Stefan Hartman

Stefan Hartman
NHL Stenden University of Applied Sciences · European Tourism Futures Institute (ETFI)

PhD

About

34
Publications
21,436
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303
Citations
Citations since 2017
25 Research Items
291 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080

Publications

Publications (34)
Chapter
This chapter aims to present the micro-niche of architourism in nature areas as a confluence of the macro-niches of nature-based and cultural tourism, and outlines the meanings and values that architecture can have for responsible consumption of nature and landscape in nature-based tourism. These are exemplified through a qualitative case study res...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In this viewpoint paper, the authors explore and discuss how Kate Raworth's (2017) Doughnut Economy perspective and accompanying “Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist” can be applied to rethink the future of tourism destination management for the better. Design/methodology/approach The authors take a “transferability” approach...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose A case study about the creation of four scenarios that were used to make sense of the fast-moving pace of COVID-19 and the consequences for New Zealand tourism. Design/methodology/approach Adapting global visitor economy scenarios, a set of New Zealand tourism scenarios were constructed using a “back of house Shell” method and were supplem...
Chapter
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In this chapter, I address different 'success definitions' in tourism, and how such definitions influence the way tourism impacts are approached, measured and regulated by practitioners. I distinguish between three prevalent approaches to tourism development: 1) pro-industry boosterism, which emphasizes that tourism is successful with sustained gro...
Chapter
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Chengdu University of Technology (CDUT) and the European Tourism Futures Institute at Stenden University of Applied Sciences (ETFI) have initiated a cooperative research program on national parks. National parks in both countries have different histories but face similar challenges including governance, and the conservation/exploitation trade-off....
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This paper presents a diagnostics tool that we refer to as a ‘governance scan’ and discusses how this tool can contribute to improving governance systems of National Parks. This governance scan combines an analytical framework and an approach to have better understanding of these governance systems. Understanding how National Parks are managed is c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the wake of the COVID-19 crisis, Travel & Tourism has a real opportunity to help drive recovery and fulfil its potential as a key sector in our transition towards a greener and more equitable society and economy. To do so, we must be destination stewards, and ask - in the spirit of President John F. Kennedy’s timeless call - not what our destina...
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Purpose This paper brings together the literature on theories of complexity adaptive systems (CAS), develops an analytical framework, applies this framework to the development of tourism destinations and critically reflects on the use of this perspective. Design/methodology/approach This paper elaborates on a CAS perspective on destination develop...
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Theories of complex adaptive systems (CAS) have been brought into tourism literature by a range of scholars (e.g.Baggio, 2008;Baggio, Scott, & Cooper, 2010; Brouder & Eriksson, 2013;Ma & Hassink, 2013; Hartman, 2016;Hartman, 2018a). Whereas thesetheories are strongly embedded for instance in evolutionary biology (Kauffman, 1993; Walker et al., 2004...
Technical Report
An exploration of four possible future of the visitor economy post-COVID-19. Four scenarios: "business as usual", "survival of the fittest", "business as unusual" and "responsible tourism" and suggestions of how to deal with these. Available at https://www.celth.nl/en/projects/four-scenarios-future-visitor-economy. Also available in Dutch.
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop an enhanced understanding of the evolution of actor networks for destination development. Design/methodology/approach The paper is based on observations and field notes of the authors regarding evolving organizational structures in the Dutch tourism industry and the conceptualization of this stepwise...
Technical Report
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A white paper written for the European Travel commission (ETC) and EU-Rail
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to share the trend observed around irresponsible behavior by tourists in nature areas and how this may affect future policy. Design/methodology/approach This paper illustrates the trend observed based on three major observations from Norway and links the observed trend to the micro-level to meso- and macro-tren...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Nature can be a driver for both sustainable tourism and local development. Natural assets have the capacity to attract visitors. To utilize these potentials SMEs are required to take actions and initiatives, while they have to manage the limits of acceptable change (LAC) properly. This report aims to identify the potentials of nature as driver of s...
Article
This article frames strategic storytelling in the context of transition management in order to analyse how strategic applications of storytelling stimulate destination development. This analytical framework is applied to two cases of storytelling projects aimed at fostering the destination development of the regions Hondsrug and Friese Meren, the N...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Introduction Overtourism’ is a relatively new term in the public and academic debate on negative consequences of tourism. However, the phenomenon itself is not a new one, as problematic forms of tourism crowding and their effects on local communities and environment have been studied for decades. Yet, there is much evidence that the character of...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Tourism on the Wadden islands in the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark is well-developed and yearly millions of visitors come to this UNESCO World Heritage area. But the sustainability of the island’s tourism development remains a challenge. In this paper we will consider the islands within the broader context of the international Wadden Sea Region...
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Full-text available
Purpose Tourism areas are challenged to become adaptive areas in the context of a dynamic networked society and globalizing economy. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to an enhanced understanding and conceptualization of adaptive tourism areas by drawing attention to “fitness landscapes,” a metaphor that is used in complexity theories to...
Book
This thesis examines the role of spatial planning in shaping the development trajectories of regions that are in the process of ‘leisuring’. Leisuring is understood as the on-going spatial transformations driven by activities and projects related to tourism, recreation and leisure (Bunce, 2008; Hartman, 2013). Many places are being developed as tou...
Article
The article introduces the concepts of robustness and flexibility into the discussion on spatial quality to unpack the approach adopted by the Dutch province of Friesland in pursuit of their ambition to stimulate spatial quality. The analysis of how robustness and flexibility are manifested in Friesland, respectively the capacity to counteract nega...
Article
Tourism area development is affected by the competitive global tourism industry and the complex, multilevel dynamics of the contemporary network society. The strategic planning and governance challenge is stimulating tourism areas to become adaptive areas, being capable of responding to changing contexts in order to maintain or improve the performa...
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Purpose Mega sport events (MSE) are immensely popular but also highly criticized because these include large public budgets and involve politically sensitive topics. In this context, there is an increasing attention toward legacy planning, the effort to confer long‐term benefits to a host destination through organizing MSEs, such as the Olympic Gam...
Article
Regions can become 'locked' into a spatial-economic development trajectory, thereby losing their capacity to adapt to spatial dynamics. This is in contrast to those regions that seem to be able to reinvent themselves by adapting to processes that drive spatial change, deviating from past development trajectories and giving rise to nonlinearity. Thi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cities, urban regions, rural territories are all dynamic entities to a greater or lesser extent. They perpetually change, being subjected to the dynamics of and interactions between socio-cultural, economic, institutional and spatialmorphologic processes that take place at multiple spatial levels. For instance as a response to the rise of a leisure...
Book
Dutch Spatial Planning is being shaken up by shifting roles among governments and a troubling market. More and more tasks are being tackled at the regional scale. This means that regions will have to shape their own perspectives on how they are to develop spatially. They must create distinguishing narratives that pick up on global trends and local...
Article
Full-text available
De Waddenacademie heeft de Basiseenheid Planologie, Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, gevraagd kennisvragen te formuleren die ‘de ruimte’ van het Waddengebied aangaan. Deze kennisvragen zijn afgeleid van een analyse van de ruimtelijke samenhang en ontwikkeling van het Waddengebied, waarvan dit ‘position paper’...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The overall aim is to establish a culinary tradition of high-quality Wadden gastronomy. Research should facilitate in this and unravel a.o. the use of local products in the area, prime motives for using/not using, yields, (potential) bottlenecks, familiarity with the 'Waddengoud' quality mark and Dutch Cuisine principles and a typology of Wadden gastronomy tourists.
Project
For the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs we explore governance models for National Parks that provide a better fit given the transition from government to governance that these parks are facing