Stef Adriaenssens

Stef Adriaenssens
KU Leuven | ku leuven · Faculty of Economics and Business @ Brussels

Phd

About

41
Publications
17,159
Reads
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241
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
173 Citations
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Introduction
Stef Adriaenssens works at the KU Leuven Faculty of Economics and Business - campus Brussels. Stef has a PhD in Social Sciences, and is foremost interested in underground and informal economic activities. Based on that general interest, research output relates to survival activities such as begging and prostitution, tax evasion, and low-skill labour markets.
Additional affiliations
January 2003 - September 2013
Hogeschool - Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Ass. Professor

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionSexual prejudice negatively affects the quality of life and life chances of those involved. Manual workers are consistently found to be less accepting of homosexuality in studies of sexual conformism. This can be seen as an application of Lipset’s ‘working class conformism’. Our core hypothesis is that this lower tolerance is rooted in...
Article
Full-text available
We link the dearth of empirical support for the theory of compensating wage differentials (CWD) to minimum wages and other labour market regulations. As these labour market regulations matter less for informal jobs, we hypothesise that CWD for adverse working conditions are more likely to be observed in these jobs relative to formal jobs. This is t...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence-based risk-prevention policies for people involved in prostitution require that reliable population estimates are built. This study proposes a methodological framework and novel data source for measuring their population in regions where the internet plays a predominant role in the industry. We derive single registration capture-recapture...
Article
Full-text available
Labour markets for personal and household services (PHS) are rife with informal employment. Some policies aim to combat informality in PHS with subsidized service vouchers, but their effects are poorly documented. This contribution evaluates the Belgian service vouchers (1) documenting their formalization effectiveness, and (2) accounting for the p...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Great Recession, starting in 2008, was characterized by an overall reduction in living standards. This pushed several governments across Europe to restrict expenditures, also in the area of healthcare. These austerity measures are known to have affected access to healthcare, probably unevenly among social groups. This study examines...
Article
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We document how prostitution markets reacted to the Covid-19 induced lockdown mid-March 2020, based on unique data for the Netherlands and Belgium. Anecdotal evidence indicates that a general glut occurred. Data about who exited from the market indeed reveal a severe downturn. We also show a significant substitution toward less visible forms of sex...
Chapter
Sexual practices are those actions people define as sexual, and their relationship to the architecture of society. These practices vary widely between and within societies, and change significantly through time. This variation is due, among other reasons, to different definitions and prescriptions of what is normal sexuality and what not. This is i...
Article
Full-text available
The literature on service encounters rarely disentangles linguistic preferences from their association with customers' ethnic preferences, and rarely studies the selection of the service provider. We analyse the choice of domestic workers in the Brussels urban region, a region characterized by a high degree of ethnic and linguistic heterogeneity. A...
Article
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Based on the Job Demands-Resources model, this study examined the association of learning opportunities of adolescents at school and work with their mental health, operationalized in terms of life satisfaction and depression. Intrinsic motivation at school and at work were studied as potential mediators. Within a representative sample of adolescent...
Preprint
Background: The Great Recession,starting in 2008, was characterized by an overall reduction in living standards. This pushed governmentsacross the European Unionto restrict expenditures, also in the area of healthcare. Theseausterity measures are known to have affectedthe access to healthcare, probably unevenly among social groups.This study examin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The Great Recession, starting in 2008, was characterized by an overall reduction in living standards. This pushed several governments across Europe to restrict expenditures, also in the area of healthcare. These austerity measures are known to have affected access to healthcare, probably unevenly among social groups. This study examines...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial mismatch, where job seekers do not live where jobs can be found, can be an important barrier on the labour market, especially for vulnerable groups. In this study we look at the role that spatial mismatch plays in the Brussels metropolis. Using an improved benchmark, the distance-weighted spatial mismatch index, that also considers location...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial mismatch, where job seekers do not live where jobs can be found, can be an important barrier on the labour market, especially for vulnerable groups. In this study we look at the role that spatial mismatch plays in the Brussels metropolis. Using an improved benchmark, the distance-weighted spatial mismatch index, that also considers location...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial mismatch, where job seekers do not live where jobs can be found, can be an important barrier on the labour market, especially for vulnerable groups. In this study we look at the role that spatial mismatch plays in the Brussels metropolis. Using an improved benchmark, the distance-weighted spatial mismatch index, that also considers location...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the knowledge of precarious and low-quality jobs with the study of toilet attendants, an ideal typical case of low-wage manual service workers who are excluded from secure wages, decent working conditions, and employment protection. Design/methodology/approach An extensive survey with standar...
Article
Economic output implies that underground sectors such as prostitution are taken into account. This article presents an innovative methodology to measure turnover and added value in prostitution based on a combination of observational and Internet data. The method is applied to Belgium. Turnover is broken down in transactions and price per segment....
Article
Full-text available
The literature on spatial mismatch often focuses on a mismatch within cities or local labour markets. This paper looks at the spatial mismatch between local labour markets. Using US data, we study the evolution of inter-regional mismatch between 1980 and 2010 and how this evolution varies across skill levels. Since we expect the spatial structure o...
Article
Full-text available
Increasingly, prostitution and other activities in the sex industries have been conceptualised as forms of labour, or at least as income-generating activities. As labour, these activities are exposed to particular risks with respect to health, working conditions, exploitation and stigmatisation. However, research on the actual conditions and circum...
Research
Full-text available
This contribution develops an empirically informed measure of output in prostitution in Belgium. Its starting point is to measure income in one locational segment of the prostitution market: window prostitution. Output is decomposed in overall supply of sex workers, average transactions in a given working time, and price per transaction. These fact...
Article
Full-text available
Empirical literature on informal activities often builds on macro-economic country estimates, which impedes testing behavioural hypotheses. The European Social Survey (ESS), documenting self-reported tax evasion in 26 countries, allows us to test individual and institutional factors simultaneously. We model the effect of institutional and social ca...
Article
De arbeidsparticipatie van Vlaamse scholieren De arbeidsparticipatie van Vlaamse scholieren Student work is a relevant aspect of the functioning of the labour market and students’ lives. This study estimates the amount and functioning of student labour in Flanders with data from the Student Employment Survey, a data set containing data about 4,018...
Conference Paper
Some see an increasing polarization between attractive jobs and jobs at the bottom in Western labour markets. Indeed, there is evidence that jobs that fall between the two extremes, have become less important in recent decades. Some juxtapose interesting jobs with a corresponding salary, job security, prestige, career opportunities and attractive w...
Conference Paper
The bulk of the social-scientific attention paid to the regulatory aspects of prostitution shows signs of a rigid judicial centralism. Usually one focuses on formal laws regulating the position of commercial sex. This means that the discussion of criminalization or liberalization of sex work gets most of the attention. However, there is more law an...
Article
Full-text available
Samenvatting In dit artikel wordt op basis van een peiling bij 251 leraren een beeld gegeven van hoe leraren in het secundair of voortgezet onderwijs staan tegenover leerlingenarbeid. Hun attitude ten aanzien van leerlingenarbeid wordt in verband gebracht met hun meer algemene affiniteit met ervaringsgericht leren en met leraar-, klas- en functieke...
Chapter
Full-text available
Most of the empirical literature reduces informal work to a variable distinguishing those who evade taxes (sometimes including the evasion of social security contributions). Workers or their employers do or do not report the income to the official bodies, and refrain from paying taxes and social security contributions. In reality, there probably is...
Article
Full-text available
One often explains why people engage in the informal sector with the Allingham-Sandmo model, resting on taxation level, deterrence and risk aversion. This neoclassical approach explains noncompliance fairly well, but anomalies exist. Evenly parsimonious, Alejandro Portes develops a institutional and social capital approach introducing regulation, e...
Conference Paper
One of the central questions about prostitution is whether there is a connection between becoming a sex workers and poverty of women. The stakes of this question are quite high, not least because it may inform the so-called ‘prostitution war’. Both policy and the intellectual debate ask for social-scientific empirically informed answers. This paper...
Conference Paper
Explaining why people engage in informal economic activities such as tax evasion is a hard nut to crack. Neoclassical economic theories and their behaviourist psychological counterparts explain noncompliance with the help of fairly parsimonious theories that mainly rest on taxation levels, deterrence and risk aversion. In a more institutional stran...
Article
Full-text available
Unsafe sexual practices are persistent in prostitution interactions: one in four contacts can be called unsafe. The determinants of this are still matter for debate. We account for the roles played by clients' preferences and the hypothetical price premium of unsafe sexual practices with the help of a large dataset of clients' self-reported commerc...
Article
Full-text available
This article develops and applies a method to estimate the revenues of beggars in Brussels. This is relevant for three reasons. First, in the literature on the informal economy, we lack reliable empirical knowledge of informal street-level activities like begging, substantiating the expectation that beggars’ income will be low. Secondly, popular re...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates how business ethics are related to vocational interest. Special attention has been paid to the relationship between business ethics and the interest in ‘enterprising’ and ‘social’ oriented professions. The results show that business ethics is only significantly correlated in a negative way, to enterprising vocational...
Article
Full-text available
This article proposes and applies a method to estimate the revenues of beggars in Brussels (Belgium). This is relevant for three reasons. First, though the literature on the informal economy assumes that the income will be low, we lack reliable empirical knowledge of informal street-level activities like begging, in particular due to the prevalence...
Article
Full-text available
Given the deviant nature of prostitution, expectations and information used to depend on clients personal experiences. This has changed fundamentally during recent decades. The emergence of user-generated websites discussing commercial sexual exchanges has allowed moral economies of prostitution as a distinctly social phenomenon to develop. This co...
Article
Full-text available
Households depend on the existence of a home, and therefore, maintenance plays an important social and economic role. Formal outsourcing is often overestimated here and alternative modes, such as informal outsourcing and do-it-yourself (DIY), are overlooked. This paper estimates and accounts for the choice of one mode of production in Flemish house...
Article
Full-text available
Inleiding en probleemstelling Overheden in landen met een hoge economische ontwikkeling beschikken doorgaans over een uitgebreid systeem om hun economie en bevolking te monitoren. Door de uitge-breidheid en de effectiviteit van deze systemen wordt er meestal van uitgegaan dat de ge-gevens van overheden een adequaat beeld schetsen van de werksituati...
Article
A vivid but fragmented research tradition traces the economic ethic to religious beliefs and practices. The problem has a broad social- scientific relevance, referring to the more general problem of the societal relevance of religious practices and convictions on the one hand, and to the relevance of non-economic phenomena for the economy on the ot...
Article
Households depend on the existence of a home. The means invested in the maintenance of this home represent an important economic sector. However, the role of formal outsourcing in this maintenance work is often overestimated. Commissioning a formal enterprise is only one possibility to maintain the household’s home. Alternative modes of production...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Archived project
COST Action IS1209 – 'Comparing European Prostitution Policies: Understanding Scales and Cultures of Governance' (ProsPol) The aim of ProsPol, COST Action IS1209, is to exchange, enhance and compare knowledge about prostitution policies across Europe. ProsPol provides an innovative platform of exchange to enhance understanding of how concepts, policies and practices transfer across national cultures and local contexts, and the implications this has for knowledge exchange and coordination in this field. By offering insight into the empirical effects and contexts of various regulatory regimes and techniques, the Action seeks to inform future prostitution research and policy, including comparative work between different prostitution policy regimes and their effects. Prospol is chaired by Isabel Crowhurst and the University of Essex is the Grant Holder Institution.
Project
European Platform The European Platform Tackling Undeclared Work enhances cooperation between Member States' relevant authorities and other actors involved to fight undeclared work more effectively and efficiently while fully respecting national competences and procedures. The main objective of the Platform is to improve the Member States' capacities to tackle undeclared work in its various forms, including bogus self-employment, and drive change at national level in order to promote better working conditions and the emergence of formal employment. The Platform provides a forum at EU level where the different actors involved can - exchange information and good practices, - develop knowledge and evidence, - learn from each other and together, engage in closer cross-border cooperation and joint activities. This includes - Common learning activities such as bi- or multilateral training seminars and exchange between peers, leading to the development of tools for the implementation of good practices such as common principles for carrying out inspections or step-by-step guides; - Operational cooperation in the form of staff exchange, joint inspections on cross-border level in sectors most affected by undeclared work or common campaigns. Composition The Platform is composed of - Members: representatives of the Member States, for example from federal ministries, labour and social inspectorates, tax and customs authorities or social insurance agencies, of EU level cross-industry social partners and of the Commission. - Observers: representatives of social partners representing the sectors most affected by undeclared work and organisations like Eurofound, the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and the International Labour Organisation (ILO). Background The Platform is based on the Decision of the European Parliament and the Council from 9 March 2016.