Steel Silva Vasconcelos

Steel Silva Vasconcelos
Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA) | Embrapa

PhD Forest Resourc. & Conserv.

About

67
Publications
19,064
Reads
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1,430
Citations
Citations since 2016
29 Research Items
1180 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Additional affiliations
August 2002 - July 2004
University of Florida
Position
  • PhD stud

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
Full-text available
1] Changes in land-use and climate are likely to alter moisture and substrate availability in tropical forest soils, but quantitative assessment of the role of resource constraints as regulators of soil trace gas fluxes is rather limited. The primary objective of this study was to quantify the effects of moisture and substrate availability on soil...
Article
Aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) represents an important integrated measure of resource effects on forest ecosystem functions. Rates of ANPP, as well as resource availability controls over ANPP, are poorly understood for tropical forest regrowth following agricultural abandonment, although such regrowth accounts for a large and growing p...
Article
Full-text available
Litterfall quantity and quality may respond to alterations in resource availability expected with ongoing land-use and climate changes. Here, we quantify the effects of altered resource availability on non-woody litterfall quantity and quality (nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations) in eastern Amazonian forest regrowth (Brazil) through two multi-y...
Article
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The functioning of Amazonian rain forest ecosystems during drought has become a scientific focal point because of associated risks to forest integrity and climate. We review current understanding of drought impacts on Amazon rain forests by summarising the results from two throughfall exclusion (TFE) experiments in old-growth rain forests at Caxiua...
Article
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The current expansion of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) in the Brazilian Amazon has mainly occurred within smallholder agricultural and degraded areas. Under the social and environmental scenarios associated with these areas, oil palm-based agroforestry systems represent a potentially sustainable method of expanding the crop. The capacity o...
Article
Agroforestry systems (AFSs) with oil palm are expected to have better soil quality than monocultures of this crop. The variation in soil physical quality between oil palm management zones is related to carbon input and is well known in monocultures, but poorly studied in oil palm AFSs. Here we determined whether management practices change the carb...
Article
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This study was part of the Manipulation of Moisture and Nutrient Availability in Young Regrowth Forests in Eastern Amazonia Project (MANFLORA). The experiment was designed in completely randomized blocks containing control and irrigated treatments during the dry period (5 mm of water/day), with four repetitions each. The monthly mean litter values...
Article
Plant communities influence the composition of local fungi, and this has been verified in different biomes around the world. The analysis of the litter structure in a forest reserve in the Amazon has shown that floristic diversity and substrate morphology affect fungal diversity at different scales. Our results revealed that the α diversity of the...
Article
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Brazil has an extensive area where the climate and soil are suitable for oil palm growing. However, in part of this area, production has been limited by the occurrence of the fatal yellowing (FY) anomaly, whose initial symptom is the rotting of absorptive roots. This symptom can be more severe in oil palm genetic materials with a smaller root syste...
Article
The expansion of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) cultivation in degraded areas has increased in the Brazilian Amazon. Cultivation of oil palm in diversified agroforestry systems may be a relatively sustainable alternative to monocultures for crop expansion. Here, we evaluated the effect of oil palm cultivation systems on soil C, an important ind...
Article
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The root system of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) has characteristics unfavorable for nutrient absorption, which may cause it to be dependent on arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization. In agricultural production systems with a greater diversity of species, the arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of mycorrhizal-dependent species can increase. There...
Article
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The root system of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) has characteristics unfavorable for nutrient absorption, which may cause it to be dependent on arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization. In agricultural production systems with a greater diversity of species, the arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of mycorrhizal-dependent species can increase. There...
Article
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Plant traits are increasingly being used to improve prediction of plant function, including plant demography. However, the capability of plant traits to predict demographic rates remains uncertain, particularly in the context of trees experiencing a changing climate. Here we present data combining 17 plant traits associated with plant structure, me...
Article
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The fate of tropical forests under future climate change is dependent on the capacity of their trees to adjust to drier conditions. The capacity of trees to withstand drought is likely to be determined by traits associated with their hydraulic systems. However, data on whether tropical trees can adjust hydraulic traits when experiencing drought rem...
Article
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Manguezais são ecossistemas com significativa relevância ambiental e socioeconômica,e o conhecimento da relação ecológica desse ecossistema com a atmosfera é defundamental importância para sua preservação e para o uso sustentável dos recursosnaturais. Diante disso, este estudo tem como objetivos analisar os sistemas meteorológicosprecipitantes e su...
Article
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O vento é um fator que pode influenciar nos processos ecossistêmicos das florestas, principalmente em regiões costeiras onde sua maior atuação pode contribuir na produção de serapilheira em florestas de mangue. Nesse sentido, foi caracterizada a variação temporal da direção e velocidade do vento e sua influência na produção espaço-temporal da serap...
Article
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Agroforestry systems are important, globally affecting 1.2 billion people and covering 0.6 billion hectares. They are often cited for providing ecosystem services, such as augmenting soil fertility via N accumulation and increasing soil C stocks. Improved-fallow slash-and-mulch systems have the potential to do both, while reducing nutrient losses a...
Article
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The absorption of atmospheric water directly into leaves enables plants to alleviate the water stress caused by low soil moisture, hydraulic resistance in the xylem and the effect of gravity on the water column, whilst enabling plants to scavenge small inputs of water from leaf wetting events. By increasing the availability of water, and supplying...
Data
Fig. S1 Diurnal variation of stem CO2 efflux from trees on the control and TFE plots. Fig. S2 Relationships between sapwood depth and tree diameter and basal area. Table S1 List of the tree diameter and species of all trees sampled in this study Table S2 Distribution of trees across size classes for all trees >10 cm diameter at 1.3 m above groun...
Article
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Ecosystem-level assessments of carbon (C) stocks of agroforestry systems are scarce. We quantified the ecosystem-level C stocks of one agroforestry-based oil palm production system (AFSP) and one agroforestry-based oil palm and cacao production system (AFSP+C) in eastern Amazonia. We quantified the stocks of C in four pools: aboveground live biomas...
Article
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Discovered in 1980 and unleashed an utter gold rush of the modern era, Serra Pelada was the largest open-air mine in Brazil. About 80,000 gold prospectors worked there until 1984, when the gold pits were flooded. The environmental impact caused by mining inflicted irreversible damage to the ecosystem, with the formation of a large lake and piles of...
Article
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CO2 efflux from stems (CO2_stem) accounts for a substantial fraction of tropical forest gross primary productivity, but the climate sensitivity of this flux remains poorly understood. We present a study of tropical forest CO2_stem from 215 trees across wet and dry seasons, at the world's longest running tropical forest drought experiment site. We s...
Article
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Improvement of fallow vegetation can have a positive impact on the productivity of slash-and-mulch systems in eastern Amazonia. Phosphorus fertilization can increase biomass and nutrient stocks in the fallow phase, thereby improving nutrient cycling and crop productivity. Here, we compared biomass and nutrient stocks under three fallow management s...
Article
Transpiration from the Amazon rainforest generates an essential water source at a global and local scale. However, changes in rainforest function with climate change can disrupt this process, causing significant reductions in precipitation across Amazonia, and potentially at a global scale. We report the only study of forest transpiration following...
Article
The impact of substituting forests for smallholder agricultural production systems on soil carbon (C) stocks is not well understood in Brazilian Amazonia. Most surveys of soil C stocks are restricted to the top 30 cm of soil and do not include measurements of litter and root stocks. Here, we quantify the stocks of C in soil (0–100 cm depth), aboveg...
Article
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The soil carbon dioxide (CO2) efflux dynamics and its controlling factors of Amazonian agroforestry systems are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate the temporal variation of soil CO2 efflux in oil palm-based agroforestry systems and the relation between efflux and biotic (microbial and total soil carbon, microbial respira...
Article
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Dry periods are predicted to become more frequent and severe in the future in some parts of the tropics, including Amazonia, potentially causing reduced productivity, higher tree mortality and increased emissions of stored carbon. Using a long-term (12 year) through-fall exclusion (TFE) experiment in the tropics, we test the hypothesis that trees p...
Article
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The fallow vegetation is the main component of sequential agroforestry systems in Amazon rain forest.The progressive removal of soil nutrient by slash/mulch agriculture involves continuing losses in carbon and nutrient stocks, leading to decline in soil productivity, low regeneration ability and decrease of species diversity of fallow vegetation. T...
Article
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The tropics are predicted to become warmer and drier, and understanding the sensitivity of tree species to drought is important for characterizing the risk to forests of climate change. This study makes use of a long‐term drought experiment in the Amazon rainforest to evaluate the role of leaf‐level water relations, leaf anatomy and their plasticit...
Article
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The fallow vegetation is the main component of sequential agroforestry systems in Amazon rain forest. The progressive removal of soil nutrient by slash/mulch agriculture involves continuing losses in carbon and nutrient stocks, leading to decline in soil productivity, low regeneration ability and decrease of species diversity of fallow vegetation....
Article
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Drought threatens tropical rainforests over seasonal to decadal timescales, but the drivers of tree mortality following drought remain poorly understood. It has been suggested that reduced availability of non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) critically increases mortality risk through insufficient carbon supply to metabolism ('carbon starvation'). Ho...
Article
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modified by anthropic or natural climate change. In order to check the effect of the exclusion of water over the population of bacteria and fungi in the soil, the present study was developed. The chosen location is the area of the ESECAFLOR experiment, which simulates the occurrence of extreme phenomena such as El Niño event, and the area of biodiv...
Article
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The availability of soil nutrients (especially phosphorus) and soil water strongly influence mycorrhizal symbiosis in forest ecosystems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of litter removal and increased soil moisture availability on the spore density and mycorrhizal colonization of apogeotropic and non-apogeotropic roots of a seconda...
Article
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Determining climate change feedbacks from tropical rainforests requires an understanding of how carbon gain through photosynthesis and loss through respiration will be altered. One of the key changes that tropical rainforests may experience under future climate change scenarios is reduced soil moisture availability. In this study we examine if and...
Article
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Soil microbial biomass (SMB) plays an important role in nutrient cycling in agroecosystems, and is limited by several factors, such as soil water availability. This study assessed the effects of soil water availability on microbial biomass and its variation over time in the Latossolo Amarelo concrecionário of a secondary forest in eastern Amazonia....
Article
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Traditional shifting cultivation in the Amazon region has caused negative environmental and social effects due to the use of fire. This type of agriculture has been criticized because it results in emission of large amounts of carbon into the atmosphere and a loss of soil productive potential. Since 1991, Project SHIFT-Tipitamba has researched this...
Technical Report
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Available at: <http://ainfo.cnptia.embrapa.br/digital/bitstream/item/121558/1/Doc.-266.pdf>
Article
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Soil carbon (C) content is a sensitive indicator of agricultural management impact. Different methods are usually adopted to determine soil C content, which can lead to variable results and therefore hinder the correct interpretation of management impacts. In this study, we tested three commonly used soil C determination methods (dry combustion wit...
Data
Full-text available
The success of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.)-based agroforestry systems (oil palm-AFS) depends on sustainable soil management, especially of soil chemical and microbiological characteristics. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of oil palm-AFS on soil mineral and microbial nitrogen (N) in contrasting rainfall seasons. We evaluated differe...
Article
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The objective of this work was to evaluate the impacts of fallow to crop cycle on the light fractions of soil organic matter (SOM) in a slash‑and‑mulch agroforestry system with different fallow vegetation management, in the Eastern Amazon. Sampling was carried out in the pre‑fallow, post‑fallow, and post‑cultivation stages. Stocks of free light org...
Article
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O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os impactos do ciclo pousio‑cultivo sobre as frações leves da matéria orgânica do solo (MOS), em sistema agroflorestal sequencial de corte e trituração, com diferentes manejos de capoeira, na Amazônia Oriental. Aamostragem foi realizada nas fases de pré‑pousio, pós‑pousio e pós‑cultivo de milho. Foram determina...
Article
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The objective of this work was to assess the fine-root (≤ 2 mm diameter) production dynamics of two forest regrowths at different ages. Fine-root production was monitored by the ingrowth core method in one 18-year-old site (2 ha) and one 10-year-old site (0.5 ha), both localized in the Apeú region, Northern Pará State, Brazil. The sites were abando...
Data
Full-text available
The management of fallow vegetation is important for productivity in sequential agroforestry systems. During the fallow period, the system accumulates nutrients for subsequent crops. The introduction of legumes associated with phosphorus low solubility fertilization can promote the accumulation of biomass and nutrient stocks influencing positively...
Article
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Forest plantations and agroforestry systems with Schizolobium parahyba var. amazonicum have greatly expanded in the Brazilian Amazon, generally as an alternative for reforesting degraded areas. To our knowledge there are no reports of above- and below-ground production in these forest systems. We quantified litter and fine root production in 6-yr o...
Article
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Most published studies of secondary forest succession in the Amazon examine stands of different ages that represent a successional chronosequence, rather than monitoring a single stand over the long-term. This study compares floristic composition and structure of tree species with diameter at 1.3 m height (DBH) ≥ 1 cm in a 4-year-old and a 12-year-...
Article
*Fine root dynamics is widely recognized as an important biogeochemical process, but there are few data on fine root growth and its response to soil resource availability, especially for tropical forests. *We evaluated the response of fine root dynamics to altered availability of soil water and nutrients in a 20-yr-old forest regrowth in eastern Am...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate the morphological responses and the development of Brachiaria brizantha and Panicum fasciculatum cultivated under flooding conditions for 21 days. The low availability of oxygen during floods significantly reduced relative growth and net assimilation rates in B. brizantha, as well as the allocation of biomass to the...
Article
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Despite research demonstrating that water and nutrient availability exert strong effects on multiple ecosystem processes in tropical forests, little is known about the effect of these factors on the demography and population dynamics of tropical trees. Over the course of 5 years, we monitored two common Amazonian secondary forest species-Lacistema...
Article
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Forest regrowth occupies an extensive and increasing area in the Amazon basin, but accurate assessment of the impact of regrowth on carbon and nutrient cycles has been hampered by a paucity of available allometric equations. We develop pooled and species-specific equations for total aboveground biomass for a study site in the eastern Amazon that ha...