Stefan E Heiden

Stefan E Heiden
University of Greifswald · Institute of Pharmacy

Diplom

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39
Publications
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372
Citations

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
The shallow water bivalve Codakia orbicularis lives in symbiotic association with a sulfur-oxidizing bacterium in its gills. The endosymbiont fixes CO2 and thus generates organic carbon compounds, which support the host's growth. To investigate the uncultured symbiont's metabolism and symbiont-host interactions in detail we conducted a proteogenomi...
Article
Full-text available
Deep-sea Bathymodiolus mussels and their chemoautotrophic symbionts are well-studied representatives of mutualistic host–microbe associations. However, how host–symbiont interactions vary on the molecular level between related host and symbiont species remains unclear. Therefore, we compared the host and symbiont metaproteomes of Pacific B. thermop...
Article
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Abstract Multidrug-resistant gram-negative (MRGN) bacteria are a serious threat to global health. We used genomics to study MRGN obtained from houseflies in a tertiary Rwandan hospital. Our analysis revealed a high abundance of different MRGN including E. coli pathogenic lineage ST131 suggesting the important role of flies in disseminating highly v...
Article
Full-text available
Background In addition to the broad dissemination of pathogenic extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia (E.) coli in human and veterinary medicine and the community, their occurrence in wildlife and the environment is a growing concern. Wild birds in particular often carry clinically relevant ESBL-producing E. coli.Objectives...
Article
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Background Antibiotic-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae are a major cause of hospital- and community-acquired infections, including sepsis, liver abscess, and pneumonia, driven mainly by the emergence of successful high-risk clonal lineages. The K. pneumoniae sequence type (ST) 307 lineage has appeared in several different parts of the world after fi...
Article
Full-text available
Studies have previously described the occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli in human and veterinary medical settings, livestock, and, to a lesser extent, in the environment and food. While they mostly analyzed foodborne E. coli regarding phenotypic and sometimes genotypic antibiotic resistance and basic phylogenetic classificatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Studies have previously described the occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli in human and veterinary medical settings, livestock, and, to a lesser extent, in the environment and food. While they mostly analyzed foodborne E. coli regarding phenotypic and sometimes genotypic antibiotic resistance and basic phylogenetic classificatio...
Article
Full-text available
The ability of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Klebsiella pneumoniae to rapidly acquire resistance to novel antibiotics is a global concern. Moreover, Klebsiella clonal lineages that successfully combine resistance and hypervirulence have increasingly occurred during the last years. However, the underlying mechanisms of counteracting fitness costs...
Article
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Antimicrobial resistance is an increasing global problem and complicates successful treatments of bacterial infections in animals and humans. We conducted a longitudinal study in Meck‐lenburg‐Western Pomerania to compare the occurrence of ESBL‐producing Escherichia (E.) coli in three conventional and four organic pig farms. ESBL‐ positive E. coli,...
Article
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Background: Klebsiella pneumoniae causes severe diseases including sepsis, pneumonia and wound infections and is differentiated into hypervirulent (hvKp) and classic (cKp) pathotypes. hvKp isolates are characterized clinically by invasive and multiple site infection and phenotypically in particular through hypermucoviscosity and increased sideroph...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae limits therapeutic options and presents a major public health problem. Resistances to carbapenems are mostly conveyed by metallo-beta-lactamases (MBL) including VIM, which are often encoded on resistance plasmids. We characterized four VIM-positive isolates that were obtained as part of a...
Article
Full-text available
Minimal inhibitory concentration-based pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) indices are commonly applied to antibiotic dosing optimisation, but their informative value is limited, as they do not account for bacterial growth dynamics over time. We aimed to comprehensively characterise the exposure–effect relationship of levofloxacin against Esche...
Article
Full-text available
Antibiotic-resistant Enterobacteriaceae are regularly detected in livestock. As pathogens, they cause difficult-to-treat infections and, as commensals, they may serve as a source of resistance genes for other bacteria. Slaughterhouses produce significant amounts of wastewater containing antimicrobial-resistant bacteria (AMRB), which are released in...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-drug resistant (MDR), gram-negative Enterobacteriaceae, such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) limit therapeutic options and increase morbidity, mortality, and treatment costs worldwide. They pose a serious burden on healthcare systems, especially in developing countries like Rwanda. Several studies have shown the effects caused by the global spr...
Article
Microplastics in marine ecosystems are colonized by diverse prokaryotic and eukaryotic communities. How these communities and their functional profiles are shaped by the artificial surfaces remains broadly unknown. In order to close this knowledge gap, we set up an in situ experiment with pellets of the polyolefin polymer polyethylene (PE), the aro...
Article
Aim An outbreak of the extensively drug-resistant (XDR) K. pneumoniae strain ST307 in a cluster of North-German hospitals gave rise to the assumption that the epidemiological success of the strain could be based on an increased tolerance to biocides. Methods The tolerance of the outbreak strain was compared to epidemiologically unrelated clinical...
Thesis
Full-text available
Symbiosis essentially forms the cornerstone of complex life on earth. Spearheading symbiosis research in the last few decades include the exploration of diverse mutualistic animal-bacterial associations from marine habitats. Yet, many facets of symbiotic associations remain under-examined. Here we investigated marine bivalves of the genera Bathymod...
Article
Full-text available
Polysaccharide degradation by heterotrophic microbes is a key process within Earth’s carbon cycle. Here, we use environmental proteomics and metagenomics in combination with cultivation experiments and biochemical characterizations to investigate the molecular details of in situ polysaccharide degradation mechanisms during microalgal blooms. For th...
Article
Full-text available
Bathymodiolus thermophilus, a mytilid mussel inhabiting the deep-sea hydrothermal vents of the East Pacific Rise, lives in symbiosis with chemosynthetic Gammaproteobacteria within its gills. The intracellular symbiont population synthesizes nutrients for the bivalve host using the reduced sulfur compounds emanating from the vents as energy source....
Article
Full-text available
Mobile genomic islands distribute functional traits between microbes and habitats, yet it remains unclear how their proteins adapt to new environments. Here we used a comparative phylogenomic and proteomic approach to show that the marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis ANT/505 acquired a genomic island with a functional pathway for pectin...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the influence of halide ions on [7.7]paracyclophane biosynthesis in the cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. CAVN2 was investigated. In contrast to KI and KF, supplementation of the culture medium with KCl or KBr resulted not only in an increase of growth but also in an up-regulation of carbamidocyclophane production. LC-MS analysis indicated t...
Article
A rapid and exhaustive one-step biomass extraction as well as an enrichment and cleanup procedure has been developed for HPLC-UV detection and quantification of closely related [7.7]paracyclophanes and structural derivatives based on a two-phase solvent system. The procedure has been validated using the biomass of the carbamidocyclophane- and cylin...
Article
Full-text available
The methanol extract of the Vietnamese freshwater cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. CAVN2 exhibited cytotoxic effects against MCF-7 and 5637 cancer cell lines as well as against nontumorigenic FL and HaCaT cells and was active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Streptococcus pneumoniae. High-resolution mass spectrometric analysi...
Article
Balticidins A-D (1-4), four new antifungal lipopeptides, were isolated from the laboratory-cultivated cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica strain Bio33 isolated from a water sample collected from the Baltic Sea, Rügen Island, Germany. Fractionation of the 50% aqueous MeOH extract was performed by bioassay-guided silica gel column chromatography follo...

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Projects (2)
Project
The aim of this research project is to identify and investigate success features of pandemic, antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in order to develop innovative anti-infectives strategies. By using a wide range of methods that include bioinformatics, microbiology and pharmaceutical biology, we plan transfer our basic research directly into application. In cooperation with internal and external experts and the industry we expect to identify bacterial targets for alternative anti-infectives and to find suitable active compounds. This approach aims to disarm and thus fight infectious, gram-negative pathogens. The spread of these germs is one of the biggest challenges to modern global health.