Sophie Marbach

Sophie Marbach
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris | ENS · Département de Physique

PhD in Physics

About

28
Publications
6,553
Reads
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917
Citations
Introduction
I aim to investigate out-of-equilibrium driven processes – in particular in biology – with physics and math tools. Find out more at: https://sophie.marbach.fr/
Additional affiliations
June 2020 - May 2023
New York University
Position
  • Fellow
March 2019 - present
New York University
Position
  • Instructor
September 2018 - March 2019
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (28)
Preprint
Full-text available
Vascular networks continuously reorganize their morphology by growing new or shrinking existing veins to optimize function. Flow shear stress on vein walls has been set forth as the local driver for this continuous adaptation. Yet, shear feedback alone cannot account for the observed diversity of network dynamics -- a puzzle made harder by scarce s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Electroosmosis is a fascinating effect where liquid motion is induced by an applied electric field. Counter ions accumulate in the vicinity of charged surfaces, triggering a coupling between liquid mass transport and external electric field. In nanofluidic technologies, where surfaces play an exacerbated role, electroosmosis is thus of primary impo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Fluctuations affect nanoporous transport in complex and intricate ways, making optimization of signal-to-noise in artificial designs challenging. Here we focus on the simplest nanopore system, where non-interacting particles diffuse through a pore separating reservoirs. We find that the concentration difference between both sides (corresponding to...
Article
Full-text available
Electro- and diffusio- phoresis of particles correspond respectively to the transport of particles under electric field and solute concentration gradients. Such interfacial transport phenomena take their origin in a diffuse layer close to the particle surface, and the motion of the particle is force-free. In the case of electrophoresis, it is furth...
Preprint
Recent advances in nanofluidics have allowed exploration of ion transport down to molecular scale confinement, yet artificial porins are still far from reaching the advanced functionalities of biological ion machinery. Achieving single ion transport that is tuneable by an external gate -- the ionic analogue of electronic Coulomb blockade (CB) -- wo...
Article
To overcome the traditional paradigm of filtration, where separation is essentially performed upon steric sieving principles, we explore the concept of dynamic osmosis through active membranes. A partially permeable membrane presents a time-tuneable feature that changes the effective pore interaction with the solute and thus actively changes permea...
Preprint
To overcome the traditional paradigm of filtration, where separation is essentially performed upon steric sieving principles, we explore the concept of dynamic osmosis through active membranes. A partially permeable membrane presents a time-tuneable feature that changes the effective pore interaction with the solute and thus actively changes permea...
Article
Full-text available
Channels are fundamental building blocks from biophysics to soft robotics, often used to transport or separate solutes. As solute particles inevitably transverse between streamlines along the channel by molecular diffusion, the effective diffusion of the solute along the channel is enhanced, an effect known as Taylor dispersion. Here we investigate...
Preprint
Full-text available
Electro- and diffusio- phoresis of particles correspond respectively to the transport of particles under electric field and solute concentration gradients. Such interfacial transport phenomena take their origin in a diffuse layer close to the particle surface, and the motion of the particle is force-free. In the case of electrophoresis, it is furth...
Article
Osmosis is a universal phenomenon occurring in a broad variety of processes and fields. It is the archetype of entropic forces, both trivial in its fundamental expression – the van 't Hoff perfect gas law – and highly subtle in its physical roots. While osmosis is intimately linked with transport across membranes, it also manifests itself as an int...
Article
Full-text available
Recent advances in nanofluidics have allowed the exploration of ion transport down to molecular-scale confinement, yet artificial porins are still far from reaching the advanced functionalities of biological ion machinery. Achieving single ion transport that is tunable by an external gate—the ionic analogue of electronic Coulomb blockade—would open...
Preprint
Full-text available
Osmosis is a universal phenomenon occurring in a broad variety of processes and fields. It is the archetype of entropic forces, both trivial in its fundamental expression - the van 't Hoff perfect gas law - and highly subtle in its physical roots. While osmosis is intimately linked with transport across membranes, it also manifests itself as an int...
Preprint
Full-text available
Channels are a fundamental building block from biophysics to soft robotics, often used to transport or separate solutes. As solute particles inevitably transverse between streamlines along the channel by molecular diffusion, the effective diffusion of the solute along the channel is enhanced -- an effect known as Taylor dispersion. Here, we investi...
Article
Full-text available
The transport of fluids at the nanoscale has achieved major breakthroughs over recent years1–4; however, artificial channels still cannot match the efficiency of biological porins in terms of fluxes or selectivity. Pore shape agitation—due to thermal fluctuations or in response to external stimuli—is believed to facilitate transport in biochannels5...
Thesis
Full-text available
Filtering specific molecules is a challenge faced for several vital needs: from biomedical applications like dialysis to the intensive production of clean water. The domain has been boosted over the last decades by the possibilities offered by nanoscale materials. Filtration is however always designed according to a sieving perspective: a membrane...
Article
Full-text available
Fournir de l’eau potable à tous et à moindre prix est un défiauquel fait face l’humanité. Les techniques actuelles pour dessaler l’eau de mer reposent sur le principe de la « passoire » pour séparer le sel et les déchets de l’eau, mais cette approche connaît plusieurs limites. Nous nous sommes alors inspirés du rein humain, qui filtre l’urée de l’e...
Article
Full-text available
Molecular separation traditionally relies on sieving processes across passive nanoporous membranes. Here we explore theoretically the concept of non-equilibrium active sieving. We investigate a simple model for an active noisy nanopore, where gating—in terms of size or charge—is externally driven at a tunable frequency. Our analytical and numerical...
Article
In this paper, we analyse the dispersion of a dye by a Landau–Squire plume, generated by a jet flow emerging from a nanocapillary into a reservoir. We demonstrate analytically that the dye concentration profile exhibits a long-range profile decaying as the inverse of the distance to the origin, whereas the plume shape is only a function of a Péclet...
Article
In this paper, we explore various forms of osmotic transport in the regime of high solute concentration. We consider both the osmosis across membranes and diffusio-osmosis at solid interfaces, driven by solute concentration gradients. We follow a mechanical point of view of osmotic transport, which allows us to gain much insight into the local mech...
Article
In this paper, we explore osmotic transport by means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We first consider osmosis through a membrane, and investigate the reflection coefficient of an imperfectly semi-permeable membrane, in the dilute and high concentration regimes. We then explore the diffusion-osmotic flow of a solute-solvent fluid adjacent t...
Article
How do the topology and geometry of a tubular network affect the spread of particles within fluid flows? We investigate patterns of effective dispersion in the hierarchical, biological transport network formed by Physarum polycephalum. We demonstrate that a change in topology—pruning in the foraging state—causes a large increase in effective disper...
Article
Full-text available
Simulations and measurements have established that water moves through carbon nanotubes with exceptionally high rates due to nearly frictionless interfaces1–4. These observations have stimulated interest in nanotube-based membranes for applications that range from desalination to nano-filtration and energy harvesting5–10, yet the exact water transp...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we investigate the physical mechanisms underlying one of the most efficient filtration devices: the kidney. Building on a minimal model of the Henle loop—the central part of the kidney filtration—we investigate theoretically the detailed out-of-equilibrium fluxes in this separation process in order to obtain absolute theoretical boun...
Article
We use the theory of active gels to study theoretically the merging and separation of two actin dense layers akin to cortical layers of animal cells. The layers bind at a distance equal to twice the thickness of a free layer, thus forming a single dense layer, similar in this sense to a lamellipodium. When that unique layer is stretched apart, it i...
Article
In this paper, we examine the fundamental processes that occur during femtosecond-laser hyperdoping of silicon with a gas-phase dopant precursor. We probe the dopant concentration profile as a function of the number of laser pulses and pressure of the dopant precursor (sulfur hexafluoride). In contrast to previous studies, we show the hyperdoped la...
Article
Femtosecond-laser hyperdoping of sulfur in silicon typically produces a concentration gradient that results in undesirable inhomogeneous material properties. Using a mathematical model of the doping process, we design a fabrication method consisting of a sequence of laser pulses with varying sulfur concentrations in the atmosphere, which produces h...

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