Sophie Parker

Sophie Parker
Greater Manchester West Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust · Department of Psychology

ClinPsyD

About

36
Publications
4,563
Reads
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1,797
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
700 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Aims and Method A retrospective service evaluation of the first 500 referrals to a new community forensic service (FCAMHS) describing profiles of young people accessing the service. The evaluation aims to understand the impact of changes in health service care models and diversion from youth justice services over the last two decades in England. Ac...
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Background: Young people with social disability and severe and complex mental health problems have poor outcomes, frequently struggling with treatment access and engagement. Outcomes may be improved by enhancing care and providing targeted psychological or psychosocial intervention. Aims: We aimed to test the hypothesis that adding social recove...
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Background Young people with social disability and non-psychotic severe and complex mental health problems are an important group. Without intervention, their social problems can persist and have large economic and personal costs. Thus, more effective evidence-based interventions are needed. Social recovery therapy is an individual therapy incorpor...
Article
Background Sleep disturbance is considered a transdiagnostic process due to high comorbidity with mental health difficulties. In particular, sleep disturbances are a feature of mood disorders. To advance transdiagnostic psychological interventions targeting sleep, the Positive and Negative Sleep Appraisal Measure (PANSAM) was developed. The PANSAM...
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Objective Serious mental illness is associated with physical health comorbidities, however most research has focused on adults. We aimed to synthesise existing literature on clinical and behavioral cardiometabolic risk factors of young people on mental health inpatient units. Methods A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted, using elect...
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Objectives: The Bipolar at Risk Trial (BART) was a feasibility randomized controlled trial investigating cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) compared with treatment as usual (TAU) in young people at high risk of developing bipolar disorder (BD). This qualitative study aimed to investigate participants' experiences of trial involvement, and the acce...
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Aim Physical health inequalities experienced by people with mental health conditions are labelled an international scandal; due to the 15 to 30‐year gap in life expectancy, driven mostly by physical health conditions. Lifestyle interventions are recommended to prevent the onset of poor physical health in people with mental illness. Yet, there is le...
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Background Sleep and mood are known to be linked and this is particularly evident in people with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD). It has been proposed that psychological interventions improving sleep can be a pathway for improving mood. In order for a psychological sleep intervention to be appropriate, the common cognitive processes maintainin...
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Developing effective interventions for preventing first episode psychosis have been an important research focus in the last decade. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a currently indicated treatment for people at ultra-high risk of psychosis, however, access and resource issues limit its delivery within the NHS. Treatments which partial out potential...
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Aims and method: To assess physical health needs of adolescent in-patients by routine monitoring. A retrospective analysis of case notes was conducted on a 6-month intake to generic and secure adolescent mental health units in Greater Manchester, UK. Results: Fifty individuals were admitted (52% female, average age 15.84 years). Diagnoses varied...
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Aim The Metacognitions Questionnaire‐30 (MCQ‐30) has been used to assess metacognitive beliefs in a range of mental health problems. The aim of this study is to assess the validity of the MCQ‐30 in people at risk for psychosis. Methods One hundred eighty‐five participants meeting criteria for an at risk mental state completed the MCQ‐30 as part of...
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Poor social functioning has been found to be present in those at risk for psychosis. This study aimed to examine metacognitive beliefs as potential predictors of structured activity (measure of social functioning) in those with an At Risk Mental State (ARMS). Regression and correlation analyses were conducted. The sample included 109 young people....
Article
The Self-Regulatory Executive Function (S-REF) model assumes that unhelpful metacognitive coping strategies characterised by worry, rumination, threat monitoring and attempts to control thoughts, have a central role in psychological disorders and prolonged negative affect. Collectively, these strategies constitute the Cognitive Attentional Syndrome...
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Full-text available
Poor social functioning has been found to be present in those at risk for psychosis. This study aimed to examine metacognitive beliefs as potential predictors of structured activity (measure of social functioning) in those with an At Risk Mental State (ARMS). Regression and correlation analyses were conducted. The sample included 109 young people....
Article
Clinicians are often sceptical about offering cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to individuals experiencing thought disorder. This view may result from perceived difficulties in clients being able to learn and better understand their experiences through verbal dialogue. However, it may also partly be due to the lack of clear guidance on how to ad...
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Full-text available
Background Young people who have social disability associated with severe and complex mental health problems are an important group in need of early intervention. Their problems often date back to childhood and become chronic at an early age. Without intervention, the long-term prognosis is often poor and the economic costs very large. There is a m...
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Aim: Exercise can improve psychiatric symptoms, neurocognitive functioning and physical health in schizophrenia. However, the effects in early psychosis have not been explored. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of an exercise intervention for early psychosis and to determine if it was associated with changes in physical and mental health....
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Childhood adversity may increase risk of impaired social functioning across the continuum of psychosis. However, the pathways by which adversity dictates functional outcome remain underexplored. This study investigated the association between childhood adversity and social functioning, and the clinical and cognitive mediators of this relationship....
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Background: There is little known about predictors of response to cognitive therapy (CT) for psychosis. This study tests the hypothesis that metacognitive change at both end of treatment and follow-up is associated with positive outcomes in people with psychosis receiving CT. Method: Patients referred for CT for psychosis were offered CT over a...
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Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for psychosis has been shown to be effective, but there are recent suggestions that it is less efficacious than initially thought. Metacognitive therapy (MCT), which focuses on metacognitive mechanisms, has led to positive results in other disorders, but has yet to be evaluated in people with schizophrenia spectrum...
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Background: Research suggests that core schemas are important in both the development and maintenance of psychosis. Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate and compare core schemas in four groups along the continuum of psychosis and examine the relationships between schemas and positive psychotic symptomatology. Method: A measure of core...
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Aim: There is evidence that psychotic-like phenomena can be detected within the general population and that psychotic experiences lie on a continuum that also spans affective states. We aimed to investigate comparisons of a first-episode psychosis group, an 'at-risk mental state group' and a help-seeking control group with non-patients to explore...
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The study aims to establish the concordant validity of the Early Detection Primary Care Checklist (PCCL); a 20 item tool designed to help primary care practitioners identify young people in the early stages of psychosis. The checklist was completed by the referring practitioners of 176 young people referred to early detection teams across the UK. T...
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Background: A cognitive model of psychosis suggests that appraisals of psychotic-like experiences (PLEs), and the subsequent responses adopted, are responsible for the maintenance of distress and disability associated with psychosis. Aims: This study aimed to investigate whether it is possible to manipulate appraisals of an anomalous experience...
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To determine whether cognitive therapy is effective in preventing the worsening of emerging psychotic symptoms experienced by help seeking young people deemed to be at risk for serious conditions such as schizophrenia. Multisite single blind randomised controlled trial. Diverse services at five UK sites. 288 participants aged 14-35 years (mean 20.7...
Article
There is little data available on the prevalence of violence risk factors in people at ultra-high risk of developing psychosis. The aim of this study was to provide an estimate of the cross-sectional prevalence of violence risk factors in those attending a routine clinical service for people at ultra-high risk of developing psychosis. The case note...
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Little data is available on the prevalence of suicide risk factors in people at ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis. The aim of this study was to provide an estimate of the cross-sectional prevalence of possible suicide risk factors in those attending a routine clinical service for people at UHR of developing psychosis. For all patients i...
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Cognitive models of psychosis suggest that challenging negative appraisals of psychotic experiences could directly reduce associated distress and stigma. A pilot study investigating whether online normalising information in the form of an audio podcast could challenge negative appraisals of psychotic experiences in the general population was conduc...
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Full-text available
There have been recent advances in the ability to identify people at high risk of developing psychosis. This has led to interest in the possibility of preventing the development of psychosis. A randomized controlled trial compared cognitive therapy (CT) over 6 months with monthly monitoring in 58 patients meeting criteria for ultrahigh risk of deve...
Article
There have been recent advances in the ability to identify people at high risk of developing psychosis. This has led to interest in the possibility of preventing the development of psychosis and provides the opportunity to investigate psychological mechanisms that may confer vulnerability to psychosis. Fifty-eight patients at ultra-high risk of dev...
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Full-text available
Operational criteria for detecting prodromal, or at-risk, mental states have been developed largely on the basis of individuals seeking help for attenuated or brief, self-limiting symptoms that do not meet threshold criteria for psychotic disorder. These individuals present largely to primary care and other non-specialist mental health settings. Fo...
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Intestinal failure (IF) is likely to be the source of significant emotional distress for patients; however, little is known about the system of beliefs held by patients on home parenteral nutrition (HPN) that may underpin such distress. The present study aimed to: (1) examine the 'common-sense' representation of IF in patients on HPN; (2) investiga...
Article
Advances in the ability to identify people at high risk of developing psychosis have generated interest in the possibility of preventing psychosis. To evaluate the efficacy of cognitive therapy for the prevention of transition to psychosis. A randomised controlled trial compared cognitive therapy with treatment as usual in 58 patients at ultra-high...

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