Ștefan Bolea

Ștefan Bolea
Babeş-Bolyai University | UBB · Faculty of Letters

PhD in Philosophy, PhD in Literature

About

35
Publications
83,503
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18
Citations
Introduction
Ştefan Bolea is the author of "Internal Conflict in 19th Century Literature. Reading the Jungian Shadow" (Rowman & Littlefield, 2020). He is currently working as a research fellow within the Faculty of Letters of the University of Cluj-Napoca and as an editor of the literary magazine Apostrof. He also is the editor-in-chief of the cultural e-zine EgoPHobia. He has obtained 2 PhDs (in Philosophy and Comparative Literature) and was a PhD student in Oslo, Munich, Paris and Vienna.
Additional affiliations
February 2016 - present
Babeş-Bolyai University
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
October 2013 - September 2017
Babeş-Bolyai University
Field of study
  • Comparative Literature
October 2007 - February 2012
Babeş-Bolyai University
Field of study
  • Philosophy

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
In the following paper we provide a personal definition of the existential philosophy and the existential subject. Before that we explore other historical definitions of existentialism. We were mainly interested in the relation between existentialism and nihilism, the focus of existential philosophy on the individual and the situation of the studie...
Article
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The Jungian conflict between the persona ("the mask of the soul") and the shadow (a sort of "counter-persona") is, from a philosophical perspective, akin to the dialectic between appearance and essence or, in a more existential fashion, similar to the difference between falseness and authenticity. Starting from a suggestion made by V. Dem. Zamfires...
Book
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My book analyzes the theme of the Jungian shadow in the 19th century literature, using psychoanalytical phenomenology, comparative literature and the philosophy of literature. Focusing on literature, philosophy and psychology, my research is interdisciplinary. In the first chapter, which is dedicated to analytic psychology, I have followed the phi...
Article
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In his Philosophy of Redemption (1876) Philipp Mainländer transforms the Schopenhauerian will-to-life into his own concept of will-to-death, preceding Freud’s investigations into the death drive in Beyond the Pleasure Principle (1920). Mainländer’s post-Schopenhauerian conception that non-being is preferable to being anticipates Cioran’s discussion...
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A philosophical review of Christopher Nolan's SCI-FI movie "Tenet".
Article
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Although from a medical point of view, melancholy and depression are indistinguishable, I will try to argue that, from a philosophical perspective, there is an important distinction between the two related affective states. Analyzing various philosophical, literary, poetical, psychiatric and musical works􏰂 such as Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy (16...
Article
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My article analyzes some of the central themes of Todd Philips’s Joker (madness and poverty) and the main’s character vision of comedy as tragedy. I use insights from Arthur Schopenhauer, John Stuart Mill, Martin Heidegger and E. M. Cioran.
Article
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In Lars von Trier's latest movie, The House That Jack Built (2018), the serial killer Jack may be seen as a substitute for God. Following Maurice Blanchot and drawing from Jungian psychology, I will analyze the relationship between murder and sovereignty. Jack's dream of the perfect crime is reminiscent of the Schopenhauerian project of universal c...
Article
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The versions of Nietzschean and Cioranian Antihumanism start from different presuppositions than Foucault’s Antihumanism, adding misanthropy to their nihilistic project. The Cioranian term of the not-man, a darker counterpart to Nietzsche’s Übermensch, can be “tested” through forays into the Romantic and Post- romantic literature, considering for i...
Book
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Abstract Keywords: existentialism, postmodernism, nihilism, literature, phenomenology of affects, theology, psychology, humanism, antihumanism, anxiety, fear, authenticity, bad faith, they-self, death, alienation, freedom, contingency, practical philosophy, hope, compassion, project, facticity, ethics, individualism, being, Dasein, anti-Platonism,...
Chapter
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The following paper is concerned with the description of "agony" at Kierkegaard and Cioran. Taking into consideration that both authors have common traits as marginal philosophers and advocates of a mixture of existentialism and nihilism, I have compared Kierkegaard's notion of "sickness unto death" (a powerful term, that combines the prestige of s...
Article
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ABSTRACT. In the following paper I will argue that there are interesting connections between the founder of analytical psychology, Carl Gustav Jung, and the school of existentialism. Analytical psychology and existentialism share almost the same Zeitgeist (becoming influential between the 1930’s and 1960’s) and are both interested in the concept of...
Article
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In the present paper I analyze the theme of death in Gothic Metal songs such as Forever Failure (1995) by Paradise Lost, Everything Dies (1999) by Type O Negative, The Hanged Man (1998) by Moonspell or Gone with The Sin (1999) by HIM. The subthemes I am mostly interested in are the death of anima, the suicide of the self and the universal death. Se...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the following paper I will argue that there are interesting connections between the founder of analytical psychology, Carl Gustav Jung, and the school of existentialism. Analytical psychology and existentialism share almost the same Zeitgeist (becoming influential between the 1930's and 1960's) and are both interested in the concept of individua...
Article
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My article discusses Ridley’s Scott new movie Alien-Covenant (2017) in the context of Nietzsche’s and Cioran’s antihumanism. Defining the synthetic android from the film as a not-man, I cover the interdisciplinary relationships of the term to poetry, psychology, theology and classical music.
Article
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Despite the fact that Mary Shelley and E. M. Cioran have never been previously analyzed in the same context (they belong not only to different ages but also to divergent genres), we will find that they share at least two similar themes. The motif of solitude, common among Romantic poets (Coleridge, Byron, Poe), finds a deep expression in Shelley’s...
Article
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Găsim la Slavoj Žižek o introducere plastică şi expresivă în problema dualităţii: "Am putea spune că dublul mă întrupează pe mine însumi dar fără dimensiunea castrată a Eului meu." Întotdeauna celălalt din mine însumi este latura forte a personalităţii mele, pe care o refulez şi o ţin sub control, în aşa fel încât masca mea se va prezenta ca o aten...
Article
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Sartre’s description of violence from his often neglected Notebooks for an Ethics can be analyzed from a psychological point of view in relationship with other negative “passions” like hatred, fury, pain and sufferance. Literary characters such as Seneca’s Medea or Anouilh’s Antigone seem to embody this fundamental characteristic of violence: the a...
Article
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Maupassant's short horror story Horla (1887) contains a treatment of anxiety that can be analyzed in the context of Existentialist philosophy: Kierkegaard, Heidegger, Levinas or Cioran all observed the anticipatory trait of this affect. From a psychological point of view, anxiety leads to neurosis and/or psychosis, to the splitting of the principle...
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Oscar Wilde's novel The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891) becomes especially interesting when one analyzes it through the hermeneutical lenses of The Garden of Eden complex. The comparison between Dorian's decreation and the Fall of Adam and Eve was not yet researched taking into consideration the Hegelian-Kierkegaardian insights about " lost innocence...
Article
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Starting from a new definition of existential paranoia, conceived philosophically as an altered form of solipsism or theologically as the revelation of an immanent inferno, we go on to explore the dissociative constitution of Dostoevsky's novella, The Double (1846). Influenced by the Shakespearean " I am not what I am " , Yakov Petrovich Goliadkin,...
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The similitude between anxiety and death is the starting point of Paul Tillich's analysis from The Courage To Be, his famous theological and philosophical reply to Martin Heidegger's Being And Time. Not only Tillich and Heidegger are concerned with the connection between anxiety and death but also other proponents of both existentialism and nihilis...
Article
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In the following paper we explore the utopian theme of revolution in two filmic works of art: the movie Fight Club (1999), directed by David Fincher, and the very recent TV series Mr. Robot (2015), created by Sam Esmail. We will argue that Fight Club is an existential meditation on simulation, dehumanization and the capitalistic tyranny of the obje...
Article
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In the following paper we explore the shadow archetype (a term we have taken from C. G. Jung) of the vampire in three movies influenced by Bram Stoker's modern gothic novel, Dracula (1897). Analyzing three scenes from the horror movies Nosferatu, Eine Symphonie des Grauens (1922), Nosferatu, Phantom der Nacht (1979) and Dracula (1992) we gain insig...
Article
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A new philosophical and anyhropological-psychological concept is needed for the alienated and radically different human being according to the nihilist Romanian-French philosopher E.M. Cioran. This concept of the not-man describes a post-anthropological subject, which is ―inhumanˮ from a psychological point of view, emphasizing estrangement and oth...
Article
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In this paper we provide a new solution to the nihilist dilemma of non-being's precedence over being. Starting from proponents of nihilism like Arthur Schopenhauer, Friedrich Nietzsche and Emil Cioran, we move to the anti-systemic "war machine" of Romanian-French poet Gherasim Luca, who, inspired by anarchistic theoreticians and Symbolist poets, as...
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My article discusses the place of the successful French novelist and theorist Michel Houellebecq in the history of present and “future” nihilism. Taking into consideration that he “discovered” an original route to world nihilism (choosing not to follow Nietzsche, Baudrillard, Palahniuk, Cioran, von Trier or others), I analyze his “ontology of negat...
Book
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Studiul meu îşi propune să analizeze minimal nihilismul nietzschean pe baza conceptelor sale fundamentale (voinţa de putere, supraomul, eterna reîntoarcere a identicului). Scrierile lui Nietzsche la care voi face, cel mai des, apel sunt Aşa grăit-a Zarathustra şi Voinţa de putere. De asemenea, voi utiliza fragmente din Dincolo de bine şi de rău şi...
Article
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My article discusses the place of Lars von Trier’s latest movie (Melancholia) in the history of nihilism. Constructed on the distinction between the dark night of the soul and the Night of St. Bartholomew, the teleology of the article is interdisciplinary, combining music, literature, religion, philosophy and the history of arts.
Article
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Using the method of diagnosis, devel-oped by Professor Andrei Marga, following the tradition of the Frankfurt School, I will analyze the texts of three Existentialist philosophers, which discuss the modern society. Kierkegaard presents the diagnosis of a conformist society, in which there is an enormous contrast between character and behaviour. Thi...
Book
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Prezentul eseu încearcă să stabilească diagnosticul unei mentalităţi de secol 19, referitoare la nihilismul european din filozofie, literatură şi politică. Tratarea este, în general, comparativistă şi premisele discursului sunt, în principal, filozofice. In filozofia secolului 19, discipolul infidel al lui Hegel (Søren Kierkegaard) şi discipolul in...