Sota Hiraga

Sota Hiraga
Kyoto University | Kyodai · Radiation Genetics

About

145
Publications
8,625
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
9,852
Citations

Publications

Publications (145)
Article
Full-text available
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00075.].
Article
Full-text available
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00075.].
Article
Full-text available
Mechanical properties such as physical constraint and pushing of chromosomes are thought to be important for chromosome segregation in Escherichia coli and it could be mediated by a hypothetical molecular "tether." However, the actual tether that mediates these features is not known. We previously described that SecA (Secretory A) and Secretory Y (...
Article
Spatial regulation of nucleoids and chromosome partitioning proteins is important for proper chromosome partitioning in Escherichia coli. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are unknown. In the present work, we show that mutation or chemical perturbation of SecA (Secretory A: an ATPase component of the membrane protein translocation machin...
Article
Full-text available
Fluorescence microscopic observation of individual T4 DNA molecules revealed that the MukBEF complex (bacterial condensin) and its subunit, the MukB (a member of the SMC [structural maintenance of chromosomes] superfamily) homodimer, of Escherichia coli markedly shrunk large DNA molecules in the presence of hydrolyzable ATP. In contrast, in the pre...
Article
Various events involving partitioning of sister chromosomes were precisely analyzed in asynchronously growing Escherichia coli cells in various conditions. To examine the cohesion between sister chromosomes, we analyzed living cells growing under various conditions for the number of the replication origin (oriC) copies by flow cytometry and the foc...
Article
The swallowtail butterfly Papilio xuthus Linné [Lepidoptera: Papilionidae] exhibits pupal protective color polyphenism. Interactions of various environmental factors on pupal coloration were analyzed in non-diapausing individuals. Under sufficient light (200lux), most pupating larvae became green pupae when the surface of the pupation site was smoo...
Article
SopA, SopB proteins and the cis-acting sopC DNA region of F plasmid are essential for partitioning of the plasmid, ensuring proper subcellular positioning of the plasmid DNA molecules. We have analyzed by immunofluorescence microscopy the subcellular localization of SopA and SopB. The majority of SopB molecules formed foci, which localized frequent...
Article
Full-text available
To examine the subcellular localization of the replication machinery in Escherichia coli, we have developed an immunofluorescence method that allows us to determine the subcellular location of newly synthesized DNA pulse-labeled with 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU). Using this technique, we have analyzed growing cells. In wild-type cells that showed...
Article
The butterflies Graphium sarpedon nipponum Fruhstorfer and Papilio xuthus Linné show pupal protective color polymorphism, but the two species appear to have different sensory mechanisms for determining pupal coloration. When light was of sufficient illumination, the larvae of Graphium sarpedon became bright yellowish green pupae on white pupation b...
Article
The complex of MukF, MukE, and MukB proteins participates in organization of sister chromosomes and partitioning into both daughter cells in Escherichia coli. We purified the MukB homodimer and the MukBEF complex and analyzed them by electron microscopy to compare both structures. A MukB homodimer shows a long rod-hinge-rod v-shape with small globu...
Article
Obg proteins belong to a subfamily of GTP binding proteins, which are highly conserved from bacteria to human. Mutations of obgE genes cause pleiotropic defects in various species but the function remained unclear. Here we examine the function of ObgE, the Obg homolog in Escherichia coli. The growth rate correlates with the amount of ObgE in cells....
Article
To demonstrate that sequestration A (SeqA) protein binds preferentially to hemimethylated GATC sequences at replication forks and forms clusters in Escherichia coli growing cells, we analysed, by the chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay using anti-SeqA antibody, a synchronized culture of a temperature-sensitive dnaC mutant strain in which onl...
Article
Full-text available
The Escherichia coli SeqA protein recognizes the 11 hemimethylated G‐mA‐T‐C sites in the oriC region of the chromosome, and prevents replication over‐initiation within one cell cycle. The crystal structure of the SeqA C‐terminal domain with hemimethylated DNA revealed the N6‐methyladenine recognition mechanism; however, the mechanism of discriminat...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of chromosomes with a ring structure was born during the early studies of bacterial sexuality, and the discovery of fertility factors— episomes or plasmids—provided much later the key tools for gene cloning and biotechnology. But the plasmid-mediated transfer of antibiotic and other resistances, as well as pathogenicity, has served bact...
Article
The mukB gene is essential for the partitioning of sister chromosomes in Escherichia coli. A mukB null mutant is hypersensitive to the DNA gyrase inhibitor novobiocin. In this work, we isolated mutants suppressing the novobiocin hypersensitivity of the mukB null mutation. All suppressor mutations are localized in or near the gyrB gene, and the four...
Article
The Escherichia coli SeqA protein, a negative regulator of chromosomal DNA replication, prevents the overinitiation of replication within one cell cycle by binding to hemimethylated G-mA-T-C sequences in the replication origin, oriC. In addition to the hemimethylated DNA-binding activity, the SeqA protein has a self-association activity, which is a...
Article
We analysed Escherichia coli cells synchronized for initiation of chromosomal DNA replication by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using fluorescent DNA probes corresponding to various chromosomal regions. Sister copies of regions in an approximately oriC-proximal half of the chromosome are cohesive with each other after replication until t...
Article
Deoxyadenosine methyltransferase (Dam) methylates the deoxyadenine residues in 5'-GATC-3' sequences and is important in many cellular processes in Escherichia coli. We performed a computational analysis of the entire E. coli genome and confirmed that GATC sequences are distributed unevenly in regulatory regions, which suggests that Dam might regula...
Article
In Escherichia coli, a replication fork blocking event at a DNA replication terminus (Ter) enhances homologous recombination at the nearby sister chromosomal region, converting the region into a recombination hotspot, Hot, site. Using a RNaseH negative (rnhA–) mutant, we identified eight kinds of Hot DNAs (HotA–H). Among these, enhanced recombinati...
Article
To clarify whether sister copies of mini-F plasmid are immediately separated from each other after replication, we analyzed the behavior of sister mini-F copies after synchronized replication of mini-F. Sister copies of mini-F were separated immediately or shortly after replication, in contrast to sister oriC copies of the Escherichia coli chromoso...
Article
Escherichia coli YibP protein (47.4 kDa) has a membrane-spanning signal at the N-terminal region, two long coiled-coil regions in the middle part, and a C-terminal globular domain, which involves amino acid sequences homologous to the peptidase M23/M37 family. A yibP disrupted mutant grows in rich medium at 37°C but not at 42°C. In the yibP null mu...
Article
Full-text available
The β-subunit of DNA polymerase III is located as one or two condensed clusters within the nucleoid-occupied space in exponentially growing cells of Escherichia coli. When chromosome replication is terminated after incubation at nonpermissive temperature in a temperature-sensitive dnaC mutant, the β-subunit is located in the cytosolic spaces of the...
Article
MukF, MukE and MukB proteins form a complex that may participate in the organization of folded sister chromosomes in Escherichia coli. We have found that a MukB-GFPuv4 fusion protein is observed as discrete fluorescent foci, which are localized within cellular spaces occupied by nucleoids, but not at the constriction site of cell division in living...
Article
Following replication initiation, the replication origin (oriC) in Escherichia coli enters a hemimethylated state at Dam methylation sites which are recognized by the SeqA protein. SeqA binds preferentially to hemimethylated GATC sequences of DNA in vitro. SeqA is essential for the synchronous initiation of chromosome replication from oriC copies i...
Article
Full-text available
Escherichia coli mukF, mukE, and mukB null mutants have common phenotypes such as temperature-dependent colony formation, anucleate cell production, chromosome cutting by septum closure, and abnormal localization of SeqA-DNA clusters. We show here that the associated muk null mutations cause hypersensitivity to novobiocin. Null mutation of either d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The genome DNA of Escherichia coli is folded into the nucleosome-like structure, often called a nucleoid, by the binding of several DNA-binding proteins. We previously determined the specificity and affinity of DNA-binding for 12 species of the E. coli DNA-binding protein, and their intracellular concentrations at various growth phases...
Article
We previously found that SeqA protein, which binds preferentially to newly replicated hemimethylated DNA, is localized as discrete fluorescent foci in Escherichia coli cells. A single SeqA focus, localized at midcell, separates into two foci and these foci migrate abruptly in opposite directions. The present study shows that (i) appearance of SeqA...
Article
Plasmid-encoded partition genes determine the dynamic localization of plasmid molecules from the mid-cell position to the 1/4 and 3/4 positions. Similarly, bacterial homologs of the plasmid genes participate in controlling the bidirectional migration of the replication origin (oriC) regions during sporulation and vegetative growth in Bacillus subti...
Article
Full-text available
We have revealed the subcellular localization of different DNA segments that are located at approximately 230-kb intervals on the Escherichia coli chromosome using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The series of chromosome segments is localized within the cell in the same order as the chromosome map. The large chromosome region including o...
Article
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis has revealed the subcellular localization of specific chromosomal segments and plasmid molecules during the cell division cycle in Escherichia coli: the replication origin (oriC) segments on the chromosome are localized at nucleoid borders, and actively partitioning mini-F plasmid molecules are loc...
Article
Full-text available
mukF, mukE and mukB genes are essential for the process of chromosome partitioning in Escherichia coli. We have studied protein-protein interactions among MukB, MukE and MukF proteins by co-immunoprecipitation and sucrose gradient sedimentation experiments, using mukFEB null cells harboring plasmids carrying the wild-type or mutant-type mukFEB oper...
Article
SeqA protein, which binds to hemi-methylated GATC sequences of DNA, is localized to discrete fluorescent foci in wild-type Escherichia coli cells. In this work, we observed cellular localization of the SeqA-Gfp fusion in living cells. SeqA-Gfp was localized to a discrete focus or foci in wild-type and seqA null mutant cells, but the fusion was disp...
Article
Full-text available
We show the intracellular localization of the Escherichia coli replication origin (oriC) and chromosome terminus during the cell division cycle by FISH. In newborn cells, oriC is localized at the old-pole-proximal nucleoid border and the terminus at the new-pole-proximal nucleoid border. One copy of replicated oriC migrates rapidly to the opposite...
Article
Using immunofluorescence microscopy, we have found that SeqA protein, a regulator of replication initiation, is localized as discrete fluorescent foci in E. coli wild-type cells. Surprisingly, SeqA foci were observed also in an oriC deletion mutant. Statistical analysis revealed that a SeqA focus is localized at midcell in newborn cells. The SeqA f...
Article
The sopAB operon and the sopC sequence, which acts as a centromere, are essential for stable maintenance of the mini-F plasmid. Immunoprecipitation experiments with purified SopA and SopB proteins have demonstrated that these proteins interact in vitro. Expression studies using the lacZ gene as a reporter revealed that the sopAB operon is repressed...
Article
F plasmid is partitioned with fidelity to daughter cells during cell division cycle owing to two trans-acting genes, sopA and sopB, and a cis-acting site, sopC. We visualized the subcellular distribution of mini-F-plasmid molecules by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Mini-F-plasmid molecules having the sopABC segment were localized at midcell in...
Article
The purified MukB protein of Escherichia coli has DNA binding activity and nucleotide binding activity. We have isolated a mutation, mukB1013, causing a substitution of valine at position 1379 to leucine. This mutant MukB protein was defective for DNA binding, while the ATP binding activity remained unaffected. A truncated MukB protein that is shor...
Article
Full-text available
We have identified a gene, cpdA, located at 66.2 min of the chromosome of Escherichia coli that encodes cyclic 3′,5′-adenosine monophosphate phosphodiesterase (cAMP phosphodiesterase, EC3.1.4.17). The expression of β-galactosidase, which is a product of the lacZ gene, was repressed in cells that harbored multiple copies of the plasmid carrying the...
Article
Full-text available
We have isolated suppressor mutants that suppress temperature-sensitive colony formation and anucleate cell production of a mukB mutation. A linkage group (smbB) of the suppressor mutations is located in the rne/ams/hmp gene encoding the processing endoribonuclease RNase E. All of the rne (smbB) mutants code for truncated RNase E polypeptides lacki...
Article
Full-text available
We have previously reported that the MukB protein is essential for chromosome partitioning in Escherichia coli and that mukB mutants produce anucleate cells and are temperature-sensitive for colony formation. The mukB gene maps at 21 min on the E. coli chromosome and smtA-mukF-mukE-mukB genes might comprise an operon, which is transcribed in a cloc...
Data
We sequenced the 1.6-kb AflII-BstBI segment containing the 3'-terminal half of the rne gene of E. coli, and found some nucleotide sequences that conflicted with the rne sequence described by Casaregola et al. (1992 and 1994): 'A' at position 2187 to 'T' (no amino acid change), 'CG' at positions 2230-31 to 'GC' (Arg-564 to Ala), 'G' at position 2892...
Article
The mukB operon is located at 21 min on the Escherichia coli chromosome and seems to consist of four genes, orf30 (smtA), mukF, mukE, and mukB. Based on sequence similarity, the promoter-proximal gene, orf30 (smtA), could encode an S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferase. The smtA gene is not essential for cell growth and its expression is...
Article
Full-text available
Escherichia coli FtsH is an essential integral membrane protein that has an AAA-type ATPase domain at its C-terminal cytoplasmic part, which is homologous to at least three ATPase subunits of the eukaryotic 26S proteasome. We report here that FtsH is involved in degradation of the heat-shock transcription factor sigma32, a key element in the regula...
Article
The MukB protein is essential for chromosome partitioning in Escherichia coli and consists of 1484 amino acid residues (170 kDa). We have determined the base changes at the mutated sites of the mukB106 mutant and a newly isolated mutant, mukB33. These mutant mukB genes were each found to carry a single base-pair transition which leads to an amino a...
Article
The mukB gene codes for a 177 kDa protein, which might be a candidate for a force-generating enzyme in chromosome positioning in Escherichia coli. The mukB106 mutant produces normal-sized, anucleate cells and shows a temperature-sensitive colony formation. To identify proteins interacting with the MukB protein, we isolated three multicopy suppresso...
Article
We have isolated and characterized two multicopy suppressors, mssA and mssB, which suppress the cold-sensitive growth phenotype of the smbA2 mutant of Escherichia coli. The mssA gene is located immediately upstream of the rpsA gene (20.5 min). MssA protein was found to be related to nucleoside monophosphate kinases. The mssB gene was found to be id...
Article
The nucleotide sequence was determined of the region upstream of the mukB gene of Escherichia coli. Two new genes were found, designated kicA and kicB (killing of cell); the gene order is kicB-kicA-mukB. Promoter activities were detected in the regions immediately upstream of kicB and kicA, but not in front of mukB. Gene disruption experiments reve...
Article
The smbA gene of Escherichia coli is essential for cell proliferation. The smbA2 mutant shows cold-sensitive colony formation at 22 degrees C. A novel morphological phenotype, formation of a translucent segment at midcell or at a cell pole, was observed by phase-contrast microscopy at a high frequency in the smbA2 mutant cells incubated in L medium...
Data
On Apr 11, 1996 this sequence version replaced gi:450464.
Article
Full-text available
The lambda phage choice between lysis and lysogeny is influenced by certain host functions in Escherichia coli. We found that the frequency of lambda lysogenization is markedly increased in the ftsH1 temperature-sensitive mutant. The ftsH gene, previously shown to code for an essential inner membrane protein with putative ATPase activity, is identi...
Article
The past year has seen important genetic and biochemical advances in our understanding of the mechanisms that are involved in chromosome partition into two daughter cells in Escherichia coli. Topoisomerase IV and XerCD recombinase have been shown to be required for the unlinking of replicated chromosomes. MukB, an alpha-helical coiled-coil protein,...
Article
Full-text available
The ftsH gene is essential for cell viability in Escherichia coli. We cloned and sequenced the wild-type ftsH gene and the temperature-sensitive ftsH1(Ts) gene. It was suggested that FtsH protein was an integral membrane protein of 70.7 kDa (644 amino acid residues) with a putative ATP-binding domain. The ftsH1(Ts) gene was found to have two base s...
Article
Full-text available
FtsH protein in Escherichia coli is an essential protein of 70.7 kDa (644 amino acid residues) with a putative ATP-binding sequence. Western blots (immunoblots) of proteins from fractionated cell extracts and immunoelectron microscopy of the FtsH-overproducing strain showed exclusive localization of the FtsH protein in the cytoplasmic membrane. Mos...
Article
Full-text available
mukB mutants of Escherichia coli are defective in the correct partitioning of replicated chromosomes. This results in the appearance of normal-sized anucleate (chromosome-less) cells during cell proliferation. Based on the nucleotide sequence of the mukB gene, the MukB protein of 177 kDa was predicted to be a filamentous protein with globular domai...
Article
Full-text available
The mukB gene encodes a protein involved in chromosome partitioning in Escherichia coli. To study the function of this protein, we isolated from the temperature-sensitive mukB null mutant and characterized 56 suppressor mutants which could grow at 42 degrees C. Ten of the mutants also showed cold-sensitive growth at 22 degrees C. Using one of the c...
Article
To search for filamentous polymers of cytoplasmic proteins of Escherichia coli, high molecular weights (> 670 kDa) of protein complexes of cell extracts were fractionated by gel filtration and ion-exchange column chromatography. Proteins of 100, 77 and 52 kDa were co-purified. The 100- and 52-kDa proteins were identified to be pyruvate dehydrogenas...
Article
Full-text available
The Escherichia coli mutant Y16, which shows thermosensitive colony formation and filamentation with reduced amounts of penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3), has mutations in the ftsI gene encoding PBP3 and in the ftsH gene. The ftsI mutation markedly reduces the amount of PBP3 at 42 degrees C, whereas the amount of the ftsH single mutant is slightl...
Article
Full-text available
The partition-proficient mini-F plasmid pXX325 was stably maintained in the mukB null mutant, which is defective in chromosome partitioning into the two daughter cells. In the null mutant, the plasmid was partitioned into both nucleate and anucleate daughter cells, independently of host chromosomes.
Article
The closely related Escherichia coli genes, hupA, hupB, himA and himD (hip), encode the bacterial histone-like protein subunits, HU-2, HU-1, IHFα and IHFβ, respectively. We report here that E. coli minichromosomes [plasmids (2.7–12.2 kb) with oriC] carrying the intact mioC region were unable to transform mutants deficient in both HU and integration...
Article
Full-text available
An Escherichia coli temperature sensitive mutant which produces spontaneously normal size anucleate cells at low temperature was isolated. The mutant is defective in a previously undescribed gene, named mukB, located at 21 min on the chromosome. The mukB gene codes for a large protein (approximately 180 kd). A 1534 amino acid protein (176,826 dalto...
Article
Recent experimental results suggest that replicated daughter chromosomes (nucleoids) in Escherichia coli move non-progressively and abruptly at an early stage of the D (division) period from midcell toward the cell quarter positions, which will become the centres of the daughter cells. The chromosome positioning at the quarter positions was found t...
Article
The ftsH mutant Y16 shows thermosensitive filamentation with reduced amounts of penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3) (Ferreira et al., 1987). Genetic analysis, however, showed that the lethality of the ftsH mutation was not due to a lack of PBP3 activity alone. The ftsH gene was cloned and sequenced and the FtsH protein was deduced to be a membrane...
Article
The nucleotide sequence of the parC gene essential for chromosome partition in E. coli was determined. The deduced amino acid sequence was homologous to that of the A subunit of gyrase. We found another new gene coding for about 70 kd protein. The gene was sequenced, and the deduced amino acid sequence revealed that the gene product was homologous...
Article
The hopE mutants of Escherichia coli, which cannot stably maintain a mini-F plasmid during cell division, have mutations in the recD gene coding for subunit D of the RecBCD enzyme (exonuclease V). A large amount of linear multimer DNA of mini-F and pBR322 plasmids accumulates in these hopE mutants. The linear multimers of plasmid DNA in the hopE (r...