Stanislav Birko

Stanislav Birko
Université de Montréal | UdeM · School of Public Health

About

23
Publications
4,219
Reads
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270
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2014 - present
Université de Montréal
Position
  • Researcher
December 2012 - present
McGill University
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Non-invasive prenatal testing’s (NIPT) potential to screen for a wide range of conditions is receiving growing attention. This study explores Canadian healthcare professionals’ perceptions towards NIPT’s current and possible future uses, including paternity testing, sex determination, and fetal whole genome sequencing. Semi-structured interviews we...
Article
Background Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) provides important benefits yet raises ethical concerns. We surveyed Canadian pregnant women and their partners to explore their views regarding pressure to test and terminate a pregnancy, as well as other societal impacts that may result from the routinization of NIPT. Methods A questionnaire was off...
Article
Full-text available
European and international regulation of human health research is typified by a morass of interconnecting laws, diverse and divergent ethical frameworks, and national and transnational standards. There is also a tendency for legislators to regulate in silos—that is, in discrete fields of scientific activity without due regard to the need to make ne...
Article
Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) using cell-free DNA (cfDNA) offers numerous benefits to pregnant women and their families. It also raises ethical, legal and social concerns regarding, for instance, the possible effects of a routinization of prenatal genetic testing on free and informed decision-making by prospective parents, and the role of th...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study sought to assess Canadian pregnant women's and their partners' preferences for information about non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). Methods: Pregnant women and their partners across Canada were surveyed as part of the Personalized Genomics for prenatal Aneuploidy Screening Using maternal blood (PEGASUS) study. Results:...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Canadian policies regarding the implementation and public coverage of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) are heterogeneous and shifting, with NIPT being publicly covered for high-risk pregnancies in some provinces, but not others. Such a diverse and evolving policy landscape provides fertile ground for examining the preferences of pre...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Noninvasive prenatal testing is a recent technology that provides some genetic information about the fetus through the analysis of cell-free fetal DNA circulating in maternal blood. We aimed to identify the benefits, challenges and guiding ethical principles most relevant to the clinical integration of noninvasive prenatal testing in Ca...
Article
Full-text available
Plain English summary Patient-oriented research (POR) has received increasing attention in recent years. In this approach, patients’ experiential knowledge, derived from their experiences of living with a condition or illness and of interacting with the healthcare system, is recognized, valued, and seen as complementary to scientific knowledge. Ear...
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Full-text available
The use of pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is increasing as the list of indications it can test for constantly expands. This raises new challenges for clinicians and prospective parents regarding possible uses and calls for guidance. Policy approaches towards PGD vary greatly worldwide. The 2004 Canadian Assisted Human Reproduction Act doe...
Article
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Background Increasing attention and efforts are being put towards engaging patients in health research, and some have even argued that patient engagement in research (PER) is an ethical imperative. Yet there is relatively little empirical data on ethical issues associated with PER. Methods A three-round Delphi survey was conducted with a panel of...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial/nuclear transfer (M/NT) to avoid the transmission of serious mitochondrial disease raises complex and challenging ethical, legal and social issues (ELSI). In February 2015, the United Kingdom became the first country in the world to legalize M/NT, making the heated debate surrounding this technology even more relevant. This critical i...
Article
Full-text available
Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) is an exciting technology with the potential to provide a variety of clinical benefits, including a reduction in miscarriages, via a decline in invasive testing. However, there is also concern that the economic and near-future clinical benefits of NIPT have been overstated and the potential limitations and harms...
Article
Full-text available
The extent of consensus (or the lack thereof) among experts in emerging fields of innovation can serve as antecedents of scientific, societal, investor and stakeholder synergy or conflict. Naturally, how we measure consensus is of great importance to science and technology strategic foresight. The Delphi methodology is a widely used anonymous surve...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Biobanks are important resources which enable large-scale genomic research with human samples and data, raising significant ethical concerns about how participants' information is managed and shared. Three previous studies of the Canadian public's opinion about these topics have been conducted. Building on those results, an online survey...
Article
Full-text available
Access to clean water is a grand challenge in the 21st century. Water safety testing for pathogens currently depends on surrogate measures such as fecal indicator bacteria (e.g., E. coli). Metagenomics concerns high-throughput, culture-independent, unbiased shotgun sequencing of DNA from environmental samples that might transform water safety by de...

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