Stacy C Farina

Stacy C Farina
Howard University | HU · Department of Biology

PhD

About

27
Publications
10,775
Reads
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195
Citations
Citations since 2016
15 Research Items
192 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
Additional affiliations
August 2010 - July 2015
Cornell University
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
A phylogenetic survey is a powerful approach for investigating the evolutionary history of a morphological characteristic that has evolved numerous times without obvious functional implications. Restricted gill openings, an extreme modification of the branchioste-gal membrane, are an example of such a characteristic. We examine the evolution of bra...
Article
The goosefish, Lophius americanus, is a dorso-ventrally compressed marine fish that spends most of its life sitting on the substrate waiting to ambush prey. Species in the genus Lophius have some of the slowest ventilatory cycles recorded in fishes, with a typical cycle lasting more than 90 s. They have a large gill chamber, supported by long branc...
Article
Full-text available
Mummichogs (Fundulus heteroclitus; Cyprinodontiformes) are intertidal killifish that can breathe air and locomote on land. Our goals were to characterize the terrestrial locomotion of mummichogs and determine their method of navigation towards water in a terrestrial environment. We used high-speed video to record behavior during stranding experimen...
Article
Full-text available
Common eiders (Somateria mollissima) are heavy sea-ducks that spend a large portion of their time swimming at the water surface. Surface swimming generates a bow and hull wave that can constructively interfere and produce wave drag. The speed at which the wavelengths of these waves equal the waterline length of the swimming animal is the hull speed...
Article
Full-text available
Flow-tank experiments and fluid-dynamics simulations refute the idea that water movements over the body of boxfishes are a stabilizing influence, instead showing that the fish's shape amplifies destabilizing forces to improve manoeuvrability.
Article
Full-text available
Sound production by fishes has been recognized for millennia, but is typically regarded as comparatively rare and thus yet to be integrated into broader concepts of vertebrate evolution. We map the most comprehensive dataset of sound production yet assembled onto a family-level phylogeny of ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii), a clade containing mor...
Article
Full-text available
Physical principles and laws determine the set of possible organismal phenotypes. Constraints arising from development, the environment, and evolutionary history then yield workable, integrated phenotypes. We propose a theoretical and practical framework that considers the role of changing environments. This 'ecomechanical approach' integrates func...
Preprint
Full-text available
Acoustic signaling by fishes has been recognized for millennia, but is typically regarded as comparatively rare within ray-finned fishes; as such, it has yet to be integrated into broader concepts of vertebrate evolution. We map the most comprehensive data set of volitional sound production of ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii) yet assembled onto a...
Article
Full-text available
Integration is an essential feature of complex biomechanical systems, with coordination and covariation occurring among and within structural components at time scales that vary from microseconds to deep evolutionary time. Integration has been suggested to both promote and constrain morphological evolution, and the effects of integration on the evo...
Article
Convergent evolution is at the forefront of many form-function studies. There are many examples of multiple independent lineages evolving a similar morphology in response to similar functional demands, providing a framework for testing hypotheses of form-function evolution. However, there are numerous clades with underappreciated convergence, in wh...
Article
For this study, we combined analysis of publicly available video recorded by remote‐operated vehicles (ROV) with detailed anatomical study of museum specimens to document the functional morphology of the massive gill chambers that are observed in coffinfishes (Lophiiformes: Chaunacidae). Chaunacids, like other lophiiforms, exhibit highly specialise...
Article
Full-text available
Suction feeding and gill ventilation in teleosts are functionally coupled, meaning that there is an overlap in the structures involved with both functions. Functional coupling is one type of morphological integration, a term that broadly refers to any covariation, correlation, or coordination among structures. Suction feeding and gill ventilation e...
Article
Full-text available
Tidepool sculpins (Oligocottus maculosus) have been observed moving overland in the rocky intertidal, and we documented the terrestrial walking behavior that they use to accomplish this. We quantified the terrestrial movements of O. maculosus and compared them to (1) their aquatic locomotion, (2) terrestrial locomotion of closely-related subtidal s...
Article
Full-text available
Flatfishes use cyclic body undulations to force water into the sediment and fluidize substrate particles, displacing them into the water column. When water velocity decreases, suspended particles settle back onto the fish, hiding it from view. Burial may become more challenging as flatfishes grow because the area to be covered increases exponential...
Article
Vertebrate lever mechanics are defined by the morphology of skeletal elements and the properties of their muscular actuators; these metrics characterize functional diversity. The components of lever systems work in coordination (“functional integration”) and may show strong covariation across evolutionary history (“evolutionary integration”), both...
Article
Full-text available
The shape of shark teeth varies among species, but traditional testing protocols have revealed no predictive relationship between shark tooth morphology and performance. We developed a dynamic testing device to quantify cutting performance of teeth. We mimicked head-shaking behaviour in feeding large sharks by attaching teeth to the blade of a reci...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This comical interpretation of the first year-in-the-life of a winter flounder documents larval and juvenile morphological development and feeding activity as well as the more risqué "adult" behaviors of spawning and courtship. True video footage is interspersed with photomontage and reenactment. Wild mating depiction based on laboratory work by Br...
Article
Full-text available
In examining winter flounder for stock enhancement, the Science Consortium for Ocean Replenishment is studying the weaning success of released winter flounder juveniles. In hatchery feeding trials, fish reared on white worms grew the most, while pellet-reared fish had the lowest growth and survival. In cage release trials, amphipod-reared fish grew...

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