Sotaro Shimada

Sotaro Shimada
Meiji University · School of Science and Technology

PhD

About

72
Publications
10,460
Reads
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1,395
Citations
Citations since 2016
39 Research Items
964 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
The rubber hand illusion (RHI) is a phenomenon whereby participants recognize a fake hand as their own. Studies have examined the effects of observing fake hand movements after the RHI on brain sensorimotor activity, although results remain controversial. To address these discrepancies, we investigated the effects of observation of fake hand rotati...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is increasing evidence that the stochastic resonance (SR) phenomenon provided by subthreshold mechanical noise stimulation improves the sensory-motor system. However, the effect of SR on children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess whether SR activated by subthreshold...
Preprint
Full-text available
Experienced meditators reduce the activity of the default mode network (DMN), a brain system preferentially active when people are not engaged in specific tasks. However, the neural modulation of the DMN in novices remain largely unexplored. By using electroencephalography, we investigated the DMN functional connectivity in two groups of novices: t...
Article
People feel the sense of ‘joint agency’, which is the sense that ‘we’ did it, during a mutually cooperative action. Previous studies have reported that the inter-brain synchronization occurs during a mutually cooperative action, nevertheless the neural correlates of the sense of joint agency remains unclear. Here, we investigated whether the sense...
Article
Full-text available
Vicarious reward is a phenomenon in which an individual feels as if he/she has received a reward as the result of watching someone else receive a reward. In this study, we used electroencephalography to investigate brain activity while participants watched a preferred player win a competitive game (Rock-Paper-Scissors game). In the experimental tas...
Article
Full-text available
In the rubber hand illusion (RHI), the subject recognizes a fake hand as his or her own. We recently found that the observation of embodied fake hand movement elicited mu-rhythm (8–13 Hz) desynchronization on electroencephalography (EEG), suggesting brain activation in the sensorimotor regions. However, it is known that mu-rhythm desynchronization...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated whether the inferior parietal lobule (IPL) responds in real-time to multisensory inconsistency during movement. The IPL is thought to be involved in both the detection of inconsistencies in multisensory information obtained during movement and that obtained during self-other discrimination. However, because of the limited temporal r...
Article
Full-text available
The robot hand illusion (RoHI) is the perception of self-ownership and self-agency of a virtual (robot) hand that moves consistently with one’s own. The phenomenon shows that self-attribution can be established via temporal integration of visual and movement information. Our previous study showed that participants felt significantly greater RoHI (s...
Article
Full-text available
Judgment of agency involves the comparison of motor intention and proprioceptive/visual feedback, in addition to a range of cognitive factors. However, few studies have experimentally examined the differences or correlations between delay detection ability and judgment of agency. Thus, the present study investigated the relationship between delay d...
Article
Full-text available
Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is the most common childhood movement disorder. It is characterized by clumsiness of fine and gross motor skills in developing children. Children with DCD have low ability to effectively use tactile information for movements, instead relying on visual information. In addition, children with DCD have deficit...
Article
Full-text available
Mechanical and electrical noise stimulation to the body is known to improve the sensorimotor system. This improvement is related to stochastic resonance (SR), a phenomenon described as a “noise benefit” to various sensory and motor systems. The current study investigated the influence of SR on visuomotor temporal integration and hand motor function...
Article
Full-text available
Socially anxious tendencies have potential to become social anxiety disorder (SAD), which is characterized by fear of social situations associated with being evaluated or embarrassed by others. In particular, others’ gazes induce social anxiety. People with SAD have a negative interpretation bias toward ambiguous emotions in others’ faces; however,...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive studies have suggested that anxiety is correlated with cognitive performance. Previous research has focused on the relationship between anxiety level and the perceptual load within the frontal region, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices. High-anxious individuals are predicted to have worse performance on co...
Article
Full-text available
Limb apraxia is a higher brain dysfunction that typically occurs after left hemispheric stroke and its cause cannot be explained by sensory disturbance or motor paralysis. The comparison of motor signals and visual feedback to generate errors, i.e., visuo-motor integration, is important in motor control and motor learning, which may be impaired in...
Article
Full-text available
Cheering for another person is a common experience. Cheering may facilitate the cheerer's subjective unity with the cheered‐for person, potentially involving synchronized activity between the two individuals’ brains. In the current study, we measured the sensorimotor cortical activity of a player and an observer simultaneously during a competitive...
Article
Full-text available
Although visuo-motor temporal integration in children is suggested to be related to motor control and motor learning, its relevance is still unclear. On the other hand, visuo-motor temporal integration ability undergoes developmental changes with age. In the current correlational study, we measured manual dexterity and visuo-motor temporal integrat...
Article
Full-text available
The neurological basis of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is thought to be deficits in the internal model and mirror-neuron system (MNS) in the parietal lobe and cerebellum. However, it is not clear if the visuo-motor temporal integration in the internal model and automatic-imitation function in the MNS differs between children with DCD a...
Article
Full-text available
Activation of motor-related regions with illusory kinesthesia had been suspected to contribute toward pain alleviation. We used electroencephalography (EEG) to assess the sensorimotor cortex activation during illusory kinesthesia by vibratory tendon stimulation in patients who were in pain. We investigated the relationship between the sensorimotor...
Article
Full-text available
Altered limb ownership or heaviness has been observed in patients with hemiplegia, chronic pain, and several other conditions. Although these sensations are thought to be caused by sensorimotor incongruence, few studies have systematically verified this relationship. In addition, it remains unclear whether these subjective sensations affect movemen...
Article
Full-text available
Perceptual illusions across multiple modalities, such as the rubber-hand illusion, show how dynamic the brain is at adapting its body image and at determining what is part of it (the self) and what is not (others). Several research studies showed that redundancy and contingency among sensory signals are essential for perception of the illusion and...
Article
Full-text available
The rubber hand illusion (RHI) is an illusion of the self-ownership of a rubber hand that is touched synchronously with one’s own hand. While the RHI relates to visual and tactile integration, we can also consider a similar illusion with visual and motor integration on a fake hand. We call this a “robot hand illusion” (RoHI), which relates to both...
Article
Full-text available
Yukiko Ogawa,1 Sotaro Shimada2 1Faculty of Social Sciences, Hosei University, Tokyo, 2Department of Electronics and Bioinformatics, School of Science and Technology, Meiji University, Kanagawa, Japan Objective: The present study aimed to examine whether the story understanding of a nonexplanatory film affects mirror neuron system (MNS) activity and...
Article
Language acquisition is a process of symbol grounding, which is construction of sym- bol systems adapted to environment. Environmental adaptation defines the values which cognitive agents pursue primarily by means of hypothesis-test cycles encompass- ing both the inside and outside of their bodies. In addition to these directly grounded cycles, the...
Article
Temporal contiguity between an action and corresponding auditory feedback is crucial to the perception of self-generated sound. However, the neural mechanisms underlying motor–auditory temporal integration are unclear. Here, we conducted four experiments with an oddball paradigm to examine the specific event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited by de...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the relationship between electrophysiological activity and haemodynamic response during motor preparation by simultaneous recording of electroencephalography (EEG) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). It is still unknown how exactly EEG signals correlate with the haemodynamic response, although the activation in the premotor area...
Article
Full-text available
The vicarious reward we receive from watching likable others obtaining a positive outcome is a pervasive phenomenon, yet its neural correlates are poorly understood. Here, we conducted a series of functional magnetic resonance imaging experiments to test the hypothesis that the brain areas responsible for action observation and reward processing wo...
Article
Full-text available
Social anxiety disorder is a common psychiatric disorder. The gaze of others is known to frequently induce social anxiety. We conducted a gaze detection experiment to examine the effects of social anxiety on autonomic response, namely heart rate (HR) response. We used the maximum HR deceleration between 0 s and 3 s after stimulus onset as an indica...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Prefrontal hemodynamic responses are observed during performance of motor tasks. Using a dance video game (DVG), a complex motor task that requires temporally accurate footsteps with given visual and auditory cues, we investigated whether 20 h of DVG training modified hemodynamic responses of the prefrontal cortex in six healthy young a...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the relationship between stress (specifically, sympathetic tone) and effective and efficient cooperation between partners using a cooperative version of a Tetris game as a model of limited resources in a shared environment. Participants were recruited from 2 distinct sociocultural orientations: individualism (Americans) and collecti...
Article
Full-text available
We present a method to compare brain activity recorded with near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in a dance video game task to that recorded in a reduced version of the task using fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging). Recently, it has been shown that fNIRS can accurately record functional brain activities equivalent to those concurrently reco...
Article
Full-text available
The motor cortical area is often activated to auditory stimuli in the human brain. In this study, we examined whether the motor area shows differential activation for action-related and nonaction-related sounds and whether it is susceptible to the quality of the sounds. A three-dimensional sound field recording and reproduction system based on the...
Article
The rubber-hand illusion (RHI) is that the subject feels the visually presented tactile stimulation of an artificial (rubber) hand as their own tactile sensation and is caused by stimulating the rubber and real hands synchronously. Our previous study showed that the RHI was greatly reduced as the visual feedback delay of the tactile stimulation of...
Article
Temporal contingency between motor commands and corresponding auditory feedback is crucial for perception of self-generated sound as well as external auditory events. The present study examined whether delay detection of self-generated sound was affected by the range of delayed auditory feedback used during the experiment. Participants pressed a bu...
Article
Full-text available
The extrastriate body area (EBA) is a brain region that responds selectively to visual stimuli of human bodies or body parts. Previous studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have shown that EBA occupies a relatively small region and varied across subjects in its anatomical location. This study investigated whether EBA activity c...
Chapter
Self-body recognition is the ability to recognize one’s body parts as one’s own. This ability is impaired in some neuropsychiatric patients. The present chapter reviews symptoms that demonstrate impaired self-body recognition. Several studies have repeatedly shown that the parietal lobe plays an important role in self-body recognition. In particula...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present study investigated brain activity during eye contact using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Although eye contact is important for smooth and effective social communication, little is known about its neural correlates. In the present experiment, subjects observed an experimenter sitting in front of them, occasionally making...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) we investigated regional brain activity reflecting the accurate control of motor executive timing during real time dance video game play. It was previously shown that amplitude of the oxy-hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) response in the temporal lobe corresponds to difficulty of the game, however the influence of game per...
Article
Temporal contingency between self-body movement and its auditory feedback is crucial to perceive external auditory events. The present study examined whether delay detection of self-generated sound is modulated by short-term exposure of delayed auditory feedback. A total of 36 healthy students participated in Experiment 1 (, age 21.4 ± 1.3 years, m...
Article
It is well established that several motor areas, called the mirror-neuron system (MNS), are activated when an individual observes other's actions. However, whether the MNS responds similarly to robotic actions compared with human actions is still controversial. The present study investigated whether and how the motor area activity is influenced by...
Article
In a previous study, we demonstrated that the mirror neuron system is involved in watching competitive games performed by multiple players [Shimada, S., & Abe, R. (2009). Modulation of the motor area activity during observation of a competitive game. NeuroReport, 20, 979-983]. In the present study, we investigated whether mirror neuron system activ...
Article
Full-text available
Observing competitive games such as sports is a pervasive entertainment among humans. The inclination to watch others play may be based on our social-cognitive ability to understand the internal states of others. The mirror neuron system, which is activated when a subject observes the actions of others, as well as when they perform the same action...
Article
Full-text available
Temporal congruency between the efference copy of a motor command and the reafferent sensory feedback is crucial for identifying self-generated body movements. We investigated how temporal discrepancy between the efference copy and visual feedback affects the self-body movement recognition process. Subjects experienced active and passive hand movem...
Data
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Article
Watching competitive games is a pervasive entertainment in humans and likely to be facilitated by our social cognitive abilities. We investigated the brain activity during observation of a competitive game by using near-infrared spectroscopy. The result showed that activity in the motor area was significantly greater when the individual's favored p...
Article
Full-text available
Rubber hand illusion (RHI) is a subject's illusion of the self-ownership of a rubber hand that was touched synchronously with their own hand. Although previous studies have confirmed that this illusion disappears when the rubber hand was touched asynchronously with the subject's hand, the minimum temporal discrepancy of these two events for attenua...
Article
Full-text available
NIRS data from functional activation studies in two infants was processed using parametric and non-parametric approaches for optical topography signal analysis. The choice of analysis approach and data rejection strategies are important.
Article
Whether human infants perceive televised stimuli in the same way to live stimuli largely remains unknown. Action observation, which has been extensively confirmed to elicit activation of internal motor representation, provides a promising framework for investigating this issue. This 'mirror-matching' property has been found in the monkey premotor c...
Article
One hypothesis on how we recognize an image of, for example, an arm as our own is through the co-occurrence of multiple sensory feedbacks, especially visual and proprioceptive feedbacks, in this process. It has been suggested that the parietal lobe is the region where proprioceptive and visual information of one's own body is integrated. This study...
Article
Visual feedback of hand movement is crucial to accurate reaching. Although previous studies have extensively examined spatial alteration of visual feedback (e.g., prism adaptation), temporal delay of visual feedback has been less explored. In the present study, we investigated the effect of delayed visual feedback of the moving hand in a reaching t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a new type of classifier systems, operon classifier systems (OCS), that develop stable chained classifiers efficiently. To prepare diversity of classifiers that is an essential condition for generating effective chains, OCS is based on niche forming mechanisms such as sharing, covering, and restricted mating. Well-tested chained...

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