurs in fost...
Book
Full-text available
Innovationspolitik kann simpel sein: In den 1960er-Jahren trieb die Mission Mondlandung den Forschungsapparat in den USA mit massivem Schub in eine Richtung. Die NASA bekam im Mai 1961 von Präsident John F. Kennedy top-down einen glasklaren Auftrag, den sie gut acht Jahre später erfüllte. Wenngleich es bei Apollo 11 auch um nationales Prestige in Z...
Presentation
Full-text available
Innovation policy experiments are moving to the center of the discussion on Transformative Innovation Policy (TIP). This is particularly visible in emerging economies. Countries like Colombia have been involved officially in the development of innovation policies in the frame of TIP Consortium and the creation of networks like the Transformative In...
Research
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Grand societal challenges require collective action within and across national borders. Effective action is expected from Europe and it requires targeted inter-governmental and diplomatic efforts and the mobilisation of appropriate scientific knowledge. Science Diplomacy is a promising mechanism to address these grand societal challenges. We unders...
Book
Full-text available
This Peer review of the Danish science and innovation system delivers on a commitment made by the Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science (MHES) in the 2017 strategy for research and innovation. It was conducted by a panel of international peers and independent subject matter experts under the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 Policy Suppo...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluation taking place within publicly funded research institutions (PRIs) has been practiced as a useful instrument to justify PRIs' public funding and to provide evidence for their internal decision-making. The role of evaluation in organizational governance is well-acknowledged as being important in PRIs' management practices. However, it has n...
Book
Full-text available
Denmark is among Europe’s innovation leaders, with a strong science base, high overall investments in R&D activities, and particular strengths in a range of fields. While this position is under no immediate threat, this review finds Denmark failing to fully leverage its strengths and to adjust to a changing global innovation landscape. The review r...
Chapter
Full-text available
This Handbook on Science and Public Policy captures a landscape in flux: the relation between science and society has been changing in the last decades, and it has become a hot topic in the science system and inscience policy studies. Even though historically the topic is not new, it seems that the roles of science and innovation are being debated...
Chapter
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The idea of a ‘next generation’, here of science policy, is rhetorically powerful. On the one hand, it invites the reader to consider what is changing, and diagnose what these changes are about. On the other hand, it also conveys a sense of inevitability of the changes. An example from the 1990s and early 2000s of a perceived generational shift in...
Preprint
Full-text available
More and more foreign policy organisations become imbued with the promises Science Diplomacy might hold. It may transform or at least reframe the mobilization of knowledge in and for international scientific as well as political relations, not least to address Grand Societal Challenges. Such populari-zation in the foreign policy field has caught th...
Article
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This conceptual introduction to the Special Section examines different modes of ‘tentative governance’ of Emerging Science and Technology (EST). The notion of tentative governance appears particularly relevant in the case of EST, given all the uncertainties and dynamics related to the scientific base, technologies, possible innovations, societal be...
Article
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The paper explores transformative ways to address Grand Challenges, while locating them in a broader diagnosis of ongoing changes. Coping with Grand Challenges is a challenge in its own right, for policy as well as for science, technology, and innovation actors. The paper presents building blocks for a next generation of innovation policies, and it...
Article
Full-text available
Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) generate sites for articulation, contestation, navigation, negotiation, and change in modern (and other) societies. STI Studies aim to understand and conceptualize the material, social, intellectual, political and moral dynamics of STI in society. Some STI Studies groups also get involved in the active shapi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Focusing on innovation governance6 and public policies in emerging countries, this book aims to understand related governance failures and to explore options for alternative, more efficient approaches.
Book
Full-text available
Although in recent years some emerging economies have improved their performance in terms of R&D investment, outputs and innovative capacity, these countries are still blighted by extreme poverty, inequality and social exclusion. Hence, emerging countries are exposed to conditions which differ quite substantially from the dominant OECD model of inn...
Article
To address comprehensive system innovations that may occur in a future transition, a suitable ex ante assessment method is required. The technological innovation system approach is useful for the retrospective study of the conditions for success or failure of innovation trajectories, and the multilevel framework helps to understand transition dynam...
Chapter
The shift from governance of to governance by information infrastructures has major implications for innovation policy. With algorithmic governance, regimes of inclusion/exclusion “sink” in information infrastructures that act as decision-makers. Inclusive governance of innovation thus needs to dig deeper into technological details. This chapter fo...
Article
Full-text available
The quest for Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) has experienced a remarkable upsurge during the past few years. While the debate on RRI, as it is primarily labelled at the EU level, is far from being completed and stabilised, the demand for concrete conceptual approaches and instruments, which can contribute to the aim of making research an...
Technical Report
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In de afgelopen 15 jaar is nanotechnologie steeds meer onder de aandacht gekomen en heeft de financiering van nanotechnologisch onderzoek een grote vlucht genomen. Een aantal producten op basis van nanotechnologie is reeds op de markt verschenen. Over het algemeen is nanotechnologie nog steeds een opkomende technologie en zijn toepassingen nog in o...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose How to derive policy implications from five future scenarios of transformed research and innovation (R&I) systems? This paper analyzes methodological and content issues of five future scenarios of transformed R&I systems. The aim of this paper is to provide an outlook on strategic policies capable of facilitating or moderating these transfo...
Research
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Together with the Res-AGorA book Navigating Towards Shared Responsibility in Research and Innovation (DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4037.5440), this policy note represents the final output of our project. The purpose of this policy note is twofold: First, we want to call attention to the key findings of the Res-AGorA project. We are convinced that Res-AGorA...
Book
Full-text available
Res-AGorA was a three-year, EU FP7 project (2013-2016) which has co-constructed a good-practice framework, the “Responsibility Navigator”, with practitioners and strategic decision makers. This framework facilitates reflective processes involving multiple stakeholders and policy-makers with the generic aim of making European research and innovation...
Book
Full-text available
The Res-AGorA projectRes-AGorA was a three-year, EU FP7 project (2013–2016) which has co-constructed a good-practice framework, the “Responsibility Navigator”, with practitioners and strategic decision makers. This framework facilitates reflective processes involving multiple stakeholders and policy-makers with the generic aim of making European re...
Research
Full-text available
The purpose of this brief is to summarise for policy and other stakeholder audiences the extensive empirical research which informed the Res-AGorA team's understanding of 'RRI-in-the-making', highlighting the key lessons and policy implications of our work. It was clear from the outset that the notion of responsibility in Research and Innovation (R...
Research
Full-text available
Research and innovation activities need to become more responsive to societal challenges and concerns. This requires identification, development and implementation of measures and procedures transforming research and innovation in a way that responsibility becomes an institutionalized ambition. This second policy note of the Res-AGorA project (www....
Article
To address comprehensive system innovations that may occur in a future transition, a suitable ex ante assessment method is required. The technological innovation system approach is useful for the retrospective study of the conditions for success or failure of innovation trajectories, and the multilevel framework helps to understand transition dynam...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Research and innovation activities need to become more responsive to societal challenges and concerns. The Responsibility Navigator, developed in the Res-AGorA project, supports decision-makers to govern such activities towards more conscious responsibility. What is considered “responsible” will always be defined differently by different actor grou...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The ex‐post evaluation of FP7 makes five recommendations to strengthen Europe’s position as a hub of global innovation and knowledge generation: (a) Ensure focus on critical challenges and opportunities in the global context (b) Align research and innovation instruments and agendas in Europe (c) Integrate the key components of the Framework Program...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims at increasing understanding of the role of R&D (Research and Development) evaluation mechanism in mitigating conflicts of governance under the organizational framework of Publicly Funded Research Institutions (PRIs). There has been a series of governance reforms within the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in the past eighteen yea...
Book
Full-text available
Chinese edition of Shapira, Ph., Kuhlmann, S. (eds.) (2003): Learning from Science and Technology Policy Evaluation: Experiences from the United States and Europe, Cheltenham (E. Elgar), ISBN 1-84064-875-9; http://www.stdp.com.cn/list.asp?id=4142
Chapter
Der Beitrag will keinen weiteren normativen Beitrag zur Definition von „Verantwortlichkeit“ in Forschung und Innovation leisten. Vielmehr geht es darum, das Verständnis über Voraussetzungen und förderliche Bedingungen für die verstärkte Ausgestaltung von Forschungs- und Innovationsprozessen im Sinne von Verantwortlichkeit zu schärfen und auf dieser...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we make the case that software dependencies are a form of innovation adoption. We then test this on the time-evolution of the Gentoo package dependency graph. We find that the Bass model of innovation diffusion fits the growth of the number of packages depending on a given library. Interestingly, we also find that low-level packages h...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Open source distributions such as Gentoo need to accurately track dependency relations between software packages in order to install working systems. To do this, Gentoo has a carefully authored database containing those relations. In this paper, we extract the Gentoo package dependency graph and its changes over time. The final dependency graph spa...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we make the case that software dependencies are a form of innovation adoption. We then test this on the time-evolution of the Gentoo package dependency graph. We find that the Bass model of innovation diffusion fits the growth of the number of packages depending on a given library. Interestingly, we also find that low-level packages h...
Article
Full-text available
For Grand Challenges many different actors need to be involved, and the perspectives on what the problem is and what constitutes its resolution differ across various societal groups. As a result, policy on Grand Challenges has to cope with contestation, non-linearity and bifurcations in developments. This is not a message of despair, but it does im...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the formation of Finnish innovation policy from the mid-1980s to 2010. Inspired by Foucauldian thinking in line with selected social-constructivist policy approaches, it conceptualises innovation policy as a discourse constituted of policy knowledge and policy-making practices. Our alternative approach towards policy formation,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The orientation towards Grand Challenges creates a challenge for science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies and practices as we know them, because they are of a different kind than usual STI policy concerns.
Technical Report
The Korean innovation system is in many ways highly developed and has helped to underpin Korea’s rapid industrialisation. However, long-standing policy emphases on manufacturing and large firms are today in question. Structural problems - such as the relatively weak innovation performance of SMEs, a lagging services sector and limited domestic job...
Chapter
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We know little about how socio-technical systems cease to exist and what it means to discontinue incumbent socio-technical systems actively. As purposeful transitional change is hard to achieve, how difficult is it then to abandon existing systems purposefully? Bringing a system to an end might be taken for granted as just a side aspect of change –...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The European research project Res-AGorA aims to develop a governance framework for Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI). This paper presents the analysis behind our approach. While the various existing RRI governance arrangements do call for a comprehensive framework, the heterogeneity of R&I does not allow to impose a one-size-fits-all approa...
Chapter
Technikfolgenabschätzung (Technology Assessment, TA) soll Gestaltern, Nutzern und Entscheidungsträgern in Gesellschaft, Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Politik Einsichten und Wissen liefern, um geeignete Innovationsstrategien zu entwickeln. TA soll die Entscheidungsfindung erleichtern und die gesellschaftliche Einbettung technologischer Innovationspro...
Chapter
Full-text available
Technology Assessment (TA) aims to support the designing and shaping of technology in society. TA is supposed to “to reduce the human costs of trial and error learning in society's handling of new technologies, and to do so by anticipating potential impacts and feeding these insights back into decision making, and into actors' strategies” (Schot &...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents an approach at improving the impact of Foresight by systematically taking into account the characteristics of the targeted research and innovation (R&I) domains when designing a Foresight exercise. The paper addresses recent developments in Foresight theory and practice which allow for deploying a hybrid methodological framework...
Article
Full-text available
User involvement is assumed to be beneficial to innovation processes. Intermediary user organisations contribute to articulating societal demands for innovations. However, the learning processes inside these organisations are still not understood well. Therefore, this paper empirically investigates intermediaries using an event history approach. It...
Book
Abschlussbericht der Forschergruppe "Governance der Forschung" (FOR 517) Universitäten und außeruniversitäre Forschungseinrichtungen stehen seit Mitte der 90er Jahre unter verstärktem Reformdruck. Sie müssen sich angesichts geänderter und widersprüchlicher staatlicher und gesellschaftlicher Ansprüche, verstärktem Wettbewerb bei Ressourcenknappheit...
Article
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Systemic innovation policy instruments for situations of radical structural change.
Article
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This comprehensive Handbook explores the interactions between the practice, policy, and theory of innovation. The goal is twofold: to increase insight into this dynamic process, searching for options to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of both policy and innovative practice, and to identify conceptual or empirical lacunae and questions that...
Article
Full-text available
This comprehensive Handbook explores the interactions between the practice, policy, and theory of innovation. The goal is twofold: to increase insight into this dynamic process, searching for options to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of both policy and innovative practice, and to identify conceptual or empirical lacunae and questions that...
Article
This comprehensive Handbook explores the interactions between the practice, policy, and theory of innovation. The goal is twofold: to increase insight into this dynamic process, searching for options to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of both policy and innovative practice, and to identify conceptual or empirical lacunae and questions that...
Article
Research Policy (RP) continues to grow and flourish. The journal receives increasing numbers of submissions from all round the world, with the growth being particularly rapid outside of North America andWestern Europe. In 2008, the ten issues totalled nearly 2000 pages and included 125 full-length research articles. The articles published are highl...
Book
Full-text available
The Expert Group's assessment is that the CREST-OMC has achieved important results as a new policy instrument for unfolding the vision of the Lisbon strategy and the European Research Area. However, there is additional potential in the Open Method of Coordination that remains unexploited. Therefore the CREST-OMC needs to evolve to become a strategi...