Stefan Bakker

Stefan Bakker
KiM Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis

PhD

About

55
Publications
30,471
Reads
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725
Citations
Introduction
Senior Researcher with KiM Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis. 15 years' experience in transport and climate change policy, Europe, Asia and global https://www.linkedin.com/in/sjabakker/
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - present
Self-employed
Position
  • Consultant
Description
  • Supporting various international organisations on low-carbon transport policy
September 2012 - January 2015
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit
Position
  • Group Leader
Description
  • Transport and Climate Change in the ASEAN Region; www.transportandclimatechange.org
November 2010 - March 2018
University of Twente
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • PhD candidate on Transport and Climate Change
Education
September 2000 - August 2003
Radboud University
Field of study
  • Environmental Science

Publications

Publications (55)
Thesis
Full-text available
This thesis analyses how transport policy at different levels of governance is responding to sustainability challenges and how such policies can be strengthened, particularly for climate change mitigation in the ASEAN region. Its academic contribution comprises the application of transition and policy studies to low-carbon transport and sustainabl...
Article
Full-text available
Many global transport sector decarbonisation studies assert that it is difficult for the transport sector to decarbonise and to contribute its proportional share to the ambitious climate targets set by the Paris Agreement. We challenge this argument by establishing that deep decarbonisation is possible in the transport sector, through original rese...
Chapter
Full-text available
Congestion, lack of accessibility, social equity, air pollution, as well as rising CO 2 emissions are some of the key issues urban transport policymakers face. Motorised two-wheelers and their accessibility benefits are often ignored in this discourse or seen as undesirable for reasons of pollution, noise, road safety and driving behaviour. Cycling...
Article
Full-text available
In low income countries (LICs) in Africa and Asia per capita transport greenhouse gas emissions are relatively low but are expected to grow. Therefore, a substantial reduction in projected increases is required to bring emissions in line with long-term global climate objectives. Literature on how LICs are integrating climate change mitigation and s...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This summary report by the KiM Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis delves into the current trends regarding car ownership in the Netherlands, the societal and environmental impacts of widespread car ownership, and the factors explaining differences in household car ownership. It specifically shows how increasing car ownership and ca...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This Non-motorised Transport Network Plan proposes measures to create a cycling network covering 290 km and improve conditions for walking at 26 pedestrian hotspots in the city of Coimbatore (population 2 million). It also analyses the costs and benefits, including for greenhouse gases and air pollution, and the required institutional structure
Technical Report
Full-text available
Sustainable Mobility for All (SuM4All) is an umbrella platform that brings together 55 public and private organizations and companies with a shared ambition to transform the future of mobility. The Global Roadmap of Action Toward Sustainable Mobility is a comprehensive policy framework to assist decision makers in cities and countries as well as pr...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Regional Strategy on Sustainable Land Transport of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) aims to help better put the region on the path of sustainable development, in which the transport sector plays an essential role. There are significant differences in national circumstances, such as the role of two-wheelers and informal transpo...
Preprint
Congestion, lack of accessibility, social equity, air pollution, as well as rising CO2 emissions, are some of the key issues urban transport policymakers face. Motorised two-wheelers and their accessibility benefits are often ignored in this discourse, or seen as undesirable for reasons of pollution, noise, road safety, and driving behaviour. Cycli...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses how the global economy and socio-technical and socio-ecological systems can transition to 1.5°C-consistent pathways and adapt to warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. In the context of systemic transitions, the chapter assesses adaptation and mitigation options, including carbon dioxide removal (CDR), and potential so...
Data
This document provides a quick overview of relevant documentation on sustainable transport policies and issues in the ASEAN. Without claiming comprehensiveness, it covers a variety of regional policy documents, scientific literature, websites, ASEAN dialogue partners, and social media links. Specific attention is given to three sub-topics: green fr...
Article
Full-text available
The member states of the Association of Southeast-Asian Nations (ASEAN) have been cooperating in the area of transport and connectivity since the early 1990s, contributing to economic and social goals in the context of ASEAN integration. However, in the area of transport and environment, actions included in the various strategies and action plans h...
Article
Full-text available
The Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) recognises the role of non-motorised transport for sustainable urban development in its policy framework. National and local policymakers in Thailand and The Philippines, two tropical countries without a tradition of urban cycling, are increasingly paying attention to cycling as well. This arti...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging countries in Southeast Asia are facing considerable challenges in addressing rising motorisation and its negative impact on air quality, traffic, energy security, liveability, and greenhouse gas emissions. This paper presents a comparative analysis of the approach and status of sustainable, low-carbon transport policy in ASEAN countries an...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A sustainable and efficient transportation system is important in ensuring sustained economic growth, social progress and environmental protection. This report reviews existing data, institutions and policies in the area of sustainable transport in the Philippines in order to provide policy-makers, researchers, international organisations and other...
Technical Report
Full-text available
n Bangkok and Manila, cycling receives considerable attention from media and policymakers, and is popular as a healthy and fun recreational activity. Yet as a mobility option it still plays a minor, even if increasing, role. At university campuses, cycling is common, but few of the 100,000s of recreational cyclists are using their bikes for transpo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report aims to assist in developing an MRV system for the national land transport sector in Thailand by gathering and analysing existing data and the institutional setup of data collection and reporting. This report also includes an initial analysis of first steps to be taken by several organisations to improve transport data.
Technical Report
Full-text available
How to assess the impact of transport based mitigation efforts? Where to find good measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) practices and what requirements must be met in terms of data collection? This report informs on how to develop comprehensive and consistent national systems for MRV of transport related emissions. It includes practical gu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report discusses the role of nationally appropriate mitigation actions for enhancing climate action in the transport sector, reviews the existing 43 transport-NAMAs and analyses how climate finance can be used for transport projects and programmes.
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report aims to provide an up to date picture of the transport sector and transport-related greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation policies in Vietnam, in order to provide policy-makers, researchers, international donors and other stakeholders a reference document for sustainable transport and climate change. It covers the full land transport...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Comprehensive review of existing transport data (ASIF methodology), sustainable transport strategies and policies (avoid-shift-improve approach) and international donor activity in Thailand.
Article
Full-text available
Transport and infrastructure development enables economic and social development, but is often detrimental to sustainable development due to congestion, accidents, air pollution, as well as greenhouse gas emissions. Various policy frameworks have been created to connect transport with development, development with climate change and climate change...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of ‘low carbon development’ (LCD) emerged from the concerns of developing countries on development policy and climate change rather than climate change alone. As the transport sector in most developing countries is unsustainable, ‘low carbon development in transport’ (LCDT) plans should address approaches to reduce emissions from transp...
Article
Full-text available
This report is adapted from the forthcoming Climate Instruments for the Transport Sector (CITS) report written by Cornie Huizenga, convener of the Partnership for Sustainable Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT), and Stefan Bakker, from the Energy Research Center of the Netherlands. Under the CITS project, studies were carried out in two Asian and two Lat...
Book
Practical guide for transport policymakers and planners to achieve low-carbon land transport systems. Based on wide ranging research, it shows how policies can be bundled successfully and worked into urban transport decision-making and planning strategies. With case studies from developed and developing countries, it outlines measures for reducin...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims at providing recommendations on how international cooperation on CCS can be improved. It analyses multilateral and bilateral processes with relevance to CCS, identifies gaps in these processes and provides recommendations for improvement. While an increase in these processes with relevance can be observed, there is a remaining need...
Book
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to help move forward the discussion on low-carbon development strategies (LCDS) towards a useful climate policy instrument. It does so through a historical perspective on the use of an LCDS in a national and international context in order to provide high-level guidance to gov- ernments and experts who plan the development...
Article
Full-text available
Policy-makers and scientists have raised concerns about the functioning of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), in particular regarding its low contribution to sustainable development, unbalanced regional and sectoral distribution of projects, and its limited contribution to global emission reductions. Differentiation between countries or project...
Article
Full-text available
In order to meet long-term climate change mitigation objectives, emissions cuts are required in all regions across the globe and in all sectors, including transport. In financing this effort, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) are until now the only international climate policy instruments under the Un...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Climate change is a collective action problem; only if all major emitting countries take sufficient mitigating actions, dangerous human interference with the climate system can be averted. In order to create and maintain a stable global climate coalition, trust needs to be established that all countries will contribute in accordance with the agreem...
Article
Full-text available
The inclusion of CO2 capture and storage (CCS) in the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is still subject to controversy and discussion. A myriad of barriers prevents CCS in the CDM. Apart from political barriers, economic, social and procedural barriers play a role. This paper discusses relevant new results on the human capacity, p...
Article
En la comunidad internacional que se ocupa del cambio climático y el desarrollo se están debatiendo los instrumentos climáticos existentes y futuros. El estudio Instrumentos Climáticos para el Sector Transporte (CITS), comisionado por el Banco Asiático de Desarrollo (ADB) y el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID), evalúa la situación actual con...
Article
Full-text available
The Bali Action Plan of 2007 has launched a process to arrive at an international post-2012 climate agreement in Copenhagen in December 2009. Since then, various studies have examined CDM reform with a view to improving its governance, or to expand its scope beyond a project basis. Yet analyses of options for differentiation under the CDM, in order...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter focuses on the question of how the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) can be used to improve air quality in mega-cities. It describes air quality, climate change and their interactions. The chapter explains the CDM functions. It learnt from four cases studies in Asia representing potential CDM projects that benefit air quality. The chap...
Article
Full-text available
Uit wetenschappelijk onderzoek blijkt dat de mogelijkheid niet kan worden uitgesloten dat het klimaat sneller verandert dan voorheen gedacht. Deze studie onderzoekt de verschillende mogelijkheden op een geïntegreerde systematische wijze. Het rapport gaat niet in op de waarschijnlijkheid van extreme klimaatverandering. De meeste opties kunnen in vie...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Urban air pollution is a serious health problem in large Asian cities. Often policymakers in those cities are not sufficiently equipped with budget or capacity to address urban air pollution. The clean development mechanism (CDM) could provide finance for air pollution reduction if the measures taken also reduce greenhouse gases. Indeed, there is r...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The study ‘Carbon credit supply potential beyond 2012 - A bottom up assessment of mitigation options’ was commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Environment with the aim of studying the dynamics and potential of the carbon market beyond 2012. Taken a number of uncertainties into account, the study arrived at a CDM market potential estimate of 1.6 –...
Conference Paper
The experience with CO<sub>2</sub> trading and allowances prices in the last year is reviewed, with a focus on the factors influencing the price of electricity in EU countries. A statistical analysis investigates the relationship between the large increases in electricity prices experienced in 2005 and their relationship to CO<sub>2</sub> prices. I...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Wetenschappelijke Assessment en Beleidsanalyse (WAB) WAB is een subprogramma van het Netherlands Research Programme on Climate Change (NRP-CC). Het doel van dit subprogramma is: • Het bijeenbrengen en evalueren van relevante wetenschappelijke informatie ten behoeve van beleids-ontwikkeling en besluitvorming op het terrein van klimaatverandering; •...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change has been on the international policy agenda since the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was agreed in 1992. Recent authoritative reports have further emphasised the seriousness and urgency of the problem, but have also indicated that climate change can be mitigated if adequate action is taken in the short...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Investigate options for how ASEAN transport cooperation and policy can help improving sustainable transport, e.g. by means of a regional strategy. We are also evaluating the current status of national transport policy in five ASEAN countries in relation to climate change and other environmental issues.
Project
We are writing a report and a paper on the current situation of cycling for transport in cities in South-East Asia, and the future potential of this mode. Published in 2017