Stanley Wilkin

Stanley Wilkin
University of London · several

Master of Arts

About

190
Publications
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5
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Citations since 2016
177 Research Items
2 Citations
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Introduction
I have run a number of private colleges and lectured in a variety of education institutions. As an education consultant I have established schools and colleges throughout the world. I have published articles. I am researching on the evolution/development of religion, ANCIENT FICTIONALITY, as a process of human creativity and the development of writing and literature from Mesopotamian urban civilisations to Islam. I am concurrently researching the rise and influence of medical doctors.
Additional affiliations
June 2007 - August 2009
Leicester School of Professional Studies
Position
  • College Principal
Description
  • Hired and supervised teachers: established courses: taught classes: travelled through Asia giving seminars: constructed courses and dealt with other education bodies.
Education
July 2010 - August 2011
Middlesex University, UK
Field of study
  • psychoanalysis
August 2009 - August 2010
University of Roehampton
Field of study
  • Sociology
June 2004 - July 2007
Birkbeck, University of London
Field of study
  • Psychodynamic Psychology

Publications

Publications (190)
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While the 20 th century was a period 1 of substantial recreational use of psychotropic drugs, the medical employment of the same or similar drugs grew much faster. In the first, choice prevailed, in the second the elimination of choice. The former gradually became criminalized even though there was very little difference in effect, if any, between...
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This considers the nature of historical truth attached to religion and ancient narratives and further considers the nature of truth itself and how the above constructs modern identity.
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An examination of the Arab invasion of Sasanian Persia based on new evidence, considering an earlier date for the invasion and the involvement of neighbouring groups in the attacks.
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My paper looks at the truth of Chemical Imbalance as the cause of mental illness. It queries the truth of the claim.
Poster
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A new view of medicine.
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This is a further draft of The Arab Conquest of Maghreb
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The nature of ethnic change in North Africa and the establishment of both identity and fanaticism.
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This paper considers the Arab invasion of Egypt, the question marks against Islamic historiography, and the lack of evidence for the nature of the event. This paper considers the nature of Islamic Holy War.
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This paper was previously uploaded but did not take. With difficulty, I found the original paper and expanded on it. This paper suggests that Monotheisms and violence entwine.
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The Jewish texts and the Qur'an often speak with acknowledged venom of pagans and their religions. They were after all their, at one time, powerful competitors. Falsely the Abrahamic religions claim that only within their various books and from their various gods morality arises. In fact, the morality of the Abrahamic gods tends to be woefully nega...
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This paper considers early slavery in Islam, and also in the Ancient Middle East.
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There remains uncertainty as to the real nature of pre-Islamic Arabian society, Islamic portrayals of this period appearing to be part of the polemics against paganism, and with the paucity of information available it is difficult to establish the nature of slavery there. Although many adherents strongly assert that Islam was not a slave culture, t...
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Monotheisms expanded at the end of the Roman period and filled the gap left by that Empire's fall. The monotheist empires that appeared provided group identity, new economic structures that were beneficial, but provided oppositional perspectives on the world, hate, and concepts of evil and sin.
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This is the first of several papers on war, including one that delves into similar events in Western Christiandom at the same time. This paper again considers the nature of history, hearsay or evidence based, and whether the Qur'an exhibits genuine history or a bare skeleton further furbished by the fabulating tactics of later groups, here seen as...
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Ideas of health and the importance of care in the Ancient World.
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The connection between Osiris, Isis and Horus and the later Monotheist religions Christianity and Islam through the triads both use and the Maryam narrative.
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This paper considers the historical relevance of Surah 33 and 24, which deals with war and the construction of the early umma through the female body and female sexuality, the real or suggested growth of Muhammad’s status, attempting to discover they add to or limit our understanding of early Islam. This remains an historical investigation. In this...
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Was the Believer phenomenon a local transformation in a land thinly exploited by mono-theism, or a deliberate ontological change meant to challenge Judaism and Christianity that altered the purpose of monotheism, a scythe to eradicate paganism, and inculcate constructions of sin and forgiveness through conversion, intending thereby to change the pa...
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A narrative of duplicity, duality, of monotheist morals and Eastern spirituality, of identity, the nature of the mind, London and various kinds of friendship., of the rich and poor, professional status and the philosophy of roles.
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Islam has a known beginning found in The Life of Muhammad by Ibn Ishaq, although this was edited by Ibn Hisham approximately two hundred years later. 1 Like the remainder of the biographers of Muhammad and the early conquest period it is extremely violent. Ibn Ishaq's work can be considered a theology, the nature of Islam, and also programmatic, ho...
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'There is no doubt that the Arab Islamic expansion in both the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean regions constitutes a significant turning point in world history. It is important to remember that it is not only, or even mainly, through religious conversion that Islam has transformed the old world of the eastern Mediterranean. A particularly remarkable...
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This paper concerns The Acts of the Apostles, the history of the Jesus movement after the death of their founder and the movement’s expansion throughout the Mediterranean area. During this period, the structure of Christian communities was created according to Didache (Milavic ), 2nd century CE Christian texts describing The Way of Life, with chari...
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Early Islamic society, although noted for war, also established forms of exchange that formed part of imperial policy. It created wealth from suhl, taxation, social policies, and a credible economic system setting the middle east on a path to immense wealth and world power. Benedikt Koehler suggests that early Islam created capitalism. Invasion of...
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A review of the available evidence regarding the Arab/Islamic invasion of Byzantium Near East. The state of the Byzantium defence is considered, the facts behind the Battle of Mu'tah, and the Islamic histories' claims of remarkable heroism for its main iconic characters. This is the first part of this examination and concludes before the main event...
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What ideology drove 17th century English to colonise North America, a land already occupied by indigenous groups, many formed into tribal nations? Why did they seek to take what was not theirs, and engage in local if effective euthanasia? Why did land become more important than human lives? Although John Locke’s involvement in the genocide of indig...
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The sirahs (Life of Muhammad) of Ibn Ishaq and al-Tabari are examined for the light they throw on the 7th century invasions of Sasanian Persia in hand with other groups of the time. This paints a slightly different picture to the traditional one.
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Islam constructed through concepts of the imperial state mirroring Byzantine and Sasanian Persia. Islam as an elite construction.
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According to Jennifer (Eisenhauer) Richardson 1 Women with mental illness have repeatedly had their performances and representations colonized throughout history. In this she alludes to the mad of the 19 th century being photographed, subjected to professional gaze and objectified. They were taken over and the colonising male culture, psychiatry, p...
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Was the Qur'an written by several poets of the time, and was Islam a consequence of discourse amongst several prophets building up an Arabic religion related to Christianity and Judaism? There were probably hundreds of prophets, each located within a prominent tribe, independently working out Islam in response to local conditions.
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Did the Ridda Wars indicate the rise of an Arab elite that assumed control of Islam? This paper considers The Life of Muhammad to involve both a theological and political treatise preceding the Arab conquests. It deals with other prophets of the time besides Muhammad.
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These papers will continue attempting to understand and reveal the history of Islam, different perhaps to the claims of the various Life of Muhammad, which also consider the nature of monotheism-a religious development that arose from early nationalist Assyrian and Babylonian gods, appearing to have a direct concern with authoritarianism, imperiali...
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Eastern Christianity and Islam developed together, with one shaping the other at various points. This can be seen in the creation of canon law, in competitive approaches to other religions, and a tendency of both religions to increasingly identify with the Pentateuch. Ancient Rome and Byzantium, its survivor in the East, both developed a world ord...
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This is the draft of an introduction to a new book soon to be published dealing with the political construction and effects of modern medicine.
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The upsurge of armies from Arabia in the early 7th century AD should be considered as less an Islamic invasion of Yemen, Palestine, Syria and the Sassanian Empire but an Arab uprising perhaps taken over by proto-Islamic groups representing an earlier form of ethnic religion inspired by Jewish and Christian examples. Whether the employment of a diff...
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M. A. S. Abdel Hareem presents a traditional story of the composition of the Qu’ran as emanating from Muhammad, a merchant from Mecca, who received the verses from the angel Gabriel. He does not deviate nor question the received narrative. While this story has been endlessly repeated without alteration, knowledge of these events have come solely fr...
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Persian ethics should have stopped slavery within its Empire. Many hold that the Persians did not encourage slavery within the Achaemenid Empire, but is this true? Does the practise of wealth eliminate or modify ethics? A HISTORY OF SLAVERY-a continuation
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This paper challenges the objectivity of psychatric diagnosis and perspectives based on the early life and experiences of Janet Frame and the incarceration of sane women up to the present, alongside psychiatric perspectives of the lower classes.
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Psychiatry functions within a set of beliefs that often have a tenuous relationship to the world in general. The crucial determinants of psychopathology rest on a social and historical concept that owes everything to a specific set of perceptions. The scientific validity of that viewpoint is unproven and is of a kind that would naturally resist pro...
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Any history of Islam must at some point deal with the extreme violence of its birth, especially during the creation of the Umma, although similar violence can be seen in the creation of the Christian kingdom of Yemen. The massacre of the Christians at Naijan (523 CE) by the Jewish king Yusuf As’ar Dhu Nuwas (possibly alluded to in Sura 85: 4-8), fo...
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Domestication of human beings, the role of psychiatry in Nazis' eugenic policies, psychiatric employment of potentially dangerous cover-all biological ideologies, Dr Rudin and his manufacture of the Holocaust.
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The term Abrahamic used to embrace Judaism, Christianity and Islam is a misnomer as Christian books rarely mention Abraham and provide the legendary figure with only limited importance. Perhaps the tension between Jesus and the Temple authorities concerned his construction, denied by most authorities on the subject, of a new religion in which the g...
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After much scholarship……. ………many introductory works and biographers of Muhammad have continued to proceed as if nothing has happened, reproducing more or less uncritically the traditional Islamic account of Muhammad’s life: even works by prominent scholars of Islam, after initially acknowledging the many problems with the source material, often na...
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1 | P a g e ANCIENT FICTIONALITY: Muhammad, Medina and the Jews. Islam text is often dismissed by the sceptical who point to the intensity of its desire for authenticity as evidence of fabrication, or, conversely, believed fantastically by many of its believers, every word loaded with truth, unable to think on any subject without constant reference...
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A consideration of conflict between Mecca and Muhammad, examining the myths which attend the conflict, Ibn Ishaq's sira, the Qur'an's meagre comments, and the authenticity of texts. Mentioning along the way iconoclasm, Abraham, issues of the time of composition, Zarathustra, Jesus, and Mecca's historical origins.
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As the previous version was uploaded on a word version inaccessible to some I have uploaded a word version as an alternative.
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The narrative of Muhammad’s spiritual revelation and subsequent quarrel with the Quraysh in Mecca seems well ordered, carefully composed and close to biblical stories in detail and novelistic technique. Before I look at the matter, attempt to understand the narrative, other factors require consideration. Al-Duri holds that the earliest Islamic di...
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Several legendary figures emerged from in the Near East from the turn of the Christian era who through their initial efforts and that of their immediate and later followers brought collective ideologies into the world. These figures' lives have been added to and indeed reconstructed. Little of our knowledge of Jesus seems real, the later Mani's lif...
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Plato saw a marked difference between slaves and freemen, warning that an admonition is insufficient when they do wrong but proper punishment is necessary. They lack the reasoning powers of ordinary people, having doxa but not logos. Belief not reason. Although a slave can learn by experience, he (Plato always referenced men, not women, although he...
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Aristophanes’ play The Wasps begins with two male household slaves. Both are comedy characters who play a considerable part in the play’s development, which concerns a son trying to stop his elderly father from attending jury service, a paid form of democratic participation. The father, Procleon, effectively retired from running their farm, has not...
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The development of Athenian governance resembled Sparta's early development although the road each then took seems, but only seems, vastly different. In fact, Athens and Sparta were opposing sides of the same coin with their employment of vast numbers of slaves meeting the same end. What perhaps they had in common, although this is not clear, was a...
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The motive of this paper is to examine ancient ideas and evidence of mental illness, and the various constructs that gave them form. The lack of evidence for mental illness before the emergence and proliferation of the professional body of psychiatry needs to be investigated. Although there is available evidence in the Bible, it is usually symbolic...
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The Helots of Sparta and the similarities to more recent serfs and 19th century labouring classes. The wealthy and the dispossessed.
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While Freud is today unfairly lambasted by modern psychiatrists as unscientific their own claims to science are perhaps far more suspect. Freud has rightly been accused of producing an artefact of the analytic procedure that he invented but psychiatrists have done the same inventing a set of illnesses that respond only to their shock treatments or...
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Concubinage was a Hebrew custom, one that may have originated through social constructs of slavery as seen in Hammurabi's Babylon where young girls were purchased for the dual purpose of serving as handmaids to mistresses and as concubines for masters. 1 The nature of marriage, in whatever form it took, was not circumscribed by sexual exclusivity e...
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The problem of ethnic degeneration concerned early European psychiatrists of the 19th century and drove somatic investigation into the brain, coupled with concerns with eugenics. Purifying the human population of its dangerous racial defects emerged of course in full bloodied fury within Nazism of the following century. This paper must be viewed al...
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Cynthia’s Tale demonstrates the crucial problems with psychiatrists’ examination and diagnostic processes: the methods used are poor, subject to bias and investigator influence. It also demonstrates their autonomous behaviour and complete dismissal of human rights. The reference previously to the concentration type conditions of old mental asylum...
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Self-descriptions in most languages define the user as one of the People and the language employed the word or god's word. Bantu means The People, as does Inuit and Navaho. Some group names (tribal usually) means The First People. 1 Other languages even if the origins of their name are obscure, believe that anyone that speaks the language has some...
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Cynthia noted a number of things about the reception area of the hospital. For this paper I have been souring through a diary in which she wrote down some of her experiences, although this was written when she was thirty. The residents seemed mainly to have social rather than mental problems, young rebellious teenagers, men and women running away f...
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The apparent absence of slavery in the Egyptian Old Kingdom and Middle Kingdom, with an ethnicgenetic symbolism within the claims of statehood.
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Apart from here, people learn only from psychiatrists about the efficacy of their professional discipline and there is a tendency to believe their versions. Perhaps people know little of psychiatry’s history and therefore imagine it is the science it portrays itself to be. This is the first of several papers detailing Cynthia’s Tale.
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wrote in Slavery as an Industrial System (1900) that early slavery was linked to economic conditions, although clearly other factors were involved. Slavery functioned and functions as a symbol of power as well as a convenient method of controlling muscle power to labour in fields and complete construction work. There were, and still are, different...
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The term The Dark Triad resembles the title of a Hammer horror film of the 1950s and 1960s but is indeed a psychiatric description of three so called personality types of an apparently distinctively nasty nature-narcissism, Machiavellian and psychopathy. As often in psychiatry there appears to be a literary, indeed in this case filmic, quality and...
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This project will be an historical view of slavery from the time of the first records until the present, attempting to understand its philosophical, political and sociological significance. This project holds that the constructs of slavery remain embedded in our worldviews affecting our social and psychological concepts. As an institution it still...
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This paper will consider the historic probability of conquering armies emerging from Mecca and Medina with such rapidity and early success and compare the Arab military conquests with those of the later Mongols. They can be seen as compatible military events due to the seemingly nomadic nature of their societies and similarities of military success...
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This brief paper considers two essential matters concerning the prescribing and nature of medical drugs. While such matters are not necessarily straightforward there are crucial fundamental elements worth considering here and elsewhere. Drugs and drug taking have been part of human culture from Palaeolithic times. 1 We are simply a drug taking spec...
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This paper will briefly complete an analysis of Arabian history in the 6th and 7th century and then consider the possible roots and development of Islam, viewing in further papers the traditional narrative of agentic, supernatural beginnings along with here and later more recent viewpoints exampled by Patricia Crone, the American academic. This is...
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The present opioid prescription crises emulates the many previous tranquilliser and anti-depressant prescription crises, which seem now an expected sideshow of modern medicine. One in fact that could be avoided with the institution of effective controls on doctors and pharmaceutical companies. Of the present crisis the processes and main actors are...
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This paper is concerned with finding evidence of Arab military development in defence of their territory and against the superstates on the periphery of desert-lands. This examination concerns the growth of cultural/political groups as a result of military pressure on Arabian territory from Yemen, Roman and Sasanian forces. The model searched for i...
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These papers have viewed the militarisation of the prominent Abrahamic religions and the development of Gnostic religions with relevance to Islam. They have identified the uncompromising religious and organisational position of Donatism and Monatism, the importance of Monism and noted the conscious organisational growth of Manichaeism as preceding...
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We, in our cultural development and perspective of human bodies as machines, as merely functioning objects, have ‘driven the medical profession to invent names for our diseases’ (real or imagined) Plato. The Republic. Book Three. Penguin Books. 1965, page 148. Naming single causes provides many causes, each with an expert, and thereby creating econ...
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MANI The advent of Christianity and its expansion via the Roman Empire stimulated further monotheistic or qualified monotheistic ideas that had invigorated religious development in the Near East for several centuries rather than providing an end point. Messianic religions, celebrated religious seers, became accepted and expected. Many were offshoot...
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Another old article, miraculously discovered. Introduction: This assignment is a follow-up to ‘The Myth of Athenian Democracy’, from ideas fully developed within ‘The Myth of Mind and Consciousness’. It is here proposed that the present global society owes more to ancient Mesopotamia than to Classical Greece, from where we pick and choose a benefi...
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This article concerns the function and nature of 'mind' and the illusion of our discrete characteristics. It looks at relationships between the internal and external, the infinite quality of events, how mind creates cohesion out of those infinite events, the impossibility of individuality, and the importance of perceptual positioning and properties...
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A very old paper I found again today. The Self. Has my thinking changed over the years? I'm not sure.
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ADHD, its actuality and psychiatrists' methods of diagnosis.
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Donatus, Bishop of Carthage (d. c355) This paper identifies Christian developments and groups that clearly influenced Islam. It is in three parts dealing with different issues although there is occasional cross-overs and the reuse of material. The issues explored are Donatism an uncompromising, puritanical sect, the sanctioning of war, hijab and th...
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This paper considers the power attendant on perception-how perception can provide power to groups and how a community's perceptions can be managed by much smaller groups. This will be in four parts, concerning itself with three different perceptual expressions. The first part involves the nature of perception as understood through philosophy and sc...
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This paper considers the development of religious perspectives within South Arabia and the dialogues on monotheism that permeated debates. Those debates were often politically engendered, reflecting the superstates of the time-Byzantine Empire and Sasanian Persian Empire. Unlike polytheistic universal religions, each was attended by violence. This...
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Ancient Fictionality: the Jahiliyyah, sanctuary and war. This paper considers the nature of Meccan religion in the 6 th century CE, Nabataean religious influence, Meccan religious neutrality, and trade in a backdrop of superpower competition. It raises questions about the supposed paganism of pre-Islamic Mecca. There is little genuine information,...
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This paper considers the Near Eastern and North Arabian development of monotheism, offering the view that although Arab speakers had spread into the Near East by the second half of the 1st millennium BCE and therefore had experience of monotheism, the much later rise of Islam was as much an internal response as one influenced by outside sources.
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His place on the career ladder had he recognised stalled for the past two or three years. As a psychiatrist his work had coalesced into a routine of seeing a few patients, noting their conditions, usually altering the drugs prescribed, and filling in notes. He lectured at the local university and attended conferences but to his chagrin was consider...
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North Western Arabia is intimately connected to the polities of the Near East, Israel, Judea, the later Petra, as well as Midian (North West Arabia), Edom and Moab situated in present day Jordan. It may also be responsible for the characteristics of present Arab culture through its progress into the Levant and Syria. The paper will consider early i...
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Mental illness continues to rise in affluent countries but could the reason for these extraordinary pandemics be the treatments themselves?
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The uncertain nature of god/goodness based on Plato's metaphysical forms.
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The Jewish texts and the Qur'an often speak with acknowledged venom of pagans and their religions. They were after all their, at one time, powerful competitors. Falsely the Abrahamic religions claim that only within their various books and from their various gods morality arises. In fact the morality of the Abrahamic gods tends to be woefully negat...
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When researching the history of Arabia the frustrated historian might be forgiven for thinking nothing happened there until the rise of Islam. Of course this is nonsense even if in such an arid place what often happened was at the behest of others. Around Arabia's more uninhabitable perimeter other civilisations competed with each other, wars were...
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This short paper considers the cult of the Goddess Isis, a salvation cult with similarities to Christianity. It was a religion of life and joy.
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Dionysus This paper proposes that Dionysus, The Dancing God, represents freedom through excess. That excess can be viewed as both physical, expressed through laughter and dance, and through thinking. Dionysus expresses freedom from devotion of the object and involves devotion of the self. Dionysus is the celebration of colour, emotion and artistic...
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Dionysus represents a mystery cult, although the definition requires further consideration. 1 The term 'mystery' can mean hidden, thereby requiring initiation rites, which there is evidence Jesus and his followers engaged in, or imply a cult that involves human participation in its outcomes.
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The mystery cults and their intellectual influence.
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The final long essay in this project on connections between paganism and the Abrahamic religions. Similarities between Bel and YHWH are looked at and in addition further similarities between Jesus and Bel, Jesus and ancient religious cults.
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These case studies reflect client's experiences not those of physicians. The different perceptions are again striking. One speaks of ruined lives, the other the drugs' efficacy.
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A review of Sermon on the Mount as the longest continuous expression of a Jesus Normalcy Code-although written down many years after Jesus' death. It includes sayings taken from around the Mediterranean area, points to Jesus' fears of death and occasionally indicates his actual views.
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An analysis of The sermon on the Mount, excavating its background, essential ideas and legitimacy through analysis and research into earlier ancient writings.
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A consideration of a Jesus Normalcy Code, life as it should be when political dominance has ceased, expressed through social quality and personality negation.
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The Moses Commandments fit the normalcy laws, rules and regulations of a new regime, as evidenced in Mesopotamian Law Codes. Therefore they are likely to have emerged from the post-Exilic situation in Judaea, but equally reflect Hellenistic Judaea.
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This is the first part at a look at law codes in the ancient world with reference to Moses and Jesus. Written law codes were claims for normalcy, appropriate methods of doing things and relating to neighbours, which acted as political statements of new beginnings through ideological change.
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Conversion and repentance as political and psychological tools.
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When organised religion began.
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A review of experiments on mice in relation to psychiatric ideas: achieved through ideas of cognitive displacement evident in researches, the lack of independent clarification, and its dubious value.

Questions

Questions (399)
Question
The life of Plato emerged from Laertius, writing in the 3rd century CE, 500 years after Plato's death. Laertius describes Plato as fighting in the Athenian army as a hoplite at Corinth and Tangara but also at Delium where he gained a prize for valour. But when the latter was fought, Plato (real name Aristocles) was about five years old. An astounding feat!This might simply be confusion with Socrates. Not all the Dialogues accorded to Plato may be his, and ascribed work has been lost. about 27 works are known to be definitively by Plato.
My own discussions on Plato suggest he had Socrates essentially authoritarian brief, but how can we really know? From this point, the works of other teachers (usually recorded by others) such as Jesus can be fruitfully challenged and parts of Muhammad's programmatic declarations.

Projects

Projects (37)
Project
An investigation into medicine through an examination of sense-data and Hume and Russell's concern with existence.
Project
Pierre Bourdieu (1930-2002) was a French sociologist and philosopher whose writings and thought established a number of intellectual tools for the analysis and understanding of the present world, particularly its institutions. Initially, using Bourdieu's tools of Field, Habitus, Practice and Strategy, this project will consider both medicine and religion.