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Stanisław Pluta

Stanisław Pluta
Resarch Indstitute of Horticulture · Department of Breding of Horticultural Crops

About

67
Publications
5,109
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446
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1985 - present
Research Institute of Horticulture in Skierniewice
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • I am geneticist and breeder of blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum), gooseberry (Ribes grossularia), Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbous) as well as I have been working on technology of growing of bush berry crops.

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
The study was conducted in 2012–2014 at the Experimental Orchard of the National Institute of Horticultural Research in Skierniewice, central Poland. The aim of the research was to assess the breeding value, based on the general combining abilities (GCA), specific combining abilities (SCA) and reciprocal (RE) effects, of six dessert parental forms...
Article
Full-text available
: Research into the suitability of domestic raw materials, including, for example, new wheat cultivars and fruit additives for the production of flavoured beers, is increasingly being undertaken by minibreweries and craft breweries. The fruits of the Saskatoon berry are an important source of bioactive compounds, mainly polyphenols, but also macro-...
Article
Full-text available
Polyploids of many species of horticultural plants are widely used in breeding programs since they are characterized by vigorous growth, larger organs, and greater resistance to biotic and abiotic stress. Saskatoon berry (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) is in a form of diploid (2n = 2x = 34) and tetraploid. So far, no reports on induction of polyploid...
Article
Full-text available
Fruit of Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) are a good source of bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols, including anthocyanins, as well as vitamins, macro- and microelements and fibre. By treating Saskatoon fruits with gaseous ozone, and adding the material as an enhancer to barley beers, it is possible to impact the contents of bioactive c...
Article
Full-text available
To expand the gene pool and introduce new traits to the tetraploid cultivars of Vaccinium corymbosum from wild diploid species V. myrtillus, it is necessary to double the chromosome number in diploid species in order to overcome a post zygotic crossing barrier and a strong triploid block, existing within the genus Vaccinium. Five genetically divers...
Article
The aim of present study was to improve micropropagation of 14 gooseberry genotypes. The cytokinin meta-Topoline (mT) significantly increased the number of microshoots long enough for rooting and eliminated the incidence of necrosis and leaf yellowing. The mean shoot number on the medium containing 0.5 mg dm⁻³mT increased from 1.8 to 2.8 compared t...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present work was to evaluate for content of phytochemicals (monophosphate nucleotides, free amino acids, polyphenols), and for anti-microbiological, anti-diabetic (ability to inhibit pancreatic lipase, α-glucosidase, and α-amylase), and antioxidant activities in seven selected fruit and fruit fractions of Amelanchier alnifolia. Most...
Article
Full-text available
The main goals of the study were to determine nutritional parameters including contents of organic acids, sugars, and bioactive compounds as well as the antioxidant activity of fruits and fruit components of seven selected Saskatoon berry (Alnifolia alnifolia) genotypes. Fruits of three Polish clones (‘no 5/6’, ‘type N’, and ‘type S’) and of four C...
Article
The distributions of total soluble solids, pectins, the sum of polyphenolic and terpenoid compounds as well as the antioxidative potency of fruit and their parts, such as peel, flesh, and seeds of Saskatoon berry genotypes are presented in this work. The contents of individual bioactive compounds of in this fruit fraction of Saskatoon berry cultiva...
Article
Full-text available
The study was conducted in the years from 2011 to 2013 at the Research Institute of Horticulture in Skierniewice, Poland. The aim of the research was to assess the breeding value, based on the effects of general and specific combining abilities (GCA and SCA), of 15 parental genotypes of blackcurrant in terms of fruit yield and quality. The plant ma...
Article
Thirteen highbush blueberry (northern type) cultivars: ‘Aurora’, ‘Bluecrop’, ‘Bluegold’, ‘Bonifacy’ ‘Bonus’, ‘Brigitta Blue’, ‘Chandler’, ‘Draper’, ‘Lateblue’, ‘Liberty’, ‘Nelson’, ‘Spartan’ and ‘Toro’ were evaluated. The cultivars originated from different geographic regions and are characterized by many valuable traits and high phenotypic and gen...
Article
Bioactive compounds in fruits of four Saskatoon berry genotypes grown in a trial in central Poland are presented in this paper. Two Polish breeding clones (no. 5/6 and type S) and two Canadian cultivars – 'Martin' and 'Smoky' – were used in studies conducted in 2015-2016. Fourty eight bioactive compounds were identified in Saskatoon berry genotypes...
Article
The basic chemical composition, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant capacity of fruits of three new Polish breeding clones (No. 5/6, type S, and type N) and four Canadian cultivars (cvs.) (" Martin " , " Smoky " , " Pembina " , and " Honeywood ") grown in Poland in 2016 were investigated. Fruits were analyzed for their contents of triterpenoids, c...
Article
The plant growth vigor, yield and fruit quality of 7 saskatoon berry (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) genotypes were assessed in 2015-2016. Four Canadian cultivars ‘Martin’, ‘Pembina’, ‘Smoky’ and ‘Thiessen’ and breeding clones (selections) marked as 5/6, type N and type S were tested. Studies and observations were conducted in the field trial establi...
Article
Full-text available
In the years 2016–2017 the plant growth vigor, yielding of the Saskatoon berry (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) were assessed. The research material in this experiment included plants of the Polish clone 5/6, selected at the Research Institute of Horticulture (Inhort) and the Canadian cultivar ‘Smoky’, both propagated in tissue culture – in vitro. The...
Poster
Full-text available
Sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) is a unique Eurasiatic plant, storing lipids in all the morphological fruit parts (in the skin, the pulp and the seeds). Therefore, sea-buckthorn fruits are a rich source of lipo- and hydrophilic bioactive substances, such as: organic acids, vitamins, carotenoids, sterols, phenols, and characteristic fatty acids...
Article
Gooseberry (Ribes grossularia) belongs to a group of minor fruit crops. However, in some countries such as Poland, Germany, or Scandinavia, gooseberries are cultivated on large commercial plantations. Increasing gooseberry production is of high economic interest for many gooseberry growers. Therefore, targeted gooseberry breeding for high productiv...
Article
The breeding programme of high-bush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) in Poland is relatively young. The first crossings of parental forms were carried out in 2008 in the Plant Breeding Department of the Institute of Pomology and Floriculture (now the Institute of Horticulture) in Skierniewice. The first seedlings from this programme were obtaine...
Article
The highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) cultivation in Poland began in the 1950s. Blueberry plants brought by Prof. S. Pieniazek however grew and yielded not good as expected. In the beginning, blueberries were grown in concrete circles and on foil covered with soil from coniferous forests or acid peat. Plants performed well with these pra...
Article
Full-text available
Poland has a long tradition in the production of different berry crops. To improve profitability and competitiveness of small fruit production, Polish growers are interested in the cultivation of new crops, such as saskatoon berry (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.). According to the literature, the fruit is highly valued for its nutraceutical properties...
Article
This paper presents an assessment of phenotypic diversity for forty blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) cultivars, originating from different counties and maintained in an ex situ collection. The data of eighteen traits, describing phenology, plant morphology, yield, fruit quality and plant susceptibility to main diseases and pests, were recorded across...
Book
Cited By (since 1996):2, Export Date: 18 October 2014
Article
A multinational project, RIBESCO, was designed in order to improve the characterisation and conservation of the north and central European Ribes germplasm. The four-year project was initiated in 2007 by nine partners in eight EU countries within the Baltic Sea Region. In the project, a decentralised core collection of cultivated Ribes species was e...
Article
Full-text available
The fruit quality of 10 blackcurrant genotypes of Polish origin ('Bona', 'Gofert', 'Tines', D13B/11 and PC-425 very recently named as 'Tihope') and Ukrainian ('Chereshnieva', 'Yubylejnaia Kopania', 'Saniuta', 'Sofievskaia' and 'Vernisazh') was evaluated in Central Poland in 2008-2010. The yield, fruit size (weight of 100 berries), the length of str...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes new classifiers under the assumption of multivariate normality for mul-tivariate repeated measures data (doubly multivariate data) with Kronecker product covariance structures. These classifiers are especially useful when the number of observations is not large enough to estimate the covariance matrices, and thus the traditional...
Article
Relations between yield per plant in blackcurrant and five yield components are presented. Studies were conducted in 1998-2001 on 14 genotypes grown at the Experimental Orchard at Dabrowice near Skierniewice (Central Poland). A new statistical procedure, called sequential yield component analysis (SYCA), was used for analyzing fruit yield (Y) by it...
Article
A short history of applied blackcurrant-breeding programme carried out at the Research Institute of Pomology and Floriculture (RIPF) in Skierniewice and its achievements in the last 20 years are presented in this paper. The new Polish blackcurrant cultivars 'Tiben', 'Tisel', 'Ores', 'Ruben', and 'Tines' were released at RIPF and admitted in the Pol...
Article
General combining ability (GCA) of six blackcurrant genotypes - Ribes nigrum L. ('Bona', 'Ben Sarek', 'Lentaj', 'Storklas', 'SCRI C2/15/40', and 'Czereszniewa') was evaluated for usefulness in the breeding of new cultivars with high quality desert fruits. Genotypes differed morphologically, commercially, and probably genetically, however, they each...
Article
Results of studies on the processing value of 6 black currant genotypes are presented in this paper. Experiments were conducted in years 2001-2002. New Polish cultivars: 'Tiben', 'Tisel', 'Ruben', 'Tines' and clone PC-1 were compared to standard cultivar 'Ben Lomond'. Nectars were processed according to industrial technology. The most abundant in s...
Article
Full-text available
When yield-contributing characters appear in a known sequence, their direct effects on yield as evaluated in conventional path analysis could be a little artificial because of collinearity between the causal characters. A more appropriate method might be a technique called sequential yield component analysis, SYCA. Here a modification of this metho...
Article
European countries have the disposal of unique heritage of invaluable cane and bush fruit Plant Genetic Resources (PGR). This is due to old growing traditions and presence of important indigenous gene pools, foremost Rubus (raspberry and blackberry), Ribes (currants and gooseberry) and Vaccinium (blueberry and lingonberry). We also have a common in...
Article
Embryos obtained from interspecific hybridisations within the genus Ribes (R nigrum, R. rubrum, R. glossularia, R. aureum, R. glaciale, R. sanguineum) were studied. Embryos at the torpedo stage, developing under artificial conditions, were found and isolated from seeds originated from 5 cross combinations ('Titania' x 'Roodneus'; Roodneus' x 'Titan...
Article
The yield and fruit size of two blackcurrant cultivars, .Ben Lomond. and .Titania., graft-inoculated with two forms of reversion virus (E - European and R . severe, .Russian type.) were investigated in a field experiment in 1996-2000. The results presented in this paper are a continuation of previous studies from this experiment (Pluta and Zurawicz...
Article
Ten genotypes of Ribes which take part in our hybridization program were fingerprinted using RAPDs in order to identify molecular markers which can select hybrids in the progeny of cross pollinated genotypes. Ten primers generated reproducible and easily recognizable bands and from them marker bands which discriminated between the parental pairs. T...
Article
The Research Institute of Pomology and Floriculture in Skierniewice is the main center of small fruit breeding in Poland. Activities in this area include genetic and methodological studies as well as development of new cultivars. Directed crosses are the main tools in executing the breeding program. Primary objectives considered for each crop are h...
Article
In two field experiments resistance of black currant genotypes to gall mite and reversion virus were investigated in 1993-1999. The spread of reversion virus (E and R types) depending of three graft-inoculation methods was also studied. Two cultivars 'Ceres' and 'Titania Z' and six selections from a Polish breeding program did not show any symptoms...
Article
Twenty-five F1 hybrid families of black currants (Ribes nigrum L.) originating from diallel crosses of five cultivars were assessed. Phenotypic correlation coefficient between full-sib family means (rFS), genetic correlation coefficient between full-sib family expected values (rG) and the environmental correlation were estimated on the basis of two...
Article
. Field resistance to white pine blister rust (WPBR) (Cronartium ribicola J. C. Fischer) was investigated on 53 black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) genotypes (cultivars and breeding selections) in 1998 and 1999. Uredia did not form on the black currant 'Titania' and 17 advanced selections during field evaluations made at the Experimental Orchard at Dab...
Article
Plants of two black currant cultivars (Ben Lomond and Titania) graft-inoculated with two form (R and E) of reversion virus (BRAV) were investigated. Three, hand grafting methods were used for inoculation of healthy plants. The preliminary results collected in two seasons (1996 and 1997) showed that all types of grafting were efficient in inoculatin...
Article
Full-text available
Fruit set and yield of the following cultivars of black currant (Ribes nigrum L.): 'Ben Alder', 'Ben Lomond', 'Ben Nevis', 'Ben Tirran', 'Ceres', 'Ojebyn', 'Titania' and 'Triton' were investigated in 1994-1996. Percentage fruit set, size of berries and yield of all investigated cultivars were higher when much foraging activity of pollinating insect...
Article
The inheritance of commercially important characters in black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) was investigated using a complete 5×5 varietal diallel cross. Estimates of the genetic components of variance and broad and narrow-sense heritabilities revealed that additive genetic effects were greater than nonadditive genetic effects for resistance to powdery...
Article
Streszczenie. Przedstawiono wielocechowcharakterystykwartoci hodowlanej i ocen� zró�nicowania genetycznego piciu odmian porzeczki czarnej (Ribes nigrum L.) na pod- stawie efektów ogólnej zdolnoci kombinacyjnej, ocenianych w penym ukadzie dialle- licznym, dla plonu owoców na rolinie, cech plonotwórczych i odpornociowych, obser- wowanych w dwóch lata...

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Projects (2)
Project
The aim of study is i) measuring the nektar secretion of flowers; ii) estiimation the number of flowers per aera unit; iii) calculation the honey output of selected melliferous plant species, which were not examined yet in condition of Poland. The intensity of foraging flowers by insects is observed as well.