Sophie Nicklaus

Sophie Nicklaus
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE) | INRAE · Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l’Alimentation (CSGA)

PhD

About

307
Publications
38,386
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
6,194
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2006 - present
Center for Taste and Feeding Behaviour
Position
  • Research Director
January 1998 - present
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE)
Position
  • Research Director

Publications

Publications (307)
Article
Résumé Les enfants sont sensibles à de très fines variations gustatives et olfactives dans leur environnement. Dès la fin de la gestation, gustation et olfaction sont fonctionnels, ce qui permet au nouveau-né de manifester des capacités de discrimination très fines des saveurs et odeurs qui lui sont présentées, en particulier lorsqu’elles ont une s...
Article
Infants become increasingly exposed to sweet-tasting foods in their first year of life. However, it is still unclear whether repeated exposure to sweet taste is linked to infants’ sweetness liking during this period. Making use of data from the OPALINE cohort, this study aimed to examine the link between sweetness exposure and sweetness liking duri...
Article
Public school food procurement has been identified as a key lever in the transition towards sustainable food systems. In this study, we assess the nutritional quality and the carbon footprint of 2020 school menus served in 101 municipalities in the inner suburbs of Paris. In this sample, school canteens menus meet an average 8.2/15 (min = 4, max =...
Article
Introduction A few studies have shown a protective effect of high food diversity in the first year on food allergies and asthma. Results are more controversial for atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis and the age at complementary food (CF) introduction did not appear to be strongly associated with allergic diseases. Aim Our aims were to explore...
Article
Full-text available
Background Changes in dietary behaviors that occurred at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak and in particular during the first national lockdowns have been extensively studied across countries. Beyond the understanding of contextual changes in diets due to a temporary lockdown, it is of interest to study longer-term consequences of the COVID-19...
Article
Achieving sustainable healthy diets for all will require substantial changes in individuals' food choices. Motivation plays a central role in behaviour change, yet little is known about the relationship between food choice motives and sustainability of the overall diet. The present study explored the relationship between food choice motives and dif...
Article
Full-text available
Background Unhealthy eating behaviors are risk factors for non-communicable diseases. Parents largely influence the development of eating behaviors during childhood through their feeding practices. Parental feeding practices in line with recommendations are more likely to turn into healthier outcomes in children. From a public health perspective, i...
Chapter
In the first section of this chapter, an overview of what is known about early flavor exposure, distinguishing between taste and flavor (aroma), and texture exposure is provided. In the second section, we describe what has been researched regarding the influence of early flavor exposure on the development of food preference, looking at prenatal exp...
Preprint
Background: Parents are crucial in establishing their children's eating habits, and healthcare (HCPs) and childcare professionals (CCPs) can provide meaningful and trusted guidance on feeding, especially in the 0-3-year-old period. With the upcoming release of the official brochure containing the new child feeding recommendations in France, this st...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To assess (1) whether a history of allergy is associated with feeding with organic foods (OFs) during the complementary feeding period and (2) whether OF consumption in infancy is related to the incidence of respiratory and allergic diseases up to age 5.5 years. Study Design: Analyses involved more than 8,000 children from the nationwid...
Article
Full-text available
Les points à retenir : – Les parents et les pédiatres ont bien conscience de l’importance de l’alimentation de 0 à 3 ans pour la santé et le développement d’habitudes alimentaires saines des enfants. – Les pédiatres jouent un rôle important en conseillant les parents sur l’alimentation complémentaire, mais internet est également beaucoup utilisé co...
Article
Eye-tracking studies have shown a link between gaze allocation and consumer food choices among food products from the same category. However, in daily life, consumers usually make food choices in more complex environments, with many options. Our study explores the link between gaze behavior and food choices in a virtual supermarket, reproducing a r...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Aims: Parents are crucial in establishing their children’s eating habits and need to be properly informed about child feeding. Healthcare (HCPs) and childcare professionals (CCPs) are trusted information sources for parents, they repeatedly interact with them during the 0-3-year period providing meaningful feeding guidance, that could be...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on parental perceptions of signs of hunger and satiety in children under 4 years of age and their effects on feeding practices, in a sample of parents of children with typical development. Discourse analysis shows the close relationships between social food norms, nutritional norms, medicalized child care norms, and educational...
Article
Full-text available
An exposure to sweetened and fatty foods early in life may be involved in high liking later in life. The objective is to investigate the association between dietary exposure to carbohydrate, sugars and fat in infancy, with liking for sweetness, fattiness and fattiness-and-sweetness sensations at 8-to-12-year-old. Analyses were conducted on 759 Fren...
Article
Full-text available
Objective As part of an update of feeding benchmarks targeting children aged 0 to 3 years, this study aimed to explore parental perceptions, information-seeking practices and needs concerning infant and young child feeding (IYCF) to design an efficient communication strategy. Design Participants were recruited using the quota sampling to complete...
Article
Full-text available
Appropriate complementary feeding (CoF) is the key to preventing childhood obesity and promoting long-term health. Parents must be properly informed through the CoF process. Pediatricians have opportunities to interact with parents during the CoF transition and influence parental feeding decisions. They can convey public health nutrition messages t...
Article
Introduction et but de l’étude Afin de limiter la propagation de la COVID-19, le gouvernement français a imposé un confinement à la population entre les 17 mars et 10 mai 2020. Ce changement radical des conditions de vie a pu modifier les habitudes de consommation alimentaire. Nous avons étudié les modifications de critères de choix alimentaires et...
Article
Full-text available
Consuming foods with a form or a texture that requires longer oral processing is a way to decrease food intake. Although this approach is promising for leveraging healthier eating patterns in adults, it has never been explored in children. This study evaluated whether starting a mid-afternoon snack by eating either apple segments or applesauce woul...
Article
To limit the transmission of COVID-19, nationwide lockdown was imposed in France between March, 17(th) and May, 10(th) 2020. This disruption in individuals' daily routines likely altered food consumption habits. We examined how changes in food choice motives related to changes in nutritional quality during the lockdown compared to before. A conveni...
Article
Full-text available
Food texture plays an important role in food acceptance by young children, especially during the complementary feeding period. The factors driving infant acceptance of a variety of food textures are not well-known. This study summarizes maternal reports of children’s ability to eat foods of different textures (here: acceptance) and associated facto...
Article
Full-text available
Family characteristics such as education level or income are related to infant feeding practices. This study aimed to characterize infant feeding practices and investigate their associations with family characteristics. Analyses were performed with data from a French nationwide cohort, Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l’Enfance (ELFE). Feeding...
Article
Organic food consumption and its effects on health remain understudied in adults and in children. The aim of this study was to describe family characteristics associated with feeding infants organic foods during the complementary feeding period. The analysis included 9,764 children from the French ELFE birth cohort. In addition to telephone intervi...
Article
Healthy infant feeding practices form the basis of healthy eating behaviour later in life. The effect of providing parents with recommendations on textured food introduction between 8 and 15 months on children’s experience with and acceptance of textured foods was studied. Sixty parent/child dyads were randomly assigned to a control group (CG) rece...
Poster
Full-text available
Background Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) can be seen as a promising strategy to prevent childhood obesity. Children's eating behavior is influenced by multiple factors, but parents play a key role in modelling eating habits of their children. For this reason, parents must be informed and guided properly through the CF process. Pediatrician...
Article
Full-text available
Sleep problems reported by parents affect 20% to 30% of infants. Few studies focused on the longitudinal association between infant feeding practices and sleep, especially in France. Analyses were based on 8,696 infants from the French national birth cohort ELFE. Collection of feeding practices from birth to 10 months allowed for the identification...
Article
Food sensory imagery - creating a vivid mental image of the sensory experience of eating - can lead to the selection of smaller portions because it serves as a reminder that eating enjoyment does not necessarily increase with portion size. The evidence is mostly limited to adults and to energy-dense foods for which it is particularly difficult to p...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Large portion sizes encourage overconsumption. Prior studies suggest that this may be due to errors in anticipating the effects of portion size, although the studies were limited to adults and energy-dense foods. Objective: Our aim was to investigate potential anticipation errors related to the effects of portion size on hunger, eati...
Book
This chapter describes the development of eating and drinking in typically developing children up to the end of school age. Together with physiological and cognitive development, children’s eating behavior undergoes major evolutions. During the early period when eating is essential to sustain growth, children eat easily and at the onset of compleme...
Article
Full-text available
Composition nutritionnelle des plats complets végétariens et non-végétariens proposés en restauration scolaire : une étude du collectif EnScol Collectif EnScol Nicole Darmon a et Florent Vieux b (animateurs du collectif), Romane Poinsot a,b (doctorante), Lugdivine Le collectif EnScol a été créé en 2019 grâce au dispositif de soutien à la recherche...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Numerous studies highlight the involvement of cognitive factors in the development and maintenance of obesity. We aimed to measure attentional biases (AB) toward foods (i.e., the individual tendency to automatically orient one's attention toward food stimuli) in normal-weight (NW) individuals and those with overweight (OW) and obesity (O...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have shown a high level of noncompliance with recommendations on breastfeeding duration, especially in France. The objective was to describe the association between breastfeeding initiation and duration and the statutory duration of postnatal maternity leave, the gap between the end of legal maternity leave and the mother's return...
Article
Background: Previous results based on dietary recall suggest that the ability to adjust eaten quantities to food energy density (ED) may deteriorate around the age of 1 y. However, this hypothesis has not been investigated experimentally. Objectives: The first aim of the study was to describe changes in the short-term caloric compensation abilit...
Article
Full-text available
The consumption of sugar, salt, and fat in infancy may influence later health. The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of use of added sugar, salt, and fat during the complementary feeding period and the associated infant caregiving practices. Data were obtained from a monthly questionnaire filled by parents for 10,907 infants fro...
Article
Discipline Expérimental/mécanismes cellulaires et moléculaires. Introduction et but de l’étude Un gain de poids trop rapide dans les premiers mois de vie est un facteur de risque de développement de surpoids et d’obésité (Stettler & Iotova, 2010). Comprendre les facteurs permettant le maintien de l’équilibre de la balance énergétique chez les nour...
Article
Purpose of review: The current review focuses on studies investigating the factors related to the development of preferences for foods and sensory inputs (tastes, odours, and food textures) in the first years of life, which constitutes a specific window for food learning. Recent findings: Foetal nutrition, intrauterine growth, and prematurity in...
Article
Full-text available
p>The relationship between eating a healthy diet and positive health outcomes is well known; nurturing healthy eating among children therefore has the potential to improve public health. A healthy diet occurs when one's usual eating patterns include adequate nutrient intake and sufficient, but not excessive, energy intake to meet the energy needs o...
Article
This study evaluated the feasibility of assessing masticatory performance in infants and toddlers. Four groups of healthy children (n=97, 42 girls and 55 boys) participated in the study: two study groups (SG) followed at 6, 8 and 10 months old (mo) or at 12, 15 and 18 mo, and two control groups (CG) of respectively 10 and 18 mo children. Masticator...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Previous results based on dietary recall suggest that the ability to adjust eaten quantities to food energy density (ED) may deteriorate around the age of 1 y. However, this hypothesis has not been investigated experimentally. Objectives: The first aim was to describe changes in the short-term caloric compensation ability of infants aro...
Chapter
The first 1,000 days of life constitute an important period for the development of health and eating behavior. While the feeding mode drastically evolves, the child learns “how”, “what,” and “how much” food to eat. When orally exposed, infants discover food properties, with a variety of tastes, flavors, textures, as well as energy densities. Here,...
Article
«Ah non, pas de dessert pour toi, tu n'as pas fini ton plat.» Cette injonction a une visée éducative; au fond, le but est que ses rejetons ne s'alimentent pas qu'avec du sucré mais plutôt qu'ils mangent de tout, en quantité suffisante. Fini, les caprices. Hors de question que nos bambins regardent avec dédain (et parfois même avec un air faussement...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Previous results based on dietary recall suggest that the ability to adjust eaten quantities to food energy density (ED) may deteriorate around the age of 1 y. However, this hypothesis has not been investigated experimentally. Objectives: The first aim was to describe changes in the short-term caloric compensation ability of infants aro...
Article
Full-text available
There is some evidence of specific oro-detection of FFAs in rodents and humans. The aim of this study was to record gustatory evoked potentials (GEPs) in response to FFA solutions and to compare GEPs in response to linoleic acid solution with GEPs obtained after stimulation with sweet and salty tastants. Eighteen healthy men were randomly stimulate...
Article
Introduction et but de l’étude La diversification alimentaire est une étape de découverte de nouveaux goûts et textures pour les enfants et une période clé de formation des habitudes alimentaires. Les recommandations nutritionnelles françaises visent à limiter l’utilisation du sel et du sucre et à promouvoir l’ajout de matières grasses. La conduite...
Article
Background The effect of exposure to micro‐organisms on allergic diseases has been well studied. The protective effect of early food diversity against allergic diseases was previously shown in the PASTURE cohort study. The consumption of cheese, a food potentially rich in microbial diversity, deserves further examination. We aimed to evaluate wheth...
Article
Objective: To assess the role of the mother's mother and mothers’ previous personal experiences with breastfeeding and childcare in breastfeeding practices. Design and setting: The analysis included 13,774 mother–infant dyads from the French national birth cohort ELFE. Feeding practices were assessed by face-to-face interview in maternity wards in...
Article
The aims of this study were to describe which and when food textures are offered to children between 4 and 36 months in France and to identify the associated factors. An online cross-sectional survey was designed, including questions about 188 food texture combinations representing three texture levels: purées (T1), soft small pieces (T2) and hard/...
Article
Objective: Maternal diet has consequences on many organs of the offspring, but salivary glands have received little attention despite the importance of the saliva secretory function in oral health and control of food intake. The objective of this work was therefore to document in rats the impact of maternal high-fat/high-sugar diet (Western Diet)...
Article
Background Growth monitoring of apparently healthy children aims at early detection of serious conditions by use of both clinical expertise and algorithms that define abnormal growth. The seven existing algorithms provide contradictory definitions of growth abnormality and have a low level of validation. Objective An external validation study with...
Article
As a result of sensory specific satiation, liking of a food decreases with its consumption. However, food liking is most often assessed once for a small quantity of products. In adults, new techniques have been developed to record changes in liking during consumption of a full portion of food. However, these temporal techniques have never been appl...
Article
In adults, fat is a major determinant of food palatability. From the onset of complementary feeding (CF) adding fat to complementary foods is recommended to ensure an optimal growth and cognitive development. However, whether adding fat to complementary foods would impact acceptance (in terms of intake and liking) has been little investigated. This...
Article
Salt reduction is becoming a major concern for public authorities, especially in cereal products. As childhood is important for the development of healthy eating habits, this study aimed to formulate salt‐reduced breads with satisfying sensory properties for children. Sourdough and an artisanal bread‐making process were used to compensate the flavo...
Article
Full-text available
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
Article
The timely complementary food introduction is important for the development of healthy eating. However, little evidence is available about when to introduce which texture during this period. This study aims to fill this gap by measuring the evolution of food texture acceptance and feeding behaviours between 6 and 18 months. Two groups of healthy ch...
Article
This study aims at understanding how preference and sensitivity to the basic tastes develop in the preschool years, and how the two relate to each other. To expand on the existing literature regarding taste preferences conducted in cross-sectional studies, a longitudinal design was applied with children from age four to six years old. During the sp...