Stefan Bertilsson

Stefan Bertilsson
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | SLU · Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment

PhD

About

499
Publications
62,824
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
15,276
Citations

Publications

Publications (499)
Chapter
Conventional agricultural practices negatively impact soil biodiversity, carbon stocks, and greenhouse gas emissions in ways that make them unsustainable for supporting future supply of food and fiber. Better management of agrobiodiversity will likely play a critical role in transitioning toward more sustainable practices. In particular, innovation...
Article
Full-text available
Although development of microbiota in childhood has been linked to chronic immune-related conditions, early childhood determinants of microbiota development have not been fully elucidated. We used 16S rRNA sequencing to analyse faecal and saliva samples from 83 children at four time-points during their first 2 years of life and from their mothers....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the industrial revolution, Lake Biwa (Japan) has been subjected to multiple stressors of human origins causing alterations in the composition and function of its resident biota and thus its ecosystem services. Lake eutrophication in the 1960s, the manipulation of lake water level since 1990s and concomitantly rising of water temperatures have...
Preprint
Full-text available
At the genome level, microorganisms are highly adaptable both in terms of allele and gene composition. Such heritable traits emerge in response to different environmental niches and can have a profound influence on microbial community dynamics. As a consequence of this, any individual genome or clonal population will contain merely a fraction of th...
Conference Paper
Forest harvest might mobilize mercury (Hg) retained in soils and promote the transformation of inorganic Hg to its more bioavailable and toxic form methyl-Hg (MeHg). Previous studies, however, have revealed considerable variation in effects of forest harvest on the runoff of total Hg (THg) and MeHg between sites. This study addresses one factor tha...
Preprint
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is ubiquitous in aquatic ecosystems and fundamental for planetary processes and ecosystem functioning. While the link between microbial community composition and heterotrophic utilization of DOM has been recognized, the full diversity of organic compounds, their bioavailability, degradability and specific influences o...
Article
Full-text available
Contrasting theories exist regarding how Norway spruce (Picea abies) recolonized Fennoscandia after the last glaciation and both early Holocene establishments from western microrefugia and late Holocene colonization from the east have been postulated. Here, we show that Norway spruce was present in southern Fennoscandia as early as 14.7 ± 0.1 cal....
Preprint
Full-text available
Mercury methylation genes (hgcAB) mediate the formation of the toxic methylmercury and have been identified from diverse environments, including freshwater and marine ecosystems, Arctic permafrost, forest and paddy soils, coal-ash amended sediments, chlor-alkali plants discharges and geothermal springs. Here we present the first attempt at a standa...
Poster
Full-text available
Microbes carrying the hgcAB gene pair are primarily responsible for methylmercury (MeHg) production, transforming inorganic mercury (HgII) into MeHg. Recent work based on the detection of hgcAB genes in publicly available genomic data and metagenome-assembled genomes expanded our understanding of the phylogenetic diversity of potential Hg-methylato...
Article
Full-text available
The Collisional Orogeny in the Scandinavian Caledonides (COSC) scientific drilling project aims to characterise the structure and orogenic processes involved in a major collisional mountain belt by multidisciplinary geoscientific research. Located in western central Sweden, the project has drilled two fully cored deep boreholes into the bedrock of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Neurotoxic methylmercury (MeHg) is formed by microbial methylation of inorganic divalent Hg (HgII) and constitutes severe environmental and human health risks. The methylation is enabled by hgcA and hgcB genes, but it is not known if the associated molecular-level processes are rate-limiting or enable accurate prediction of MeHg formation in nature...
Article
Full-text available
In-depth knowledge about spatial and temporal variation in microbial diversity and function is needed for a better understanding of ecological and evolutionary responses to global change. In particular, the study of microbial ancient DNA preserved in sediment archives from lakes and oceans can help us to evaluate the responses of aquatic microbes i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Río Celeste ("Sky-Blue River") is a river located in the Tenorio National Park (Costa Rica) that has become an important hotspot for eco-tourism due to its striking sky-blue color. A previous study suggested that this color is not caused by dissolved chemical species, but by precipitation of light-scattering aluminosilicate particles at the mixing...
Article
Full-text available
The deep biosphere is an energy constrained ecosystem yet fosters diverse microbial com- munities that are key in biogeochemical cycling. Whether microbial communities in deep biosphere groundwaters are shaped by infiltration of allochthonous surface microorganisms or the evolution of autochthonous species remains unresolved. In this study, 16S rRN...
Article
Full-text available
Human-induced expansion of oxygen-deficient zones can have dramatic impacts on marine systems and its resident biota. One example is the formation of the potent neurotoxic methylmercury (MeHg) that is mediated by microbial methylation of inorganic divalent Hg (HgII) under oxygen-deficient conditions. A negative consequence of the expansion of oxyge...
Poster
Full-text available
ARCTIC-BIODIVER is a large and multidisciplinary collaboration among research groups of Europe and North America that aims to facilitate development of biodiversity scenarios at national and circumpolar scales. In this poster, we present the extent and geographic distribution of a dataset of >100 lakes and streams covering broad latitudinal and eco...
Article
Full-text available
Inland waters receive and process large amounts of colored organic matter from the terrestrial surroundings. These inputs dramatically affect the chemical, physical, and biological properties of water bodies, as well as their roles as global carbon sinks and sources. However, manipulative studies, especially at ecosystem scale, require large amount...
Article
Full-text available
Background Intestinal Peyer’s patches (PPs) form unique niches for bacteria-immune cell interactions that direct host immunity and shape the microbiome. Here we investigate how peroral administration of probiotic bacterium Limosilactobacillus reuteri R2LC affects B lymphocytes and IgA induction in the PPs, as well as the downstream consequences on...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological stability encompasses multiple dimensions of functional and compositional responses to environmental change. Though no single stability dimension used in isolation can fully reflect the overall response to environmental change, a common vulnerability assessment that integrates simultaneously across multiple stability components is highly...
Article
Full-text available
Winter methane (CH4) accumulation in seasonally ice-covered lakes can contribute to large episodic emissions to the atmosphere during spring ice melt. Biological methane oxidation can significantly mitigate such CH4 emissions, but despite favorable CH4 and O2 concentrations, CH4 oxidation appears constrained in some lakes for unknown reasons. Here...
Article
Full-text available
While oligotrophic deep groundwaters host active microbes attuned to the low-end of the bioenergetics spectrum, the ecological constraints on microbial niches in these ecosystems and their consequences for microbiome convergence are unknown. Here, we provide a genome-resolved, integrated omics analysis comparing archaeal and bacterial communities i...
Article
Impoundment of rivers to construct reservoirs for hydropower and irrigation greatly increase the hydrostatic pressure acting on river sediments with potential repercussions for ecosystem-level microbial activity and metabolism. Understanding the functioning and responses of key biogeochemical cycles such as that of nitrogen cycling to shifting hydr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent advances in sequencing and bioinformatics have expanded the tree of life by providing genomes for uncultured environmentally relevant clades, either through metagenome assembled genomes (MAGs) or single-cell assembled genomes (SAGs). While this expanded diversity can provide novel insights about microbial population structure, most tools ava...
Conference Paper
Historical deposits of sedimentary DNA are a promising target for molecular tools with potential to inform about long-term changes in aquatic microbiome (i.e., bacteria, archaea protists, fungi, viruses) and how microorganisms are controlled by viral infection, pathogens, and larger predators (e.g. zooplankton and fish). As sedimentary DNA archives...
Preprint
Conventional agricultural practices negatively impact soil biodiversity, carbon stocks, and greenhouse gas emissions in ways that make them unsustainable for supporting future supply of food and fiber. Better management of agrobiodiversity will likely play a critical role in transitioning towards more sustainable practices. In particular, innovatio...
Article
Full-text available
A geographically constrained chronosequence of peatlands divided into three age classes (young, intermediate and old) was used to explore the role of biogeochemical influences, including electron donors and acceptors as well as chemical speciation of inorganic mercury (Hg(II)), on net formation of methylmercury (MeHg) as approximated by the fractio...
Article
Full-text available
Stratified lakes and ponds featuring steep oxygen gradients are significant net sources of greenhouse gases and hotspots in the carbon cycle. Despite their significant biogeochemical roles, the microbial communities, especially in the oxygen depleted compartments, are poorly known. Here, we present a comprehensive dataset including 267 shotgun meta...
Article
Full-text available
Photosynthetic bacteria from the class Chlorobia (formerly phylum Chlorobi) sustain carbon fixation in anoxic water columns. They harvest light at extremely low intensities and use various inorganic electron donors to fix carbon dioxide into biomass. Until now, most information on the functional ecology and local adaptations of Chlorobia members ca...
Article
Full-text available
For aquatic scientists mesocosm experiments are important tools for hypothesis testing as they offer a compromise between experimental control and realism. Here we present a new mesocosm infrastructure—SITES AquaNET—located in five lakes connected to field stations in Sweden that cover a ~760 km latitudinal gradient. SITES AquaNet overcomes major h...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the seminal paper in 1998 (Coolen and Overmann), sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) has become a powerful tool in paleoecology to reconstruct past changes in terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity. Still, sedaDNA is an emerging tool and there is a need for calibrations and validations to ensure the reliability of sedaDNA as a proxy to reconstruc...
Article
Full-text available
A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41587-021-00898-4.
Article
Full-text available
The deep biosphere contains members from all three domains of life along with viruses. Here we investigate the deep terrestrial virosphere by sequencing community nucleic acids from three groundwaters of contrasting chemistries, origins, and ages. These viromes constitute a highly unique community compared to other environmental viromes and sequenc...
Article
• Reservoir sediments are subjected to highly variable hydrostatic pressures, but little is known about the direct impacts of this environmental variable on microbial communities and biogeochemical processes mediated by microbes in the numerous deep reservoirs (>100 m) scattered across our planet. • To address this gap, the organic matter degradati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Inland waters receive and process large amounts of colored organic matter from the terrestrial surroundings. These inputs dramatically affect the chemical, physical, and biological properties of water bodies, as well as their roles as global carbon sinks and sources. To understand the complex changes associated with allochthonous inputs, experiment...
Article
Full-text available
The potent neurotoxin methylmercury (MeHg) is a major concern due to its negative effects on wildlife and human health. Boreal wetlands play a crucial role in Hg cycling on a global scale, and therefore, it is crucial to understand the biogeochemical processes involved in MeHg formation in this landscape element. By combining high-throughput hgcA a...
Article
Full-text available
On the annual and interannual scales, lake microbial communities are known to be heavily influenced by environmental conditions both in the lake and in its terrestrial surroundings. However , the influence of landscape setting and environmental change on shaping these communities over a longer (millennial) timescale is rarely studied. Here, we appl...
Article
Full-text available
The use of lake sedimentary DNA to track the long-term changes in both terrestrial and aquatic biota is a rapidly advancing field in paleoecological research. Although largely applied nowadays, knowledge gaps remain in this field and there is therefore still research to be conducted to ensure the reliability of the sedimentary DNA signal. Building...
Data
Microorganisms play a significant role in regulating the form and fate of mercury (Hg) in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Microbes with the hgcAB gene pair can produce a more toxic, and bioaccumulative form of Hg, methylmercury (MeHg). Microbes that possess the mer operon can demethylate and/or reduce Hg species as part of a detoxification mech...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Intestinal Peyer’s patches (PPs) form unique niches for bacteria-immune cell interactions that direct host immunity and shape the microbiome. Here we investigate how peroral administration of probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri R2LC affects B lymphocytes and IgA induction in the PPs, as well as the downstream consequences on 28 in...
Article
Increasing human impact on the environment is causing drastic changes in disturbance regimes and how they prevail over time. Of increasing relevance is to further our understanding on biological responses to pulse disturbances (short duration) and how they interact with other ongoing press disturbances (constantly present). Because the temporal and...
Chapter
Freshwater lakes host phylogenetically diverse microbes that are playing significant roles in elemental cycling in these ecosystems. In this chapter we present an accessible overview of the present knowledge of lake bacteria, their diversity, metabolism, and dynamics. The resolution offered by state-of-the-art metagenomics and single cell genomics...
Preprint
Full-text available
Stratified lakes and ponds featuring steep oxygen gradients are significant net sources of greenhouse gases and hotspots in the carbon cycle. Despite their significant biogeochemical roles, the microbial communities, especially in the oxygen depleted compartments, are poorly known. Here, we present a comprehensive dataset including 267 shotgun meta...
Article
Full-text available
Rice paddies are agricultural sites of special concern because the potent toxin methylmercury (MeHg), produced in rice paddy soils, accumulates in rice grains. MeHg cycling is mostly controlled by microbes but their importance in MeHg production and degradation in paddy soils and across a Hg concentration gradient remains unclear. Here we used surf...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Full-text available
Autotrophic dissolved organic matter (DOM) is central to the carbon biogeochemistry of aquatic systems, and the full complexity of autotrophic DOM has not been extensively studied, particularly by high‐resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). Terrestrial DOM tends to dominate HRMS studies in freshwaters due to the propensity of such compounds to ionize...
Article
Full-text available
A prerequisite to improve the predictability of microbial community dynamics is to understand the mechanisms of microbial assembly. To study factors that contribute to microbial community assembly, we examined the temporal dynamics of genes in five aquatic metagenome time-series, originating from marine offshore or coastal sites and one lake. With...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines evolutionary and ecological relationships of three of the most ubiquitous and abundant freshwater bacterial genera: “ Ca . Planktophila” (acI-A), “ Ca. Nanopelagicus” (acI-B), and “ Ca. Fonsibacter” (LD12). Due to high abundance, these genera might have a significant influence on nutrient cycling in freshwaters worldwide, and th...
Article
Full-text available
Methylmercury (MeHg), a neurotoxic compound biomagnifying in aquatic food webs, can be a threat to human health via fish consumption. However, the composition and distribution of the microbial communities mediating the methylation of mercury (Hg) to MeHg in marine systems remain largely unknown. In order to fill this knowledge gap, we used the Balt...
Preprint
Full-text available
Photosynthetic bacteria from the class Chlorobia (formerly phylum Chlorobi ) sustain carbon fixation in anoxic water columns. They harvest light at extremely low intensities and use various inorganic electron donors to fix carbon dioxide into biomass. Until now, most information on their functional ecology and local adaptations came from isolates a...
Article
Full-text available
Aquatic N-fixation is generally associated with the growth and mass development of Cyanobacteria in nitrogen-deprived photic zones. However, sequenced genomes and environmental surveys suggest active aquatic N-fixation also by many non-cyanobacterial groups. Here, we revealed the seasonal variation and genomic diversity of potential N-fixers in a h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Extremely oligotrophic deep groundwaters host organisms attuned to the low-end of the bioenergetics spectrum. While all domains of life along with viruses are active in this habitat, the evolutionary and ecological constraints on colonization and niche shifts and their consequences for the microbiome convergence are unknown. Here we provide a compa...
Preprint
Full-text available
While fastidious microbes can be abundant and ubiquitous in their natural communities, many fail to grow axenically in laboratories due to auxotrophies or other dependencies. To overcome auxotrophies these microbes rely on their surrounding cohort. A cohort may consist of kin (ecotypes) or more distantly related organisms (community) with the coope...
Preprint
Full-text available
Methylmercury (MeHg), a neurotoxic compound biomagnifying in aquatic food webs, can be a threat to human health via fish consumption. However, the composition and distribution of the microbial communities mediating the methylation of mercury (Hg) to MeHg in marine systems remain largely unknown. In order to fill this gap of knowledge, we used the B...
Article
Full-text available
Early life determinants of the oral microbiota have not been thoroughly elucidated. We studied the association of birth and early childhood characteristics with oral microbiota composition using 16 S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing in a population-based Swedish cohort of 59 children sampled at 6, 12 and 24 months of age. Repeated-measurement r...
Article
Full-text available
Peatlands are globally important ecosystems where inorganic mercury is converted to bioaccumulating and highly toxic methylmercury, resulting in high risks of methylmercury exposure in adjacent aquatic ecosystems. Although biological mercury methylation has been known for decades, there is still a lack of knowledge about the organisms involved in m...
Article
Interactions between unicellular eukaryotes and bacteria are difficult to characterize in the environment owing to their large number and inherently microscopic scale. Although particular co-occurrences can be recovered through targeted approaches, e.g. single-cell sequencing or fluorescence in situ hybridization, the vast majority of the interacti...
Article
Full-text available
Warming climate is thawing the permafrost in arctic and subarctic regions, leading to formation of thermokarst ponds. During the formation and geomorphological succession of these ponds, carbon that has been trapped in frozen soils for thousands of years is hydrologically mobilized and returned to the active carbon cycle. We sampled 12 thermokarst...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial communities form the base of food webs in freshwater ecosystems, yet the interactions within these diverse assemblages are poorly understood. Based on evidence showing that primary production and respiration follow diurnal trends in lakes, we hypothesized that gene expression in freshwater microbes would have similar diel cycles. We used...